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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4145 matches for " Narayan Prasad Chaulagain "
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Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources of Nepal with Reference to the Glaciers in the Langtang Himalayas
Narayan Prasad Chaulagain
Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/jhm.v6i1.5489
Abstract: The impacts of climate change on water resources of Nepal with reference to snow and glacier were assessed. Empirical glacier mass model was applied to all the glaciers upstream of the Kyangjing hydrological station in the Langtang Valley in the Nepal Himalayas in order to assess their sensitivity to the increases in temperature. The analysis has revealed that the glaciers in the study area of the Nepal Himalayas are shrinking rapidly and may disappear within less than two centuries, if the current glacier melting rate continues. Most of the glaciers will disappear within 3-4 decades; there may be only 24% of the present glacier-ice reserve left in the study basin of the Nepal Himalayas by 2100 AD even without any further warming which may result in serious adverse impacts on the water resources of Nepal.
The Microbial Invasion of Gastro Intestianal Tract and Habit of Drinking Water Immediately after Meals
Kamal Prasad Parajuli,Durga Devi Chaulagain,Ganesh Singh,Medhabi Shrestha
Journal of Nobel Medical College , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/jonmc.v3i1.10056
Abstract: The prime role of the hydrochloric acid secreted by the parietal cells of the stomach is to assist in digestion of food .The another important role of it is to assist in immunity. The presence and secretion of the hydrochloric acid is a part of innate immunity that fights against the pathogens that enter our body through oral route. However if a person drinks fluids while eating food, the hydrochloric acid whose pH is 2-3, is greatly diluted and as a result the acid cannot effectively prevent the invasion of the GI tract by pathogens that are present in our food and water .This study reveals that those subjects who do not drink water while eating food but drink it after one hour of consumption of food are less likely to be infected with pathogens through GI tracts. Whereas those people who drink water while taking food are more prone to be infected by the pathogens. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jonmc.v3i1.10056 ? Journal of Nobel Medical College Vol.3(1) 2014; 58-61
Flow routing with Semi-distributed hydrological model HEC- HMS in case of Narayani River Basin
Narayan Prasad Gautam
Journal of the Institute of Engineering , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/jie.v10i1.10877
Abstract: ?Routing is the modeling process to determine the outflow at an outlet from given inflow at upstream of the channel. A hydrological simulation model use mathematical equations that establish relationships between inputs and outputs of water system and simulates the catchment response to the rainfall input. Several hydrological models have been developed to assist in understanding of hydrologic system and water resources management. A model, once calibrated and verified on catchments, provides a multi-purpose tool for further analysis. Semi-Distributed models in hydrology are usually physically based in that they are defined in terms of theoretically acceptable continuum equations. They do, however, involve some degree of lumping since analytical solutions to the equations cannot be found, and so approximate numerical solutions, based on a finite difference or finite element discretization of the space and time dimensions, are implemented.?Many rivers in Nepal are either ungauged or poorly gauged due to extreme complex terrains, monsoon climate and lack of technical and financial supports. In this context the role of hydrological models are extremely useful. In practical applications, hydrological routing methods are relatively simple to implement reasonably accurate.?In this study, Gandaki river basin was taken for the study area. Kinematic wave method was used for overland routing and Muskingum cunge method was applied for channel routing to describe the discharge on Narayani river and peak flow attenuation and dispersion observed in the direct runoff hydrograph. Channel cross section parameters are extracted using HEC- GeoRAS extension tool of GIS. From this study result, Annual runoff, Peak flow and time of peak at the outlet are similar to the observed flow in calibration and verification period using trapezoidal channel. Hence Hydrological modeling is a powerful technique in the planning and development of integrated approach for management of water resources.? DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jie.v10i1.10877 Journal of the Institute of Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2014 pp. 45-58
WTO and Nepalese Financial Institutions
Narayan Prasad Kafle
Banking Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/bj.v1i1.5139
Abstract: This article attempts to unveil the possible consequences that have emerged due to Nepal’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements and the preparedness to be demonstrated by the Nepalese financial institutions in reference to their efforts of capacity enhancement so as to set up themselves at par with the international standards. Beginning from the agreed General Agreements on Trade and Services (GATS) provisions on Financial Sector Service (FSS), this paper shall attempt to expose the gap between the expected accommodations and the existing realities. The fundamental assumption manifested through this article is the requirement to perform in urgency so as to take the potential benefits of WTO provisions since there is no way out as Nepal has already signed the agreement. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/bj.v1i1.5139 Banking Journal Vol.1(1) 2011: 13-18
On 2 - normed space valued paranormed null sequence space
Narayan Prasad Pahari
BIBECHANA , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/bibechana.v10i0.9308
Abstract: In this paper we introduce and study a new class c 0 ( S, α ̄ , u ̄ , ||. , .|| ) of sequences with values in 2- normed space as a generalization of basic null sequence space c 0 . We investigate some conditions pertaining to the containment relations of the class c 0 ( S, α ̄ , u ̄ , ||. , .|| ) in terms of different α ̄ and u ̄ and explore the linear topological structures of the space c 0 ( S, αoline; , u ̄ , ||. , .|| ) by endowing it with a suitable natural paranorm. BIBECHANA 10 (2014) 20-30 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/bibechana.v10i0.9308
Lived Experiences of Middle Level Leaders in the Nepali Institutional Schools
Narayan Prasad Kafle
Journal of Education and Research , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/jer.v3i2.8398
Abstract: This paper explicates the contextually embedded meaning of being middle level leaders in Nepali institutional schools. Using in-depth interview and protocol writing as the means of data generation, this article unearths the experience of three middle level leaders. Distributed leadership theory (Spillane, 2006) and its constructs of leadership plus aspect and leadership practice aspect provide the theoretical lens to unveil the myths and realities of being middle level leaders. All three participants shared their common acknowledgement about the significance and sensitivity of middle level leadership roles for school administration and effectiveness. Individual essence of being a middle level leader was contingent to the very context where they worked. Their feelings of being relegated, marginalized, helplessness or of high exhilaration were subjects to the contextual reality.?
Impacts of Climate Change as Evident in the Langtang Catchment
Narayan Prasad Gautam
Hydro Nepal: Journal of Water, Energy and Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/hn.v15i0.11289
Abstract: Nepal has felt the adverse impact of climate change even though its contribution to global greenhouse gases (GHGs) is negligible. Many scientists have expressed concern that the general rise in temperatures at high altitudes poses a serious environmental and humanitarian threat in Nepal as many glaciers and glacial lakes are located in the high Himalayas. For this study, I have observed rising temperatures in the Langtang catchment and compared the proportional rise of high altitude and low altitude temperatures as these will have serious implications for glaciers and glacial lakes in the region. As well, conducted a time series observation of water flow and noted that the river flow in the Langtang catchment are decreasing. Given these findings, Nepal may be facing increasing water scarcity while also keeping more serious watch on glacial melt. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hn.v15i0.11289 HYDRO Nepal Journal Journal of Water, Energy and Environment Volume: 15, 2014, July Page: 30-36
Hermeneutic phenomenological research method simplified
Narayan Prasad Kafle
Bodhi: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/bodhi.v5i1.8053
Abstract: This write-up aims to first clarify the notion of phenomenology by offering sayings of different experts of this genre. Thereafter, it attempts to briefly trace its genesis and classify this broad idea in three different schools viz. transcendental, hermeneutic and existential. After discussing very precisely on each of these schools, it focuses on the premises of hermeneutic phenomenology as a method for doing research. The purpose of this essay is to collect and exhibit a crude paradigmatic clue of doing a hermeneutic phenomenological research. During the course, it emphasizes on the metaphysical stance, methodological grounds, quality concerns and ethical issues that contribute to its paradigmatic assumptions. Bodhi: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 5, 2011, Page 181-200 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/bodhi.v5i1.8053
Effect of Dietary Lipids and Drumstick Leaves (Moringa oleifera) on Lipid Profile & Antioxidant Parameters in Rats  [PDF]
Neveda Oinam, Asna Urooj, Preetham Paul Phillips, Narayan Prasad Niranjan
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.32021
Abstract: The study investigated the influence of dietary vitamin E derived from drumstick leaves (DL, Moringa oleifera) on antioxidant status and plasma lipids in male rats, fed diets based on either palm (PO) or peanut oil (PN). Two control (PO & PN) and three experimental diets (PODL, PNDL & POPNDL) differing in dietary fat source supplemented with DL powder were fed (ad libitum, 8 weeks). The vitamin E content of control diets was 30 IU/kg while the experimental diets provided 60 IU/kg of diet. No significant differences in body weight, liver and adipose tissue weights were observed between the 5 groups, despite the difference in the type/source of fat used in the diets. After 8 weeks, the cholesterol and TBARS levels in the livers of rats fed PODL diet were lower than the other groups. In all 5 groups, plasma cholesterol decreased after 8 weeks, however, diets supplemented with DL powder resulted in decreases in both plasma cholesterol and lipid peroxides marked decrease (p < 0.05) compared to control group. The increase in plasma vitamin E levels were not significant. The data suggest that the combination of dietary fat and drumstick leaves as a source of antioxidant was beneficial as it reduced plasma cholesterol & lipid peroxidation.
Physico-Chemical Parameters of High-Altitude Rivers in the Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park, Nepal  [PDF]
Narayan Prasad Ghimire, Pramod Kumar Jha, Gianumberto Caravello
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.58077

The aim of this research was to analyse physical and chemical characteristics of high altitude rivers of the Sagarmatha National Park, Khumbu region. The study was conducted for three years from 2008 to 2010 in the elevation 1900 m to 5300 m of the park. The study develops a database for monitoring high land rivers of Nepal. The river water quality in general still stands good in terms of standards for drinking water (WHO, Nepal standard) but degradation process has started. Certain changes in water quality parameters in water bodies on the major tourist treks have been recorded, mainly due to anthropogenic activities, particularly tourists and waste disposal. Total nitrogen in water samples is lower than the WHO standard but an increase in the nitrate nitrogen has been recorded comparison between 2008, 2009 and 2010 as well as when compared with earlier reports. Similarly total phosphorous value was also found increased annually as well as earlier reports. It is urgent need to check further degradation of river water quality. The outcomes of this research work would be a useful tool to manage the river water ecosystem in Sagarmatha National Park and Buffer Zone.

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