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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 697 matches for " Nestor Kohan "
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El marxismo crítico de Adolfo Sánchez Vásquez
Nestor Kohan
Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana , 2002,
Abstract: Apartir de los sucesos acaecidos en Venezuela el 11 de Abril del presente a o, con el fallido golpe de Estado, el país se ha precipitado en una crisis de institucionalidad y gobernabilidad que parece no tener una solución a corto plazo. En esto no sólo viene influyendo el activismo político de los nuevos actores y movimientos sociales, muy desmarcados de los partidos políticos tradicionales, que han asumidos roles y protagonismo muy personales; sino también, toda una caracterización de lo que se entiende por sociedad civil, por parte del gobierno y los opositores, como el espacio de convivencia ciudadana donde debe dársele respuesta a la conflictividad y la lucha de intereses. Pareciera que de la correcta interpretación de este concepto dependiera el diálogo y la posterior reconciliación de un país fracturado por la violencia política.
Peritonitis aguda del recién nacido
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1941,
Isabel Aretz (1913-2005)
Pablo Kohan
Revista musical chilena , 2005,
La fuerza inspiradora de la ignorancia en un encuentro con la infancia
Kohan,Walter Omar;
EPISTEME , 2007,
Abstract: this essay dwells on the value and sense of a certain relationship with ignorance when locating philosophy in educational land. its main purpose is not historiographical nor epistemological: it does not try to know or to determine what is ignorance, but only to consider a place for ignorance between those who teach and those who learn in order to open some established assumptions in the domain of philosophical practice with children. in a broader sense, it considers the place of knowledge and ignorance in the teaching of philosophy.
Vocational Choice as a source of stress
Cortada de Kohan,Nuria;
Interdisciplinaria , 2004,
Abstract: in many cases of vocational choice the young people show stress symptoms. these do not appear in those students that are able to decide easily which career to chose. we inform here about the comparison of two representative samples of extreme cases. we used three psychometric instruments: the test of conflicts of personality (cortada, & kohan, 1998), the scale eae to evaluate stress (fernández seara, & milgo robles, 1992), and an adaptation of the coping responses inventory (moos, 1993). the general results showed significant differences between the two samples. probably the adolescents who have problems in their vocational choice, only show once more their basic insecurity, and their overt manifestation are the stress symptoms.
Posibilidad de integración de las teorías cognitivas y la psicometría moderna
Cortada de Kohan,Nuria;
Interdisciplinaria , 2005,
Abstract: the interest of man for himself could be traced in the words at the delphos temple in greece "gnwsi se auton". but in classic greece (plato and aristotle), as well as in the middle age (saint thomas), the man was seen as a compound of body and soul in the context of onthology and methaphysics. only in the renaissance luis vives (1538-1947) said ?that it does not matter much what is the soul. instead what it matters to us is to know how it works?. in the renaissance the knowledge of the world gave birth to the natural sciences and also more value was given to the person and its subjectivity. scientific psychology starts, as everybody knows, at the wundt laboratory in leipzig in 1879 as an experimental science with herbart, weber, ebbinhaus, fechner and some others. there are two trends in scientific psychology: cognitive psychology and psychometrics. the interest of psychologists for the study of the mind started around 1950; this concept was rejected by behaviorists. cognitive psychology tries to find out in detail the mental processes that are used by man. however, cognitive psychology, as behaviorism, studies psychological constructs through observable behavior using experimental designs, establishing good control of the variables and using mathematical models such as multivariate analysis, exponential functions, statistical analysis for the verification of hypothesis, and so on. there are many fields studied by cognitive psychologists, sometimes using different ways to explain the same phenomena. for instance, the language and its evolution is analyzed in very different contexts by chomsky, piaget, vygotsky and brunner, but all of them are considered cognitivists. cognitive psychology may be defined as an objective science of the mind understood as a system of knowledge (rivière, 1991). sometimes in a restricted sense the metaphor of mind-computer is used. contributions to this point of view were made by boole (1815-1854) with the mathematical analysis of logic,
A Filosofia e seu ensino como phármakon
Kohan, Walter Omar;
Educar em Revista , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40602012000400004
Abstract: this article goes back to socrates and plato to reach for elements that help us to think about the meaning and sense of teaching philosophy through the concept of pharmakon. in the first section, we present a characterization that socrates makes on philosophy, its conditions and on himself as a philosopher in phaedrus and in some other dialogues by plato; the second section offers details of plato's condemnation for writing in phaedrus, taking into consideration the criticism of j. derrida and g. deleuze to establish what is at stake in that censure; in the third section, the pedagogical and political effects of such condemnation are presented, and also how it places plato in a surprising opposite position in relation to his own teacher, socrates. finally, there are some conclusions of that combat and of its value for those who are now thinking the teaching of philosophy in brazil in the present moment.
Três li??es de filosofia da educa??o
Kohan, Walter Omar;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302003000100012
Abstract: this paper aims to rethink the value of the ignorant schoolmaster as an exercise in the philosophy of education, especially as counterpoised to the way philosophy of education is presently exercised in our institutions. it is a singular story, by which teachers can ask why and for what they teach and, even more meaningfully, they can put into question what they are doing with themselves and with their students each time they enter a classroom. we can take three lessons from this exercise: a) that the most natural, evident and socially accepted pedagogical ends appear to be the most philosophically problematic; b) that only through paradox - through being thrown into the paradoxical mud - we can find some real meaning in education; c) that the only education worthy of the name liberates without liberating. the one who does not allow for the liberation of the others oppresses.
Infancia e educa??o em Plat?o
Kohan, Walter Omar;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022003000100002
Abstract: this work investigates from a philosophical perspective the concept of childhood in plato, with an emphasis on the following dialogues: alcibiades i, gorgias, the republic, and the laws. initially, we situate the issue of childhood within the wider scenario of plato's political and philosophical project. we then propose four main features of the concept of childhood in plato: a) as possibility (children can become anything in future); b) as inferiority (children - like women, foreigners and slaves - are inferior to the male adult citizen); c) as superfluousness (childhood is not necessary to the polis), and d) as matter of politics (the utopia is built from the education of children). it has not been our intention here to put plato on trial. we have just sought to delimit an issue and a specific manner of tackling it with the aim of contributing to the analysis of the productivity of this perspective in the history of the philosophy of childhood and of western education, as well as of current education theories and practices. at the same time, we have implicitly tried to offer elements to problematize a vision well established among historians of childhood - particularly after philippe ariès already classic centuries of childhood: a social history of family life - according to which childhood would be a modern invention and would not have been "thought" as such by the ancients.
La herencia del fetichismo y el desafío de la hegemonía en una época de rebeldía generalizada
Utopìa y Praxis Latinoamericana , 2005,
Abstract: the author points in this article to the social and political importance of the theory of fetishism and the alienation of marx when analyzing the social criticism that the development of the hegemonic forces of capitalism on a global scale deserved. the post-structuralist and post-marxist metaphysics of post-modernism, which has given origin to the advanced rationalism of capitalism, has been given the job of covering-up the concrete contradictions on the part of massive sectors and actors in social movements that denounce the terrible injustices of capitalist economies, even when they partially favor the dissident ideologies and democratic pluralism that justifies neo-liberalism only as a discursive expression. the intention is to fragmentize or atomize classist societies based on citizenship values that are always aligned with the intellectual and academic vanguards of the status quo. however, the historical reality of capitalism is a system of exploitation, and economic and social inequalities in which individuals completely lose their human condition.
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