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PESQUISA QUALITATIVA, ENSINO E ASSISTêNCIA DE ENFERMAGEM: INTERA??O QUE FAVORECE O CUIDADO CULTURAL
DE SOUZA PRAA,NEIDE;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532003000200007
Abstract: the aim of this text is to show the contribution of the tread: teaching nursing care and qualitative research in the identification of data related the cultural care of women living in a slum in the city of s?o paulo, brazil. this text also shows the steps of the researcher beginning with her insertion in the community giving obstetric nursing care to the women and teaching undergraduate students. the research was a qualitative study theoretically based on cultural anthropology and on ethnographic methodology. the results show the cultural group care conceptualization and allow a reflection of the cultural nursing care of those women.
PESQUISA QUALITATIVA, ENSINO E ASSISTêNCIA DE ENFERMAGEM: INTERA O QUE FAVORECE O CUIDADO CULTURAL INVESTIGACIóN CUALITATIVA, ENSE ANZA Y ASISTENCIA DE ENFERMERíA: INTERACCIóN QUE FAVORECE EL CUIDADO CULTURAL QUALITATIVE RESEARCH, TEACHING AND NURSING CARE: THE INTERACTION TO FACILITATE THE CULTURAL CARE
NEIDE DE SOUZA PRAA
Ciencia y Enfermería : Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacíon , 2003,
Abstract: Este texto tem como objetivo mostrar a contribui o da tríade ensino, assistência de enfermagem e pesquisa qualitativa na identifica o de dados que direcionam o cuidado cultural às mulheres moradoras em uma favela da cidade de S o Paulo, Brasil. Apresenta a trajetória da pesquisadora desde sua inser o na comunidade prestando assistência de enfermagem obstétrica e realizando ensino de alunos de gradua o em enfermagem até a conclus o de sua pesquisa, da qual apresenta o grupo cultural. A pesquisa que teve a antropologia cultural como referencial teórico e a etnografia como método colaborou na defini o do cuidado culturalmente embasado às mulheres assistidas/estudadas. Este texto tiene como objetivo mostrar la contribución de la tríada ense anza, cuidado de enfermería e investigación cualitativa en la identificación de información que se relaciona con el cuidado cultural en mujeres habitantes de un asentamiento urbano marginal de la ciudad de S o Paulo, Brasil. Presenta la trayectoria de la investigadora desde su inserción en la comunidad prestando cuidado de enfermería obstétrica y desempe ando docencia con alumnos de pregrado en enfermería, hasta la conclusión de su investigación, de la cual presenta el grupo cultural. La investigación, que tuvo a la antropología como referencial teórico y a la etnografía como método, permitió definir el cuidado con una fundamento cultural en estas mujeres cuidadas/estudiadas The aim of this text is to show the contribution of the tread: teaching nursing care and qualitative research in the identification of data related the cultural care of women living in a slum in the city of S o Paulo, Brazil. This text also shows the steps of the researcher beginning with her insertion in the community giving obstetric nursing care to the women and teaching undergraduate students. The research was a qualitative study theoretically based on cultural anthropology and on ethnographic methodology. The results show the cultural group care conceptualization and allow a reflection of the cultural nursing care of those women.
Infec??o puerperal em Centro de Parto Normal: ocorrência e fatores predisponentes
Machado, Nilce Xavier de Souza;Praa, Neide de Souza;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672005000100010
Abstract: the delivery center (dc) provides obstetric assistance centered on the parturient's needs according to scientific evidences. this study aimed to verify the occurrence of puerperal infection in the dc and to compare the clinical obstetric characteristics of the women readmitted in the hospital with puerperal infection to those who were not readmitted in the hospital. it is an exploratory and non-experimental research with retrospective data collection. the population was based on 51 puerparae who received assistance in the dc, from 2000 to 2003. the results demonstrated that among 10,559 deliveries, 0.16% of them presented puerperal infection and the obstetric assistance given in the dc was related to the puerperal infection, only when considering the duration of the labor. it was concluded that the obstetric assistance given by this model of care brings benefits to the women.
Centro de parto normal e a assistência obstétrica centrada nas necessidades da parturiente
Machado, Nilce Xavier de Souza;Praa, Neide de Souza;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342006000200017
Abstract: as an obstetric nurse working in a delivery center and considering the studies and reflections on the new model of assistance to labor and birth (humanized assistance), i started to think about this concept, given the various connotations attributed to the term. this article was written with the aim of divulging our proposal of replacement of the expression "humanized assistance to child-birth" for "obstetric assistance fo-cused on the parturient's needs", and to describe the assistance given at the delivery center of the general hospital of itapecerica da serra, in the s?o paulo metropolitan region, where a protocol of obstetric behavior and rules recommended by the ministry of health is followed.
A ESPERAN A NA VIDA DE MULHERES COM HIV/AIDS: AVALIA O PELA ESCALA DE HERTH
Fabiana de Souza Orlandi,Neide de Souza Pra a
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Estúdio transversal-descriptivo que tuvo como objetivo evaluar el nível de esperanza de vida para las mujeres mayores de 50 a os com VIH/SIDA por la Escala de Esperanza de Herth. Se entrevistaron a 200 mujeres VIH-positivas en el grupo de edad de interés, asistidas en tres Servicios de Atención Especializada de ETS/SIDA en S o Paulo. Se cumplió la Resolución 196/96 y el estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de ética en Investigación. Los datos fueron recolectados en el a o2010 con la aplicación de dos instrumentos: caracterización de los sujetos y Escala de Esperanza de Herth. Los resultados mostraron una puntuación media de la aplicación de la Escala de Esperanza de Herth de 36.75 (±4,52), dentro de los 12 a 48. Esta puntuación está por debajo de los obtenidos con la misma escala para diversas patologías, lo que indica la percepción de la esperanza de vida reducida por la muestra. El enfermero debe proponer acciones que busquen la mejoría de la esperanza de la persona asistida, estableciendo metas realistas y fortaleciendo el suporte social.
Transmiss?o Vertical Zero: parceria entre o servi?o público e o terceiro setor
Almeida, Janie Maria de;Praa, Neide de Souza;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002009000400004
Abstract: objectives: to describe a multidisciplinary partnership experience between public and private agencies that provide care for hiv positive pregnant women, and to characterize the risk factors for hiv among pregnant women who were participating in the project "zero vertical hiv transmission" in the district of sorocaba. methods: a retrospective study was conducted using records of 120 pregnant women who participated in the project between 1998 and 2004. a form was used to gather demographics and risk factors for hiv. results: partnership between the public and private agencies was an efficient alternative to provide better care for hiv positive pregnant women. however, the majority of women (56.7%) was not aware of their partner hiv status and almost three fourths of them (73.3%) had never used contraceptive devices. conclusion: the partnership between the public and private agencies contributed to the reduction of hiv vertical transmission in sorocaba, sp.
Transmisión vertical del VIH: Comprendiendo el sentimiento de los padres por la técnica proyectiva
Almeida,Janie Maria de; Souza Praa,Neide de;
Index de Enfermería , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962009000200002
Abstract: qualitative study carried out with parents of newborn babies exposed to hiv whose mothers are registered at the zero vertical transmission program in sorocaba, sp. the study aimed to identify feelings concerning the parents' religious faith while the baby seropositivity diagnosis for hiv is not defined yet. the research was approved by the ethical committee in research according to resolution 196/96. the projective technique was used for data collection in order to get answers for the following question: "how do you feel living your daily routine while you wait for your baby anti hiv test final result?" speaking about its meaning was the next step. this technique has proved to be efficient in triggering the participants' thoughts and also in leading and supporting their reports. five topics came up from the data collection; we highlighted two topics, religiosity and spirituality, which showed that having faith means being hopeful about the exposed to hiv child healthy future.
Vivência da puérpera-adolescente no cuidado do recém-nascido, no domicílio
Bergamaschi, Suzete de Fatima Ferraz;Praa, Neide de Souza;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342008000300006
Abstract: this qualitative study aimed to understand how the adolescent puerperae experience caring for their child at home. the maternity concept was used as the reference for the analysis and the method based on the collective subject speech was used to analyse the data. fifteen adolescent puerperae participated in the study. they were all in the rooming-in of the usp university hospital with their child. the interviews were performed after the adolescent mothers were discharged from the hospital. the results showed an everyday building process concerning the role of being an adolescent mother, which leads to a feeling of security in view of the difficulties related to caring for the newborn. family support was considered important to help the young mother during this new phase of her life. in the end of the puerperium, it was possible to realize that the adolescent puerperae was able to meet the newborn's needs concerning hygiene, feeding, and affection.
Transmiss?o vertical do HIV: expectativas e a??es da gestante soropositiva
Moura, Edilene Lins de;Praa, Neide de Souza;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692006000300015
Abstract: this descriptive study with a qualitative approach was motivated by the high number of hiv positive children caused by perinatal transmission. the aim of this study was to identify hiv-infected pregnant women's expectations and actions concerning the pregnancy and the fetus. the sample consisted of 14 hiv-infected, asymptomatic pregnant women, in their third month, who were aware of their condition before getting pregnant. an interview was carried out from 2001 to 2002 in order to collect data. the collective subject discourse method was adopted for data analysis. it was observed that the pregnant women had similar expectations concerning motherhood. they got used to pregnancy and believed their baby would be hiv negative and that treatment would be effective. there is a need to implement counseling about women's health with a focus on perinatal hiv/aids transmission.
Mulheres com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos: a??es preventivas da infec??o pelo HIV
Rodrigues, Daniela Angelo de Lima;Praa, Neide de Souza;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472010000200017
Abstract: the present study is a qualitative research which aimed to verify the adoption of preventive measures on the transmission of hiv in women aged 50 or over it, who live in poor communities and were followed by the family health program in s?o paulo, brazil. medical anthropology has been adopted as a theoretical reference as well as the discourse of the collective individual for data analysis. there have been 13 women interviewed and three discourses have been presented: prevention appreciation, invisibility of hiv/aids and the rejection of the use of condom. the analysis has shown that the group did not realize the risk of contamination through sexual intercourse due to trust in their partners' loyalty. the casual use of condoms was taken into consideration just out of curiosity. the preventive actions adopted need more scientific basis. the results point out the necessity of planning and implementation of interventions which are culturally based and directed to the studied segment.
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