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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2560 matches for " Noraini Bt. Abu Talib "
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Decentralization and Participatory Rural Development: A Literature Review
Muhammad Shakil Ahmad,Noraini Bt. Abu Talib
Contemporary Economics , 2011, DOI: 10.5709/ce.1897-9254.28
Abstract: Most of the developing nations are still struggling for efficient use of their resources. In order to overcome physical and administrative constraints of the development, it is necessary to transfer the power from the central government to local authorities. Distribution of power from improves the management of resources and community participation which is considered key to sustainable development. Advocates of decentralization argue that decentralized government is source to improve community participation in rural development. Decentralized government is considered more responsive towards local needs and development of poor peoples. There are many obstacles to expand the citizen participation in rural areas. There are many approaches for participatory development but all have to face the same challenges. Current paper highlights the literature about Decentralization and participatory rural development. Concept and modalities of Decentralization, dimensions of participation, types of rural participation and obstacles to participation are also the part of this paper.
Muhammad Shakil Ahmad,Dr. Noraini Bt. Abu Talib
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2011,
Abstract: Can public participation and public assets management can be enhanced with decentralization initiatives in country. World Bank and other donor agencies appreciating as well as promoting Community based development for sustainable development. New good governance practices have taken initiatives to involve citizen in decision making process for public asset management, aim to wider the citizen representation in society because consumer need base development is more preferred than politically imposed development. This paper addresses the external factors which segregate the citizen involvement in development. To test the claim that decentralization and good governance may be widening the horizon of citizen participation, this paper uses the case study of Citizen Community Boards (CCB’s) in Pakistan. Results shows that the segregating factors resist the community empowerment. The current system fails to address the basic needs of local community. Involvement of minorities may improve the situation, if these groups are provided an opportunity to participate in decision making. Recommendation provided to policy makers to lessen the political intervention and elite community members for true participation of local citizen
Solid polymeric electrolyte of poly(ethylene)oxide-50% epoxidized natural rubber-lithium triflate (PEO-ENR50-LiCF3SO3)  [PDF]
Siti Aminah bt. Mohd Noor, Azizan Ahmad, Mohd. Yusri bin Abd. Rahman, Ibrahim Abu Talib
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.23029
Abstract: A solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) films consist-ing of polyethylene oxide (PEO), 50% epoxi-dized natural rubber (ENR50) and LiCF3SO3 with various compositions of PEO-ENR50 and vari-ous weight percentage of LiCF3SO3 were pre-pared by solution casting technique. The poly-mer electrolyte films were characterized using DSC, XRD and AC impedance spectroscopy. The SPE with the PEO-ENR50 composition of 70-30 shows the highest conductivity of 4.2 × 10-5 Scm-1 at the 15 wt.% of LiCF3SO3 compared with the other composition of PEO/ENR50. This composition was then chosen to investigate the effect of LiCF3SO3 on the thermal property, structure and conductivity of the electrolyte. The highest room temperature conductivity of 1.4 × 10-4 Scm-1 was achieved at 20 wt.% of LiCF3SO3. The conductivity result is supported by the DSC and XRD analysis which showed the semi- crystalline nature of PEO turning to amor-phous state due to the increase in LiCF3SO3 content.
Cultural Influences and Mandated Counseling in Malaysia
Mansor Abu Talib
Asian Culture and History , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ach.v2n1p28
Abstract: It is unfair to conclude that Western and Eastern differences have caused conflict in the practice of counselling, especially in mandated counselling. It is reasonable to assume that without the Western approach and understanding of counselling, the East would still be unable to develop their own theory of helping. How then does one compare different approaches? Such an assessment can be argued clearly from a cultural perspective as in the case of mandated counselling. This paper discusses the influence of culture which has shaped the practice of mandated counselling and the appropriate practice of mandated counselling in a Malaysian setting. Many of the points discussed here are drawn from the data informed by seven informants in a research entitled ‘Mandated Counselling In Malaysia: A Heuristic Phenomenological Inquiry Of Involuntary Participation’. The phenomenon of counselling as originated and practised in the West, which has served as the significant model for the Malaysian style of counselling, is discussed. The concept of guidance and crisis intervention in counselling as practised in Malaysia has shaped the appropriate acceptance of mandated counselling. Respect for authority, a need to ‘save face’, directives from the authority and the values of we-ness makes mandated counselling in a Malaysian setting a relevant intervention.
Antituberculosis Drug-Induced Liver Injury: An Ignored Fact, Assessment of Frequency, Patterns, Severity and Risk Factors  [PDF]
Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Khalid Mahmood, Abu Talib, Aamer Mahmood
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2015.512027
Abstract: Background/Aims: Antituberculosis drug-induced liver injury (TB DILI) is a frequent medical problem in Pakistan. Critical understanding of various aspects of TB DILI is not only important to manage liver injury but may also prevent unnecessary discontinuation of antituberculosis treatment. The study is aimed to determine the frequency, types, severity and patterns of TB DILI. Study further evaluates various risk factors of TB DILI. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of two seventy-eight patients with the diagnosis of tuberculosis, where patients were followed during tuberculosis treatment. TB DILI was defined in accordance to international DILI expert working group. Results: Out of two seventy eight-patients, ninety-five (34.14%) had TB DILI. The most common pattern of TB DILI was hepatocellular (63.15%) followed by mixed (23.15%) and Cholestatic (13.68%). Most of the patients had mild DILI (43.15%) followed by moderate (30.52%), severe (20.01%) and very severe (5.26%). Age > 35 years, concomitant hepatotoxic drugs, extrapulmonary TB and malnutrition are important risk factors for TB DILI. Conclusion: All patterns of TB DILI with varying severity were present. Age > 35 years, malnutrition, extrapulmonary TB and concomitant use of hepatotoxic drugs were risk factors for TB DILI.
A General Perspective on Role of Theory in Qualitative Research
Journal of International Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: There is a growing interest on qualitative methodology as evidence by an increasing number of qualitative research design employed in social science researches. In qualitative inquiry process, the role of theory in the field of social science and where it situates in the research framework has always created a challenge for the researchers. However, inconclusive and differing opinions have so far been documented about the role and position of theory in qualitative research. The purpose of this paper is to build a general perspective in terms of the position of theory in qualitative research methodology applicable to social science research. Review of literatures on these issues were presented and discussed. As a result, a deep comprehension of a phenomenon, event or experience in real-life cannot always or necessarily be based on theory, yet the significant role of theory in literature review is an undeniable fact.
Tekanan kerja, motivasi dan kepuasan kerja tentera laut armada tentera laut diraja Malaysia
Nor Liyana Mohd Bokti,Mansor Abu Talib
Jurnal Kemanusiaan , 2010,
Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan menentukan perkaitan antara tekanan kerja dan motivasi dengan kepuasan kerja dalam kalangan anggota Tentera laut di Armada Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia (TLDM), Tambatan Pangkalan Lumut. Sampel kajian melibatkan 120 anggota Tentera laut yang dipilihmelalui persampelan rawak berlapis berkadar daripada tujuh buah kapal TLDM. Alat pengukuran bagi tekanan kerja, motivasi dan kepuasan kerja adalah melalui Quantitative Workload Scale, Task Evaluation Questionnaire dan Job Satisfaction Survey masingmasingnya. Hasil kajian menunjukkan, majoriti responden mempunyai tahap tekanan kerja (88%), motivasi (81%) dan kepuasan kerja (69%) yang sederhana. Selain itu, kajian ini juga mendapati kekerapan menjalani kerja luar mempunyai perkaitan yang signifikan dengan motivasi (r =.273, p≤.01) dan kepuasan kerja (r =.267, p≤.01). Kajian ini juga mendapatiterdapat perkaitan antara tekanan kerja (r =-.344, p≤.01) dan motivasi (r =.457, p≤.01) dengan kepuasan kerja. Justeru itu, organisasi harus mempertingkat kesihatan psikologi anggota tentera dan meningkatkan motivasi melalui program penerapan semangat berpasukan selain daripada meningkatkan pengurusan sumber manusia dengan aplikasi Sistem Divisyen (pendekatan kaunseling kelompok). Keadilan dalam hak terhadap faedah sampingan dan penghargaan organisasi akan menjurus kepada kepuasan kerja. Di samping itu, organisasi harus mengurangkan konflik berhubung polisi organisasi dan memberikan kursus-kursus untuk peningkatan prestasi.
Infections in Cirrhotics: Types, Microbiological Spectrum and Risk Factors—5-Year Cohort Study  [PDF]
Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Khalid Mahmood, Abu Talib, Mohammad Ubaid, Aamer Mahmood
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.43017
Abstract: Cirrhosis is an immunocompromised state that leads to various infections, with an estimated 30% mortality. Pakistan already has a high morbidity and mortality related to complications of cirrhosis. Where the data on infection among cirrhotics is scanty, this study aimed to determine the frequency, microbiological spectrum and various risk factors of infections in cirrhosis of liver. This is a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary care hospital. The microbiological spectrum and frequency of infections was determined in cirrhotics. Various risk factors for infection among cirrhotics were evaluated like upper gastrointestinal bleed, use of proton pump inhibitors, malnutrition and severity of cirrhosis. Out of eleven hundred and forty-one patients with cirrhosis of liver, four hundred and ninety (42.94%) patients had infections. All kinds of infections like peritoneal, respiratory, urinary tract and skin were present in cirrhosis of liver where ascitic fluid infections (AFI) were the commonest i.e. 44.89%. The risk factors for bacterial infections among patients with cirrhosis of liver were upper gastrointestinal bleeding (odd ratio = 4.57, p = 0.0001), use of proton pump inhibitors (odd ratio = 2.57, p = 0.0001), degree of malnutrition (odd ratio = 10.34, p = 0.0001) and severity of cirrhosis (odd ratio = 12.99, p = 0.000). All types of infections occurred with varying frequency in cirrhosis of liver. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding, severity of cirrhosis, use of high dose proton pump inhibitors and severe malnutrition are important risk factors for infections among cirrhotics.
Relationship between Age and Size of Firm on Corporate Entrepreneurial Behaviour among Employees
Zarinah bt. Abu Yazid,Al-Mansor b. Abu Said
Terengganu International Management and Business Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Previous innovation literature regarding firm age, firm size and innovation has received a great deal of attention. Some arguments proposed that large firms were more effective innovators than smaller firms. However, there are arguments that smaller firms are more flexible, better able to adapt and effect change, and experience more advantages in innovation. This study therefore, attempts to examine whether size and age of firm has influence the level of corporate entrepreneurial behaviour among employees. A cross-sectional survey was used to determine how the independent variables influence the corporate entrepreneurial behaviour within manufacturing sectors in Malaysia. The population consisted of 155 respondents from six multinational corporations (MNC) in Klang Valley and Penang. The six companies were manufacturing-based companies. Findings revealed that size, as a company characteristic did not influence corporate entrepreneurial behaviour. However, the age of companies showed a negative relationship with corporate entrepreneurial behaviour and the internal antecedents.
Peripheral Neuropathy and Vasculopathy; Frequency and Associated Risk Factors in Newly Diagnosed Treatment Naive Type 2 Diabetes  [PDF]
Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Abu Talib, Syed Tahseen Akhter, Syeda Rida Abdi, Saiyeda Nayema Zehra Rizvi, Muhammad Ubaid
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2018.85013
Abstract: Background: The prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan is 11.45%. The reported prevalence of diabetic foot ulceration in Pakistan is between 4% and 10%, with the amputation rate of 8% - 21%. Peripheral neuropathy and vasculopathy are main underlying cause of diabetic foot ulcers. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional non-interventional cohort study where all newly diagnosed treatment naïve type 2 diabetic patients were enrolled. Peripheral neuropathy and vasculopathy were detected by Michigan neuropathy screening instrument (MNSI) and ankle brachial index (ABI) respectively. Risk factors for peripheral neuropathy and vasculopathy were determined by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Statistical significance was considered with P value of < 0.05. Result: Fifty seven patients (37.7%) had early neuropathy with MNSI score of 3.3 ± 0.4. Thirty seven patients (20.6%) had vasculopathy with ABI score of 0.76 ± 0.11. Age (Odd ratio 1.07 (1.02 - 1.11), p 0.003), duration of symptoms (Odd ratio 1.11 95% CI: 1.05 - 1.17, p ≤ 0.001), high HbA1C % (Odd ratio 1.94 95% CI: 1.54 - 2.45, P ≤ 0.001), albumin creatinine ratio (Odd ratio 1.01, 95% CI: 1.00 - 1.01, P ≤ 0.001 ) and cholesterol level (Odd ratio 1.01 95% CI: 1.01 - 1.02, p = 0.001) were found as risk factors for early neuropathy and vasculopathy. Conclusion: Peripheral neuropathy and vasculopathy are frequently reported complications among newly diagnosed treatment naïve patients of type 2 DM. Age, duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis, metabolic parameters like raised HbA1C, hyperlipidemia and spot random albumin creatinine ratio are found to be risk factors for both peripheral neuropathy and vasculopathy.
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