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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111909 matches for " O. Tibolla "
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Recent Results from the MAGIC Telescopes
O. Tibolla,for the MAGIC collaboration
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: MAGIC (Major Atmospheric Gamma-ray Imaging Cherenkov Telescope) is a system of two 17 meters Cherenkov telescopes, sensitive to very high energy (VHE; $> 10^{11}$ eV) gamma radiation above an energy threshold of 50 GeV. The first telescope was built in 2004 and operated for five years in stand-alone mode. A second MAGIC telescope (MAGIC-II), at a distance of 85 meters from the first one, started taking data in July 2009. Together they integrate the MAGIC stereoscopic system. Stereoscopic observations have improved the MAGIC sensitivity and its performance in terms of spectral and angular resolution, especially at low energies. We report on the status of the telescope system and highlight selected recent results from observations of galactic and extragalactic gamma-ray sources. The variety of sources discussed includes pulsars, galactic binary systems, clusters of galaxies, radio galaxies, quasars, BL Lacertae objects and more.
Extended X-ray jet and TeV emission in a low frequency peaked BL Lac object
S. Kaufmann,S. J. Wagner,O. Tibolla
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.7529/ICRC2011/V08/1287
Abstract: BL Lac objects are known to have very energetic jets pointing towards the observer under small viewing angles. Many of these show high luminosity over the whole energy range up to TeV, mostly classified as high-energy peaked BL Lac objects. Recently, TeV gamma-ray emission was detected from a low-energy peaked BL Lac object. Interestingly, this source has also a clear detection of an X-ray jet. We present a detailed study of this X-ray jet and its connection to the radio jet as well as a study of the underlying physical processes in the energetic jet, producing emission from the radio to the TeV range.
Discovery of an extended X-ray jet in AP Librae
S. Kaufmann,S. J. Wagner,O. Tibolla
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/68
Abstract: Chandra observations of the low-energy peaked BL Lac object AP Librae revealed the clear discovery of a non-thermal X-ray jet. AP Lib is the first low energy peaked BL Lac object with an extended non-thermal X-ray jet that shows emission into the VHE range. The X-ray jet has an extension of ~15'' (~ 14 kpc). The X-ray jet morphology is similar to the radio jet observed with VLA at 1.36 GHz emerging in south-east direction and bends by 50 degrees at a distance of 12'' towards north-east. The intensity profiles of the X-ray emission are studied consistent with those found in the radio range. The spectral analysis reveals that the X-ray spectra of the core and jet region are both inverse Compton dominated. This adds to a still small sample of BL Lac objects whose X-ray jets are IC dominated and thus more similar to the high luminosity FRII sources than to the low luminosity FRI objects, which are usually considered to be the parent population of the BL Lac objects.
XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray follow-up observations of the VHE gamma-ray source HESS J1507-622
O. Tibolla,S. Kaufmann,K. Kosack
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321778
Abstract: Context. The discovery of the unique source HESS J1507-622 in the very high energy (VHE) range (100 GeV-100 TeV) opened new possibilities to study the parent population of ultra-relativistic particles found in astrophysical sources and underlined the possibility of new scenarios/mechanisms crucial for understanding the underlying astrophysical processes in nonthermal sources. Aims. The follow-up X-ray (0.2 - 10 keV) observations on HESS J1507-622 are reported, and possibilities regarding the nature of the VHE source and that of the newly discovered X-ray sources are investigated. Methods.We obtained bservations with the X-ray satellites XMM-Newton and Chandra. Background corrections were applied to the data to search for extended diffuse emission. Since HESS J1507-622 covers a large part of the field of view of these instruments, blank-sky background fields were used. Results. The discovery of several new X-ray sources and a new, faint, extended X-ray source with a flux of ~6e-14 erg cm^-2 s^-1 is reported. Interestingly, a new, variable point-like X-ray source with a flux of ~8e-14 erg cm^-2 s^-1 appeared in the 2011 observation, which was not detected in the previous X-ray observations. Conclusions. The X-ray observations revealed a faint, extended X-ray source that may be a possible counterpart for HESS J1507-622. This source could be an X-ray pulsar wind nebula (PWN) remnant of the larger gamma-ray PWN, which is still bright in IC emission. Several interpretations are proposed to explain the newly detected variable X-ray source.
Gamma-rays from Pulsar Wind Nebulae in Starburst galaxies (HEAD 2010)
O. Tibolla,K. Mannheim,D. Els?sser
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Recently, two nearby prominent starburst galaxies, M82 and NGC253, have been detected as point-like sources with gamma-ray telescopes at TeV energies [1] [2]. It has been claimed that these detections show that the cosmic ray intensity in the starburst galaxies is three orders of magnitude higher than in the Milky Way galaxy, assuming that the observed gamma rays arise due to pion production of cosmic rays interacting with the ambient gas. The observed spectrum is flatter than the cosmic ray spectrum in the Milky Way galaxy, and this could be due to the much higher gas density in the starburst galaxies [3]. The interpretation seems to be in line with the Ginzburg-model of the origin of cosmic rays according to which the cosmic rays are accelerated in the shells of supernova remnants. As an immediate corollary it follows that the cosmic ray driven gamma ray luminosity should scale with the gas density and supernova rate. At lower energies, gamma-ray measurements with the Fermi LAT instrument could provide support for this scaling [4]. However, there are nagging doubts about the interpretation of the observations at very high energies. At the distance of the observed galaxies, point-like sources cannot be discriminated from diffuse emission for an angular resolution of the order of 0.1 deg. Hence, the question about the contribution of unresolved point-like sources to the gamma-ray luminosity arises.
GRIPS and its strong connections to the GeV and TeV bands
O. Tibolla,K. Mannheim,A. Paravac,J. Greiner,G. Kanbach
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1393/ncc/i2011-10879-8
Abstract: GRIPS is planned to be the next great satellite-born survey mission lead by Europe; it will look into the cosmos with unprecedented accuracy in several bands of the EM spectrum (infrared, X-rays, MeV gamma-rays); in particular in gamma-rays, GRIPS will be able to bridge the so-called MeV gap and to answer several questions brought forth by GeV-TeV gamma-ray observations. We will discuss here several connections to GeV-TeV gamma-ray astrophysics, focussing in particular to show how GRIPS will be crucial in revealing the origin of cosmic rays.
1ES 0229+200: An extreme blazar with a very high minimum Lorentz factor
S. Kaufmann,S. J. Wagner,O. Tibolla,M. Hauser
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117215
Abstract: The blazar 1ES 0229+200 is a high frequency peaked BL Lac object with a hard TeV spectrum extending to 10 TeV. Its unusual spectral characteristics make it a frequently used probe for intergalactic radiation and magnetic fields. With new, simultaneous observations in the optical, ultraviolet (UV) and X-rays, the synchrotron emission is probed in great detail. The X-ray emission varies by a factor of ~2 in 2009, while being rather stable in 2010. The X-ray spectrum is very hard (\Gamma ~ 1.8) and it shows an indication of excess absorption above the Galactic value. The X-ray emission is detected up to ~100 keV without any significant cut-off, thus 1ES 0229+200 belongs to the class of extreme blazars. The simultaneous measured, host galaxy- and extinction-corrected optical and UV fluxes illustrate that the cut-off of the low energy part of the synchrotron emission is located in the UV regime. The minimum energy of the electron distribution has to be rather high to account for this cut-off. This implies that there is a narrow-band energy distribution function of radiating electrons, which is responsible for the unusually hard TeV spectrum. Other extreme blazars have similar synchrotron peak frequencies but much softer TeV spectra, hence 1ES 0229+200 has one of the highest inverse Compton (IC) peak frequency and the narrowest electron distribution among the extreme blazars known to date.
New developments in the ancient PulsarWind Nebulae scenario
O. Tibolla,K. Mannheim,S. Kaufmann,D. Els?sser
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.7529/ICRC2011/V06/1233
Abstract: In a Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN), the lifetime of inverse Compton emitting electrons exceeds the lifetime of its progenitor pulsar, but it exceeds also the age of the electrons that emit via synchrotron radiation; i.e. while the PWN grows older, it can remain bright in IC, whereas its GeV-TeV gamma-ray (for $10^5-10^6$ years) flux remains high for timescales much larger than the Pulsar lifetime and the PWN visible in X-rays. The shell-type remnant of the supernova explosion that led to the formation of the pulsar also has a much shorter lifetime. In this scenario, the magnetic field in the cavity induced by the wind of the progenitor star plays a crucial role, but also the magnetic field in the interstellar medium cannot be negligible and its outward decrease away from the Galactic disk further reduces their X-ray brightness. This is in line with the discovery of several unidentified sources in the TeV gamma-ray band without X-ray counterparts. Moreover, the consequences are important also in order to reinterprete the detection of starburst galaxies in the TeV gamma-ray band considering a leptonic origin of the gamma-ray signal.
Ancient Pulsar Wind Nebulae in light of recent GeV and TeV observations
O. Tibolla,K. Mannheim,D. Els?sser,S. Kaufmann
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: In a Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN), the lifetime of inverse Compton emitting electrons exceeds the lifetime of its progenitor pulsar, but it exceeds also the age of the electrons that emit via synchrotron radiation; i.e. during the evolution of the PWN, it can remain bright in IC, whereas its GeV-TeV gamma-ray (for 10$^5-10^6$ years) flux remains high for timescales much larger than the Pulsar lifetime and the PWN visible in X-rays. The shell-type remnant of the supernova explosion in which the pulsar was formed also has a much shorter lifetime. In this scenario, the magnetic field in the cavity induced by the wind of the progenitor star plays a crucial role. This is in line with the discovery of several unidentified sources in the TeV gamma-ray band without X-ray counterparts. Moreover, the consequences are important also in order to reinterprete the detection of starburst galaxies in the TeV gamma-ray band considering a leptonic origin of the gamma-ray signal.
Nuclear lines revealing the injection of cosmic rays in supernova remnants
O. Tibolla,K. Mannheim,A. Summa,A. Paravac,J. Greiner,G. Kanbach
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: At high energies, the hadronic origin of gamma rays from supernova remnants is still debated. Assuming the observed gamma-rays from the Wolf-Rayet supernova remnant Cas A are due to accelerated protons and ions, we predict the nuclear de-excitation line emission arising from interactions with the heavy elements in the supernova ejecta. This illustrative example highlights the importance of MeV gamma ray observations of the hadronic fingerprint of cosmic rays. The lines could be observed in the MeV band with a future space mission such as GRIPS which has been proposed to ESA as an all-sky survey mission with gamma-ray, X-ray and near-infrared telescopes. In MeV gamma rays, its sensitivity will improve by a factor of 40 compared with previous missions.
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