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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 327958 matches for " Natalia Sánchez "
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La carga de la enfermedad
Sánchez Díaz,Natalia;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2005,
Abstract: the purpose of developing indicators that reveal population status, is to get closer to real health problems that can be modified through health policies and measured periodically. this review presents an introduction to some epidemiological indicators, focusing on dalys (disability adjusted life years). this indicator has acquired relevance in the psychiatric field, predicting that major depression will become the second most important disability producing disease.
La carga de la enfermedad Introduction to Health and Disability Indicators.
Natalia Sánchez Díaz
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2005,
Abstract: El propósito de crear indicadores que demuestren el estado de salud de la población es poder acercarse a problemas de salud que sean susceptibles de modificación, por medio de políticas de salud. En esta revisión se presenta una introducción a un indicador epidemiológico: a os de vida ajustados por discapacidad (AVAD). Este indicador ha adquirido gran importancia en psiquiatría, al conocerse que la depresión mayor ocupará en el mundo el segundo lugar en la lista de enfermedades discapacitantes en el 2020. The purpose of developing indicators that reveal population status, is to get closer to real health problems that can be modified through health policies and measured periodically. This review presents an introduction to some epidemiological indicators, focusing on DALYs (disability adjusted life years). This indicator has acquired relevance in the psychiatric field, predicting that major depression will become the second most important disability producing disease.
Política, cultura, políticas culturales y consumo cultural en Venezuela
Emilia Bermúdez,Natalia Sánchez
Espacio Abierto , 2009,
Abstract:
The Normalization of the “Active-Sedentary” Lifestyle in Spanish Youth  [PDF]
David Moscoso-Sánchez, Raúl Sánchez-García, Maria Martín-Rodríguez, Natalia Pedrajas-Sanz
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.47021
Abstract: Sedentarism has become one of the major concerns of our times. Nowadays people spend most of the time sitting down and moving by mechanical means instead of exercising themselves. Younger generations do only a little more sport today than their counterparts did a decade ago. In other words, sedentary habits have become common in our society, especially among the young. What cultural mechanisms have contributed to this? What are the consequences of a sedentary lifestyle for our health and well-being? These are the questions we have posed in this study. We conducted qualitative research among Spanish young people, and the results have provided important clues to help us understand better how “active sedentarism” has become the norm among young people.
Plan de implementación de dos Guías de Práctica Clínica (GPC) contenidas en las Guías de Atención Integral (GAI) en el Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud de Colombia: A) "Detección temprana del episodio depresivo y trastorno depresivo recurrente en adultos. Atención integral de los adultos con diagnóstico de episodio depresivo o trastorno depresivo recurrente (GPC-depresión)". B) "Detecc
Natalia Sánchez Díaz,Andrés Duarte Osorio
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: Las guías de práctica clínica (GPC) son recomendaciones sistemáticas, con la mejor evidencia clínica disponible, para ayudar a que médicos y pacientes tomen decisiones sobre la atención sanitaria más apropiada y a seleccionar las opciones diagnósticas y terapéuticas más adecuadas al abordar un problema de salud o una condición clínica. Una vez obtenidas estas recomendaciones, es crucial que sean adoptadas en la práctica clínica diaria, y el proceso mediante el cual se busca lograr este cambio es conocido como implementación. Este documento contiene las recomendaciones para implementar GPC de dos patologías psiquiátricas: 1) episodio depresivo y trastorno depresivo recurrente en adultos y 2) fase aguda de intoxicación por abuso o dependencia del alcohol. Método: Se describe el proceso de implementación recomendado, se identifican las barreras y facilitadores encontrados en las dos guías y el listado de los indicadores de gestión y de desenlace clínico para su monitoreo en el Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud de Colombia. Conclusión: Las GPC contienen recomendaciones con la mejor evidencia clínica disponible. Es un reto hacer que esta herramienta sea adoptada por los usuarios, y por ello es necesario seguir el plan de difusión, diseminación e implementación, atender a los obstáculos y facilitadores intrínsecos y extrínsecos de las GPC y realizar un monitoreo con los indicadores descritos para medir el proceso de implementación (indicadores de gestión) y el efecto de las GPC en la práctica clínica (indicadores de desenlace clínico). Introduction: Clinical practice guides (CPGs) are systematically recommended, with the best clinical evidence available, to help physicians and patients in decision-making concerning the most adequate sanitary care as well as the selection of the best diagnostic and therapeutic options when facing a health problem or a clinical condition. After obtaining these recommendations, it is crucial to adopt them in daily clinical practice; the process through which this change is sought is known as implementation. This document contains recommendations for implementing CPGs in two psychiatric pathologies: 1) depressive episode and recurrent depressive disorder in adults, and 2) acute intoxication phase in cases of alcohol abuse or dependence. Methodology: The recommended implementation process is described; besides, barriers and facilitators found in the two guides, together with the list of management indicators and clinical outcomes, are identified for their monitoring within the General Health Social Securit
Nidificación de la Loica Pampeana (Sturnella defilippii) en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cozzani,Natalia C.; Sánchez,Rocío; Zalba,Sergio M.;
El hornero , 2004,
Abstract: pampas grasslands are possibly the most severely degraded ecosystem in argentina, mainly due to the advance of animal and crop farming. these activities have a negative impact on grassland birds, including the pampas meadowlark (sturnella defilippii), a species considered vulnerable. in this paper we present data from a reproductive group of pampas meadowlark in the vicinity of bahía blanca, buenos aires province. during the spring and summer of 2003 we found 16 nests in a field with a low stocking rate. we recorded hatching and nest abandonment by nestlings, as well as predation and adult behaviour. we found the first nest on 18 november, and the others up until 6 december. nests were arranged in a clustered pattern; they were cup shaped with an external diameter of 9.5 cm, an internal diameter of 8.9 cm and a depth of 5.2 cm. they were mainly constructed with grasses, and placed on the ground amongst tussocks of stipa spp. and piptochaetium spp. the mean clutch size was 3.14 eggs per nest. half of the detected nests were predated. our results reinforce the opinion of other authors concerning the importance of natural grasslands for the reproduction of this species.
El lugar de la memoria, la justicia y la legitimidad en la identidad y la mediación de conflictos en el Modelo Relacional Simbólico de Milán
Restrepo Espinosa,María Helena; Sánchez Brice?o,Natalia;
Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana , 2010,
Abstract: the following article includes a revision of the concepts of memory and legitimacy to understand conflict mediation, based on the relational symbolic model, developed by the group of family and community mediation of the università cattolica del sacro cuore of milano. the conflict mediation is based on the concept of ?bonding? as a structure that supports relationships, which is considered the symbolic fundament of the ethical and affective structures. these two axis support the bonding and include the categories of trust, hope, justice and loyalty. within this paradigm, the mediation of conflicts and the function of collective memory introduce other possibilities to understand justice and legitimacy as a core in the preservation and maintenance of family and community bonds.
Las jóvenes y los jóvenes universitarios en Venezuela: prácticas discursivas y construcción de representaciones de identidades políticas
Bermúdez,Emilia; Martínez,Gildardo; Sánchez,Natalia;
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2009,
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to analyze how some young venezuelan university students and political leaders build representations of their political identities through discursive practices. it uses discourse analysis taking into account the production of discourse and focuses on those speeches produced by the student movement and leaders of this movement with more significant visibility in the recent student protests. we conclude that the discursive practices of young university students and young university leaders can be seen as ways to construct representations of their political identities. at the same time, these representations are part of the political and ideological struggle between two different points of view regarding venezuelan society
Actividad diurética de extractos acuosos de Polylepis australis Bitter (que?oa)
Daud Thoene,Adriana; Habib Intersimone,Natalia; Sánchez Riera,Alicia;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2007,
Abstract: the aim of this paper was to carry out an experimental study in wistar rats in order to analyze the diuretic activity of aqueous extracts of the leaves and bark of que?oa, polylepis australis bitter, administered by oral route. the diuretic effect of the extracts was proved at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg, presenting higher action, diuretic and saluretic activity against the control group and furosemide (20 mg/kg). the na+/k+ ratio was analyzed and it was observed an increase against the negative control and a decrease against the reference diuretic, which would suggest that the aqueous extracts of leaves and bark of que?oa could act as thiazide diuretics, which rise the urinary levels of k+, altering the na+/k+ ratio. the results would validate the popular use of the leaves and bark of que?oa as an antihypertensive as a result of its diuretic activity.
Efecto diurético de extractos acuosos y alcohólicos de flores de Phrygilanthus acutifolius (corpo) en ratas
Habib Intersimone,Natalia; Daud Thoene,Adriana; Sánchez Riera,Alicia;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2005,
Abstract: an experimental study was conducted in wistar rats, to evaluate the potential diuretic effect of aqueous and ethanol extracts of flowers from phrygilanthus acutifolius (ruiz & pav.) eichler in doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg of body weight. results were compared to those obtained from furosemide in dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight (reference diuretic) and saline solution (negative control). urinary excretion was measured at 24 h, and the concentration of na+ , k+ , cl- , ca2+ and p was determined in the final volume. diuretic action of extracts from phrygilanthus acutifolius was confirmed. aqueous and ethanol extracts at the dose of 200 mg/kg of body weight demonstrated more natriuretic activity than the others studied doses. on comparing them with furosemide, it was observed that the excretion of potassium in urine decrease, which suggested a diuretic action acting as potassium savers. further researches are necessary to elucidate the mechanism of diuretic action of the analyzed extracts.
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