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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111857 matches for " O Komolafe "
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Pattern And Outcome Of Adult Tetanus In Ile-Ife, Nigeria
M A Komolafe, E O Komolafe, A O Ogundare
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: This is a retrospective study of all adult patients with tetanus managed at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex from 1995-2004. The aim was to study the pattern of adult tetanus in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and see what improvements could be made in the future in particular with regard to decreasing the prevalence in our environment. Method: Data was obtained from the hospital records of all the patients, the admission and discharge registers of the medical wards of the hospital. Result: Seventy nine adult patients with tetanus were managed during the study period and they accounted for 44% of neurological admissions. There were 56 males and 23 females giving a M:F ratio of 2.4 to 1. 45 (57%) of the patients were under 30yrs of age and two-thirds (67%) had puncture wounds in the lower limbs. 20 patients (25%) had mild tetanus, 16 (20%) had moderate disease and 43 (55%) had severe tetanus. The patients were treated with tetanus antitoxin, antibiotics and sedatives. The mortality rate was 45% and laryngeal spasm was the most common cause of death. None of the patients was managed in the intensive care unit (ICU). Conclusion: Tetanus remains a major public health problem in Nigeria. It is commonly associated with high mortality due to late presentation. Health education should be promoted to reduce the unacceptable prevalence in our practice setting.
Effect of Faecal Collection Methods on Nutrient Digestibility in Oreochromis niloticus Fed Soya Bean Diets
Eunice O. Adeparusi,Abiola Komolafe
Journal of Food Technology , 2013,
Abstract: A 30% crude protein control diet was formulated for the Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus with fishmeal as the main protein source. The fishmeal content was replaced with soaked and cooked soybean at 25, 50, 75 and 90% equi-protein levels. Diets were designated as D1, D2, D3 and D4 respectively. Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings (mean weight, 10g) were randomly distributed at 20 fish per tank in duplicates. After seven days of acclimation, the fish were fed on the experimental diets for 21 days. Faecal collection was carried out using five different methods: siphoning directly from the aquaria, stripping by applying pressure on the intestinal section and collection of samples from three sections of the intestine: upper region, middle region and lower region. Acid insoluble ash was used as internal marker to assess digestibility of crude protein, lipid, ash and carbohydrate (NFE). In the siphoned, stripped and middle intestine collection methods fish fed diet 2 had the highest digestibility coefficients in crude protein, lipid, ash and NFE, while in the upper and lower intestine the control diet had the highest digestibility coefficients in crude protein, lipid and NFE. In samples collected from the lower intestine diet 4 had the least digestibility of all nutrients. While n the upper intestine fish on diet 3 had the least nutrient digestibility except in NFE. Diets 3 equally had the least digestibility in the siphoned diets except in NFE. In crude protein fish fed diet 2 had the highest digestibility of nutrients while those on diet 3 had the least. Highest numerical quantification of digestibility occured in the siphoned method while the least was in the stripped. This study shows that soybean inclusion levels and sampling methods have significant effects on the coefficients of digestibility.
Spinal Decompression with 360° Instrumented Fusion for Unstable Tuberculous Quadriplegia in a Young Adult—A Case Report  [PDF]
A. Abiodun Adeleke, E. O. Komolafe, O. A. Dada, O. F. Owagbemi
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.38004
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis of the spine is common in Nigeria. It commonly causes neurological deficit especially when the lesions are higher up in the spine. Objective: To report a case of a young man who had C4 quadriplegia from tuberculous destruction of C3 to C5 vertebral bodies and their intervening discs, aretropharyngeal prevertebral abscess and associated segmental kyphosis. He had received prior antituberculous therapy with no improvement. Results: He recovered completely neurologically when he had adequate decompression and 360°; instrumented fusiondone in a 3-stage surgery that involved drainage and debridement of the retropharyngeal prevertebral abscess, anterior corpectomy of C3 and C4 with fusion using a titanium mesh cage, and posterior fusion of C3 to C6 using titanium rods and lateral mass screws. Surgical treatment was supported with skull traction and antituberculous therapy. Conclusion: This case shows that complete neurologic recovery is feasible in spinal quadriplegia that fails to respond to antituber-culous therapy when adequate decompression and fusion are done.
Epidemiology and bacterial colonization of burn injuries in Blantyre
O M Livimbi, I O Komolafe
Malawi Medical Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Forty-nine patients from the Burns Unit at the QECH had swabs taken from various sites in order to determine the bacterial profile and antibiotic susceptibilities in burn wounds colonized by bacteria. The mean age was 16 years (range 1-70 years); 27 (55 %) of the study population were female and 22 (45%) were male. Twenty-four (49%) patients were epileptic. Open fire (41%) was the most common cause of burn injuries among epileptics while hot water burns (29%) were commonest among non-epileptics. Burn injury and percentage total burn surface area (% TBSA) injuries decreased with age, and the upper and lower limbs, trunk, head and neck were the most commonly affected sites. Staphylococcus aureus was the commonest isolate (23%), followed by Proteus mirabilis (22.7%), Streptococci spp (15.9%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.5%) and 3.4% for Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Klebsiella spp. There was a significant trend of bacterial growth with increasing % TBSA (p<0.001). Bacterial growth was significantly more common in more recent burns of less than 20 days compared to burns of longer duration (OR 4.1 [95% CI 1.58-10.99]). Broad-spectrum antibiotics are required as first-line therapy for burns-related sepsis but there is need for surveillance of antibiotic susceptibility to help determine appropriate therapy. Malawi Medical Journal Biology Vol. 19 (1) 2007: pp. 25-27
Incidence of Bacterial Septicaemia in Ile-Ife Metropolis, Nigeria
Komolafe, A. O.,Adegoke, A. A.
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology , 2008,
Abstract: A retrospective study of septicaemia was conducted in Ile-Ife metropolis with a view to determine its incidence and changes in the predominant aetiological agents. Six hundred and fifty (650) subjects, aged from one day to seventy years and above were examined. They all had clinical features suggestive of septicaemia and were on admission at the Obafemi Awolowo University hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Their blood specimens were seeded into thioglycolate and glucose broths and incubated at 37 °C for 7 days. Subcultures were performed after 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7 days respectively. Growth (positivity) in the broths was assessed using conventional diagnostic methods namely macroscopy (visualization), Gram filming (microscopy) and culture. The bacterial isolates harvested were subjected to in-vitro antibiotic susceptibility tests using the disc diffusion method. Etiology was established in 204 out of 650 subjects indicating an incidence of 31.4%. This difference in prevalence among different age groups was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The males (112/650, 17.2%) appeared to be more susceptible to septicaemia than the females (94/650, 14.5%) in all the age groups. This variation had no statistical significance (P > 0.01). Monomicrobial septicaemia had a higher prevalence (92.2%) than polymicrobial septicaemia (7.8%). Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli constituted 43.8%. Most of the offensive microbes were facultative anaerobes (91.7%) while very few were strict aerobes (6.8%) and strict anaerobes (1.5%). The isolated anaerobes were Peptostreptococcus sp. (0.5%) and Bacteroides fragilis (1%). The in vitro susceptibility of the bacterial isolates to antibiotics indicated 76.4-95.6% sensitivity to vancomycin, zinnat, peflacin and fortum. However, they were 60 – 90% resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, tetracycline and septrin. This study confirmed the diverse nature of bacterial etiologies of septicaemia in the area; the need for the use of thioglycolate broths, first subcultures on or before 24 h instead of starting off for after 48 h of incubation, complementary application of macroscopy, Gram filming and culture including antibiotic susceptibility test as an integral part of diagnosis and management of septicaemia is hereby advocated, most especially in the developing countries of the world.
Virtues in the Nigerian 2006 Population and Housing Census for Records
K. A. Aderogba,B. O. Komolafe
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: After the long interregnum, the 2006 population census was scheduled, planned and executed. The objective of the paper is to highlight major credibility attributes of the exercise for records; and to make recommendations for subsequent census exercises in the country. The state commissioners were interviewed, NPC website was visited and documents of the NPC were perused. Literatures on National Population Census were read and used. The structure, system, and organization perfectly resemble those of developed countries: The National Population Commission had its Cartographic Department strengthened; improved technology of high resolution satellite imagery was used; Enumeration Areas were demarcated and plotted to scales. Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) were implored and Geographic Information System was intended to be used to store the results. All organs of the government were implored to create awareness, plan logistics and carry out the exercise. The exercise was not without problems; but this is the first time those sophisticated techniques will be implored in Nigeria; and the nation will know the number, quality, type and design of houses in the country. From planning to execution, adequate awareness and preparation were made to avoid the usual riddles that characterized the previous exercises. NPC further researches into the technologies applied and massive applications of them for the subsequent exercises were suggested.
OPHTHALMIC DISORDERS AMONG STUDENTS OF SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF
Omolase C O,Komolafe O O,Adeniji A O
Otolaryngology Online Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Aim: This study aimed at determining the prevalence and pattern of ophthalmic disorders among students of School for the Deaf, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.Methodology: This is a cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in October, 2011 as part of activities marking the Annual Physicians’ week of Nigerian Medical Association (NMA),Ondo State. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Ethical Review Committee of Federal Medical Centre, Owo prior to commencement of this study. The permission of the School Authority was also obtained before the commencement of this study. The respondents were selected by simple random sampling technique. All enrolled participants were interviewed with the aid of the study instrument (questionnaire) by the authors and interpreters (school teachers).Results: The respondents comprised of 91(56.9%) Males and 69 Females (43.1%). Nearly all the respondents;158(98.8%) were deaf and dumb. Most respondents; 116(72.5%) had ocular examination in the past. Few respondents; 118(73.75%) had ophthalmic disorder. The commonest ophthalmic disorder was refractive error which was found in 16 respondents (38.1%). Myopia was diagnosed in 9 respondents.CONCLUSION: Most of the respondents were deaf and dumb. Few respondents had ophthalmic disorder. The commonest ophthalmic disorder was refractive error. Myopia was the most predominant refractive error. There is need for periodic ocular screening and treatment atthe School for the Deaf.
Reproductive strategy of Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Opa reservoir, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Komolafe,O.O; Arawomo,G.A.O;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2007,
Abstract: the fish family cichlidae has a large diversity and dominates african freshwater bodies, with over 200 species reported in inland waters. sampling for the fish oreochromis niloticus (linnaeus) in opa reservoir, nigeria, started in october 1997 and extended until february 2000. the fishing methods employed for collecting the 1 430 specimens were cast netting and gillnetting. egg diameter varied between 2.12 mm and 2.69 mm with a mean of 2.47±0.02. female gonadosomatic index was 1.34±0.01 (0.12-4.06, n= 637). the male gonadosomatic index was 0.39±0.02 (0.03-1.67, n= 789). in opa reservoir, o. niloticus bred throughout the study period. the species was a maternal mouth brooder with the female fish carrying eggs and fry in the buccal cavities. the sex ratio of o. niloticus was approximately 1:1 in the reservoir. the fecundity of the species was between 73 eggs and 1 810 eggs per female with a mean fecundity of 815 eggs. rev. biol. trop. 55 (2): 595-602. epub 2007 june, 29.
Demographic and clinical profile of patients with juvenile onset open angle glaucoma in southwestern Nigeria
O Komolafe, O Olawoye, O Fafowora, A Ashaye, AM Baiyeroju
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Background: This was a non-comparative, retrospective review of patients diagnosed with juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) in the eye clinic of a tertiary hospital in southwestern Nigeria. Objective: To document the demographic characteristics, clinical features and treatment outcome of the patients diagnosed with JOAG. Materials and Methods: Data were extracted from the clinical record of patients diagnosed with JOAG in the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, between January 2001 and December 2005. Such data included the basic demographic data, the clinical characteristic of the patients and the outcome of their treatment. Results: Twenty-nine patients were reviewed, which represents 3.4% of all newly diagnosed glaucoma patients seen in the out-patient section of the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, over the period reviewed. Eight (27.6%) patients were aged 20 years and below. The mean age was 25.1 ± SD 6.0 years. Eighteen (62.1%) had visual acuity of 6/18 or worse in the better eye at the time of presentation. The mean intraocular pressure (IOP) of the patients at presentation was 32.3 ± SD 15.2 mmHg. Eight (27.6%) patients defaulted within 6 months of presentation. The mean IOP for the 21 patients who were followed up on treatment for a mean period of 9.6 months was 17.0 ± SD 6.0 mmHg. Conclusion: Most patients with JOAG in this review presented with advanced form of the disease. Early detection through parent-driven school eye health program and community-based case detection could help in reducing the scourge arising from JOAG among our population.
Reproductive strategy of Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Opa reservoir, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
O.O Komolafe,G.A.O Arawomo
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2007,
Abstract: The fish family Cichlidae has a large diversity and dominates African freshwater bodies, with over 200 species reported in inland waters. Sampling for the fish Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus) in Opa reservoir, Nigeria, started in October 1997 and extended until February 2000. The fishing methods employed for collecting the 1 430 specimens were cast netting and gillnetting. Egg diameter varied between 2.12 mm and 2.69 mm with a mean of 2.47±0.02. Female gonadosomatic index was 1.34±0.01 (0.12-4.06, n= 637). The male gonadosomatic index was 0.39±0.02 (0.03-1.67, n= 789). In Opa reservoir, O. niloticus bred throughout the study period. The species was a maternal mouth brooder with the female fish carrying eggs and fry in the buccal cavities. The sex ratio of O. niloticus was approximately 1:1 in the reservoir. The fecundity of the species was between 73 eggs and 1 810 eggs per female with a mean fecundity of 815 eggs. Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (2): 595-602. Epub 2007 June, 29. Estudiamos la tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus) en la reserva de Opa, Nigeria, desde octubre 1997 hasta febrero del 2000. Recolectamos 1 430 especímenes con red lanzada y red de arrastre. El diámetro de los huevos varía entre los 2.12 mm y 2.69 mm con un promedio de 2.47±0.02. El índice gonadosomático de las hembras fue de 1.34±0.01 (0.12-4.06, n= 637), y en machos fue de 0.39±0.02 (0.03-1.67, n= 789). En la reserva este pez se reprodujo durante todo el periodo de estudio. Hay cuido materno: la hembra lleva los huevos y alevines en la boca. La proporción machos/hembras fue aproximadamente 1:1. La fecundidad varía entre 73 y 1 810 huevos por hembra con un promedio de 815 huevos.
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