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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3429 matches for " Nicola Malizia "
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The Psychological Trauma in Children and Adolescents: Scientific and Sociological Profiles  [PDF]
Nicola Malizia
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2017.71002
Abstract: Despite the research on trauma, which until recent times has been directed towards the category of adults, today scholars need to turn their attention to children and adolescents who may undergo traumatic experiences at different stages of their growth. There is a prevailing hypothesis that the narrow and partial cognitive processes of memory, attention and dysfunctional problem solving skills constitute the main problem of exposure to trauma, which also compromises the family equilibrium, taking into account that traumatic events are arbitrary and unpredictable. It is possible that dissociation phenomena and derealization emerge in response to a traumatic event. The specificity and complexity of the treatment of disorders resulting from traumatic development have prompted specialists of different orientations to formulate guidelines and treatment protocols to guide clinical work.
A Social Problem: Individual and Group Rape  [PDF]
Nicola Malizia
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2017.73006
Abstract: The terms that describe a non-consensual sexual behavior such as rape, sexual abuse or sexual violence are very different, as are the negative effects on a victim of a physical and psychic nature, taking into account the different approaches of the attacker. The consent of the victim is absent or obtained by the attacker with physical and/or psychological violence; but it is also possible that the victim is unconscious or incapable of understanding. Those guilty of sexual offenses fall into a special category that is called “sex offenders” within which there is a diversification of ways concerning the manner, degree and motivations. Research has shown that attackers acting in a group and those who are an individual attacker differ in their attitude towards the victim.
Serial Killer: The Mechanism from Imagination to the Murder Phases  [PDF]
Nicola Malizia
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2017.72004
Abstract: Over the years, scholars have studied the phenomenon of serial murder and tried to explain the causes that originate it. Despite the studies about the types of serial killers, the dynamics, the contexts, and the complex psychological mechanisms which lead a serial killer to murder, organic factors or social nature were identified, but none of these answered the question why some individuals become serial killers, in spite of the types have been studied, the dynamics, the contexts, the complex psychological mechanisms give rise to the death of activities by these individuals. This is the focal point and the problem we want to solve. This paper will try to outline two basic phases which represent the alpha and omega of the world of serial killers from fantasy to enacting the murder.
Boredom and Social Deviant Behavior: An Empirical Study  [PDF]
Nicola Malizia
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.82010
Abstract: The purpose of this paper was the analysis of the relationship between boredom and deviance behavior; this is a field not completely explored by the sociology of deviance, despite the increase in alarm due to the increase in: deviant behavior by young people and crimes committed by groups. After a brief presentation of the most important contribution in literature, to deepen this issue, we use data collected from a survey using as principal instrument, the Boredom Proneness Scale, BPS, (Farmer & Sundberg, 1986) to identify the possible forms of prevention to be adopted in family, social and institutional context, in order to not compromise, immediately or in the long term, social, physical and psychological young person well-being. To test the evidence, it was decided to implement a model, in order to describe and analyze empirical phenomena, introducing a statistical relationship, since it is not possible to know an exact relationship between variables. The model results allow to observe a direct relationship between the BPS and variables analyzed.
A "telinha particular". Objetivo e fun??es da Web TV na Comunica??o Organizacional: uma resenha dos estudos recentes
Malizia, Pierfranco;
Intercom: Revista Brasileira de Ciências da Comunica??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-58442012000200015
Abstract: paper about web tv in organizacion communication. the goal is to show, using an analysis and a reflection about the main experimental and theoretical insights, the state of the art web tv as it is today, with applications and future implications. to deal with success the global market challenges and organizational life, the companies need to use whit inteligence all experiences and tolls offered by communication in general. in this context, the web tv can be one more significant opportunity: at least this seems to be the result of this research.
Enfoque teórico y conceptual para el estudio de las urbanizaciones cerradas
Malizia,Matilde;
Andes , 2011,
Abstract: this paper presents a theoretical and conceptual approach to the study of gated communities in secondary cities. in latin america, in the first place, urban research focused on large cities and the phenomena resulting from the current process of urbanization. therefore, there is limited information available for the study of gated communities in smaller cities. through literature it is possible to observe that gated communities acquire their own specificity in intermediate cities. they are located on the suburbs, close to parks with good environmental and landscape conditions and promote the development and improvement of infrastructure services. they also modify the processes of social segregation and spatial fragmentation, according to current urban processes. physical barriers become social barriers and cause important differences between "those living inside" and "those who live outside" the gated communities. finally, this kind of communitites occupy smaller areas compared to the extensions of gated communities in large cities, a situation which, in turn, limits the size of the spaces provided.
ENFOQUE TEóRICO Y CONCEPTUAL PARA EL ESTUDIO DE LAS URBANIZACIONES CERRADAS
Matilde Malizia
Andes , 2011,
Abstract: Este trabajo presenta un enfoque teórico-conceptual para el estudio de las urbanizaciones cerradas en ciudades intermedias. En América Latina la investigación urbana fue, en primer lugar, investigación sobre la gr ciudad y los fenómenos resultantes del actual proceso de urbanización. Por lo tanto es escasa la información disponible para el estudio de estos emprendimientos en ciudades de menor tama o. A través de la bibliografía se puede observar que las ur ciones cerradas adquieren una especificidad propia en las ciudades intermedias. ubican en la periferia de las ciudades, cercanas a espacios verdes con buenas condiciones ambientales y paisajísticas. Impulsan el desarrollo y/o mejora de l infraestructura de servicios. Modifican los procesos de segregación social y fragmentación espacial, acorde a los actuales procesos urbanos. Las barreras físicas se convierten en barreras sociales y marcan profundas diferencias entre quienes viven adent y quienes viven afuera. Finalmente, estas urbanizaciones ocupan superficies pe ue as en comparación con las extensiones ocupadas por los emprendimientos construidos en las grandes ciudades, situación que, a su vez, limita el tama o de los espacios ofrecidos.
Inaccuracy, Uncertainty and the Space-Time Permutation Scan Statistic
Nicholas Malizia
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052034
Abstract: The space-time permutation scan statistic (STPSS) is designed to identify hot (and cool) spots of space-time interaction within patterns of spatio-temporal events. While the method has been adopted widely in practice, there has been little consideration of the effect inaccurate and/or incomplete input data may have on its results. Given the pervasiveness of inaccuracy, uncertainty and incompleteness within spatio-temporal datasets and the popularity of the method, this issue warrants further investigation. Here, a series of simulation experiments using both synthetic and real-world data are carried out to better understand how deficiencies in the spatial and temporal accuracy as well as the completeness of the input data may affect results of the STPSS. The findings, while specific to the parameters employed here, reveal a surprising robustness of the method's results in the face of these deficiencies. As expected, the experiments illustrate that greater degradation of input data quality leads to greater variability in the results. Additionally, they show that weaker signals of space-time interaction are those most affected by the introduced deficiencies. However, in stark contrast to previous investigations into the impact of these input data problems on global tests of space-time interaction, this local metric is revealed to be only minimally affected by the degree of inaccuracy and incompleteness introduced in these experiments.
Countries y barrios privados en Yerba Buena, Gran San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina: nuevas formas de expansión urbana
Matilde Malizia,Pablo Paolasso
Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos , 2009,
Abstract: Las metrópolis latinoamericanas han experimentado el surgimiento de nuevas formas de apropiación del espacio urbano. Aparecen en el espacio la construcción de edificios inteligentes, urbanizaciones cerradas y proyectos de elitización residencial. Si bien estos elementos se estudiaron para caracterizar las grandes metrópolis, es poco lo que se conoce respecto a las ciudades intermedias. En este estudio se examina si los caracteres desarrollados para definir el avance de las urbanizaciones cerradas en las grandes metrópolis pueden adaptarse al análisis de una ciudad intermedia como el Gran San Miguel de Tucumán (Argentina). Dada su dotación de infraestructura y servicios, esta ciudad es la más importante del noroeste de Argentina y a menudo funciona como capital regional.
Achieving New Upper Bounds for the Hypergraph Duality Problem through Logic
Georg Gottlob,Enrico Malizia
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: The hypergraph duality problem DUAL is defined as follows: given two simple hypergraphs $\mathcal{G}$ and $\mathcal{H}$, decide whether $\mathcal{H}$ consists precisely of all minimal transversals of $\mathcal{G}$ (in which case we say that $\mathcal{G}$ is the dual of $\mathcal{H}$). This problem is equivalent to decide whether two given non-redundant monotone DNFs are dual. It is known that non-DUAL, the complementary problem to DUAL, is in $\mathrm{GC}(\log^2 n,\mathrm{PTIME})$, where $\mathrm{GC}(f(n),\mathcal{C})$ denotes the complexity class of all problems that after a nondeterministic guess of $O(f(n))$ bits can be decided (checked) within complexity class $\mathcal{C}$. It was conjectured that non-DUAL is in $\mathrm{GC}(\log^2 n,\mathrm{LOGSPACE})$. In this paper we prove this conjecture and actually place the non-DUAL problem into the complexity class $\mathrm{GC}(\log^2 n,\mathrm{TC}^0)$ which is a subclass of $\mathrm{GC}(\log^2 n,\mathrm{LOGSPACE})$. We here refer to the logtime-uniform version of $\mathrm{TC}^0$, which corresponds to $\mathrm{FO(COUNT)}$, i.e., first order logic augmented by counting quantifiers. We achieve the latter bound in two steps. First, based on existing problem decomposition methods, we develop a new nondeterministic algorithm for non-DUAL that requires to guess $O(\log^2 n)$ bits. We then proceed by a logical analysis of this algorithm, allowing us to formulate its deterministic part in $\mathrm{FO(COUNT)}$. From this result, by the well known inclusion $\mathrm{TC}^0\subseteq\mathrm{LOGSPACE}$, it follows that DUAL belongs also to $\mathrm{DSPACE}[\log^2 n]$. Finally, by exploiting the principles on which the proposed nondeterministic algorithm is based, we devise a deterministic algorithm that, given two hypergraphs $\mathcal{G}$ and $\mathcal{H}$, computes in quadratic logspace a transversal of $\mathcal{G}$ missing in $\mathcal{H}$.
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