oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

匹配条件: “Nevzeta SALIHOVI?” ,找到相关结果约10条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共10条
每页显示
INCIDENCE OF STUTTERING IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME
Nevzeta SALIHOVI,Selma HASANBA?I?,Leila BEGI?
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2012,
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the incidence (frequency) and stuttering severity in the school-age children with Down syndrome. The sample was consisted of 37 school-age children with Down syndrome, both male and female. The study was conducted in the following institutions: Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation for Children with Intellectual Disabilities "Mjedenica"; Centre for Education, Training and Employment of Mentally Retarded Children, Children with Autism and Cerebral palsy "Vladimir Nazor" in Sarajevo; Primary School of Special Education Zenica“; Primary school "Kova i i" Sarajevo; "Association of United Civic Actions – DUGA" in Sarajevo; and The Association "Be my friend" in Ilija . All of the subjects were individually examined. The results showed that 13,51 % of the children with Down syndrome stuttered, and the total result of stuttering severity indicates a moderate stuttering. These results show that children with Down syndrome should be enrolled intensively in speech therapy in order to help them overcome their stuttering, to facilitate their everyday communication and to teach them how to cope with stuttering.
Does the Volume and Localization of Intracerebral Hematoma Affect Short-Term Prognosis of Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage?
Denisa Salihovi,D?evdet Smajlovi?,Omer ?. Ibrahimagi?
ISRN Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/327968
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine whether volume and localization of intracerebral hematoma affects the six-month prognosis of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Patients and Methods. The study included 75 patients with ICH of both sex and all age groups. ICH, based on CT scan findings, was divided in the following groups: lobar, subcortical, infratentorial, intraventricular haemorrhage and multiple hematomas. Volume of intracerebral hematoma was calculated according to formula . Intracerebral hematomas, according to the volume, are divided in three groups (0–29?mL, 30–60?mL, and >60?mL). Results. The highest mortality rate was recorded in the group with multiple hematomas (41%), while the lowest in infratentorial (12.8%). The best six-month survival was in patients with a volume up to 29 mL, 30 of them (64%) survived. The highest mortality rate was recorded in patients with the hematoma volume >60?mL (85%). Kaplan-Meier’s analysis showed that there was statistical significance between the size of the hematoma and the six-month survival ( ). More than half of patients (61.1%) who survived 6 months after ICH were functionally independent (Rankin scale ≤2). Conclusion The volume of hematoma significantly affects six-month prognosis in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, while localization does not. 1. Introduction Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is defined as bleeding into the parenchyma of the brain which may further extend into ventricles. ICH occurs in 15 to 20% of all strokes. Compared to ischemic stroke, it more often results in death and increased disability [1]. The most important risk factor is hypertension, which increases the risk of ICH by approximately 4 times. Improved hypertension control reduces the incidence of intracerebral haemorrhage [2]. The other causes of ICH are arteriovenous malformation, brain tumor, amyloid angiopathy, and blood or bleeding disorders. A three-month mortality of ICH is 34%, while only 31% of patients are functionally independent 3 months after ICH. ICH can be localized in the different parts of the brain (cerebral lobes, basal ganglia, thalamus, brainstem, and cerebellum), and large hematoma is accompanied with spreading of blood into ventricles [1]. The aim of this study was to determine whether the volume and localization of intracerebral hematoma affects the six-month prognosis of patients with ICH. 2. Patients and Methods The study included 75 patients with ICH of both sexes and all age groups, hospitalized at the Department of Neurology, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the period from
Phonological Skills Among Children with Reading Disabilities
Mirela Duranovic , Nevzeta Salihovic , Amela Ibrahimagic , Emina Tinjic
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10215-011-0007-5
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the phonological skills among children with reading disabilities of the Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian language, where each phoneme is represented by a grapheme following a certain phonemic principle. The sample consists of 15 children with reading disabilities and 15 children without reading disabilities, where "The diagnostic set for examination of the speech, language, reading and writing abilities among children" was used for examination of their phonological capacity. Phonological skills in children are very important for reading and writing acquisition. The results of the study showed that children with reading disabilities achieved poorer results in all tasks examining the phonological skills, compared to children without reading difficulties. The results of our study comply with results of studies conducted for other languages. The study highlights the importance of the mentioned skills for acquiring reading skills in the Bosnian Croatian/Serbian language and the significance of deficient phonological abilities for the etiology of reading disabilities. Based on the conducted study, it can be concluded that phonological skills are very important for acquiring reading and writing abilities.
CHARACTERISTICS OF VOICE IN STUTTERING CHILDREN
Nevzeta Salihovic,Lejla Junuzovic-Zunic,Amela Ibrahimagic,Lejla Beganovic
Acta Medica Saliniana , 2009, DOI: 10.5457/ams.55.09
Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of this research was to establish voice acoustic characteristics in stuttering children with mild and severe stuttering and relationship between degree of stuttering and characteristics of voice in children. Methods: Sample consisted of two subsamples of male subjects (subsample of subjects with mild stuttering and subsample of subjects with severe stuttering) aged 7 to 10,5. Control group of subjects consisted of 46 fluent speakers, matched by age and sex with experimenal group. This research was conducted in twenty primary schools in Tuzla Canton among children attending grades 1 to 4. Results: Results of this research showed that subjects with severe stuttering had more expressed short frequency variations and variations of amplitude in the vocal tone. Factor analysis revealed four significant factors: factor of frequency variation, phonation factor, factor of aerodynamic phonation characteristics and intensity variation factor. Results of one-way factor analysis of variance between examined groups in factors of voice acoustic characteristics showed that factor 4 contributed the most to differentiation of groups. This factor was created from variables describing variation of amplitude in the vocal tone. Examination of correlation between four factors revealed statistically significant correlation between factor of frequency variation and intensity variation factor. Results of canonic analysis showed that variables of stuttering intesity correlated significantly with variable intensity variation. Results of this study also showed that acoustic analysis of voice in stuttering children might be useful for indepth analyses of stuttering manifestations. Conclusions: Results of this study might serve as incentive for furthter studies of different aspects of acoustic and physiologic phonation characteristics in stuttering children.
PHONOLOGICAL SKILLS AMONG CHILDREN WITH READING DISABILITIES
Mirela DURANOVIKJ,Nevzeta SALIHOVIKJ,Amela IBRAHIMAGIKJ,Emina TINJIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the phonological skills among children with reading disabilities of the Bosnian/Croatian/ Serbian language, where each phoneme is represented by a grapheme following a certain phonemic principle. The sample consists of 15 children with reading disabilities and 15 children without reading disabilities, where "The diagnostic set for examination of the speech, language, reading and writing abilities among children" was used for examination of their phonological capacity. Phonological skills in children are very important for reading and writing acquisition. The results of the study showed that children with reading disabilities achieved poorer results in all tasks examining the phonological skills, compared to children without reading difficulties. The results of our study comply with results of studies conducted for other languages. The study highlights the importance of the mentioned skills for acquiring reading skills in the Bosnian/ Croatian/Serbian language and the significance of deficient phonological abilities for the etiology of reading disabilities. Based on the conducted study, it can be concluded that phonological skills are very important for acquiring reading and writing abilities.
STUTTERING THERAPY FOR A CHILD AT INTERMEDIATE STUTTERING LEVEL
Nevzeta SALIHOVIKJ,Lejla JUNUZOVIKJ-ZUNIKJ,Mirela DURANOVIKJ,Amela IBRAHIMAGIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2009,
Abstract: Stuttering therapy very often demands combination of various approaches or its modification. The main purpose of this study was to present an integrated approach to stuttering modification therapy and fluency shaping therapy for an intermediate school-age male stutterer (11 years old).The therapy for the child lasted for 12 months, sessions have been carried out twice a week, each session lasted for 45 minutes. The child still attends the therapy. The therapy uses integration of stuttering modification therapy and fluency shaping therapy. For the purpose of the fluency shaping therapy, delayed auditory feedback program is applied. During the stuttering modification therapy the child has been taught how to stutter more easily which implies prolongation of all sounds in words on which child stutters, with easy and soft transition from one sound to another. It is continuously being worked with the child on reducing negative feelings and attitudes as well as elimination of avoidance of words and speaking situations. We explained to the parents the treatment program and their role in the program realization. We also explained the possible causes of stuttering, and tried to identify and reduce fluency distractors, and engage the child in as many situations as possible which improved speech fluency.After the application of this program the child has improved fluency during the conversation in clinical and nonclinical conditions (environment). This fluency consists of spontaneous and controlled fluency. Furthermore, fear of speaking and avoidance of speech situations are significantly reduced. On the basis of the applied therapy on the child at intermediate stuttering level it can be concluded that it is possible to integrate successfully both approaches: stuttering modification therapy and fluency shaping therapy.
Garnet group minerals from the amphibolite facies metamorphic rocks of Krivaja-Konjuh ultramafic massif in Bosnia and Herzegovina
M. Operta,S. Hyseni,D. Balen,S. Salihovi
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In Bosnia and Herzegovina’s ophiolite zone there are six different ophiolite complexes including Krivaja-Konjuh ultramafic massif. In the south-eastern parts of the massif, the basement is built of different varieties of amphibolites with subordinate occurrence of metamorphic rocks that don’t contain amphiboles. Locality NE of Vare near the village of Vijaka is generally the best outcrop of amphibolite rocks. The results of petrologic studies indicate that the analyzed rocks can be divided into several groups like garnet-diopside amphibolite, garnet-diopside-hypersthene amphibolite, plagioclase-garnet rocks, garnet-pyroxene-plagioclase schist; plagioclase-garnet-hornblende - diopside schist and porphyryblastic hornblende and garnet bearing schist. The garnets show wide variation in chemical composition with prevalance of almandine and pyrope component in all of analyzed samples. The differences in the composition profile through the garnets are attributed to changes in the metamorphic conditions during the growth of minerals. Abrupt changes in distribution of elements were observed in a thin zone on the very edge of the garnet grains which is interpreted as a result of the retrograde phase of metamorphism and rapid cooling.
THIRD TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME, ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION
Tupkovi? Emir,Ni?i? Mediha,Salihovi? Semiha,Kuni? Suljo
SANAMED , 2013,
Abstract: This study measured the frequency of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and the levels of anxietyand depression in the third trimester of healthy pregnant women having regular prenatal visits. The study was performed at the Department of Neurophysiology Health Centre Tuzla in the period of January through April 2006. The group consisted of 40 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy, age range of 25.6 ± 4.9 years. The control group consisted of healthy women, ages 31.1 ± 4.4 years. The electrophysiological parameters n. medians, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were measured. The diagnosis of CTS is neurophysiologically confirmed in 12 pregnant women (30%) and 75% showed clinical signs and symptoms of disease. Pain was measured by subjective pain scale ranked from 0 (absence of pain) to 10 (severe pain). The mean value of BAI in control group was 8.6 ± 6.5, while in the group of pregnant women was 12.9 ± 6.9, which was significantly higher (p =0.011). The mean value of BDI in control group was 4.2 ± 4.4 and in the group of pregnant women was 8.7 ± 5.9. which was significantly higher (p = 0.0008), The mean value of BAI in the group of women with CTS was 12.25 ± 6.7 which was not significantly higher than the compared to the control group (p = 0.113). The mean value of BDI in the group of pregnant women with CTS was 7.9 ± 6.4,which was significantly higherwhen compared to the control group (p = 0.037). The subjective assessment of pain in the group of womenwith CTSwas 2.4 ± 2.1. There was a slight correlation between pain intensity and degree of BAI (r = 0.289) and a negative correlation with the level of depression (r = – 0.297). The conclusion is that pregnant women with normal risk shouldmake an extra effort in the treatment of unpleasant conditions such as CTS, anxiety and depression, which may impair the quality of life and have physical and psychological side effects on the future mother.
Experiences of Thrombolytic Therapy for Ischemic Stroke in Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina
D?evdet Smajlovi?,Denisa Salihovi,Omer ?. Ibrahimagi?,Zikrija Dostovi?,Leila Avdi?,Mirjana Vidovi?
ISRN Stroke , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/313976
Abstract: Aim. To demonstrate our experiences of thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. Subjects and Methods. Patients with ischemic stroke treated with rt-PA, admitted at the Department of Neurology, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the period between April 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012, were included. Results. Between April 2008 and December 2012, intravenous rt-PA was given to 87 patients with acute ischemic stroke, which represents 3.2% of patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to our department in that period. Hypertension was the leading stroke risk factor. The mean NIHSS score before thrombolysis was 12 (range 4–21). Large artery arteriosclerosis was the most common stroke etiology. The mean door-to-needle time was 72 minutes and onset-to-needle time 152 minutes. Half of patients (44/87) had a significant improvement within the first 24 hours. Parenchymal hemorrhage occurred in 5 patients (6%) and was fatal in two cases. At 3-month follow-up, 45% of patients (39/87) had good outcome (mRS 0 or 1). Sixteen patients were dead at 3 months, and mean baseline stroke severity was significantly higher in patients who died (NIHSS 16.5 versus 11, ). Conclusion. The number of patients with acute ischemic stroke treated using rt-PA in the Department of Neurology, Tuzla, is lower than in developed countries. Thrombolytic therapy is safe and leads to favorable outcome in half of the patients. 1. Introduction Thromboembolic occlusion of an artery leading to the brain or in the brain is a major cause of ischemic stroke. The size and site of the occlusion and the efficiency of compensatory flow through collateral arteries determine the amplitude and extension of the drop in the blood flow. Reperfusion should be done as early as possible to avoid cerebral lesion and complications caused by ischemic injury to the blood vessel walls and blood-brain barrier. Thrombolysis with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is the first evidence based treatment for acute ischemic stroke, which aims to reduce the cerebrovascular lesion. Intravenous rt-PA given within 3–4.5 hours after the onset of acute ischemic stroke in the territory of the middle cerebral artery significantly increases the proportion of patients left without handicap and without dependency after 3 months [1]. In the European Union, rt-PA was approved in 2002 and has been used widely since then [2, 3]. We present our results of thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke reffering to demographic information, time parameters, and clinical outcome. 2. Subjects and Methods Patients
E2 allele of the Apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism is predictive for obesity status in Roma minority population of Croatia
Hrvojka Zeljko, Tatjana ?kari?-Juri?, Nina Naran?i?, ?eljka Tomas, Ana Bare?i?, Marijana Salihovi, Boris Star?evi?, Branka Jani?ijevi?
Lipids in Health and Disease , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1476-511x-10-9
Abstract: The community-based study was carried on 208 adult Bayash Roma living in rural settlements of eastern and northern Croatia. Risk effect of four CVD candidate polymorphisms are related to the most prominent classical CVD risk phenotypes: obesity indicators (body mass index and waist circumference), hypertension and hyperlipidemia (triglycerides, HDL and LDL cholesterol). For all of them the standard risk cut-offs were applied. The extent to which the phenotypic status is related to genotype was assessed by logistic regression analysis. The strongest associations were found for ε2 allele of the APOE as a predictor of waist circumference (OR 3.301; 95%CI 1.254-8.688; p = 0.016) as well as for BMI (OR 3.547; 95%CI 1.471-8.557; p = 0.005). It is notable that ε3 allele of APOE gene turned out to be a protective genetic factor determining low lipid levels.The strength of the relation and the similarity of the results obtained for both tested indicators of obesity provide firm evidence that APOE plays an important role in obesity development in the Roma population.The Roma are a transnational minority population of Indian origin fragmented in numerous, often endogamous, smaller groups dispersed throughout Europe, in which the influence of genetic drift is highly emphasized [1-3]. The Roma are also characterized by numerous cultural (life-style) specificities that could contribute to their increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The purpose of the present study is, therefore, to examine whether the unique Bayash Roma genetic background exposed some new relations amongst well-known genetic and non-genetic CVD risk factors. The association between classical CVD risk phenotypes (hypertension, obesity and lipid status) and the four widely investigated CVD candidate gene polymorphisms is tested: ACE I/D, APOE (ε2, ε3, ε4), eNOS-VNTR (4,5) and LEP G2548A [4-7].A total of 230 adult members of the Roma population (78 men and 152 women) aged 20-84 yrs (50.1 ± 14.1) living i
第1页/共10条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.