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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 971 matches for " Naomi Lederer "
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Interactions: A Study of Office Reference Statistics
Naomi Lederer,Louise Mort Feldmann
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice , 2012,
Abstract: Objective – The purpose of this study was to analyze the data from a referencestatistics-gathering mechanism at Colorado State University (CSU) Libraries. It aimedprimarily to better understand patron behaviours, particularly in an academic librarywith no reference desk. Methods – The researchers examined data from 2007 to 2010 of College LiaisonLibrarians’ consultations with patrons. Data were analyzed by various criteria,including patron type, contact method, and time spent with the patron. Theinformation was examined in the aggregate, meaning all librarians combined, andthen specifically from the Liberal Arts and Business subject areas. Results – The researchers found that the number of librarian reference consultationsis substantial. Referrals to librarians from CSU’s Morgan Library’s one public servicedesk have declined over time. The researchers also found that graduate students arethe primary patrons and email is the preferred contact method overall. Conclusion – The researchers found that interactions with patrons in librarians’ offices – either in person or virtually – remain substantial even without a traditional reference desk. The data suggest that librarians’ efforts at marketing themselves to departments, colleges, and patrons have been successful. This study will be of value to reference, subject specialist, and public service librarians, and library administrators as they consider ways to quantify their work, not only for administrative purposes, but in order to follow trends and provide services and staffing accordingly.
Outside the Cage: Exploring Everyday Interactions between Government Workers and Residents in a Place-Based Health Initiative  [PDF]
Naomi Sunderland
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.31008
Abstract: This paper presents an ethnographic case study of the daily lived experience of place by government health and community workers in a place-based chronic disease initiative (PBI) located in a disadvantaged peri-urban area in Australia. The case study focused on the place at which the PBI staff members interfaced with the community informally as opposed to the deliberate interactions described in the formal community engagement strategy. Subtle social phenomena, such as social positioning and the contrasting cultures of bureaucracy and community, generated outcomes that were the antithesis of those sought by the PBI. If these characteristics of place are not attended to during the development of PBIs, we risk recreating existing social divides and jeopardizing the potential of these initiatives to build community capacity. This case study provides an important conceptual-theoretical understanding of the place-based approach, which can augment existing empirical studies of place. The findings are also relevant for those who are exploring the physical co-location of diverse professional groups in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods. It also exposes the inherent complexity of place and the futility of poorly designed bureaucratic responses.

Psychological Preparation of Children for Surgery: Awareness Survey Targeting Medical Professionals  [PDF]
Naomi Matsumori
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.47059

The objective of this study was to conduct a nation-wide survey to investigate the state of: 1) the prevalence of psychological preparation of children undergoing surgery; and 2) the awareness of psychological preparation of children by medical professionals (physicians and nurses). We also aimed to identify the issues that need to be addressed next. A total of 178 physicians and 291 nurses working in hospitals where children undergo surgeries participated in this study. Anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey. Physicians and nurses in Japan are aware of the need to provide age-appropriate psychological preparation for children undergoing medical procedures. In current practice, however, our study revealed that surgical orientations are given solely to parents in the absence of the child in approximately 30% of cases. While approximately 60% of respondents felt that the uses of “children’s picture books and booklets” are good methods for delivering explanations to children, only about 20% of respondents were implementing psychological preparation specific to each age group, and half of the respondents were providing verbal explanations alone. Meanwhile, 77% responded that it is “time-consuming” and 48% said, “on the contrary, it may heighten their anxiety”. Also 34.3% said that they “do not know how to explain to a child” and 54.8% of these medical professionals worked in mixed wards. We observed a gap between ideal requirements and current practices. We found that it is essential to: 1) organize training sessions for knowledge acquisition; 2) consciously strive to be informed of the actual post-surgery conditions and outcomes of the children; and 3) acquire physical and financial support.

Beweisen statt Testen - H here Zuverl ssigkeit durch die Java Modeling Language
Lederer Edgar
IMVS Fokus Report , 2008,
Abstract: Unser t gliches Leben wird immer st rker von Software durchdrungen; daher ist die Korrektheit von Software von fundamentaler Bedeutung. Gleichzeitig wird Software immer komplizierter; daher sind m chtige Methoden zum Nachweis dieser Korrektheit erforderlich. Der wichtigste Ansatz in dieser Sache – der mathematische Beweis der Korrektheit – gewinnt zusehends an Bedeutung für die industrielle Praxis. Im Folgenden werden die grundlegenden Ideen zu diesem Ansatz erl utert sowie eine aktuelle Sprache, die Java Modeling Language, zusammen mit ihren wichtigsten Werkzeugen zur Realisierung dieses Ansatzes vorgestellt.
Thrombolytische Therapie w hrend der kardiopulmonalen Reanimation (Ergebnisse in Innsbruck)
Lederer W
Journal für Kardiologie , 2003,
Abstract: Die retrospektive Datenauswertung von Patienten mit pr klinischem Herz-Kreislauf-Stillstand, die vom NAW-Team Innsbruck reanimiert worden sind, zeigt signifikant bessere prim re und sekund re Reanimationserfolge, wenn w hrend der kardiopulmonalen Reanimation (CPR) auch eine thrombolytische Therapie durchgeführt wurde. Eine thrombolyseassoziierte Erh hung der Blutungskomplikationen konnte nicht festgestellt werden. Das neurologische Endergebnis war in den meisten F llen sehr gut. Für die Notfallmedizin gilt die Lysetherapie w hrend der Reanimation derzeit nur als optionales therapeutisches Verfahren. Sie sollte speziell dann in Erw gung gezogen werden, wenn die begleitenden Umst nde des Herzstillstandes günstig sind (z. B. beobachteter Herz-Kreislauf-Stillstand, Laienreanimation, persistierendes Kammerflimmern), durch die konventionellen Ma nahmen der Reanimation aber kein Wiedereintritt eines spontanen Kreislaufes (ROSC) erzielt wird. Die thrombolytische Therapie ist bestimmt keine Ultima-ratio“-Therapie. Die Entscheidung zur Durchführung der Thrombolyse soll frühzeitig w hrend der CPR getroffen werden und bedeutet immer auch eine Fortsetzung der Reanimationsbemühungen für weitere 20 bis 30 Minuten. Eine prospektive, randomisierte Multizentren-Untersuchung über die Bedeutung der Thrombolyse w hrend des Herz-Kreislauf-Stillstandes (TROICA) ist beantragt und erlaubt hoffentlich eine genauere Beurteilung der Wirkung auf Reanimierbarkeit, neurologisches Outcome und Langzeit-überleben.
The Quantum Hall Effect of Field Induced Spin Density Wave Phases: the Physics of the Ultra Quantum Crystal
Pascal Lederer
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1996196
Abstract: The Quantum Hall Effect of Field Induced Spin Density Wave Phases is accounted for within a weak coupling theory which assumes that in the relevant low temperature part of the phase diagram the quasi one dimensional conductor is well described by Fermi liquid theory. Recent experimental results show that sign inversion of the Hall Plateaux takes place all the way down from the instability line of the normal state. The Quantum Nesting model, when it takes into account small perturbations away from perfect nesting, describes well not only the usual sequence of Hall plateaux, but also the anomalies connected with sign inversion of the Hall Effect. Experimental observation of de-doubling of sub-phase to sub-phase transition lines suggests that superposition of SDW order parameters occurs in some parts of the phase diagram. The collective excitations of the Ultra Quantum Crystal have a specific magneto-roton structure. The SDW case exhibits,apart from the usual spin waves, topological excitations which are either skyrmions or half skyrmions. It is suggested that magneto-rotons may have been observed some years ago in specific heat experiments.
Gauge Symmetry, Spontaneous Breaking of Gauge Symmetry: Philosophical Approach
Pascal Lederer
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: This paper deals with the Berry phase, and the ontology of the electromagnetic vector potential. When the state of the system is gauge symmetric, the vector potential may be interpreted as a convenient tool of a mathematical formulation, with no ontological meaning. I argue that this interpretation is in difficulty because the vector potential depends linearly on the supercurrent in the superfluid state, which is a spontaneously broken gauge symmetry state, where particle number is not conserved. I suggest that when gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken, the vector potential becomes an emergent material object of nature. The revised version includes sections on scientific realism, and emergence, and new references on Noether's theorem, among others.
The Quantum Hall Effects: Philosophical Approach
Pascal Lederer
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The Quantum Hall Effects offer a rich variety of theoretical and experimental advances. They provide interesting insights on such topics as complementarity, gauge invariance, strong interactions, emergence of new theoretical concepts. This paper focuses on some related philosophical questions. Hacking's views on Scientific Realism, Chalmers' on Non Figurative Realism are discussed. It is argued that the difficulties with those versions of realism may be resolved within a dialectical materialist approach. The latter is shown to provide a rational approach to the phenomena, the theory and the ontology of the Quantum Hall Effects.
Scientific Pluralism: the battle of High Temperature Superconductivity
Pascal Lederer
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The early development of conflicting theories (i.e. one aspect of scientific pluralism) about the microscopic mechanism of High Temperature Superconductivity is described. The biographical roots of this diversity are stressed, as well as its subjective/objective roots. Scientific pluralism is discussed in relation with this study, as well as various philosophical teachnings about relativism, the Duhem-Quine thesis on the underdetermination of theory by facts, and the dialectics of knowledge and nature.
A determinant-like formula for the Kostka numbers
Mathias Lederer
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: Young tableaux are ubiquitous in various branches of mathematics. There are two counting formulas for standard Young tableaux. The first involves a determinant and goes back to Frobenius and Young, and the second is the hook formula by Frame, Robinson and Thrall. We present a generalization of the determinant formula for semistandard Young tableaux of given shape and of given content. Our counting formula -- though not a determinant -- is a generalization of the determinant formula by Frobenius and Young.
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