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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1536 matches for " Nayak Amarendra "
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Autopsy Findings in Conjoined Twin with Single Heart and Single Liver
Kar Asaranti,Mohanty Pranati,Kar Tushar,Behera Jagadish,Behera Susmita,Nayak Amarendra
Case Reports in Pathology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/129323
Abstract: Thoracoomphalopagus is the commonest type of conjoined twin where the bodies are fused from upper chest to lower chest. The autopsy done can help counsil the parents for further pregnancies and determine the prognosis depending upon the type of cardiac anomaly by Seo classification when detected antenatally. We describe the detail pathological autopsy of such a case with single heart and single liver. A detail autopsy was done on the twin fetus. The twins shared a single heart and sometimes the liver and part of digestive system. The combined weight was 4.1 KG. Both were full-term male babies joined from below the nipple till umbilicus. Autopsy in conjoined twins helps in deciding the type of fusion of the body and also of the heart and great vessels. It can help in counseling parents about future pregnancies that there is no chance of recurrence of this abnormality and no need to be scared.
Autopsy Findings in Conjoined Twin with Single Heart and Single Liver
Kar Asaranti,Mohanty Pranati,Kar Tushar,Behera Jagadish,Behera Susmita,Nayak Amarendra
Case Reports in Pathology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/129323
Abstract: Thoracoomphalopagus is the commonest type of conjoined twin where the bodies are fused from upper chest to lower chest. The autopsy done can help counsil the parents for further pregnancies and determine the prognosis depending upon the type of cardiac anomaly by Seo classification when detected antenatally. We describe the detail pathological autopsy of such a case with single heart and single liver. A detail autopsy was done on the twin fetus. The twins shared a single heart and sometimes the liver and part of digestive system. The combined weight was 4.1?KG. Both were full-term male babies joined from below the nipple till umbilicus. Autopsy in conjoined twins helps in deciding the type of fusion of the body and also of the heart and great vessels. It can help in counseling parents about future pregnancies that there is no chance of recurrence of this abnormality and no need to be scared. 1. Introduction In conjoined twin, a rare anomaly refers to an incomplete splitting of monozygotic twins after 12 days of embryogenesis. It is seen in 10.25 per million births. 75% of them occur in females [1]. They are classified according to the point of union; the label used is the Greek word pagus, which means “that which is fixed.” The most common varieties encountered were thoracoomphalopagus (28%), thoracopagus (18.5%), omphalopagus (10%), parasitic twins (10%) and craniopagus (6%) [2]. Thoracoomphalopagus is a variety of conjoined twins where two bodies are fused from upper chest to the lower chest. They usually share a heart and sometimes the liver and part of digestive system. The condition is more frequently found among females, with a ratio of 3?:?1. We present the autopsy findings in a case of thoracoomphalopagus who were males. 2. Case History A 32-year-old multigravida, P3L2 with gestational age of 35 weeks presented in labour with pain abdomen for 6 hours and show bloody vaginal discharge. She did not have any antenatal checkups and she could not appreciate fetal movements for last two days. After admission to labour room, pervaginum-examination was done. Cervix was fully effaced, fully dilated, and head was palpated. After half an hour she delivered the twin vaginally. Both were still born. A detail pathological autopsy was done. The combined weight was 4.1?KG. Both were full-term male babies joined from below the nipple till umbilicus (Figure 1). Placenta was single weighing 750?gms. One umbilical cord was shared by both. It had one artery and four veins (Figure 2). Nipples were separate, meconium was present, and signs of maceration were seen.
Global Climate Change and Emerging Environmental and Strategic Security Issues for South Asia  [PDF]
Amarendra Nath Sarkar
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.29135
Abstract: Global climate change-essentially an adverse consequence of global warming, is principally caused by progressive build-up and extensive spread of greenhouse gases (GHGs) across countries, regions or continents because of earth’s rotational movement. The potent sources of GHGs are fossil-fuels and biomass. With the increasing pace of globalization, industrialization and rapid change of life-style the demand and consumption of these feed-stocks to stimulate economic growth is steadily rising-both in the developing and developed economy. In the process, the emissions level is also rising phenomenally; and of late become quite alarming-more in the former than latter case, affecting thereby the environmental quality as also its security concerns globally. This paper highlights the major impacts of global warming and consequential climate change on the environmental quality and overall security aspects-including commercial, strategic and defense angles for the South-Asian region. The paper also discusses some relevant aspects linking the larger question of energy security with environmental security through the approach of sustainable energy development for envisioning a balanced economic development as well as growth perspective for South Asia. The significance of International cooperation in the mitigation and adaptation of climate change impacts with special reference to Asia- Pacific and South Asian region is also discussed at some length in the paper.
The Long Run Determinants of the U.S. Trade Balance: A Reexamination Using Bi & Multivariate Cointegration Approach
Amarendra Sharma
Research in Applied Economics , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/rae.v4i1.1171
Abstract: This paper extends our understanding of the long-run determinants of the U.S. current account and trade balances. Earlier studies have recognized the long-run effects of fiscal, monetary, and commercial policy variables on the external account balances. But none of them reported the interest rate measures to be cointegrated with the external account balances. This study provides strong evidence to suggest that the various interest rate measures are also the long-run determinants of the U.S. current account and trade balances.
Industrial Unsustainability  [PDF]
Aparna Nayak
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.34003
Abstract: The development of unconventional gas exploration in the USA, in particular shale gas, caused a revolution in the American and the global gas markets. The regional-wide use of unconventional gas resources could stabilize the natural gas demand and the energy supply security of European and Asian countries. But traditionally, almost all gas contracts in Europe and Asia are linked to oil because of the demand for stable, long-term contracts. Furthermore, in many Asian countries, large state-owned enterprises dominate their national gas markets, leading to little competition and incentives to reduce gas prices. In Europe, the expansion of unconventional gas is facing grassroots opposition from environmental groups who are concerned about ground water safety, adequate waste water management, seismic events and greenhouse gas emissions. In this article, I will discuss the rapidly changing natural gas markets and the role and prospects of unconventional gas as well as its environmental impacts and unsustainability in industry level.
Clean India  [PDF]
Aparna Nayak
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.35015
Abstract: Mahatma Gandhi was mindful of the poor position of Indian rural people at that time and he dreamt of a cleaner India, where he emphasized on cleanliness and sanitation as an intact function of surviving. President Pranab Mukherjee in his address to Parliament in June 2014, said, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation a “Swachh Bharat Mission” will be established. This will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019”. The Narendra Modi Government will shortly establish the “Swachh Bharat” movement to solve the sanitation problem in India, to solve the problem of waste management and make India a clean state, ensuring hygiene all across the nation. Emphasizing “Clean India” on August 15, 2014 in his Independence Day speech, the Prime Minister said that this trend is linked with the economic activity of the state. This missionary work for creating a clean India will be launched on October 2, 2014, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi with the objective of completing the mission in 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of the father of the country.
Lower lid entropion correction with botulinum toxin injection
Deka Amarendra,Saikia S
Oman Journal of Ophthalmology , 2010,
Abstract:
Solitary wave solution to the generalized nonlinear Schrodinger equation for dispersive permittivity and permeability
Amarendra K. Sarma
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2011-10288-0
Abstract: We present a solitary wave solution of the generalized nonlinear Schrodinger equation for dispersive permittivity and permeability using a scaling transformation and coupled amplitude-phase formulation. We have considered the third-order dispersion effect (TOD) into our model and show that soliton shift may be suppressed in a negative index material by a judicious choice of the TOD and self-steepening parameter.
Modulation instability in nonlinear complex parity-time (PT) symmetric periodic structures
Amarendra K. Sarma
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.31.001861
Abstract: We carry out a modulation instability (MI) analysis in nonlinear complex parity-time (PT) symmetric periodic structures. All the three regimes defined by the PT-symmetry breaking point or threshold, namely, below threshold, at threshold and above threshold are discussed. It is found that MI exists even beyond the PT-symmetry threshold indicating the possible existence of solitons or solitary waves, in conformity with some recent reports. We find that MI does not exist at the PT-symmetry breaking point in the case of normal dispersion below a certain nonlinear threshold. However, in the case of anomalous dispersion regime, MI does exist even at the PT-symmetry breaking point.
Modulational instability of few cycle pulses in optical fibers
Amarendra K. Sarma
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/92/24004
Abstract: We investigate the modulational instability of a mathematical model [based on the model proposed by T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys.Rev. Lett. 78, 3282(1997)] appropriate for few cycle optical pulses with pulse duration as short as one carrier oscillation cycle in the context of a standard silica fiber operating at the telecommunication wavelength 1550 nm.
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