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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 44 matches for " Naria Abolghasemi "
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Determinants of Breastfeeding Promotion as Perceived by Health Personnel
Naria Abolghasemi,Effat Sadat Merghati Khoie
Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Aim: Demographic, physical, social and psychological factors make breastfeeding and its maintenance complex. Despite extensive breastfeeding promotion programs, no progress has been achieved. As breastfeeding is a phenomenon embedded in culture and folk perceptions, identification of its key determinants is essential when designing policies and implementing programs. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study, data were collected from 35 health professionals through a 4-day group interview using a structured questionnaire (open-end questions). The participants were purposefully recruited from among the health professionals attending a 4-day breastfeeding promotion workshop. Results: The determinants of breastfeeding were categorized into 2 main domains, namely, peoples perception of breastfeeding phenomenon and approaches employed in its promotion. The former domain was described by beliefs, demographic characteristics, social variables, and indigenous theories, and the later by practice in the cultural and social context, policies, interactions and practical skills. Conclusion: From the participants perspective, misperceptions of people can determine the degree of success or failure of a breastfeeding promotion program. Our findings confirm that peoples perceptions are deeply influenced by their demographic characteristics, folk theories and social variables. As regards the breastfeeding promotion domain, the barriers are social-cultural factors rooted in the local beliefs and folk theories. The participants listed the breastfeeding promotion determinants as lactation policies and health providers performance related to their skill in effective communication with mothers. Our findings also indicate that wrong beliefs, maternal and child diseases, caesarian section, and mothers employment were believed to be deterrents in promoting breastfeeding in the community and that pediatricians, obstetricians and other health professionals can play key roles in the field. Based on our findings, we can further conclude that the phenomenon of breastfeeding and its maintenance are deep-rooted in social structure and cultural diversity. When designing and implementing breastfeeding promotion programs, local variables and determinants should be taken into consideration.
La provenance des participants au grand raid de la Réunion
Olivier Bessy,Olivier Naria
M@ppemonde , 2004,
Abstract: The Grand Raid de la Réunion is a 125 km running race that crosses the entire island of Reunion. The competition, whose fame is growing, is beginning to attract runners from all over the world. However, most participants still come from French-speaking countries and entrants from Reunion are from the most urbanised municipalities.
Whether The FALAJ is Paralysis?
Reyhaneh ABOLGHASEMI
Journal of Neurological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Human is always looking for solving their problems. He uses a variety of new and old scientific resources. One of the old human diseases is damage to the organs of the motor and sensory. Today, some of the injuries, such as spinal cord injury (SCI) are not fully curable.Traumatic spinal cord injury is a sudden event with possibly catastrophic effects.Traditional resources and opinions during the past could be helpful to solve some of these injuries. The initial step in the review of the old literature is terminology. In this paper, the terminology which associated with motor and sensory impairment in the Iranian traditional medicine has been compared with conventional medicine. Knowing these terms can be helpful in utilizing of old Persian resources.
A Comparison of Social Problem Solving in Patients with OCD, PTSD, PD and Non-Patient Controls: To Control of the Intolerance of Uncertainty
Abbass Abolghasemi,Mohammad Narimani
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that patients with of OCD, PTSD and PD would score higher than non-patient group on scales of negative problem orientation, impulsivity/carelessness style and avoidance style and score lower than non-patients on scales of positive problem orientation style and rational problem solving style of the SPSI-R. The Social Problem Solving Inventory of Revised and Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale were administered to patients who met DSM-IV criteria for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (n = 43), patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (n = 41) and patients with panic disorder (39) and 79 non-patients. A one way Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) with group (OCD, PTSD, PD and non-patient), the 5 SPSI-R scale, was performed, revealed a significant main effect for group (p<0.001).One follow-up univariate analysis of covariance, controlling for intolerance of uncertainty was conducted for each SPSI-R scale. The results showed that patients with of OCD, PTSD and PD would score higher than non-patient group on scales of negative problem orientation, impulsivity/carelessness style and avoidance style and score lower than non-patients on scales of positive problem orientation style and rational problem solving. These findings suggest that social problem solving may be a core feature of anxiety disorders.
On Calculation of Adomian Polynomials by MATLAB
Hooman FATOOREHCHI,Hossein ABOLGHASEMI
Journal of Applied Computer Science & Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: Adomian Decomposition Method (ADM) is an elegant technique to handle an extensive class of linear or nonlinear differential and integral equations. However, in case of nonlinear equations, ADM demands a special representation of each nonlinear term, namely, Adomian polynomials. The present paper introduces a novel MATLAB code which computes Adomian polynomials associated with several types of nonlinearities. The code exploits symbolic programming incorporated with a recently proposed alternative scheme to be straightforward and fast. For the sake of exemplification, Adomian polynomials of famous nonlinear operators, computed by the code, are given.
The Effect of File Size on the Accuracy of the Raypex 5 Apex Locator: An In Vitro Study
Shiva Sadeghi,Masoomeh Abolghasemi
Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects , 2008,
Abstract: Background and aims. Determining the proper length of the root canals is essential for successful endodontic treatment. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of file size on the accuracy of the Raypex 5 electronic apex locator for working length determination of uninstrumented canals. Materials and methods. Twenty maxillary central incisors with single straight canals were used. Following access cavity preparation, electronic working length by means of Raypex 5 apex locator and actual working length were determined. Data were analyzed using ANOVA with repeated measurements and LSD test. Results. There was no significant difference between electronic and actual working lengths when a size 15 K-file was used. Conclusion. Under the conditions of the present study, a size 15 K-file is a more suitable size for determining working length.
A Comparison of Social Problem Solving in Patients with OCD, PTSD, PD and Non-Patient Controls: To Control of the Intolerance of Uncertainty
Abbass Abolghasemi,Mohammad Narimani
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that patients with of OCD, PTSD and PD would score higher than non-patient group on scales of negative problem orientation, impulsivity/carelessness style and avoidance style and score lower than non-patients on scales of positive problem orientation style and rational problem solving style of the SPSI-R. The Social Problem Solving Inventory of Revised and Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale were administered to patients who met DSM-IV criteria for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (n = 43), patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (n = 41) and patients with panic disorder (39) and 79 non-patients. A one way Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) with group (OCD, PTSD, PD and non-patient), the 5 SPSI-R scale, was performed, revealed a significant main effect for group (p<0.001).One follow-up univariate analysis of covariance, controlling for intolerance of uncertainty was conducted for each SPSI-R scale. The results showed that patients with of OCD, PTSD and PD would score higher than non-patient group on scales of negative problem orientation, impulsivity/carelessness style and avoidance style and score lower than non-patients on scales of positive problem orientation style and rational problem solving. These findings suggest that social problem solving may be a core feature of anxiety disorders.
The Relation of Alexithymia and Cognitive /Behavioral Coping Strategies with Psychological Vulnerability of Women with Somatization Disorder
Abbas Abolghasemi,Soheyla Meysami Bonab
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: There is little information about the relationship of alexithymia and cognitive/behavioral coping strategies with psychological vulnerability. The recent studies indicate that alexithymia and coping strategies affect psychological vulnerability. The present study aims to determine the relationship of alexithymia and cognitive/behavioral coping strategies with psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder. Materials and Methods: The samples of this study included 120 patients with somatization disorder who were selected as convenience sampling among those who attended the psychology centers of Ardabil. Pain coping questionnaire, alexithymia questionnaire, and symptom questionnaire were used to collect the information. The research data were analyzed using the Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis methods. Results: The results indicated that there are significant correlations between alexithymia (r = 0.52), cognitive coping strategies (r = -0.27), behavioral coping strategies (r = -0.33) and psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder. The results of step-by-step multivariate regression analysis suggested that alexithymia and cognitive/ behavioral coping strategies clarifies 37 percent of the variance of psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder.Conclusion: These findings indicate that cognitive/behavioral coping strategies and alexithymia are associated to psychological vulnerability of women with somatization disorder. In addition, these results have special application in prevention, pathology as well as psychotherapy of this disorder.
Scale-free equilibria of self-gravitating gaseous disks with flat rotation curves
Mir Abbas Jalali,Mehdi Abolghasemi
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1086/343849
Abstract: We introduce exact analytical solutions of the steady-state hydrodynamic equations of scale-free, self-gravitating gaseous disks with flat rotation curves. We express the velocity field in terms of a stream function and obtain a third-order ordinary differential equation (ODE) for the angular part of the stream function. We present the closed-form solutions of the obtained ODE and construct hydrodynamical counterparts of the power-law and elliptic disks, for which self-consistent stellar dynamical models are known. We show that the kinematics of the Large Magellanic Cloud can well be explained by our findings for scale-free elliptic disks.
Study of the Effectiveness of Social Skills Training on Social and Emotional Competence among Students with Mathematics Learning Disorder  [PDF]
Sevil Momeni, Manoucher Barak, Reza Kazemi, Abbas Abolghasemi, Masoud Babaei, Frahnaz Ezati
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.38191
Abstract: Introduction: the objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of life skills training on social and emotional competence of students with mathematics learning disorder. Materials and Methods: in this study, 40 students with mathematics learning disorder were randomly selected in two groups including experimental and control. Key math test and Felner social competence questionnaire were used for data gathering. Intervention group was trained by life skills in eight sessions within one month. At the same time, control group was not trained. The students of both groups filled Felner social competence questionnaire before and after training. Then, the data were analyzed by multi-variant variance analysis test. Findings: the results showed that life skills training significantly improved social and emotional competence among the students with mathematics learning disorder. Conclusion: life skills training improved social and emotional competence among the students with mathematics learning disorder and can be used as an appropriate approach for the improvement of children’s social and emotional competence in learning disorder schools.
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