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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111999 matches for " Nataly O'Leary "
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Typifications in Verbena (Verbenaceae)
Darwiniana , 2006,
Abstract: one neotype and fourteen lectotypes are here designated for fifteen names of verbena. in addition, typification of verbena nudiflora is also clarified. photographs of sellow collections here designated as lectotypes are included.
Nuevas combinaciones en el género Glandularia (Verbenaceace)
O'Leary,Nataly; Peralta,Paola;
Darwiniana , 2007,
Abstract: verbena and glandularia are two genera of verbenaceae closely related by their morphology. in this work, six species of verbena from southern brazil, uruguay and chile are transferred to glandularia: g. catharinae, g. corymbosa, g. dusenii, g. gynobasis, g. hatschbachii and g. jordanensis, based on several typical glandularia features, such as those related to habit, style length, inflorescence types and position of teeth on the fructiferous calyx, among others. descriptions, illustrations and a distribution map are also provided.
Nuevas combinaciones en el género Glandularia (Verbenaceace)
Nataly O`Leary,Paola Peralta
Darwiniana , 2007,
Abstract: Verbena y Glandularia son dos géneros de Verbenaceae morfológicamente afines. En este trabajo se transfieren seis especies del género Verbena a Glandularia: G. catharinae, G. corymbosa, G. dusenii, G. gynobasis, G. hatschbachii y G. jordanensis, sobre la base de caracteres típicos de Glandularia, como los relacionados con el hábito, la longitud del estilo, el tipo de inflorescencia y la posición de los dientes del cáliz fructífero, entre otros. Estas seis especies crecen en el sur de Brasil, Uruguay y Chile. Se incluyen descripciones, ilustraciones y un mapa de distribución.
Nataly O'Leary,Paola Peralta,María E. Múlgura
Darwiniana , 2011,
Abstract: Se presenta una sinopsis del género Junellia, fundamentada en la reciente recircunscripción del género sobre la base de estudios de filogenia molecular y análisis de caracteres morfológicos. Se aporta una clave que incluye las 37 especies de Junellia según la más actual definición del género, se presenta una descripción actualizada del género y se establecen las diferencias con los demás géneros de la tribu Verbeneae. Se describen y/o ilustran nueve especies y una variedad de Junellia no tratadas previamente o cuyas descripciones son aquí enmendadas. Se proponen también dos nuevas combinaciones: Junellia hookeriana var. catamarcensis y Junellia trifida, y ocho nuevos sinónimos.
Are Dual-Method Messages Undermining STI/HIV Prevention?
Ann O'Leary
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/691210
Abstract: Adolescent girls and young women who are at risk for unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI), including HIV, are frequently counseled to use a hormonal contraceptive to protect against the former and condoms to protect against the latter, for exampe, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2011. The present paper reviews the literature on multiple risk messages, compliance with this dual-use recommendation, predictors of dual use, and interventions developed to encourage dual use. Data indicate that simultaneous use of these two methods is not common, and that efforts to encourage dual use have not yielded promising results. An alternative is to recommend condom use alone, since condoms protect very well against STI and HIV, and quite well against pregnancy when used consistently and correctly. The availability of emergency contraception is relevant here. Research utilizing a randomized controlled trial is recommended. 1. Introduction: Why Recommend Dual Protection during Sex? Unprotected sex can have numerous consequences, including unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STI). Among US teens and young women, both are all too common and occur disproportionately within the same population: low-income women of color, especially African American women. In 2009, 410,000 teens aged 15–19 gave birth in the United States [1]. It is estimated that half of all pregnancies are unintended, and the figure is higher—62%—among women with incomes below the poverty level [2]. Poverty is also a risk factor for HIV/AIDS and other STIs [3, 4]. HIV incidence among those aged 13–29 is estimated to be 27% of the total 21,000 cases per year [5]. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicated that, among sexually experienced girls aged 14–19, 38% had at least one of five STIs [6]. The rate for African American girls was 44%. It is critical that everything possible be done to reduce the prevalence both of unintended pregnancy and STI, the greatest risk for which is largely present among the same young women. Hormonal contraceptives (HCs), which are highly effective at preventing pregnancy, do not prevent STI, including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). On the other hand, male condoms, if used correctly and consistently, greatly reduce transmission of HIV [7] and STI [8, 9]. In an effort to prevent both unintended pregnancy and STI, guidelines for adolescents recommend encouraging the use of both male condoms and another contraceptive: “ sexually active adolescents should be encouraged to
Analysis of the mushy region in conduction-convection problems with change of phase
Mike O'Leary
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 1997,
Abstract: where convective motion of the liquid affects the change of phase. The mushy region is the portion of the system to which temperature and enthalpy do not assign a phase, solid or liquid. In this paper we show that the enthalpy density remains constant in time almost everywhere in the mushy region.
Pressure conditions for the local regularity of solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations
Mike O'Leary
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 1998,
Abstract: We obtain a relationship between the integrability of the pressure gradient and the the integrability of the velocity for local solutions of the Navier--Stokes equations with finite energy. In particular, we show that if the pressure gradient is sufficiently integrable, then the corresponding velocity is locally bounded and smooth in the spatial variables. The result is proven by using De Giorgi type estimates in $L^{ m weak}_p$ spaces.
Models of Consensus for Multiple Agent Systems
Daniel E. O'Leary
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Models of consensus are used to manage multiple agent systems in order to choose between different recommendations provided by the system. It is assumed that there is a central agent that solicits recommendations or plans from other agents. That agent the n determines the consensus of the other agents, and chooses the resultant consensus recommendation or plan. Voting schemes such as this have been used in a variety of domains, including air traffic control. This paper uses an analytic model to study the use of consensus in multiple agent systems. The binomial model is used to study the probability that the consensus judgment is correct or incorrect. That basic model is extended to account for both different levels of agent competence and unequal prior odds. The analysis of that model is critical in the investigation of multiple agent systems, since the model leads us to conclude that in some cases consensus judgment is not appropriate. In addition, the results allow us to determine how many agents should be used to develop consensus decisions, which agents should be used to develop consensus decisions and under which conditions the consensus model should be used.
Current Techniques and Practices for Myocardial Stress Testing—A Comparative Survey between Malta and International Nuclear Medicine Centres  [PDF]
Karen Borg Grima, Desiree OLeary, Paul Bezzina, Louise Rainford
Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics (OJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojcd.2014.44031
Abstract: Objectives: The study compared cardiac scintigraphy stress scanning practices applied in a National Maltese Nuclear Medicine centre and in international centres. This was achieved through the design of an online survey which investigated participant knowledge of stress testing, and current procedural practice. Methods: An online survey comprising 12 questions was prepared using Survey Monkey. Professional Nuclear Medicine groups such as the Medical-Physics-Engineering community and Virtual Radiopharmacy were targeted. Access to the survey remained open for eight months during which a periodic reminder was sent to optimise the response rate. Forty-three members responded from across Europe and Australasia. Chi-square tests and comparisons between multiple responses using IBM SPSS 20 were used to evaluate the results. Information related to Maltese practice was collated separately for review and comparative purposes. Results: The online survey participants comprised United Kingdom [72%], other European countries [18%] and Australasia [9%]. The majority of respondents [n = 39] reported pharmacological stress testing as being performed either alone or in conjunction with exercise stress testing as the preferred option. Most participants [60%] were aware of local stress test protocols but had limited knowledge in relation to guidelines designed for cases where patients were not suitable for pharmacological stress testing. Conclusion: The survey provided information about procedures within participating centres for scintigraphic cardiac stress scanning. Differences were identified with regards to the preferred radiopharmaceutical tracers and procedural protocols. Further investigation of examination techniques is warranted, with the aim of increasing standardisation of protocol compliance and the application of more suitable practice.
Lessons from the Real World: Financial Incentives to Improve Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes  [PDF]
June F. OLeary, Janelle Howe, Jeremy Rich, Glenn Melnick
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.102014
Abstract: Objectives: While the value of glycemic control to minimize adverse health outcomes among patients with diabetes is clear, achieving hemoglobin A1c (A1c) goals remain a challenge. We evaluated the use of financial incentives to increase enrollment and improve glycemic control among patients invited to participate in a monthly diabetes group appointment (DGA) as part of their enrollment in DaVita HealthCare Partners, a large southern California managed care organization. Methods: Adult diabetes patients (≥18 years) with a currently uncontrolled hemoglobin A1c level (>8.0% if <65 years=\"\" and=\"\">9.0% if ≥ 65 years) were randomized to 1) no DGA, 2) DGA with no financial incentives (non-incentive DGA) or 3) DGA with financial incentives (incentive DGA). Results: Nine sites among four regions of the greater Los Angeles area participated. Each site offered one non-incentive DGA and one incentive DGA. Over 1500 patients were identified for recruitment and at the peak of enrollment, 299 patients were enrolled in 18 DGAs. On average, hemoglobin A1c values dropped more for patients participating in the incentive DGA (9.9% to 8.7%, -1.2%) versus non-incentive DGA (9.7% to 9.0%, -0.7%) versus no DGA group (9.1% to 8.7%, -0.4%). Several unexpected implementation challenges arose which complicated evaluation but provide important learning lessons. Conclusions: Management of chronic diseases like diabetes is challenging for patients and the primary care system alike. Continuing to implement and evaluate programs under “real-world” conditions can provide further insight into how best to support patients with diabetes and their primary care teams in order to achieve glycemic control and avoid preventable complications.
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