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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1081 matches for " Octavio; "
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Mercados campesinos y diferenciación social en la transición al capitalismo
Mundo agrario , 2004,
Abstract: the transformation processes that affected the european peasantry in the late middle ages have long been considered essential in order to study the transition from feudalism to capitalism. this work analyzes the way in which the process of social differentiation and the development of local markets in 14th and 15th c castile are related. in the first place, different historiographic theses are examined. they all share a logical-abstract approach to the problem, neglecting the specific manner in which peasant markets operate. next, an alternative hypothesis is put forward in contrast. based on the analysis of documents from the town of avila, this hypothesis reveals the existence of forms of unequal exchange, which enable capitalist accumulation at village level and create the conditions for the emergence of a modern class structure.
Dialética das rela??es raciais
Ianni, Octavio;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142004000100003
Abstract: racial relationships are rooted in the social life of individuals, groups and social classes. social inequalities often manifest themselves in stereotypes and intolerance, polarized around ethnicities and other social diversities such as gender, religion etc. in brief, the dynamics of diversity and inequality continuously and reiteratively "manufactures" intolerance and bigotry.
Globaliza??o: novo paradigma das ciências sociais
Ianni, Octavio;
Estudos Avan?ados , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40141994000200009
Abstract: social sciences are now being challenged to think on the world's globalization. at the end of the twentieth century and dawn of the twenty first, they are faced with the dilemas that open up with the globalization of things, people and ideas: there are social, economical, political, cultural and other processes and structures that are just begining to be studied. besides what is local, national and regional, new and fundamental problems appear with the rising global society. the geographic, historical, cultural and civilizatorian limits seem to change in surprising ways and directions. the individual, group, class, colectivity and people are put before other horizons. the scientific thinking itself is called upon to elaborate concepts and interpretations to account for little known realities. the globalization theories that are just being sketched show the efforts of social sciences to explain what is new going on in the world.
Insondável travessia (Rocco e seus irm?os)
Ianni, Octavio;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451999000300013
Abstract: the themes of migration, of memory and of destiny are evoked in this essay inspired by visconti's film.
Escribir para dialogar: la construcción de un espacio público entre estudiantes de nivel medio
Cuadernos de antropolog?-a social , 2004,
Abstract: this work develops how the students of intermediate superior level (cch-sur) in the context of strike of the unam (1999-2000) impelled the conformation of a space of public opinion through the written productions. these productions were oriented by the appropriation of particular written genres and diverse sources and materials of the written culture. also, the literacy practices were articulated with the construction of the authorship and power relations maintained between publishers and reading public, all of them from the same student group. in this institutional circumstances, the students used the writting as instrument of expression and "concretion" of the circulating arguments and as a strategy to promote the dialogue and a new form of social participation.
Saber e sentir: uma etnografia da aprendizagem da biomedicina
Benet, Octavio;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73311999000100006
Abstract: biomedicine, originally society's view of the world, changed progressively between the 16th and the 17th centuries. these changes gave rise to a mechanistic view of the world and opened up the possibility of a dualistic view of man. from this view, which biomedicine is based on, largue that biomedical practice is structured around a structural tension, that is to say, a tension between the realm of knowledge (associated with reason and science) and the realm of feeling (associated with emotions and psychological). with the aim of examining how this structural tension is carried out in the biomedicine learning process, i carried out a field study in the wing of a medical clinic at a public hospital. the study was cantered upon the interns, who, in their learning process, combine how medical practice is lived with the quest for academic excellence.
Tipos e mitos do pensamento brasileiro
Ianni, Octavio;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092002000200001
Abstract: its is quite frequent in the brazilian thought the "ideal types" elaborated by different authors and that have become emblematic, notorious or even definitive, sometimes representing myths. that is the case of the bandeirantes (a colonial crusaders), the gaúcho, jeca tatu, macunaíma, the cordial man and others. it is worth contemplating this aspect of brazilian culture and thought.
Ianni, Octavio;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69091998000200002
Abstract: since the beginning of researches and debates about globalization, considered as a historical and social process of wide proportions, more or less inclusive interpretations have been stated. besides the opposition between micro and macro theories, metatheories have also emerged, polarizing in two main directions: systemic and historical. both of them have not only been remaking the world's new map, but have also been recreating the map of social sciences.
México y la sociedad de la información y del conocimiento: Datos y cifras
Signo y Pensamiento , 2010,
Abstract: this text analyzes and compares information yielded by several studies related to internet's penetration in mexico, including the research paper titled estudio 200?de hábitos y percepciones de los mexicanos sobre internet y diversas tecnologías asociadas ("2009 study on the mexican's habits and perceptions of the internet and other related technologies"), done in 2008 as part of the "internet project" carried out by the instituto tecnológico de monterrey itesm, campus estado de méxico. the aforementioned research is framed within the broader estudio anual sobre el impacto de internet ("annual study on the internet's impact") for the chapter on mexico as part of the "world internet project", a global project where research centers and groups from 30 countries participate.
Varia??es sobre arte e ciência
Ianni, Octavio;
Tempo Social , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702004000100001
Abstract: the text establishes connections between science and art through the contrasts and similarities traceables in those discourses of knowledge, while languages and peculiar narratives endowed with its own traits, but that quite often appeal to alien proce-dures and resources. it seeks to point out the uses of fiction resources in scientific texts, as the opposite, the cognitives assets and even the complex reconstruction of social experiences found out literary texts, moved by an aesthetic ambition.
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