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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 101 matches for " OJ McAnena "
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A rare case of Amyand’s hernia presenting as an enterocutaneous fistula
L Flood,KH Chang,OJ McAnena
Journal of Surgical Case Reports , 2010,
Abstract: The finding of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia has an incidence of approximately 1%. The condition is given the eponymous name Amyand’s hernia. However in just 0.08% the condition is complicated by an acute appendicitis. The clinical presentation varies, depending on the extent of inflammation of the appendix and is most often misdiagnosed as an incarcerated inguinal hernia. As such it is rarely recognised prior to surgical exploration. We report a case of Amyand’s hernia in an 85 year old woman, which presented as a right groin enterocutaneous fistula. CT scanning illustrated a fistulous tract in the right groin, which communicated with the caecum and the peritoneal cavity. She underwent laparotomy, which revealed that the appendix appeared inflamed, lay in the inguinal canal and was the origin of the enterocutaneous communication.
Embryomanipulation – eine Biotechnik für Tierzüchter
OJ Rottmann
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1982, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-14-4-564a
Abstract:
In vitro fermentation characteristics and acceptability by West African dwarf goats of some dry season forages
OJ Babayemi
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2007,
Abstract: Total weight gained by small ruminants in the rainy season is lost in the dry season due to feed scarcity. Feed supplementation with dry season browse trees, legumes and grasses for ruminants is prudent. Proximate composition, acceptability using twenty four West African dwarf (WAD) goats and in vitro gas production of dry season forages were determined. Crude protein content ranged from 7.9% in Panicum maximum to 25.7% in Leucaena leucocephala. Crude fibre composition was generally high (range 56.8 - 74.1%) among the forages. Pa. maximum, Gliricidia sepium, L. leucocephala and Terminalia catappa were acceptable as coefficient of preference was above unity. Net gas production (NGP) and potential gas (PG) ranged from 41 - 59.7 ml/24 h and 98.5 - 4,545 ml, respectively. Highest (P< 0.05) and lowest (P > 0.05) gas (production were obtained in Gliricidia and Leucaena, respectively. The value for the metabolizable energy (ME) (MJ/kg DM), organic matter digestibility (OMD) (%) and short chain fatty acids (SCFA) (ìml) ranged from 8.31 - 1.88, 57.68 - 81.09 and 0.90 - 1.35, respectively. The ME, OMD and SCFA were highest (P < 0.05) in G. sepium. Methane (ml/200 mg DM) production ranged from 18 – 24, the highest being from G. sepium and the least from Pennisetum purpureum.
Implementing ICT Techniques in Teaching for the Effective Implementation of the New Nine Years UBE Curriculum in Anambra State
OJ Chinwe
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: Implementing ICT Techniques in Teaching for effective implementation of the new nine years UBE curriculum is the objective of this research study. The study investigated the effective implementation of ICT in the new nine years UBE curriculum. The survey was based on four research questions. A sample total of 3048 science and non-science teachers consisting of 551 science teachers from private primary and 823 science teachers from public junior secondary schools, and 731 non-science teachers from from private primary and 943 non-science teachers from government owned junior secondary school from the six different educational zones in Anambra State. A questionnaire titled “implementing ICT Techniques in Teaching for Effective Implementation of the New UBE Curriculum” (IICTEINUBEC) was used for data collection. Data was analyzed using mean ratings. The Findings include that the schools did not have ICT course outlines specifying the progressive topics to be learnt by primary and Secondary school students, science based subjects which require the use of ICT for its effective teaching / learning are not being used. It was recommended that teachers should not teach the use of ICT in education independently but portraying its scientific nature correlating it with other conventional science subjects taught in schools and that ICT based education courses should be structured into the school curriculum so that it can be taught at different levels in logical and procedural sequence.
Micro Finance in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects
OJ Nwanyanwu
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: This paper set to provide an overview of microfinance in Nigeria and examine its problems and prospects. The data collected form secondary sources, were analysed descriptively. The microfinance scheme holds a lot of prospects for the Nigerian economy as it is expected to empower of Low- Income Earners, reduce poverty, generate employment, among others. However, the paper observed that among the problems faced in the micro finance industry are inadequate finance, high risk, heavy transaction cost, mounting loan losses, low capacity and low technical skills on micro financing. As a result of some of these problems, some micro finance institutions in Nigeria have collapsed. Consequent upon the problems noted, the following recommendations given, among others, are: the supervisory authorities should enforce standards so as to address the issue of poor management of funds meant for credit disbursement, the capital base of micro finance institutions should be strengthened in order to mobilize domestic savings and promote banking culture among low-income groups and the issue of private participation should seriously be encouraged.
From Rule of Law to Rule of Love: towards Plato s Ideal State - the City of God
OJ Osai
African Research Review , 2012,
Abstract: The pervading highhandedness and insensitivity in governance, the consequent suffering of the masses and a global order that has virtually reverted to the Hobbesian state of nature, confirm the Biblical averment that “when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.” Inspired by this timeless, instructive and worrisome admonition, the paper reviews the evolution of Western political thought and the resultant theories targetedat constantly updating, fine-tuning and upholding the essence of the Social Contract towards the realization of the essence of the Biblical averment, which states that “when the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice.” Fundamentally a presentation on leadership and spiritual intelligence, the paper discusses these two phenomena with special reference to good governance and recommends that organizational and political leaders should be conscious of the transience of power, the ephemerality of materialism and the eternity of the soul vis-à-vis the immutable Biblical injunction that “you reap what you sow.” The paper argues that “the righteous” of the literature of Judeo-Christian theology is the same as the “philosopher kings” of Plato s Utopian Kalipolis and the modern day leader who governs guided by the essence of spiritual intelligence. The paper opines that it is only when the consciousness of spiritual intelligence permeates the system, especially within the leadership class, that amoral familsim will abate along with the decay of social infrastructure, pervasive poverty, ever-elongating unemployment line, youth restiveness, social fragility and volatility and countless other social malaise that constitute the insidious albatross of human society. In conclusion, the paper holds that the string that ties the theories enunciated and their applicability in governance is the human element and here lies the issue of leadership. Here, the paper avers, lies the realization of the Biblical “rule of the righteous” and “kingdom of God on earth” and Plato s “ideal state--the city of God.”
Clothing Problems of Upper Middle Socio-Economic Group (Females) in Nigeria
OJ Chinwe
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: Clothing is one of the basic needs of man. It includes any garment, accessory, ornament and apparel place on the body to adorn, protect, project or communicate intent. This paper focuses on the clothing problems of affluent female consumers in the upper middle socioeconomic group, who have money to spend, as well as some access to retail fashion. Their clothing problems were discussed in relation to fashion leadership, fashion involvement, brand typologies, maintaining an interest in fashion and looking young, influence of the media and price and prestige issues. Recommendations for improving the clothing problems include that rather than ban imported clothing, Government should issue importation license for them and impose huge taxes on them. This will help in making the desired imported clothing available for the women, reducing the smuggling of these textiles and as well as increasing the internally generated revenue base of the county.
Nutrient value and in vitro gas production of African wild cocoyam (Colocasia esculentrum).
OJ Babayemi
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development , 2009,
Abstract: Cost of feeding conventional feedstuffs to ruminants in Nigeria is prohibitive. African wild cocoyam (Colocasia esculentrum) is an unconventional energy feed source and non human edible food. The study determined the chemical composition and energy content, secondary metabolites and in vitro gas production characteristics of the African wild cocoyam (AWC). There were two main treatments which comprised soaking in boiled water or cold water for 0 (raw as control) 3, 6 and 9 days. Dry matter (DM) of boiled water treated wild cocoyam (BWTAWC) and DM in cold water treated wild cocoyam (CWTAWC) decreased from 64 % to 43 % in 9 day BWTAWC and 64 % to 52 % in 9 day CWTAWC. Crude fibre, ether extract, neutral detergent fibre and gross energy contents decreased with increasing days of soaking and ranged from 11 – 21 % (BWTAWC) and 18 – 21 % (CWTAWC), 3.9 - 6.5 % (BWTAWC) and 5 - 6.5 % (CWTAWC), 32.5 - 56.1 % (BWTAWC) and 38 - 56.1 % (CWTAWC) and 3.66 - 4.29 % (BWTAWC) and 4.10 - 4.29 % (CWTAWC), respectively. Method of soaking and length of soaking marginally increased contents of crude protein (range = 4.7 - 5.8 %) and ash (range = 8 – 13 %). Secondary metabolites present were saponin and steroids, with no tannin. Medium saponin content was detected and it decreased by soaking method and duration of soaking. There were significant (P < 0.05) differences in the metabolisable energy (ME) (Range = 4.33 - 9.62 MJ/Kg DM and 4.33 - 8.59 MJ/Kg DM for CWTAWC and BWTAWC respectively), organic matter digestibility (OMD) (Range = 32.26 - 56.6 % and 32.26 - 43.55 % for CWTAWC and BWTAWC, respectively) and short chain fatty acids (Range 0.65 - 0.97 for both CWTAWC and BWTAWC) among the treatment means. Methane production increased with increasing days of soaking in water but were not significantly (P > 0.05) different. Results showed that with high energy value, medium saponin, enhanced organic matter digestibility and relatively low methane production, African wild cocoyam has potential to be used as energy feed for ruminants. Treatment by soaking in water reduced the secondary metabolites and, therefore, safe for livestock feeding.
Correlations and path-coefficient analysis of components of seed yield in syobeans
OJ Ariyo
African Crop Science Journal , 1995,
Abstract:
Comparative Evaluation of Nutritional Composition of African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) Fruits from Two Locations
OJ Olujobi
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The most logical approach towards the improvement and efficient use of indigenous fruits to supply nutritional requirement for human diet is through the investigation of their nutritional values. This study was carried out to investigate the nutritional value of African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) fruit collected from two different agro-ecological zones. The fruit was separated into outer yellow pulp and inner seed and were analyzed for proximate, vitamins and mineral contents. The result obtained from the study shows that locust bean pulp from rain forest vegetation had the highest value for crude protein (15.34%), crude fibre (19.45%) total ash (4.50%) and dry matter (91.1%). Locust bean pulp from derived savannah vegetation had the highest values in all the vitamin variables except vitamin E (18.07 ìg/100g) and a–carotene (11.34 ìg/100g). The result of mineral composition shows that locust bean pulp in the rain forest had the highest value in all the variables except Iron (29.85 mg/kg). Locust bean fruit collected from rain forest had the highest proximate and mineral value, while fruit collected from derived savannah had the highest proportion of vitamins. The study has shown that location significantly affects the nutritional composition of locust beans fruit.
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