Abstract:
We investigate the Mott transition in the Kagom\'e lattice Hubbard model using a cluster extension of dynamical mean field theory. The calculation of the double occupancy, the density of states, the static and dynamical spin correlation functions demonstrates that the system undergoes the first-order Mott transition at the Hubbard interaction $U/W \sim 1.4$ ($W$:bandwidth). In the metallic phase close to the Mott transition, we find the strong renormalization of three distinct bands, giving rise to the formation of heavy quasiparticles with strong frustration. It is elucidated that the quasiparticle states exhibit anomalous behavior in the temperature-dependent spin correlation functions.

Abstract:
We investigate the Hubbard model on two typical frustrated lattices in two dimensions, the kagome lattice and the anisotropic triangular lattice, by means of the cellular dynamical mean field theory. We show that the metallic phase is stabilized up to fairly large Hubbard interactions under strong geometrical frustration in both cases, which results in heavy fermion behavior and several anomalous properties around the Mott transition point. In particular, for the anisotropic triangular lattice, we find novel reentrant behavior in the Mott transition in the moderately frustrated parameter regime, which is caused by the competition between Fermi-liquid formation and magnetic correlations. It is demonstrated that the reentrant behavior is a generic feature inherent in the Mott transition with intermediate geometrical frustration, and indeed in accordance with recent experimental findings for organic materials.

Abstract:
We investigate a multi-orbital extension of the periodic Anderson model with particular emphasis on electron correlations including orbital fluctuations. By means of a linearized version of the dynamical mean-field theory, we compute the renormalization factor, the density of states, the spectral gap and the local correlation functions for a given set of the intra- and inter-orbital Coulomb interactions as well as the Hund coupling. It is found that when a certain condition is met for the intra- and inter-orbital interactions for $f$ electrons, orbital fluctuations are enhanced, thereby enlarging the Kondo insulating gap. This effect is suppressed in the presence of the Hund coupling. We also clarify how the Kondo insulator is continuously changed to the Mott insulator when electron correlations among conduction electrons are increased.

Abstract:
We investigate the Mott transition in the anisotropic kagom\'e lattice Hubbard model using the cellular dynamical mean field theory combined with continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo simulations. By calculating the double occupancy and the density of states, we determine the interaction strength of the first-order Mott transition and show that it becomes small as the anisotropy increases. We also calculate the spin correlation functions and the single-particle spectrum, and reveal that the quasiparticle and magnetic properties change dramatically around the Mott transition; the spin correlations are strongly enhanced and the quasiparticle bands are deformed. We conclude that such dramatic changes are due to the enhancement of anisotropy associated with the relaxation of frustration around the Mott transition.

Abstract:
We investigate the Hubbard model on the anisotropic triangular lattice by means of the cellular dynamical mean field theory. The phase diagram determined in the Hubbard interaction versus temperature plane shows novel reentrant behavior in the Mott transition due to the competition between Fermi-liquid formation and magnetic correlations under geometrical frustration. We demonstrate that the reentrant behavior is characteristic of the Mott transition with intermediate geometrical frustration and indeed consistent with recent experimental results of organic materials.

Abstract:
We investigate the effect of magnetic fields on a Kondo insulator by using the periodic Anderson model. The analysis by dynamical mean field theory combined with quantum Monte Carlo simulations reveals that the magnetic field drives the Kondo insulator to a transverse antiferromagnetic insulator at low temperatures. We calculate the staggered spin susceptibility and find its divergence signaling the antiferromagnetic instability. Further investigation of the spin correlation functions and the magnetization process clarifies how the magnetic field suppresses the Kondo singlet formation and induces the transverse antiferromagnetic ordering.

Abstract:
We study the magnetic-field effect on a Kondo insulator by exploiting the periodic Anderson model with the Zeeman term. The analysis using dynamical mean field theory combined with quantum Monte Carlo simulations determines the detailed phase diagram at finite temperatures. At low temperatures, the magnetic field drives the Kondo insulator to a transverse antiferromagnetic phase, which further enters a polarized metallic phase at higher fields. The antiferromagnetic transition temperature $T_c$ takes a maximum when the Zeeman energy is nearly equal to the quasi-particle gap. In the paramagnetic phase above $T_c$, we find that the electron mass gets largest around the field where the quasi-particle gap is closed. It is also shown that the induced moment of conduction electrons changes its direction from antiparallel to parallel to the field.

Abstract:
We study the magnetic properties around the Mott transition in the Kagom\'e lattice Hubbard model by the cellular dynamical mean field theory combined with quantum Monte Carlo simulations. By investigating the q-dependence of the susceptibility, we find a dramatic change of the dominant spin fluctuations around the Mott transition. The spin fluctuations in the insulating phase favor down to the lowest temperature a spatial spin configuration in which antiferromagnetic correlations are strong only in one chain direction but almost vanishing in the others.

Abstract:
We investigate the characteristics of the metallic phase near the Mott transition in the Kagom\'e lattice Hubbard model using the cellular dynamical mean field theory. By calculating the specific heat and spin correlation functions, we demonstrate that the quasiparticles show anomalous properties in the metallic phase close to the Mott transition. We find clear evidence for the multi-band heavy quasiparticles in the specific heat, which gives rise to unusual temperature dependence of the spin correlation functions.

Abstract:
We study the Kondo lattice model with the Heisenberg-type RKKY-exchange coupling among localized f-spins in the presence of a magnetic field. By means of an extended dynamical mean field theory combined with the non-crossing approximation, we investigate the one-particle spectral function and the dynamical spin correlation function in the Kondo insulating phase. It is shown that the magnetic field and the RKKY exchange interaction both cause the instability to the antiferromagnetic order with enhanced transverse spin fluctuations, which give rise to a strong renormalization of quasi-particles as the system approaches the quantum critical point. This leads to a tendency to retain the Kondo insulating gap up to rather large fields.