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Assessment of Undergraduate Students in Use of Hypermedia Education on Peripheral Venous Punch  [PDF]
Natasha Marques Frota, Lívia Moreira Barros, Francisco Gilberto Fernandes Pereira, Máguida Gomes da Silva, Jennara Candido do Nascimento, Monaliza Ribeiro Mariano, Joselany áfio Caetano
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.74049
Abstract: This is a qualitative study that aims to describe the opinion of nursing students on the use of an educational hypermedia on Peripheral Venipuncture. We interviewed 16 nursing students of a private university on second semester of 2014. The interviews allowed the identification of units of meaning and categorization by content analysis and led to four categories: influence of hypermedia on learning, educational technology as support to teaching classroom, contribution of hypermedia for professional practice and access difficulties. Hypermedia showed positive results as most scholars reported that the material helped in learning and generated autonomy and interactivity in the moment of studying. However some reported difficulties in access hypermedia related mainly to the server used. So hypermedia proved to be a valuable tool to use, since it favored the learning and aroused the interest and curiosity of students.
Autocuidado universal praticado por idosos em uma institui??o de longa permanência
Santos, Zélia Maria de Sousa Araújo;Martins, Jocijania de Oliveira;Frota, Natasha Marques;Caetano, Joselany áfio;Moreira, Rosa Aparecida Nogueira;Barros, Lívia Moreira;
Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-98232012000400013
Abstract: objective: to describe the actions of the universal self-care in institutionalized elderly focusing on health promotion. methods: quantitative, exploratory and descriptive study carried out in a long-term institution in fortaleza-ce, with 170 elderly. data were collected from february to june 2010, through interviews using a structured questionnaire from the requirements of the universal self-care of orem. results: 65.8% (112) of the elderly were aged 60-79 years, 54.1% (92) were female, 28.9% (49) were widowed, 64.8% (110) had education up to primary school and 44.2% (75) had monthly income less than minimum wage. some older neglected in some aspects of self-care with regard to oxygen, moisture, and health promotion activities. this lack of self-care may be associated with physical limitations inherent in the life cycle, the knowledge deficit and the low purchasing power. conclusions: it is necessary to develop activities for leisure and exercise in this population, since these actions are considered important for health promotion and social interaction.
Conceptual and Experimental Directions for Analyzing Superstition in the Behavioral Analysis of Culture
Natalia Marques,Felipe Leite,Marcelo Frota Lobato Benvenuti
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología , 2012,
Abstract: Este trabajo examina las nociones de ilusiones y creencias, discutiendo algunas ventajas que ofrece estudiar tales fenómenos basándose en los conceptos de conducta supersticiosa, superstición y reglas supersticiosas. El trabajo pone de relieve la posibilidad de investigar estas nociones en diferentes niveles de análisis, no sólo a nivel individual, centrándose en el nivel cultural; por otra parte, se presenta el Materialismo Cultural como una propuesta antropológica basada en principios adaptativos, la cual se adecua para tratar estos fenómenos en este nivel, además, discute el Análisis Experimental de las prácticas culturales y se ala cómo estos análisis pueden ayudar a entender cómo la gente, en grupo, se comporta como si tuvieran control de su ambiente (cuando, a veces, de hecho, no lo tienen). Este trabajo ofrece una propuesta integradora que facilita el diálogo entre analistas de la conducta y psicólogos sociales y ofrece algunas rutas para un análisis cultural de las ilusiones y las creencias.
The Effects of Pre-Surgical Education on Patient Expectations in Total Knee Arthroplasties  [PDF]
Steven Furney, Natasha Montez
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.512050
Abstract: As patients prepare for total-knee arthroplasty surgery, they have many expectations related to their long-term recovery and function. This research examined whether the use of a pre-surgical patient education class with an additional long-term expectation module addressing recovery during the first 12 months after surgery was more effective in modifying participant’s pre-surgical expectations than participants receiving the standard pre-surgical education class alone. Prior to the class each participant completed one disease-specific instrument, a general-health survey, and a total-knee replacement expectation survey. After the class, each participant once again completed the total-knee replacement survey. Included in the study were 42 participants who were enrolled in a pre-surgical education course that was randomized. The participants in the control group received the standard pre-surgical education addressing pre-surgical topics. The participants in the intervention group received the standard pre-surgical education plus an additional module that specifically addressed long-term recovery and function up to 12 months post surgery. The primary outcome of the data revealed that participants’ who received the standard pre-surgical education with the additional module and who had an educational level higher than highschool, had expectations that were able to be modified to coincide with the surgeons’ expectations.
Sistematización de la asistencia de enfermería: enfoque en un paciente portador de úlcera venosa: Estudio de caso
Marques Frota,N.; Ramalho Rolim,L.; Mesquita Melo,E.; de Almeida,N.G.; Barbosa,I.V.; de Almeida,D.T.;
Enfermería Global , 2012,
Abstract: venous ulcers account for about 70% to 90% of leg ulcer cases and are associated with chronic venous insufficiency. the study was aimed to demonstrate the importance of nursing care towards patients with venous ulcers. the case study was developed in a hospital in fortaleza, ceara, brazil, during the month of march 2010, with a patient with venous insufficiency and venous ulcers in the left leg. to obtain the data the systematization of nursing care (snc) was used as a basis. an interview was performed with the patient and attendant, with consultations to medical records and the physical examination of the patient, who was informed about the objectives and importance of the study. the problems were raised and identified following nursing diagnoses according to nanda taxonomy 2007-2008: impaired tissular integrity related to impaired circulation and mechanical factors, impaired ambulation related to cognitive impairment, neuromuscular and musculoskeletal and muscular strength insufficient; chronic pain related to chronic physical disability, anxiety related to impaired health; and body image disturbance in connection with the injury. later were planned nursing interventions. it is essential to the role of nurse care to patients with venous ulcers because it is a chronic disease with a slow recovery and with the possibility of recurrence and potential major implications for the patient's life.
Macrovaso retiniano congênito: relato de caso
Silva, Billy de Moura Palha e;Rosa, Alexandre Antonio Marques;Santos, Etiene Mendes Fran?a dos;Almeida Sobrinho, Edmundo Frota de;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492007000100031
Abstract: the authors report a case of arteriolar retinal macrovessel, diagnosed by routine ophthalmologic examination, as well as its optic coherence tomography aspects. congenital retinal macrovessel is a large aberrant vessel, often unilateral, usually a vein, rarely an artery, located in the posterior pole which can cross the fovea and median raphe.
Coping, Personality Traits and Social Support in Severe Burn Survivors  [PDF]
Priscilla M. P. Frota, Daniela S. Zanini
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412154
Abstract:

Objective: The present study aimed at investigating the correlations among coping, personality traits, and social support for burn survivors. Method: Participants were 48 patients from a reference burn hospital who attended group meetings at a non-governmental organization associated to that institution that offers support to burn survivors. Data were collected from February to May, 2010. The participants answered a socio-demographic questionnaire and three instruments: Coping Strategy Indicator (CSI), Personality Markers, and Social Support Questionnaire (MOS Scale). Results: The data obtained showed a significant correlation among the personality traits neuroticism and socialization and social support, as well as between socialization and coping; however, differently than expected, no significant correlation was established between social support and coping. Conclusion: Personality traits are related to the perception of support from others; however the perception of support does not influence the way burn survivors cope with their problems. These data were discussed in order to broaden the knowledge and stimulate new studies on the area, so that, based on this information, more efficient treatment plans and interventions can be designed to fulfill both the physical and emotional needs of these survivors with more competency and perceptiveness.

Perceptions of cultural competency of undergraduate nursing students  [PDF]
Diane Von Ah, Natasha Cassara
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32024
Abstract:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the level of cultural competence of undergraduate nursing students at a large Midwestern University. Background: Developing cultural competence of nurses is critical to meet the needs of our growing diverse society. Methods: A convenience sample of 150 undergraduate nursing students completed a one-time questionnaire assessing students’ cultural competence. Results: Nursing students’ rated their overall knowledge and comfort moderate to poor with only 28% rated themselves as very comfortable and 15% as very skillful in providing culturally competent care. Students rated their knowledge and comfort highest in taking a family history, whereas, the lowest scores were related to pregnancy and childbirth, death and dying, and organ donation in other cultures. Conclusions: Findings suggest that nursing students feel inadequately prepared to provide culturally competent care.

Sintered Calcined Clay as an Alternative Coarse Aggregate for Asphalt Pavement Construction  [PDF]
Cleudinei Lopes da Silva, Hidembergue Ordozgoith da Frota, Consuelo Alves da Frota
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2015.53028
Abstract: The aim of this study is to search for a substitute for the natural coarse aggregate in various regions of the world, such as Amazon-Brazil, where this type of material is lacking. The asphalt binder AC 50/70 is mixed with an aggregate obtained from the sinterization of a calcined clay (SACC) as a possible alternative to coarse aggregate material for the construction of asphalt pavements in tropical zones. The dynamic modulus |E*| of this mixture was measured under strain control mode and in tension control mode. The results are compared with those obtained from AC 50/70 mixed with pebbles, which is currently used as the coarse aggregate in this region. For pavements that work at high temperatures, such as 40, and low frequencies, the mixture with SACC appears to be a viable alternative to coarse aggregate material for the construction of asphalt pavements in tropical zones.
Barriers and Facilitators to Community Mobility for Assistive Technology Users
Natasha Layton
Rehabilitation Research and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/454195
Abstract: Mobility is frequently described in terms of individual body function and structures however contemporary views of disability also recognise the role of environment in creating disability. Aim. To identify consumer perspectives regarding barriers and facilitators to optimal mobility for a heterogeneous population of impaired Victorians who use assistive technology in their daily lives. Method. An accessible survey investigated the impact of supports or facilitators upon actual and desired life outcomes and health-related quality of life, from 100?AT users in Victoria, Australia. This paper reports upon data pertaining to community mobility. Results. A range of barriers and enablers to community mobility were identified including access to AT devices, environmental interventions, public transport, and inclusive community environs. Substantial levels of unmet need result in limited personal mobility and community participation. Outcomes fall short of many principles enshrined in current policy and human rights frameworks. Conclusion. AT devices as well as accessible and inclusive home and community environs are essential to maximizing mobility for many. Given the impact of the environment upon the capacity of individuals to realise community mobility, this raises the question as to whether rehabilitation practitioners, as well as prescribing AT devices, should work to build accessible communities via systemic advocacy. 1. Introduction Getting around at the home and in the community is a core activity, central to much human participation and therefore of key interest to rehabilitation practitioners. Identifying the constraints and supports which consumers perceive as impacting their current and desired life outcomes will both inform the work of rehabilitation practitioners and identify any barriers usually beyond the gaze of rehabilitation practice [1]. 1.1. Mobility Mobility, defined by the Oxford Dictionary of English [2] as the capacity to move, is a core element of human capacity. Independent mobility, preferably without the need for assistive technology (AT), is viewed as a key outcome measure, alongside communication and self-care, in the rehabilitation literature [3]. Health-related quality-of-life measures also regard the capacity to independently mobilize as a key indicator for quality of life [4, 5]. The extent of mobility will depend upon both the capacity of the person and the nature of the environments in which the person operates. A tension exists in considering the relationship between the person and the environment in which mobility takes
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