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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 675 matches for " Naoto Horibe "
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Flow Drag and Heat Transfer Reduction Characteristics of Organic Brine (Potassium Acetate) and Inorganic Brine (Calcium Chloride) Solutions with Nonionic Surfactant
Naoto Haruki,Akihiko Horibe
Advances in Mechanical Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/206219
Abstract: Flow drag and heat transfer reduction effects are useful in heat energy transportation systems and can lead to lower pumping energy requirements. The purpose of this research is to describe the flow drag and heat transfer reduction characteristics of organic (potassium acetate) and inorganic (calcium chloride) brine solutions. The nonionic surfactant oleyl dihydroxyethyl amine oxide (ODEAO) is used as a drag-reducing additive. The pipe friction coefficient and heat transfer coefficient are investigated experimentally in a straight pipe for each type of solution with ODEAO. These coefficients are found to be lower than those of water in the turbulent flow range. However, the rod-like micelles of ODEAO, which are necessary to induce the flow drag reduction effect, are not readily formed in these solutions. Hence, the flow drag and heat transfer reduction effects are measured only under limited conditions and it is difficult to apply these solutions practically as heat transfer media. 1. Introduction Recently, there has been some interest in flow drag and heat transfer reduction effects as a practical means of reducing energy consumption. Previous studies have verified the energy conservation capabilities of flow drag and heat transfer reduction effects [1]. If a surfactant used as a flow drag reduction fluid is capable of lowering the pipe friction coefficient by up to 78%, the energy consumption efficiency of the surfactant solution will decrease by 44% compared to water. The flow drag and heat transfer reduction effects of organic brine solution are particularly useful for transport energy conservation, since the high viscosity of organic brine solution requires high pumping power for transportation. The reduced heat transfer coefficient of the flow drag reduction fluid not only decreases the heat loss from the pipe, but also degrades the performance of the heat exchanger. Heat transfer enhancement methods have been proposed by Kawaguchi et al. [2], Sato et al. [3], and the present authors [4] to increase this reduced heat transfer coefficient. When a surfactant is added to water, rod-like micelles can be formed by the functioning of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups of surfactant molecules [5]. In previous studies of the flow drag and heat transfer reduction effects of this phenomenon, suppression of the small-scale turbulent eddies of the solution caused the turbulent flow to laminarize [6]. Moreover, a surfactant was verified to be the most suitable additive, since its micelles are thermodynamically stable and self-assemble quickly after
Melting and Solidification Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Phase-Change Material in a Latent Heat Storage Vessel: Effects of a Perforated Partition Plate and Metal Fiber  [PDF]
Than Tun Naing, Akihiko Horibe, Naoto Haruki, Yutaka Yamada
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2017.58002
Abstract: Today, latent heat storage technology has advanced to allow reuse of waste heat in the middle-temperature range. This paper describes an approach to develop a latent heat storage system using middle-temperature waste heat (~100oC - 200oC) from factories. Direct contact melting and solidification behavior between a heat-transfer fluid (oil) and a latent heat storage material mixture were observed. The mixture consisted of mannitol and erythritol (Cm = 70 mass %, Ce = 30 mass %) as a phase-change material (PCM). The weight of the PCM was 3.0 kg and the flow rate of the oil, foil, was 1.0, 1.5, or 2.0 kg/min. To decrease the solidified height of the PCM mixture during the solidification process, a perforated partition plate was installed in the PCM region in the heat storage vessel. PCM coated oil droplets were broken by the perforated partition plate, preventing the solidified height of the PCM from increasing. The solidification and melting processes were repeated using metal fiber. It was found that installing the metal fiber was more effective than installing the perforated partition plate to prevent the flow out problem of the PCM.
Mode Switching and Collective Behavior in Chemical Oil Droplets
Naoto Horibe,Martin M. Hanczyc,Takashi Ikegami
Entropy , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/e13030709
Abstract: We have characterized several dynamic aspects of a simple chemical system capable of self-movement: An oil droplet in water system. We focused on spontaneous mode switching and collective behavior of droplets as emergent properties of the system. Droplets demonstrated spontaneous mode switching by changing speed, direction and acceleration over time, and collective behaviors of droplets resulted from such autonomous characteristics. In this paper, we quantitatively measured those characteristics to show that droplets did not act completely independently in the same system, but tend to be attracted to one another and interact with each other by adjusting their motion.
Experimental Study on Latent Heat Storage Characteristics of W/O Emulsion by Ultrasonic Wave Impression  [PDF]
Shin-ichi Morita, Yasutaka Hayamizu, Akihiko Horibe, Naoto Haruki, Hideo Inaba, Issei Higashi
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.32A008

The flowable latent heat storage material like Oil/Water type emulsion, microencapsulated latent heat material-water mixture or ice slurry, etc., is enabled to transport the latent heat in a pipe. Supercooling phenomenon of the dispersed latent heat storage material in continuous phase is obstructed by a latent heat storage. The latent heat storage rates of dispersed waterdrops in W/O (Water/Oil) emulsion are investigated experimentally in this study. The waterdrops in emulsion have the diameter within 3 - 25 μm, the averaged diameter of waterdrops is 7.3 μm and the standard deviation is 2.9 μm. Supercooling release of waterdrops in emulsion is examined by short time impressing of the ultrasonic. The direct contact heat exchange method is chosen as the phase change rate evaluation of waterdrops in W/O emulsion. The supercooled temperature is set as parameters of this study. The previous obtained experimental result, as the condition without impressing ultrasonic wave, showed that the 35 K or more degree from melting point brings 100% latent heat storage rate of W/O emulsion. It is clarified that it is possible to reduce 20 K of supercooling degree by impressing the ultrasonic.

Heat Transfer Characteristics of Work Fluid Including Phase Change Material That Flow into Heating Surface from Narrow Path  [PDF]
Shin-Ichi Morita, Yasutaka Hayamizu, Takanobu Yamada, Akihiko Horibe, Naoto Haruki, Toshiaki Setoguchi, Kazuma Adachi
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2014.45036
Abstract: Use of the low temperature (less than 100°C) energy contributes to effective use of heat resources. The cost recovery by power generation is difficult by using an existing system (the binary cycle or the thermoelectric conversion element), because the initial investment is large. The final purpose of this research is development of the low temperature difference drive engine supposing use in a hot-springs resort as a power source for electric power generation. In order that a traveler may look at and delight a motion of an engine, it is made to drive at low-speed number of rotations. An engine cycle of this study is aimed at the development of Stirling cycle engine which can maintain high efficiency in small size. This kind of engine has simple structure; it brings low cost, and it is easy to perform maintenance. However, it is difficult to obtain enough output by this type of engine, because of its low temperature difference. This paper deals with the heat transfer characteristic that the working fluid including a phase change material flows into the heating surface from the narrow path. In order to increase the amount of the heat transmission, Diethylether is added to the working fluid. Diethylether is selected as a phase change material (PCM) that has the boiling point which exists between the heat source of high temperature and low temperature. The parameters of the experiment are additive amount of PCM, rotational speed of the displacer piston and temperature of heat transfer surface. It is shown that it is possible to make exchange of heat amount increase by adding phase change material. The result of this research shows the optimal condition of the difference in temperature in heat processing, number of revolutions, and addition concentration of PCM.
Analyzing the House Fly's Exploratory Behavior with Autoregression Methods
Hisanao Takahashi,Naoto Horibe,Masakazu Shimada,Takashi Ikegami
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.77.084802
Abstract: This paper presents a detailed characterization of the trajectory of a single housefly with free range of a square cage. The trajectory of the fly was recorded and transformed into a time series, which was fully analyzed using an autoregressive model, which describes a stationary time series by a linear regression of prior state values with the white noise. The main discovery was that the fly switched styles of motion from a low dimensional regular pattern to a higher dimensional disordered pattern. This discovered exploratory behavior is, irrespective of the presence of food, characterized by anomalous diffusion.
A 100% Water Mobile Phase HPLC-PDA Analysis of Meamine and Related Analogues  [PDF]
Naoto Furusawa
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2012.34040
Abstract: This paper describes a reserved-phase high performance liquid chromatographic method for detecting melamine (MEL) and related analogues, cyanuric acid (CYA), ammeline (AML), and ammelide (AMD), using a 100% water mobile phase. Chromatographic separation was performed an Inertsil? ODS-4 (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with a water mobile phase and a photodiode-array detector. The monitoring wavelength was adjusted to 210 nm which represents an average maximum for all the analytes. The total run time was < 8 min. The method shows high stability, significant linearity and satisfactory sensitivity. The detection limits were established in the range 23 - 46 ng.mL–1. An inexpensive and harmless method for the simultaneous detection of MEL, CYA, AML, and AMD was developed and may be further applied to the quantification in foods.
Organic Solvent-Free and Simple Method for Determining Cyromazine and Its Metabolite, Melamine, in Cow’s Milk  [PDF]
Naoto Furusawa
Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation (JASMI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jasmi.2012.22013
Abstract: This paper described an organic solvent-free, rapid, simple, and space-saving method of sample preparation followed by HPLC coupled photo-diode array (PDA) detector for simultaneous quantification of cyromazine (CYR) and its decy-cropropylated metabolite, melamine (MEL), in milk. The HPLC-PDA was performed on an Inertsil? HILIC column with an isocratic aqueous mobile phase. Analytes were extracted from the sample using water, and purified by Mono-Spin?-C18, a centrifugal monolithic silica spin mini-columns, and quantified within 20 min. The method, performed under 100% aqueous conditions, obtained average recoveries for CYR and MEL in the range of 93.2% - 99.1% with relative standard deviations ≤ 2.8%. The quantitation limits were 8.5 ng/mL for CYR and 10 ng/mL for MEL, respectively. No organic solvents were used at any stage of the analysis.
Discrete Differential Geometry of n-Simplices and Protein Structure Analysis  [PDF]
Naoto Morikawa
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.516237

This paper proposes a novel discrete differential geometry of n-simplices. It was originally developed for protein structure analysis. Unlike previous works, we consider connection between space-filling n-simplices. Using cones of an integer lattice, we introduce tangent bundle-like structure on a collection of n-simplices naturally. We have applied the mathematical framework to analysis of protein structures. In this paper, we propose a simple encoding method which translates the conformation of a protein backbone into a 16-valued sequence.

Discrete Differential Geometry of Triangles and Escher-Style Trick Art  [PDF]
Naoto Morikawa
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2016.63013
Abstract: This paper shows the usefulness of discrete differential geometry in global analysis. Using the discrete differential geometry of triangles, we could consider the global structure of closed trajectories (of triangles) on a triangular mesh consisting of congruent isosceles triangles. As an example, we perform global analysis of an Escher-style trick art, i.e., a simpler version of “Ascending and Descending”. After defining the local structure on the trick art, we analyze its global structure and attribute its paradox to a singular point (i.e., a singular triangle) at the center. Then, the endless “Penrose stairs” is described as a closed trajectory around the isolated singular point. The approach fits well with graphical projection and gives a simple and intuitive example of the interaction between global and local structures. We could deal with higher dimensional objects as well by considering n-simplices (n > 2) instead of triangles.
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