Abstract:
The chiral constituent quark model (\chiCQM) with general parameterization (GP) method has been formulated to calculate the quadrupole moments of the spin 3/2^+ decuplet baryons and spin 3/2^+ \to 1/2^+ transitions. The implications of such a model have been investigated in detail for the effects of symmetry breaking and GP parameters pertaining to the two- and three-quark contributions. It is found that the \chiCQM is successful in giving a quantitative and qualitative description of the quadrupole moments.

Abstract:
The electromagnetic form factors are the most fundamental quantities to describe the internal structure of the nucleon and the shape of a spatially extended particle is determined by its {\it intrinsic} quadrupole moment which is first order moment of the charge density operator. With some experimental indications of a deformed nucleon, we have calculated the {\it intrinsic} quadrupole moment of the octet and decuplet baryons in the framework of chiral constituent quark model \chiCQM which is quite successful in explaining some of the important baryon properties in the nonperturbative regime.

Abstract:
The electromagnetic form factors are the most fundamental quantities to describe the internal structure of the nucleon and are related to the charge radii of the baryons. We have calculated the charge radii of octet baryons in the framework of chiral constituent quark model with the inclusion of the spin-spin generated configuration mixing. This model is quite successful in predicting the low energy hadron matrix elements. The results obtained in the case of charge radii are also comparable to the latest experimental studies and show improvement over some theoretical interpretations.

Abstract:
The implications of chiral symmetry breaking and SU(3) symmetry breaking have been studied in the chiral constituent quark model ($\chi$CQM). The role of hidden strangeness component has been investigated for the scalar matrix elements of the nucleon with an emphasis on the meson-nucleon sigma terms. The $\chi$CQM is able to give a qualitative and quantitative description of the "quark sea" generation through chiral symmetry breaking. The significant contribution of the strangeness is consistent with the recent available experimental observations.

Abstract:
The weak decay of charmed baryons multiplets into ground state and mesons are investigated using current algebra technique. Some of the interesting results on the partial decays rates and the asymmetry parameters for $\Delta$C=$\Delta$S=-1 the mode are calculated and consequences discussed

Abstract:
The weak vector and axial-vector form factors have been investigated for the semi-leptonic octet baryon decays in the chiral constituent quark model with configuration mixing (\chiCQM_{config}). The effects of SU(3) symmetry breaking and configuration mixing have also been investigated and the results are not only in good agreement with existing experimental data but also show improvement over other phenomenological models.

Abstract:
Magnetic moments of the low lying and charmed spin 1/2^+ and spin 3/2^+ baryons have been calculated in the SU(4) chiral constituent quark model (\chiCQM) by including the contribution from c \bar c fluctuations. Explicit calculations have been carried out for the contribution coming from the valence quarks, "quark sea" polarizations and their orbital angular momentum. The implications of such a model have also been studied for magnetic moments of the low lying spin 3/2^+ \to 1/2^+ and 1/2^+ \to 1/2^+ transitions as well as the transitions involving charmed baryons. We are able to achieve an excellent agreement with data for the case of low lying spin 1/2^+ baryons and spin 3/2^+ baryons. For the spin 1/2^+ and spin 3/2^+ charmed baryon magnetic moments, our results are consistent with the predictions of the QCD sum rules, Light Cone sum rules and Spectral sum rules. For the cases where "light" quarks dominate in the valence structure, the sea and orbital contributions are found to be fairly significant however, they cancel in the right direction to give the correct magnitude of the total magnetic moment. On the other hand, when there is an excess of "heavy" quarks, the contribution of the "quark sea" is almost negligible. The effects of configuration mixing and quark masses have also been investigated.

Abstract:
The role of doping Fe on the structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of frustrated antiferromagnet YMn1-xFexO3 (x less than or equal to 0.5) has been investigated. The neutron diffraction analysis shows that the structure of these polycrystalline samples changes from hexagonal phase (space group P63cm) to orthorhombic phase (space group Pnma) for x > 0.2. The frustration parameter decreases with Fe substitution. All the compounds are antiferromagnetic and the magnetic structure is described as a mixture of {\Gamma}3 and {\Gamma}4 irreducible representation (IR) in the hexagonal phase and the ratio of these two IRs is found to vary with Fe doping (x less than or equal to 0.2). A continuous spin reorientation as a function of temperature is observed in these samples. The magnetic ground state in the orthorhombic phase of the higher doped samples (x greater than or equal to 0.3) is explained by taking {\Gamma}1 (GxCyAz) representation of Pnma setting. In YMnO3 suppression of dielectric constant {\epsilon} is observed below Tn indicative of magnetoelectric coupling. This anomalous behavior reduces in Fe doped samples. The dielectric constant is found to be correlated with the magnetic moment (M) obtained from neutron diffraction experiments and follows a M^2 behavior close to Tn in agreement with Landau theory.

Abstract:
We have carried out temperature-dependent inelastic neutron scattering measurements of YMnO3 over the temperature range 50 - 1303 K, covering both the antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition (70 K), as well as the ferroelectric to paraelectric transition (1258 K). Measurements are accompanied by first principles calculations of phonon spectra for the sake of interpretation and analysis of the measured phonon spectra in the room temperature ferroelectric (P63cm) and high temperature paraelectric (P63/mmc) hexagonal phases of YMnO3. The comparison of the experimental and first-principles calculated phonon spectra highlight unambiguously a spin-phonon coupling character in YMnO3. This is further supported by the pronounced differences in the magnetic and non-magnetic phonon calculations. The calculated atomistic partial phonon contributions of the Y and Mn atoms are not affected by inclusion of magnetic interactions, whereas the dynamical contribution of the O atoms is found tochange. This highlights the role of the super-exchange interactions between the magnetic Mn cations, mediated by O bridges. Phonon dispersion relations have also been calculated, in the entire Brillouin zone, for both the hexagonal phases. In the high-temperature phase, unstable phonon mode at the K point is highlighted. The displacement pattern at the K-point indicates that the freezing of this mode along with the stable mode at the {\Gamma}-point may lead to a stabilization of the low-temperature (P63cm) phase, and inducing ferroelectricity. Further, we have also estimated the mode Gr\"uneisen parameter and volume thermal expansion behavior. The latter is found to agree with the available experimental data.

Abstract:
The magnetic moments of the low-lying spin-parity $J^P=$ $1/2^-$, $3/2^-$ $\Lambda$ resonances, like, for example, $\Lambda(1405)$ $1/2^-$, $\Lambda(1520)$ $3/2^-$, as well as their transition magnetic moments, are calculated using the chiral quark model. The results found are compared with those obtained from the nonrelativistic quark model and those of unitary chiral theories, where some of these states are generated through the dynamics of two hadron coupled channels and their unitarization.