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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 170021 matches for " Nilton E. Montoya "
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La violencia doméstica en Medellín y demás municipios del Valle de Aburrá, 2003-2004
Duque,Luis F; Montoya,Nilton E;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to estimate the magnitude and distribution by sex of domestic or family violence (between partners, siblings, and from parents to children) in medellin, colombia and nine surrounding municipalities (medellin metropolitan area), 2003-2004. methods: household survey to a representative multistage sample to non institutionalized population, within 12 and 60 years of age, in the urban area of each municipality. results: verbal or psychological aggression and victimization: 64% and 61%, physical violence without physical injury: 17% and 14%, physical violence with physical injury: 2% and 3% between intimate partners. intimate partners? aggression and victimization do no differentiate by sex. verbal, psychological and physical aggression from parents toward children is 60%, and physical aggression with physical injury is near 10%. 55% of families reported fights among siblings, and 3% with physical injury. medellin has the highest rates of family or domestic violence compared with the other municipalities of aburra valley. domestic violence charge is very low (5-20%), and masculine victims rather prefer not to report. conclusions: we suggest not to ground public policies on current statistics, but to establish a system of periodic surveys, representative of general population or families. it seems important to have two different types of interventions: domestic or family violence prevention considering family as a unit that interacts with the surrounding; and rehabilitation of chronic and severe domestic aggressors.
Domestic violence in Medellín and other municipalities of Aburrá Valley 2003-2004
Luis F. Duque,Nilton E. Montoya
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To estimate the magnitude and distribution by sex of domestic or family violence (between partners, siblings, and from parents to children) in Medellin, Colombia and nine surrounding municipalities (Medellin metropolitan area), 2003-2004. Methods: Household survey to a representative multistage sample to non institutionalized population, within 12 and 60 years of age, in the urban area of each municipality. Results: Verbal or psychological aggression and victimization: 64% and 61%, physical violence without physical injury: 17% and 14%, physical violence with physical injury: 2% and 3% between intimate partners. Intimate partners’ aggression and victimization do no differentiate by sex. Verbal, psychological and physical aggression from parents toward children is 60%, and physical aggression with physical injury is near 10%. 55% of families reported fights among siblings, and 3% with physical injury. Medellin has the highest rates of family or domestic violence compared with the other municipalities of Aburra Valley. Domestic violence charge is very low (5-20%), and masculine victims rather prefer not to report. Conclusions: We suggest not to ground public policies on current statistics, but to establish a system of periodic surveys, representative of general population or families. It seems important to have two different types of interventions: domestic or family violence prevention considering family as a unit that interacts with the surrounding; and rehabilitation of chronic and severe domestic aggressors.
Violence witnessing, perpetrating and victimization in medellin, Colombia: a random population survey
Luis F Duque, Nilton E Montoya, Alexandra Restrepo
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-628
Abstract: A face-to-face survey was carried out on a random selected, non-institutionalized population aged 12 to 60 years, with a response rate of 91% yielding 2,095 interview responses.We present the rates of prevalence for having been a witness, victim, or perpetrator for different forms of violence standardized using the WHO truncated population pyramid to allow for cross-national comparison. We also present data on verbal aggression, fraud and deception, yelling and heavy pranks, unarmed aggression during last year, and armed threat, other severe threats, robbery, armed physical aggression, and sexual aggression during the lifetime, by age, sex, marital and socioeconomic status, and education. Men reported the highest prevalence of being victims, perpetrators and witnesses in all forms of violence, except for robbery and sexual violence. The number of victims per perpetrator was positively correlated with the severity of the type of violence. The highest victimization proportions over the previous twelve months occurred among minors. Perpetrators are typically young unmarried males from lower socio-economic strata.Due to very low proportion of victimization report to authorities, periodic surveys should be included in systems for epidemiological monitoring of violence, not only of victimization but also for perpetrators. Victimization information allows quantifying the magnitude of different forms of violence, while data on factors associated with aggression and perpetrators are necessary to estimate risk and protective factors that are essential to sound policies for violence prevention formulation.Out of 1.6 million deaths that are caused by violence annually in the world, around 90% occur in developing countries [1]. Compared to developed countries, there is still scant empirical information on the magnitude and composition of interpersonal violence, which represents the most widespread type of violence in the world and has become a serious public health problem [2-4]
Conductas socialmente indeseables asociadas a agresores y resilientes. Un estudio de casos y controles en Medellín, Colombia. 2003 - 2005
Duque,Luis F.; Klevens,Joanne; Montoya,Nilton E.;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: concurrent risky or deviant behaviors of serious offenders, resilient men and community controls were estimated through a case-control study carried out in medellin, colombia between 2003 and 2005. methodology: cases: serious offenders (n=62), men involved in violent quarrels or brawls (n=81), and members of autodefensas unidas de colombia -colombian paramilitary army- (auc), also known as paramilitaries (n=72) were compared to resilient men (n=59) and community controls (n=103). all were interviewed face to face in their communities. cases were interviewed at the site, day and hour agreed with the group leader. controls and resilient men were referred by respected and trusted persons of the community and interviewed in their own communities in a place chosen by them. results: antecedents of overt and covert aggression, deviant behaviors and oppositional behaviors, and substance abuse was higher among auc members (paramilitaries), serious offenders and men involved in quarrels than among community controls and resilient men. resilient men report a smaller number of concurrent deviant and risky behaviors compared to community controls. auc members (paramilitaries) are not different from serious offenders in their reports of concurrent risky and deviant behaviors.
Deviant behaviors associated with aggressors and resilient subjects. A case-control study in Medellin, Colombia. 2003–2005
Luis F. Duque,Joanne Klevens,Nilton E. Montoya
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: Concurrent risky or deviant behaviors of serious offenders, resilient men and community controls were estimated through a case-control study carried out in Medellin, Colombia between 2003 and 2005. Methodology: Cases: serious offenders (n=62), men involved in violent quarrels or brawls (n=81), and members of Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia –Colombian paramilitary army– (AUC), also known as paramilitaries (n=72) were compared to resilient men (n=59) and community controls (n=103). All were interviewed face to face in their communities. Cases were interviewed at the site, day and hour agreed with the group leader. Controls and resilient men were referred by respected and trusted persons of the community and interviewed in their own communities in a place chosen by them. Results: Antecedents of overt and covert aggression, deviant behaviors and oppositional behaviors, and substance abuse was higher among AUC members (paramilitaries), serious offenders and men involved in quarrels than among community controls and resilient men. Resilient men report a smaller number of concurrent deviant and risky behaviors compared to community controls. AUC members (paramilitaries) are not different from serious offenders in their reports of concurrent risky and deviant behaviors.
Similitudes y diferencias entre miembros de las Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, agresores severos y controles comunitarios en Medellín
Duque,Luis Fernando; Montoya,Nilton Edu; Montoya,Marcela;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: a case-control study was performed in medellín during 2003- 2004 to compare characteristics of severe aggressors, members of colombian united selfdefense forces members (auc), otherwise named paramilitaries, and communal control. severe aggressors and paramilitaries have lower educational level than communal control; their families were biparental in a lower proportion, and experienced drug and alcohol abuse in a higher proportion than in the case of families of communal control. severe aggressors and paramilitariesa?? families suffered forced displacement and assassination of one of its members in a higher proportion than those of controls. there were no differences relating time of residence in medellín or current neighborhood, or current family socioeconomic stressors. no differences were found regarding believing in god, religious practice and reasons for practicing religion. there were no significant differences for all mentioned variables between severe aggressors and paramilitaries. paramilitaries did inform having suffered extreme poverty conditions during childhood in a higher proportion than severe aggressors and controls. progress opportunities perception was also explored.
Similarities and differences among paramilitaries, severe aggressors and communal control, a case-control study in Medellín, Colombia
Luis F. Duque,Nilton Edu Montoya,Marcela Montoya
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: A case-control study was performed in Medellín during 2003-2004 to compare characteristics of severe aggressors, members of Colombian United Selfdefense Forces members (AUC), otherwise named paramilitaries, and communal control. Severe aggressors and paramilitaries have lower educational level than communal control; their families were biparental in a lower proportion, and experienced drug and alcohol abuse in a higher proportion than in the case of families of communal control. Severe aggressors and paramilitaries’ families suffered forced displacement and assassination of one of its members in a higher proportion than those of controls. There were no differences relating time of residence in Medellín or current neighborhood, or current family socioeconomic stressors. No differences were found regarding believing in God, religious practice and reasons for practicing religion. There were no signi cant differences for all mentioned variables between severe aggressors and paramilitaries. Paramilitaries did inform having suffered extreme poverty conditions during childhood in a higher proportion than severe aggressors and controls. Progress opportunities perception was also explored.
Sobre a Padroniza??o de um Método Prático Para a Dosagem da Cafeína
Bührer, Nilton E.;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132001000500007
Abstract: in this work the author puts in evidence a practical and at the same time rapid method for the determination of the cafein quantity in erva-mate, that may be utilized to perfection in food and industrial analyses or others that not demand scientific rigour. the author presents a description of the method and makes a comparison with the classical method of grandval-lajoux, showing that the differences between the one and the other are practically nil. in conclusion, the result of the three analyses of the same sample of erva-mate, made by the grandval-lajoux method are cited, show that the same differences appear as those shown between the rapid method suggested by the author and the classical method. in this case, the maximum difference was 0,06% and the minimum 0,01%.
Sobre a Padroniza o de um Método Prático Para a Dosagem da Cafeína
Bührer Nilton E.
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2001,
Abstract: In this work the author puts in evidence a practical and at the same time rapid method for the determination of the cafein quantity in erva-mate, that may be utilized to perfection in food and industrial analyses or others that not demand scientific rigour. The author presents a description of the method and makes a comparison with the classical method of Grandval-Lajoux, showing that the differences between the one and the other are practically nil. In conclusion, the result of the three analyses of the same sample of erva-mate, made by the Grandval-Lajoux method are cited, show that the same differences appear as those shown between the rapid method suggested by the author and the classical method. In this case, the maximum difference was 0,06% and the minimum 0,01%.
Tolerancia al quebrantamiento de la norma en el area metropolitana de Medellín, Colombia
Duque, Luis Fernando;Toro, Jorge Arbey;Montoya, Nilton;
Opini?o Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-62762010000100003
Abstract: abstract: this article analyzes the tolerance to the breaches of the norm in medellin and municipalities in metropolitan area. for this purpose, we use data from the study about magnitude, distribution and factors associated with violence in metropolitan area of medellin that was conducted in 2004 to ten of its municipalities. in this study was estimated the magnitude of this important risk factor for violence on society. results emphasize that the standardized indicators of anomie and legitimacy to the breach of the rule are surprisingly high in all municipalities in the metropolitan area of medellin, for both men and women, although most prevalent among men, children and youth. sociological arguments are presented to provide elements that explain the presence and characteristics of this phenomenon and the factors that motivate a person to cause an incident that contributes to this phenomenon. among the explanatory values are mentioned both inadequate and lack of certain cultural values, the result of sociocultural constraints and economic situation as individual rationality.
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