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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 480 matches for " Neiva "
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Women in upper houses: a global perspective
Neiva,Pedro;
Brazilian Political Science Review (Online) , 2008,
Abstract: in analyses of female representation in lower houses, the adoption of quotas, the electoral system and the religious aspect have been identified as the main explanatory variables. in the case of upper houses,1 i see a relationship between their political strength and women's presence in them: when they are weak, the presence of female representatives tends to be larger; when they are strong, women's presence is smaller. furthermore, the article shows that an analysis based solely on the number of seats held by women is insufficient for one to gather the true dimension of their participation in politics. evaluating the role and expressiveness of the institutions in which they are present is also necessary.
é possível uma sociologia do sujeito? Uma abordagem sobre as teorias de Foucault e Touraine
Furlin, Neiva;
Sociologias , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222012000100011
Abstract: this research essay analyzes the theoretical concepts of the notion of "subject" in the works of two french intellectuals, touraine and foucault. this comparative approach seeks to establish a relation between the convergent and the contrasting aspects of their social theories, on the purpose of reflecting on their contributions to the comprehension of contemporary society, especially concerning individuals' subjectivation processes. for this purpose we chose the last works in the scholarly trajectory of these intellectuals. touraine as well as foucault offer theoretical contributions to a sociology that does not resort to the great historical phenomena, but puts the efforts of the subjects within their social micro-relations on the stage, considering their cultural, economic, political and personal contradictions.
Cultura e conflito: li es da cidade de Atenas na guerra do Peloponeso
Eduardo Neiva
Galáxia , 2008,
Abstract: O artigo analisa e contextualiza os três discursos de Péricles nos primeiros anos da Guerra do Peloponeso, situando sua ênfase no papel da cultura durante a guerra. Além disso, o texto refere-se a outros aspectos da narrativa do historiador grego Tucí-dides que privilegiam fatores da cultura durante o curso do conflito no mundo helênico. Os episódios do iní-cio da guerra do Peloponeso servem como um argumento contraposto às suposi es recentes de autores como Huntington, em The Clash of Civilizations, que acreditam haver um causa cultural para os conflitos entre na es e que as diferen as culturais ser o aplainadas pelo exercí-cio inevitável da influência cultural, da diplomacia e da for a militar propriamente dita. Além de ser uma análise histórica, o artigo postula uma crí-tica à idéia de que as culturas s o causas de guerras, além de uma refuta o í presun o de socializa o excessiva presente nas teorias convencionalistas da cultura. O trabalho argumenta em favor da sele o natural darwiniana como um estágio primordial no entendimento das rela es entre conflito e cultura. Palavras-chave conflito, cultura, estratégias de guerra, semiótica da guerra, discursos cí-vicos. Abstract The article analyzes and contextualizes the three speeches of Pericles during the early days of the Peloponnesian War, emphasizing not only Pericles' contentions as well as the ones formulated by the Greek historian Thucydides about the role that Athenian culture plays during the conflict. The events at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War serve as an argument contrary to recent assumptions, such as the ones of authors like Huntington in The Clash of Civilizations, which presume that there is a cultural cause for the conflict between nations, and that cultural differences will be leveled out through the inevitable exercise of diplomacy, cultural influence or military force per se. The paper is more than a historical interpretation: it presents a critique to the idea that cultures are the cause of wars; it also refutes the notion of oversocialization claimed by conventionalist theories of culture. The work claims that the Darwinian theory of sexual selection is a primordial stage in the understanding of the relations between cultures and conflict. Key words conflict, culture, strategies of war, Semiotics of war, civic speeches
Teologia feminista: uma voz que emerge nas margens do discurso teológico hegem nico
Neiva Furlin
REVER : Revista de Estudos da Religi?o , 2011,
Abstract: Este artigo tem a finalidade de analisar os fatores que contribuíram para a emergência da Teologia Feminista na América Latina, as fases dessa produ o e as estratégias que favoreceram a sua consolida o e o reconhecimento no campo acadêmico de hegemonia masculina, para compreender o status dessa Teologia e a sua importancia no campo do saber teológico. Em vista disso, buscou-se fundamento nas teorias de gênero, sobretudo nos conceitos de space off e tecnologias de gênero de Tereza de Lauretis. O estudo aponta que a Teologia Feminista é um saber que se cruza e intercruza com os limites e as fronteiras do discurso constituído e hegem nico. é uma outra voz no interior do campo teológico, construída no space-off, num “outro lugar”. é um discurso que, aparentemente ‘invisível’, penetra e questiona as estruturas do pensamento teológico, constituindo-se em uma nova tecnologia de gênero que produz outras subjetividades e valoriza o sujeito mulher na a o evangelizadora da Igreja.
Altera??es ortopédicas em crian?as e adolescentes obesos
Brandalize, Michelle;Leite, Neiva;
Fisioterapia em Movimento , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-51502010000200011
Abstract: introducion: childhood obesity is a very recurrent problem that causes some complications which can be present in early stage of life, like orthopedic alterations. objective: to describe the locomotor system alterations in obese children and adolescents. methods: articles were found in medline, scielo, lilacs, isi and standford databases. the follow key-words were used: "children obesity", "orthopedic disorders", "posture", "gait" and "musculoskeletal pain", in portuguese and english. results: this review could observe that obese children and adolescents are more predispose to have these complications than the eutrofic ones and the main problems are the postural alterations, like lumbar hiperlordosis and genu valgum. musculoskeletal pains are also a common complaint, mainly back pain and knee pain. the main factors that can cause these problems are not well defined, but include an increase in body fat mass and in weight-bearing forces associated to a weaker bone in growth phase and the decrease in postural stability, which leads to a higher mechanical regional needs are some hypothesis. conclusion: the early identification of these problems is essential for these children to receive the adequate multi-professional care.
Roteiro pedagógico: um instrumento para a aprendizagem de conceitos de física
Manzini, Neiva Irma Jost;
Ciência & Educa??o (Bauru) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-73132007000100008
Abstract: this investigation aims to analyze the possibilities and limits of a teaching-and-learning experience about physics subjects, carried out with students from a physics degree and its basis is in the "genetics epistemology", of jean piaget. as a methodology of teaching, it uses a pedagogical schedule, that aims to identify and promote the construction and reconstruction of cognitive processes using piaget′s perspective, aiming to make possible the comprehension of the magnitudes in physics involved in the phenomenon and logical-mathematical relations between them. i noticed that this pedagogical activity helps students in the acquisition of their knowledge and the formation of mathematical equations that expresses the physical phenomenon studied.
Coes?o e disciplina partidária no Senado Federal
Neiva, Pedro Robson Pereira;
Dados , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582011000200003
Abstract: this article analyzes party discipline in the brazilian senate based on a previously untapped database covering roll call votes from 1989 to 2009. as occurs in the chamber of deputies, political parties in the senate display a high degree of unity that remains reasonably stable over time. despite the similar results in the two houses, i suggest that the explanations are not the same. as compared to the chamber of deputies, the senate appears to feel less power from the executive, the leaders are scarcely relevant, and the decision-making process is less centralized. i do not offer a solution to this paradox, but i do suggest that it involves not only the institutional rules, but also the organizational characteristics and even the political profile of the senators themselves.
Os determinantes da existência e dos poderes das camaras altas: federalismo ou presidencialismo?
Neiva, Pedro Robson Pereira;
Dados , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582006000200002
Abstract: this article seeks to identify the determinants of the existence and powers of upper legislative chambers. by analyzing their constitutionally established powers, including all of the minimally democratic bicameral countries, it was possible to reach conclusions not previously suggested in the literature. using a two-step model whose calculation includes the possibility of a selection bias (heckman model), the study evaluated both the factors leading to the existence of an upper chamber and those defining its powers. federalism proved to be an important variable for explaining the difference between bicameral and unicameral countries, but not for explaining the political strength of upper chambers. the most relevant explanatory variable in this sense was the system of government: in parliamentary systems, upper chambers have limited powers; in presidential systems they exercise broad powers.
Os sem-voto do Legislativo brasileiro: quem s?o os senadores suplentes e quais os seus impactos sobre o processo legislativo
Neiva, Pedro;Izumi, Mauricio;
Opini?o Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-62762012000100001
Abstract: this article has two main objectives. the first one is to create a profile of senators' substitutes, compared to the elected senators. the second objective is to investigate the substitutes' political performance, with the intent of evaluating the impact of their actions on both the functioning of the senate and their relationship to the executive power. we suggest that, because they are not directly elected, they are selected to work on difficult tasks, especially those that could bring negative political effects to the senators, which depend on the electorate's vote. we also found that the substitutes give a bit more support to the presidency, particularly observed in right wing parties coalitions.
Mensura??o da amplitude de movimento cervical em crian?as respiradoras orais
Neiva, PD;Kirkwood, RN;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552007000500005
Abstract: introduction: by clinical definition, mouth breathers use the mouth as their main air pathway during breathing. this results in modifications to tongue and head positioning and may have an influence on craniofacial mechanics during development. bringing the head forward is also common among mouth breathers and may lead to misalignments in adjacent segments of the human body. objective: to evaluate neck (cervical) range of motion (rom) among mouth-breathing children and compare this with a group of nose-breathing children. method: ten mouth-breathing children of both sexes aged 6.90 ± 1.37 years and ten nose-breathing children aged 7.70 ± 1.42 years participated in this study. the rom for neck flexion, extension and protrusion of the head were evaluated. student's t test for independent samples was used for the statistical analysis, considering p< 0.05 as the statistical significance level. results: the mouth-breathing children had a significantly smaller rom for neck extension (59.0o ± 10.79o), compared with the nose-breathing group (72.9o ± 8.82o ) (p= 0.001). the rom for flexion and protrusion was not statistically different between groups (59.0o ± 10.79o). conclusion: the mouth-breathing children presented smaller neck extension rom than the nose-breathing children did, but for protrusion and flexion rom there was no difference between the groups.
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