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Governance-Management-Performance (GMP) Framework: A Fundamental Thinking for Improving the Management Performance of Public Projects  [PDF]
Yaling Du, Yilin Yin
iBusiness (IB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2010.23036
Abstract: Public projects play an active role in the development of economy. However, public project management performance (PPMP) is not very satisfying and urgent to be improved, especially in China which is in its flourishing period of public project investment and construction nowadays. The purpose of this paper is to propose and theoretically test a fundamental thinking for the government to improve PPMP. In this study, project management (PM) and project governance (PG) are identified to be the controllable factors which affect PPMP greatly through a thorough literature review. In order to bring PG, PM and PPMP into a whole system, SCP paradigm is applied properly to the agency industry of public project and, as a result, GMP framework for the analysis of public project is presented through exhaustive ratiocination. Subsequently, GMP framework is broken down into three parts and each part is testified theoretically to ensure the reliability of GMP framework. The findings indicate that there are two approaches to improve PPMP, i.e. PG and PM, and PG seems to be more effective in China due to its vast development space.
ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF PRECURSOR WAVE OF LOW FREQUENT IN SHANXI BEFORE WENCHUAN Ms8.0 EARTHQUAKE
汶川Ms8.0地震前山西前兆低频前驱波特征分析

Zhang Shuliang,Liu Ruichun,Ning Yaling,Tang Leili,Li Bin,
张淑亮
,刘瑞春,宁亚灵,唐垒黎,李斌

大地测量与地球动力学 , 2009,
Abstract: The changes of some precursory observation in Shanxi area before Wenchuan Ms8.0 earthquake on May 12,2008 were analysed,and following conclutions are drawn.Firstly,the precursor waves of low frequent are main characters of the precursory change before the earthquake,and its superior period are 64-128 min.Secondly,the distribution of the abnormal points is in the same direction with the primary rupture of Wenchuan Ms8.0 earthquake.Thirdly,low-frequency precursory waves occured in a crowded time,mainly from 1...
The Membership Relation in Fuzzy Operators
Shiqiang ZHANG,Yaling LUO
Studies in Mathematical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.sms.1923845220120502.zr0217
Abstract: Firstly the membership relation in fuzzy operators located outside Zadeh operators be discussed and given. Secondly the membership relation in fuzzy operators located within Zadeh operators be discussed and given.
A Method to Get the General Solutions of Linear Differential Equation or Equations with Constant Coefficients Based on Laplace Transformation
Shiqiang ZHANG,Yaling LUO
Management Science and Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20120602.8z142
Abstract: In management science research, a large number of cases analysis often requier from qualitative analysis to quantitative analysis, differential equation and differential equations are often used in quantitative analysis. The core of quantitative analysis of a case is to build a corresponding mathematical model. The differential equation models are widely used mathematical models. In particular, linear differential equation models with constant coefficients are often used mathematical models in the quantitative analysis of cases in management science research. In practice, the particular solution of linear differential equation model with constant coefficients often been found by Laplace transformation. Follow this way, a method to get the general solutions of linear differential equation with constant coefficients based on Laplace transformation be given. In this method, it is easy to find the general solution of homogeneous linear differential equation, of non-homogeneous linear differential equation and of linear differential equations with constant coefficients based on Laplace transformation. Key words: Management; Mathematical model; Linear differential equation; Laplace transformation
Market Discipline and City Commercial Banks’ Risk Taking
Yaling WANG,Yingzhi LIU
Management Science and Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20120603.z0124
Abstract: Since the end of 2006, commitment period of China’s joining into the WTO is over, Chinese bank industry fully opened, and market competition has become stronger. But China has an implicit deposit insurance, under this circumstances whether market discipline exists in city commercial banks has become an important question. This paper used data from 60 city commercial banks between 2003 and 2010 to analyze this issue. Study shows that before Chinese bank sector fully opened, the power of market is weak, market is unable to restrict city commercial bank’s risk effectively; in the wake of Chinese bank sector opening at the end of 2006, the power of market discipline gradually appeared, which controlled risk taking efficiently by price mechanism, but quantity discipline is always not obvious. Key words: Market discipline; Banking sector; Risk taking
Molecular Cloning, Sequence Analysis and Expression Analysis of an NtWRKY6 from Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in Abiotic Strsss  [PDF]
Liqin Li, Yubi Huang, Wei Wang, Yaling Xu
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.311183
Abstract: In higher plants, WRKY gene family plays a significant role in transcriptional regulation. They are widely involved in biotic stress, abiotic stress, growth, development and metabolism regulation. In this study WRKY6 from tobacco is cloned by homology cloning. 1647 nucleotide sequences were obtained. The deduced protein sequences show that this protein belongs to the second group of WRKY family, only have one WRKY structure, and the zinc-finger structure is C-X4-C-X23-H-X1-H. Phylogeny results show NtWRKY6 is much closer to NtWRKY1 generated 97% amino acids similarity. RT-PCR analysis has revealed that expression levels of NtWRKY6 has increased rapidly at 3 h under NaCI and PEG treatment. The results suggest that NtWRKY6 is an early responder and may be involved in NaCl and PEG abiotic stress in tobacco.
Nuclear Receptor Unfulfilled Regulates Axonal Guidance and Cell Identity of Drosophila Mushroom Body Neurons
Suewei Lin,Yaling Huang,Tzumin Lee
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008392
Abstract: Nuclear receptors (NRs) comprise a family of ligand-regulated transcription factors that control diverse critical biological processes including various aspects of brain development. Eighteen NR genes exist in the Drosophila genome. To explore their roles in brain development, we knocked down individual NRs through the development of the mushroom bodies (MBs) by targeted RNAi. Besides recapitulating the known MB phenotypes for three NRs, we found that unfulfilled (unf), an ortholog of human photoreceptor specific nuclear receptor (PNR), regulates axonal morphogenesis and neuronal subtype identity. The adult MBs develop through remodeling of γ neurons plus de-novo elaboration of both α′/β′ and α/β neurons. Notably, unf is largely dispensable for the initial elaboration of γ neurons, but plays an essential role in their re-extension of axons after pruning during early metamorphosis. The subsequently derived MB neuron types also require unf for extension of axons beyond the terminus of the pruned bundle. Tracing single axons revealed misrouting rather than simple truncation. Further, silencing unf in single-cell clones elicited misguidance of axons in otherwise unperturbed MBs. Such axon guidance defects may occur as MB neurons partially lose their subtype identity, as evidenced by suppression of various MB subtype markers in unf knockdown MBs. In sum, unf governs axonal morphogenesis of multiple MB neuron types, possibly through regulating neuronal subtype identity.
Applications and Security of Next-Generation, User-Centric Wireless Systems
Jerry Rick Ramstetter,Yaling Yang,Danfeng Yao
Future Internet , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/fi2030190
Abstract: Pervasive wireless systems have significantly improved end-users’ quality of life. As manufacturing costs decrease, communications bandwidth increases, and contextual information is made more readily available, the role of next generation wireless systems in facilitating users’ daily activities will grow. Unique security and privacy issues exist in these wireless, context-aware, often decentralized systems. For example, the pervasive nature of such systems allows adversaries to launch stealthy attacks against them. In this review paper, we survey several emergent personal wireless systems and their applications. These systems include mobile social networks, active implantable medical devices, and consumer products. We explore each system’s usage of contextual information and provide insight into its security vulnerabilities. Where possible, we describe existing solutions for defendingagainst these vulnerabilities. Finally, we point out promising future research directions for improving these systems’ robustness and security
Blast fungus-induction and developmental and tissue-specific expression of a rice P450CYP72A gene cluster
Yaling Wang,Qun Li,Zuhua He
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2004, DOI: 10.1360/03wc0183
Abstract: Cytochrome P450 gene superfamily is widely involved in diverse processes of plant development and environmental responses including defense response to pathogens. We previously isolated a rice cDNA fragment in a DD-PCR screening for blast fungus-induced genes. In the current study, we isolated aCYP72A gene cluster consisting of 7 P450CYP72A genes (CYP72A17~23) with the conserved cDNA sequence through the public rice genome data. There are total 14 putative CYP72A members in the rice genome, with high diversity at N-terminal sequences while high homology at C-terminal sequences of those 14 putative proteins. We analyzed expression profiles of the cloned 7CYP72A genes during pathogen infection and development. The results showed that expression ofCYP72A18, 19, 22 and23 was differentially regulated in the incompatible and compatible interactions between rice and blast fungus. ExceptCYP72A20, a pseudogene, other 6CYP72A genes also exhibited temporal and spatial expression patterns, respectively. These findings provide fundamental data for rice P450 gene function analysis.
Diaqua(2,6-dihydroxybenzoato-κ2O1,O1′)bis(2,6-dihydroxybenzoato-κO1)bis(1,10-phenanthroline-κ2N,N′)lanthanum(III)–1,10-phenanthroline (1/1)
Yaling Cai,Weiqin Dong,Hongxiao Jin
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536810047318
Abstract: In the title compound, [La(C7H5O4)3(C12H8N2)3(H2O)2]·C12H8N2, the LaIII atom is coordinated by four N atoms from two chelating 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) ligands, four O atoms from three 2,6-dihydroxybenzoate (DHB) anions (one monodentate, the other bidentate) and two water O atoms, completing a distorted LaN4O6 bicapped square-antiprismatic geometry. Within the mononuclear complex molecule, intramolecular π–π stacking interactions are observed, the first between a coordinated phen molecule and a DHB ligand [centroid–centroid distance = 3.7291 (16) ], and the second between a coordinated phen molecule and an uncoordinated phen ligand [centroid–centroid distance = 3.933 (2) ]. Intermolecular π–π stacking is observed between adjacent complexes [interplanar distance = 3.461 (3) ]. Intra- and intermolecular O—H...O hydrogen bonds are observed in the DHB ligands and between a water molecule and DHB ligands, respectively. O—H...N hydrogen bonds are also observed in the DHB ligands and between uncoordinated phen molecules and aqua ligands.
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