Abstract:
We study spin and charge striped states at the half-filled high Landau level in the zero Zeeman energy limit using a Hartree-Fock approximation. It is shown that a ferromagnetic striped Hall state is more stable than the antiferromagnetic striped state or charge striped state. We calculate the collective excitations using the single mode approximation.

Abstract:
Applying a bi-local mean field approximation to the fractional quantum Hall state of $\nu=1/3$, we obtain charged and neutral vortex mean field solutions numerically. We calculate the mean field energy and the fluctuation corrections. The charged vortex has a fractional charge and a fractional angular momentum. The neutral vortex is a bound state of two charged vortices and has a zero charge and a zero angular momentum. The creation energy of the neutral vortex is about a half of the pair creation energy of two charged vortices. The magnetic field dependence of the gap energy agrees with the Laughlin's quasiparticle gap energy.

Abstract:
Under general assumptions, we present a low-energy effective action for the quantum Hall state when edges exist. It is shown that the chiral edge current is necessary to make the effective action to be gauge invariant. However the chiral edge current is irrelevant to the Hall current. The exactly quantized value of $\sigma_{xy}$ is observed only when the Hall current does not flow at the edge region. Our effective theory is applicable to the quantum Hall liquid on a surface with non-trivial topology and physical meanings of the topology are discussed.

Abstract:
We study a pairing mechanism for the quantum Hall system using a mean field theory with a basis on the von Neumann lattice, on which the magnetic translations commute. In the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation, we solve the gap equation for spin-polarized electrons at the half-filled Landau levels. We obtain an effective Hamiltonian which shows a continuous transition from the compressible striped state to the paired state. Furthermore, a crossover occurs in the pairing phase. The energy spectrum and energy gap of the quasiparticle in the paired state is calculated numerically at the half-filled second Landau level.

Abstract:
We study a paired state at the half-filled Landau level using a mean field theory on the von Neumann lattice. We obtain a microscopic model which shows a continuous transition from the compressible stripe state to the paired state. The energy gap in the paired state is calculated numerically at the half-filled second Landau level.

Abstract:
Using the von Neumann lattice formalism, we study compressible anisotropic states around the half-filled Landau levels in the quantum Hall system. In these states the unidirectional charge density wave (UCDW) state seems to be the most plausible state. The charge density profile and Hartree-Fock energy of the UCDW are calculated self-consistently. The wave length dependence of the energy for the UCDW is also obtained numerically. We show that the UCDW is regarded as a collection of the one-dimensional lattice Fermi-gas systems which extend to the uniform direction. The kinetic energy of the gas system is generated dynamically from the Coulomb interaction.

Abstract:
Using a mean field theory on the von Neumann lattice, we study compressible anisotropic states around $\nu=l+1/2$ in the quantum Hall system. The Hartree-Fock energy of the UCDW are calculated self-consistently. In these states the unidirectional charge density wave (UCDW) seems to be the most plausible state. We show that the UCDW is regarded as a collection of the one-dimensional lattice fermion systems which extend to the uniform direction. The kinetic energy of this one-dimensional system is induced from the Coulomb interaction term and the self-consistent Fermi surface is obtained.

Abstract:
In the Fractional Quantum Hall state, we introduce a bi-local mean field and get vortex mean field solutions. Rotational invariance is imposed and the solution is constructed by means of numerical self-consistent method. It is shown that vortex has a fractional charge, a fractional angular momentum and a magnetic field dependent energy. In $\nu=1/3$ state, we get finite energy gap at $B=10,15,20[T]$. We find that the gap vanishes at $B=5.5[T]$ and becomes negative below it. The uniform mean field becomes unstable toward vortex pair production below $B=5.5[T]$.

Abstract:
Bi-local mean field theory is applied to one dimensional quantum liquid with long range $1/r^2$ interaction, which has exact ground state wave function. We obtain a mean field solution and an effective action which expresses a long range dynamics. Based on them the ground state energy and correlation functions are computed. The ground state energy agrees fairly well with the exact value and exponents have weaker coupling constant dependence than that of partly known exact value.

Abstract:
Formulation of quantum Hall dynamics using von Neumann lattice of guiding center coordinates is presented. A topological invariant expression of the Hall conductance is given and a new mean field theory of the fractional Hall effect based on flux condensation is proposed. Because our mean field Hamiltonian has the same form as Hofstadter Hamiltonian, it is possible to understand characteristic features of the fractional Hall effect from Hofstadter's spectrum. Energy gap and other physical quantities are computed and are compared with the experiments. A reasonable agreement is obtained.