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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111832 matches for " O. Normaniza "
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Impacts of Shading on Flower Formation and Longevity, Leaf Chlorophyll and Growth of Bougainvillea glabra
M. Saifuddin,A.M.B.S. Hossain,O. Normaniza
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Bougainvillea plants were exposed to artificially reduced light intensity to capture different Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD), 0% (direct sunlight), 30, 50 and 75% shading and to observe the effects of shading on flower formation and longevity, leaf chlorophyll and sugar content and quality of plants. Plant attained the greatest leaf size with maximum branching when seedlings were grown in 30 and 50% shading, whereas 0% shading showed the lowest value. Growth parameters related to the plant characteristics such as branch initiation, branch growth and potassium content increased under high shading treatments. Plants exposed to 0% shade showed the highest sugar content and the sugar content decreased by increasing shading. The low light intensity that results in decreased sugar and chlorophyll contents may be attributed to the reduction of flower initiation and in turn to the acceleration of flower abscission. In addition, more than 30% shading led to stop up flower initiation completely. Hence, it is suggested that 0% shading can be applied to maintain frequent flower initiation and flower longevity.
The Effects of Naphthaleneacetic Acid and Gibberellic Acid in Prolonging Bract Longevity and Delaying Discoloration of Bougainvillea spectabilis
Mohammed Saifuddin,A.B.M.S. Hossain,O. Normaniza,A. Nasrulhaq Boyce
Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: In this study, experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of NAA and GA3 on bract longevity under exposed sunlight conditions and six months of observation. Bougainvillea bracts at four different stages of bract development were sprayed with gibberellic acid (100 ppm GA3), naphthaleneacetic acid (50, 100 and 150 ppm NAA) and mixed GA3 (100 ppm) and NAA concentrations (50,100 and 150 ppm). Bract longevity was found to be almost 10 days longer in NAA (50, 100 and 150 ppm) than in the water control and in GA3 (100 ppm) treatment. In the case of GA3 and NAA (50, 100 and 150 ppm) treatment on alternative days, bract longevity was 30 days longer when compared with the water control. It was also observed that a delay in discoloration and stomata conductance were increased in the presence of GA3 with low a concentration of NAA. The results indicated that the prolonging effect of low concentrations of NAA at the initial budding stages was more effective compared with its application at other stages of development and at higher concentrations. Maximum bract weight and shoot length were observed in the GA3 and GA3 plus NAA treated flowers.
Bract Size Enlargement and Longevity of Bougainvillea spectabilis as Affected by GA3 and Phloemic Stress
Mohammed Saifuddin,A.B.M. Sharif Hossain,Normaniza Osman,K.M. Moneruzzaman
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: A field experiment was conducted to assess the effect of gibberellic acid (GA3 100 and 150 ppm), phloemic stress and combination of 100 ppm GA3 and phloemic stress on Bougainvillea bract blooming, expansion, development and bract longevity under exposed sun light condition (400-700 μEm-2 sec-1). A seven-years-old Bougainvillea plant was used in this experiment. Fifteen selected brunches were applied with 100, 150 ppm GA3, phloemic stress, 100 ppm GA3+phloemic stress and water control. The results showed that 100 ppm GA3 increased the length of petiole, bract size and shape by 40%. Bract blooming was three days earlier in 100 ppm GA3 treated branches and 4 days earlier in 150 ppm GA3 than in water control. Bract longevity (required days from bract initiation to abscission) was higher for 4 in phloemic stress and for 2 days in 100 ppm GA3+phloemic stress than in water control. However, bract longevity was shorter in 100 and 150 ppm GA3 than in control. The number of bracts per branch was higher in 100 ppm GA3+phloemic stress and phloemic stress than the other treatments. Petal size and petiole length were the highest in 100 ppm GA3. But there were no significant changes in bract size and color development in phloemic stress. Maximum chlorophyll fluorescence was observed in phloemic stress. Quantum yield (Fv/Fm) was higher in phloemic stress and 100 ppm GA3+phloemic stress than in other treatments. The findings suggested that gibberellic acid played an important role to induce rapid bract blooming and expansion whereas, phloemic stress increased total number of bract and longevity.
Stress Loops Effect in Ductile Failure of Mild Steel  [PDF]
O.O. Oluwole
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.84026
Abstract: A simulation study of effect of stress on mild steel microstructure has revealed stress loops at areas of stress application which are believed to be the root cause of the ductile failure morphology (cup and cone) in ductile alloys under plane strain conditions. The areas of concentration of these stress loops were observed to be that of subsequent instability (or necking) observed in mild steel and other materials of low friction (flow) stress. Shear stress loops with angular bearing of 450 to the tensile axis were observed to instigate both the failure site and shear morphology in these materials. In plane stress conditions, shear was seen to be that of a wave shape running obliquely to area of stress application resulting in oblique necking observed in thin mild steel sheets.
Boundary Value Problem for an Operator-Differential Riccati Equation in the Hilbert Space on the Interval  [PDF]
O. O. Pokutnyi
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2015.514081
Abstract: The paper is devoted to obtaining the necessary and sufficient conditions of the solvability of weakly perturbed boundary-value problems for the nonlinear operator-differential Riccati equation in the Hilbert space on the interval and whole line with parameter ?. We find the solution of the given boundary value problem which for ε = 0 turns in one of the solutions of generating boundary value problem. Solution of the generating problem is constructed with the using generalized operator in analytical form. Iterative process for finding of solutions of weakly nonlinear equation with quadratic error is constructed.
Vertex-transitive maps on a torus
O. Such
ACTA MATHEMATICA UNIVERSITATIS COMENIANAE , 2011,
Abstract: We examine FVT (free, vertex transitive) actions of wallpaper groups on semiregular tilings. By taking quotients by lattices we then obtain various families of FVT maps on a torus, and describe the presentations of groups acting on the torus. Altogether there are 29 families, 5 arising from the orientation preserving wallpaper groups and 2 from each of the remaining wallpaper groups. We prove that all vertex-transitive maps on torus admit an FVT map structure.
Vertex-transitive maps on a torus
O. Such
ACTA MATHEMATICA UNIVERSITATIS COMENIANAE , 2011,
Abstract: We examine FVT (free, vertex transitive) actions of wallpaper groups on semiregular tilings. By taking quotients by lattices we then obtain various families of FVT maps on a torus, and describe the presentations of groups acting on the torus. Altogether there are 29 families, 5 arising from the orientation preserving wallpaper groups and 2 from each of the remaining wallpaper groups. We prove that all vertex-transitive maps on torus admit an FVT map structure.
Definition of secret reasons of errors, appeared during aviation operators’ professional activity Определение скрытых причин происхождения ошибок, возникающих в профессиональной деятельности авиационных операторов ВИЗНАЧЕННЯ ПРИХОВАНИХ ПРИЧИН ПОХОДЖЕННЯ ПОМИЛОК, ЩО ВИНИКАЮТЬ У ПРОФЕС ЙН Й Д ЯЛЬНОСТ
O.?. Луппо,О.М. Ал?кс??в
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2005,
Abstract: Development of discover secret reasons of error actions of aviation operators allows to define reasons of secret factors of error action in time and will give opportunity to develop more effective prevention measures in order to prevent mistake actions in time. Разработана система выявления скрытых причин ошибочных действий авиационных операторов, позволяющая своевременно определять причины и механизмы возникновения скрытых факторов, которые приводят к ошибочным действиям, и осуществлять более действенные профилактические мероприятия по их своевременному предотвращению. Розроблено систему виявлення прихованих причин помилкових д й ав ац йних оператор в, що дозволя сво часно визначати причини механ зми виникнення прихованих чинник в, як призводять до помилкових д й, та зд йснювати б льш д в проф лактичн заходи щодо х сво часного запоб гання.
НТЕГРАЦ Я ЗАСОБ В Д АГНОСТИКИ, ПРОГНОЗУВАННЯ КЕРУВАННЯ Р ВНЕМ БЕЗПЕКИ ПОЛЬОТ В Integration of diagnosis, prognosis and management level of safety Интеграция средств диагностики, прогнозирования и управления уровнем безопасности полетов
В.П. Харченко,O.?. Луппо,О.М. Ал?кс??в
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2007,
Abstract: Розглянуто один з шлях в п двищення контролю за р внем безпеки польот в нтеграц я вс х засоб в форм у комплексних автоматизованих системах. Запропоновано виб р кращого вар анта засобу керування р внем безпеки польот в за допомогою комплексного автоматизованого застосування математичних моделей, методолог чних п дход в до виконання початкових етап в моделювання, концептуального проектування, формал зац алгоритм зац моделей. One of ways rise and control after a level of safety flights is integration of all facilities and forms in the complex automated systems. Acceptance of decision about the choice of the best forms management of mean safety flights level in such terms is erected to satisfaction a number of indexes, and in spite of their possible contradiction is a problem which it is possible to decide by means the complex automated use application of mathematical models, methodological approaches to implementation initial stages of design, conceptual design, formalization and algoritmizationi of models and bases management mean of safety flights level. Рассмотрен один из путей повышения и контроля за уровнем безопасности полетов - интеграция всех средств и форм в комплексных автоматизированных системах. Предлагается выбор лучшего варианта средства управления уровнем безопасности полетов с помощью комплексного автоматизированного применения математических моделей, методологических логических подходов к выполнению начальных этапов моделирования, концептуального проектирования, формализации и алгоритмизации моделей.
НОВ П ДХОДИ ДО КЛАСИФ КАЦ ПРИЧИН АВ АЦ ЙНИХ ПОД Й ТА НЦИДЕНТ В ЯК ЕФЕКТИВНИЙ ЗАС Б П ДВИЩЕННЯ БЕЗПЕКИ ПОЛЬОТ В New approaches to the classification of causes of aviation accidents and incidents as an effective means of improving safety Новые подходы к классификации причин авиационных происшестви
O.?. Луппо,О.М. Ал?кс??в
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2007,
Abstract: Розглянуто класиф кац ю ав ац йних под й та нцидент в, що да змогу оц нити питому частку кожно структури в зниженн безпеки польот . Виявлено головн причини та частоту повторюваност ав ац йних под й та нцидент в. Оц нено ефективн сть ран ше розроблених проф лактичних заход в щодо попередження однотипних ав ац йних под й та нцидент в у майбутньому. Classification of accidents and incidents makes principle of hieratic collateral subordination, which determines separate classification of direct and main reasons that enables to estimate weight destiny of every structure in the decline of safety flight and expose most bottleneck in the aviation system. Exposure of main reasons and frequency of their repetition, for a concrete period, allows to define the role of each components in the decline of safety of flights and estimate efficiency of the before developed prophylactic measures from warning of the same type aviation events and incidents in a future. Рассмотрены классификация авиационных происшествий и инцидентов, что позволяет оценить удельную долю каждой структуры в снижении безопасности полете. Выявлены основные причины и частоту повторяемости авиационных происшествий и инцидентов. Оценена эффективность ранее разработанных профилактических мероприятий по предупреждению однотипных авиационных происшествий и инцидентов в будущем.
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