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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 60 matches for " Njaine Kathie "
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Sentidos da violência ou a violência sem sentido: o olhar dos adolescentes sobre a mídia
Njaine, Kathie;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832006000200008
Abstract: this is a qualitative study that seeks to identify the significance attributed by adolescents to violence disseminated by the media, especially on television, and how this group interacts with this media. the study hopes to increase understanding on how the phenomenon of violence divulged by television is interpreted, incorporated, or not by adolescents in their day to day. focus groups with seventh and eighth-grade students from the city of s?o gon?alo, state of rio de janeiro, were interviewed in two public schools and two private schools. the study concludes that one of the public health challenges is to expand its activities in preventing violence given the important role media has in regard to how violence is perceived. the study identified, as a positive aspect of the media, its assistance in education and promoting child and adolescent health.
Mídia e violência urbana
Njaine Kathie
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1994,
Violência na escola: identificando pistas para a preven??o
Njaine, Kathie;Minayo, Maria Cecília de Souza;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832003000200009
Abstract: this is a qualitative study aiming to examine the levels of violence in different social contexts and the ways violence appears daily in schools, starting from statements of youths and educators in public and private schools in three brazilian municipalities - iguatu (ce); juiz de fora (mg) and campinas (sp). it surveyed the sense attributed to the practice of violence, as carrying firearms in the school environment, and the interrelationship between these practices and the institutions that carry out the role of socializing the youths: school and family. given the importance that they have today, the media in society, above all television, also attempt to reflect on new strategies for combating violence starting from its meeting point with daily schoolwork. the conclusion is that the role of the school and the family as advantaged sources of mediation enables wide performance in the field of violence prevention. but these institutions need to work together, seeking mainly to establish a respectful relationship with the young people. as to the role of the media, the need was clear for the school to work as mediator in the critical evaluation of the violent contents broadcast by the media.
Preven??o à violência contra a crian?a e o adolescente sob a ótica da saúde: um estudo bibliográfico
Gomes,Romeu; Silva,Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da; Njaine,Kathie;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81231999000100015
Abstract: this work analyses the proposals of prevention of violence against children and adolescents, which are explicity or implicity indicated on articles published in national journals. the main objectives of this analysis are to identify the state of the art concerning this thematic and to subsidize health politics. forty-eight articles published between january 1990 and july 1997 were selected for the analysis of the bibliography. this study is based on quantitative and qualitative approaches. the results point out that domestic violence prevails among all the kinds of violence identified (25%); the literature review is the most used methodology (45.8%) and the area of the pediatrics concentrates the largest production (37.5%). this paper argues that the authors do not reduce the discussion to medicalization, in fact, they search for an understanding of the multicasuality of violence which does not reduce it to an individual issue. in addittion to that, they propose an interdisciplinary approach to prevention of violence.
A violência na mídia como tema da área da saúde pública: revis?o da literatura
Njaine,Kathie; Minayo,Maria Cecília de Souza;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232004000100020
Abstract: this article aims to study the main scientific, international and national contributions produced in health area, on subject "violence in the media and its effect on children and adolescents". through the international and national bibliographical databases of health area, had been accessed the scientific production, in its great majority from the united states, review articles, protocols and documents produced which had synthesized the conclusions of these studies. it is also considered the scarcity of brazilian research on violence in the media at the health side and also the necessity to adjust theories and methods to the national context. it is also stressed the importance to investigate violence in the media under the optics of public health in order to contribute to violence prevention and preserve children and adolescents health.
Análise do discurso da imprensa sobre rebeli?es de jovens infratores em regime de priva??o de liberdade
Njaine,Kathie; Minayo,Maria Cecília de Souza;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232002000200009
Abstract: this study presents a qualitative analysis of information produced by the press on riots and escapes by juvenile offenders under correctional custody in rio de janeiro. the objective was to identify how the printed media portrays these social subjects to society. the method used to unveil the messages was discourse analysis, which includes various theoretical and technical approaches but was used here as proposed by norman fairclough. the study on three newspapers covering inmate riots was justified by the frequency and way by which the media approached the theme. the conclusions point to the media's role in bolstering a negative and incriminatory view of adolescents under correctional custody which has the potential to spawn further violent measures against this group. very rarely does the coverage reveal the social or institutional issues or pedagogical insufficiencies permeating such events.
A violência na mídia como tema da área da saúde pública: revis o da literatura
Njaine Kathie,Minayo Maria Cecília de Souza
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004,
Abstract: O artigo tem como objetivo estudar as principais contribui es científicas, internacionais e nacionais, produzidas pela área da saúde sobre o tema violência na mídia e seus efeitos sobre crian as e adolescentes. As pesquisas sobre a produ o científica, em sua grande maioria originária dos Estados Unidos, artigos de revis o, protocolos e documentos produzidos que sintetizaram as conclus es desses estudos foram feitas nas bases de dados bibliográficos internacional e nacional da área da saúde. Discute-se a escassez de pesquisas brasileiras sobre a violência na mídia do ponto de vista da saúde e a necessidade de adequar teorias e métodos ao contexto nacional. Destaca-se também a importancia de investigar a violência na mídia sob a ótica da saúde pública a fim de contribuir para a preven o da violência e para a promo o da saúde de crian as e adolescentes.
Análise do discurso da imprensa sobre rebeli es de jovens infratores em regime de priva o de liberdade
Njaine Kathie,Minayo Maria Cecília de Souza
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002,
Abstract: Este trabalho apresenta uma análise qualitativa da informa o produzida pela imprensa escrita sobre as rebeli es e fugas de adolescentes em conflito com a lei, no Rio de Janeiro. Seu objetivo é identificar como esse sujeito social é apresentado pela mídia escrita à sociedade. O método utilizado para o aprofundamento das mensagens é a análise de discurso, que embora compreenda várias vertentes teóricas e técnicas, aqui é abordado dentro da proposta de Norman Fairclough. O estudo da abordagem de três jornais sobre rebeli es de internos infratores se justifica em fun o da freqüência e da forma como a mídia tem destacado o tema. As conclus es apontam para o papel da mídia no fortalecimento da vis o negativa e incriminadora dos jovens, que pode contribuir com a es mais violentas contra esse grupo. Muito raramente revela as quest es sociais, institucionais e de inadequa o pedagógica que permeiam tais eventos.
Representa??es sociais de professores sobre o uso abusivo de álcool e outras drogas na adolescência: repercuss?es nas a??es de preven??o na escola
Araldi, Jossara Cattoni;Njaine, Kathie;Oliveira, Maria Concei??o de;Ghizoni, Angela Carla;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832012005000002
Abstract: alcohol is the drug most consumed in any age range and its usage has been increasing significantly among teenagers. this qualitative study sought to reflect on how teachers' social representations of abusive use of alcohol and other drugs reverberate on prevention actions in schools. focal groups were formed among stage ii elementary school teachers, in public and private schools in lages, santa catarina, and interviews were conducted with the directors of these institutions. field observations and document analysis on the pedagogical policy projects of the schools investigated were also performed, in 2008. the research results showed that the educators' social representations were characterized by a stigmatizing vision of adolescence and the use of alcohol and other drugs within this age range. this makes it difficult to have open dialogue on this issue with teenagers and to implement preventive actions in schools.
Prevalência e fatores associados à violência entre parceiros íntimos: um estudo de base populacional em Lages, Santa Catarina, Brasil, 2007
Anacleto, Adriana Jaqueline;Njaine, Kathie;Longo, Giana Zarbato;Boing, Antonio Fernando;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000400011
Abstract: the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence and associated factors in lages, santa catarina state, brazil. a population-based household study included 20-59-year-old women (n = 1,042) living in the urban area. the conflict tactics scales - form r was used to investigate verbal aggression, minor physical violence, and severe physical violence. a questionnaire covering socioeconomic and demographic variables was applied. pearson qui-square and linear trend test were used to test associations. prevalence rates for verbal aggression and minor and severe physical abuse within couples were 79.0%, 14.9%, and 9.3%, respectively. couples under 30 years of age, with per capita income less than half the minimum wage (approximately u$90/month), and in households with more than two family members per bedroom were more likely to report all types of violence as compared to older couples, those with better incomes, and those living with less crowding, respectively. preventive programs and qualitative studies could be effective strategies to shed further light on intimate partner violence.
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