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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 146 matches for " OP Odugbo "
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Influence Of Rank Of Surgeon On The Outcome Of Cataract surgery in Plateau State Nigeria.
OP Odugbo, OE Babalola, RE Morgan
Jos Journal of Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Aim: To evaluate the outcome of cataract surgery in terms of restoration of visual function in the operated eye in relation to the rank and experience of surgeons. Methodology: Four centres were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Consecutive patients, who had cataract extraction from 1st October 2002 - 31st March 2003, were recruited. The study instrument was a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Preoperative visual acuity (VA), type of cataract, type of surgery, official rank of surgeon, peri-operative events, postoperative events and physiological outcome were documented. Result: 200 patients were recruited. Mean age was 61.08 years. 219 eyes were operated. 101(46.1%) were operated by consultants, 51(23.3%) by resident doctors and 67(30.6%) by diplomats. Intraoperative complications were encountered in 57 (26%) eyes. Of these 15(26.3%), 16(28.1%), 26(45.6%) eyes were operated by consultants, resident doctors and diplomats respectively. Of 161 eyes re-assessed six weeks after surgery, 86(53.4%) had good outcome (VA=6/18), while 18(11.2%) had poor outcome (VA<6/60) with available correction. 56(68.3%), 18(42.9%), and 12(32.4%) eyes operated by consultants, residents, and diplomats had a good outcome with available correction respectively (p<0.001). Of 125 eyes refracted six weeks after surgery, 92(73.6%) had good outcome while 11(8.8%) had poor outcome with best correction. 65(89.1%), 16(57.1%), and 11(45.8%) eyes operated by consultants, residents and diplomats had a good outcome with best correction respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Resident doctors and diplomates encountered most of the intraoperative complications a
Prevalence of Presbyopia, Refractive Errors and Usage of Spectacles among Commercial Intercity Vehicle Drivers in Jos, Nigeria
OP Odugbo, PD Wade, LD Velle, F Kyari
Jos Journal of Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Aim: To determine the prevalence of presbyopia, refractive errors and usage of spectacles among Commercial Intercity Vehicle Drivers in Jos-Nigeria. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of commercial intercity vehicle drivers at the Bauchi Road Motor Park, Jos, was undertaken in November 2006. The study instrument was a semi-structured questionnaire. Information obtained included demographic data, operational route, history of involvement in road traffic accident (RTA), cause of RTA and ocular history, type and usage of corrective spectacles if any. Each participant had a detailed ocular examination. Result: Up to 221 of 268 drivers were recruited (coverage: 82.5%). Their age ranged from 20-90 years (mean: 44.2 years, SD 9.2). 78 (35.3%) persons complained of difficulty in reading small prints while 17(7.7%) persons complained of poor distant vision. Ten (4.5%) drivers had a visual acuity of <6/12 and thus did not qualify to possess a driving licence. Presbyopia was the most common ocular diagnosis observed in 94(42.5%) persons. Most presbyopes 63 (67.0%) needed +1.50 to +2.00 DS correction. Only 10(10.6%) presbyopes had spectacles with presbyopic correction. Six (2.7%) persons had myopia while one person (0.5%) had unilateral aphakia. Conclusion: The prevalence of Presbyopia is high. Myopia is the most common refractive error. Usage of corrective spectacles is very low. There is an urgent need for enforcement of minimal visual standards for the purpose of certification and re-certification for drivers licence in Plateau State and Nigeria at large.
Présentation de soi et techniques du corps: les élections Miss au Burkina Faso
OP Hien
Africa Development , 2011,
Abstract: Beauty contests in Burkina Faso are a very important moment for girls, especially underprivileged girls, for whom they are a means of obtaining social recognition and finding a way out of poverty. That is why, in their view, any possible means can be used to win the competition. Paradoxically, the aesthetic canons that long presided over the designation of beauty are being challenged and there is a growing tendency to copy the Western model. The aim of this contribution is to review the process that has led to a certain liberation of the body. In this regard, several physical techniques and games of seduction and domination are used, particularly since the body has become a form of capital used in social investment.
The Effects of composts on adsorption-desorption of three carbamate pesticides in different soils of Aligarh district
OP Bansal
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2010,
Abstract: The effects of various organic manure [farm yield manure (FYM), sewage sludge and poultry manure] application on adsorption-desorption of three carbamate pesticides [oxamyl(I);S-Ethyl-Nmethylcarbamoyl) oxy]thioacetimidate (II) and N-Phenyl (ethyl carbamoyl) propyl carbamate (III) on six soil samples of Aligarh district was studied. Addition of organic manure increased soil organic carbon content and electrical conductance while pH decreased. The results of the study denoted that adsorption isotherms were ‘L’ type and adsorption-desorption data conformed to Freundlich adsorption isotherm equation. The adsorption increased with the increase in organic manure and followed the order sewage sludge > FYM > poultry manure. The adsorptivity of soils was in order soil No. 1 > 2 > 3 > 4 > 5 > 6. The adsorption capacity was significantly positively correlated with soil organic carbon and CEC and negatively correlated with soil pH. Desorption was more in unamended soil than manure amended soil and decreased with the increase in amount of organic manure. Desorption showed hystersis, indicate by the higher adsorption slope (1/n ads) compared with desorption slope (1/n des). @JASEM J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2010, Vol. 14 (4) 155 - 158
The impact of brief high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels
Adams OP
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S29222
Abstract: ct of brief high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels Review (1848) Total Article Views Authors: Adams OP Video abstract presented by O Peter Adams Views: 79 Published Date February 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 113 - 122 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S29222 Received: 25 October 2012 Accepted: 17 December 2012 Published: 27 February 2013 O Peter Adams Faculty of Medical Sciences, the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, St Michael, Barbados Background: Moderate-intensity exercise improves blood glucose (BG), but most people fail to achieve the required exercise volume. High-intensity exercise (HIE) protocols vary. Maximal cycle ergometer sprint interval training typically requires only 2.5 minutes of HIE and a total training time commitment (including rest and warm up) of 25 minutes per session. The effect of brief high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels of people with and without diabetes is reviewed. Methods: HIE (≥80% maximal oxygen uptake, VO2max) studies with ≤15 minutes HIE per session were reviewed. Results: Six studies of nondiabetics (51 males, 14 females) requiring 7.5 to 20 minutes/week of HIE are reviewed. Two weeks of sprint interval training increased insulin sensitivity up to 3 days postintervention. Twelve weeks near maximal interval running (total exercise time 40 minutes/week) improved BG to a similar extent as running at 65% VO2max for 150 minutes/week. Eight studies of diabetics (41 type 1 and 22 type 2 subjects) were reviewed. Six were of a single exercise session with 44 seconds to 13 minutes of HIE, and the others were 2 and 7 weeks duration with 20 and 2 minutes/week HIE, respectively. With type 1 and 2 diabetes, BG was generally higher during and up to 2 hours after HIE compared to controls. With type 1 diabetics, BG decreased from midnight to 6 AM following HIE the previous morning. With type 2 diabetes, a single session improved postprandial BG for 24 hours, while a 2-week program reduced the average BG by 13% at 48 to 72 hours after exercise and also increased GLUT4 by 369%. Conclusion: Very brief HIE improves BG 1 to 3 days postexercise in both diabetics and nondiabetics. HIE is unlikely to cause hypoglycemia during and immediately after exercise. Larger and longer randomized studies are needed to determine the safety, acceptability, long-term efficacy, and optimal exercise intensity and duration.
The impact of brief high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels
Adams OP
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy , 2013,
Abstract: O Peter AdamsFaculty of Medical Sciences, the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, St Michael, BarbadosBackground: Moderate-intensity exercise improves blood glucose (BG), but most people fail to achieve the required exercise volume. High-intensity exercise (HIE) protocols vary. Maximal cycle ergometer sprint interval training typically requires only 2.5 minutes of HIE and a total training time commitment (including rest and warm up) of 25 minutes per session. The effect of brief high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels of people with and without diabetes is reviewed.Methods: HIE (≥80% maximal oxygen uptake, VO2max) studies with ≤15 minutes HIE per session were reviewed.Results: Six studies of nondiabetics (51 males, 14 females) requiring 7.5 to 20 minutes/week of HIE are reviewed. Two weeks of sprint interval training increased insulin sensitivity up to 3 days postintervention. Twelve weeks near maximal interval running (total exercise time 40 minutes/week) improved BG to a similar extent as running at 65% VO2max for 150 minutes/week. Eight studies of diabetics (41 type 1 and 22 type 2 subjects) were reviewed. Six were of a single exercise session with 44 seconds to 13 minutes of HIE, and the others were 2 and 7 weeks duration with 20 and 2 minutes/week HIE, respectively. With type 1 and 2 diabetes, BG was generally higher during and up to 2 hours after HIE compared to controls. With type 1 diabetics, BG decreased from midnight to 6 AM following HIE the previous morning. With type 2 diabetes, a single session improved postprandial BG for 24 hours, while a 2-week program reduced the average BG by 13% at 48 to 72 hours after exercise and also increased GLUT4 by 369%.Conclusion: Very brief HIE improves BG 1 to 3 days postexercise in both diabetics and nondiabetics. HIE is unlikely to cause hypoglycemia during and immediately after exercise. Larger and longer randomized studies are needed to determine the safety, acceptability, long-term efficacy, and optimal exercise intensity and duration.Keywords: high-intensity interval training, sprint interval training, diabetes, glucose
Morphological description and yield performance of pearl millet landraces collected from Rajasthan, India
OP Yadav
Journal of SAT Agricultural Research , 2007,
Abstract:
Effect of canker size on availability of cassava planting materials in Nigeria
OP Obilo, B Ikotun
African Crop Science Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Cassava (Manihot esculenta L.) production is highly limited by cassava anthracnose disease (CAD) which causes significant losses in planting materials. An experiment was laid out at Ihiagwa, Owern in Nigeria with eighteen treatments replicated three times. Disease severity was scored on a scale of 1-5, and disease incidence was recorded as the percentage of infected plants in each host plant line. In all the three trials, TMS 30211 (425 mm) had cankers high up on the stem, showing that they were infected later in life. This will lead to more disease - free stems. Cultivars Akwakwuru (39.6 mm2), TMS 30555 (31.6 mm2), and Nwaocha (43.7 mm2), had the large canker size on whole plant, young stem, shoot and maturing stem. These cultivars had low resistance to anthracnose. In all the trials, TMS 4(2)1425, and TMS 30211, had the smallest canker size (1.80 and 6.3 mm2, respectively) on whole plant, young stems, shoots and maturing stems. TMS 4(2)1425 and TMS 30211 had higher resistance to anthracnose and can be recommended for further improvement through breeding, because plants producing smaller – size lesions survive much longer and would also mature and produce flowers needed for breeding for improving resistance to CAD and other diseases.
Reporting of Climate Change News in Three Nigerian Newspapers
OP Fawole, BR Olajide
Journal of Agricultural Extension , 2012,
Abstract: The trend of news frame in the print media has implications for public perception of emerging development issues and actions that members of the public in general and farmers in particular will take in similar situations in the future. Combining the occurrence of climate change topical news variables and framing theories, this study content-analysed 111 climate news items framed in three Nigerian newspapers (the Guardian, Punch and Nigerian Tribune) between January 2010 and June 2011. Variables measured included news types, placement, sources, space allotted and period of report of climate change related stories. Data were analysed using both descriptive (frequency, percentage) and inferential (chisquare) statistics at p<0.05. Across the three newspapers, types of news reported as a result of climate change were flooding (41.4%) and oil spillage (27.9%). They were strategically placed at the front (32.4%) middle (36.0%) and back (31.5%) pages of the newspapers. The newspapers quoted news reporters of other media organizations (62.2%) and government officials (22.5%) as major sources of their climates change information. Space allocated to climate change news was higher in the Guardian newspaper (897cm2) compared to the Punch and the Nigerian Tribune (884cm2). Major frames found in these dailies include warning, solution, disaster, awareness, call for assistance and blames. Types of climate change news did not affect placement given to coverage of such news (X2 = 13.45; p= 0.20). In spite of competition for space and prominence by wide range of development issues, climate change news coverage relatively enjoyed prominence. Therefore, efforts should be made to sustain this given the menace climate change portends in the face of any neglect by stakeholders especially the media.
Human immunodeficiency virus Associated with Haemophagocytic Syndrome in Pregnancy: A Case Report
OP Arewa, AA Ajadi
West African Journal of Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Haemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is a rare condition that has been documented in association with viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections as well as a wide spectrum of malignant neoplasms and autoimmune diseases. Whereas HPS is a known cause of anaemia in HIV infection, its occurrence is uncommon. Its occurrence in pregnancy is even rarer and very few such cases have been reported. METHODS: Full clinical evaluation and investigations including bone marrow aspiration cytology were done to elucidate the cause of the anaemia. RESULTS: Evaluation revealed severe anaemia, increased serum bilirubin HIV positivity and a low CD4 count. The final diagnosis confirmed the case to be haemophagocytic syndrome in pregnancy. A 31-year- old primigravida presented at 21 weeks of gestation with a two-week history of fever, jaundice and abdominal pain. She responded to treatment. CONCLUSION: Although a rare condition, this case highlights the importance of a high index of suspicion for the syndrome in HIV positive pregnant women with persistent Coombs negative haemolytic anaemia. Full recovery could be expected following prompt institution of HAART and delivery.
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