Abstract:
In this article, we discuss the growth of meromorphic solutions to higher order homogeneous differential equations in some angular domains, instead of the whole complex plane.

Abstract:
Linear mixed model (LMM) approaches have
been widely applied in many areas of research data analysis because they offer
great flexibility for different data structures and linear model systems. In
this study, emphasis is placed on comparing the properties of two LMM
approaches: restricted maximum likelihood (REML) and minimum norm quadratic
unbiased estimation (MINQUE) with and without resampling techniques being
included. Bias, testing power, Type I error, and computing time were compared
between REML and MINQUE approaches with and without Jackknife technique based
on 500 simulated data sets. Results showed that MINQUE and REML methods
performed equally regarding bias, Type I error, and power. Jackknife-based
MINQUE and REML greatly improved power compared to non-Jackknife based linear
mixed model approaches. Results also showed that MINQUE is more time-saving
compared to REML, especially with the use of resampling techniques and large
data set analysis. Results from the actual cotton data analysis were in
agreement with our simulated results. Therefore, Jackknife-based MINQUE
approaches could be recommended to achieve desirable power with reduced time
for a large data analysis and model simulations.

Abstract:
The highly conserved structural maintenance of chromosomes (Smc) proteins regulate chromosome architecture and organization from bacteria to human. Most prokaryotes have a single Smc protein which forms a homodimer, while there are at least six Smc family members, Smc1-6, that form three heterodimers in eukaryotic organisms [1] (Figure 1). Smc1 and Smc3 form the core of the cohesin complex which maintains sister-chromatid cohesion during mitosis to ensure accurate chromosome segregation [2]. Smc2 and Smc4 constitute the condensin complexes that promote chromosome condensation [3]. Smc5 and Smc6 form a complex that plays critical roles in DNA repair [4,5].The Smc proteins contain about 1,000 amino acids and share similar domain structures. The ATPase domain of each Smc protein is separated into N- and C-terminal halves by a long linker. The two nucleotide-binding Walker A and Walker B motifs reside in the two different ATPase halves. The Smc linker folds into an intramolecular antiparallel coiled coil and allows the N-terminal ATPase half of an Smc protein to fold back to its C-terminal ATPase half and create a single globular ATPase head (Figure 1). The hinge domain at one end of the coiled coil mediates the heterodimerization of eukaryotic Smc proteins [1,6,7]. The two ATPase heads at the other end of the coiled coil can transiently interact with each other to bind and hydrolyze ATP. As revealed by electron microscopy, the Smc heterodimers can adopt different conformations, including V-shaped dimer and ring-like structures, possibly depending on the nucleotide-binding states of their ATPase heads [8,9]. Each Smc heterodimer associates with non-Smc subunits to form functional Smc complexes.The genomic DNA with a cell experiences many types of damage daily. These damages can result from exogenous factors, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ionizing radiation (IR), and chemical carcinogens, or from endogenous factors, such as stalled replication forks due to replicat

Abstract:
In the title compound, C25H15Cl2N, the benzo[h]quinoline system exhibits an approximately planar conformation with an r.m.s. deviation of 0.0202 and a maximum deviation of 0.039 (1) . The aryl group at position 2 is nearly coplanar with the parent ring [dihedral angle = 6.68 (7)°] while the parent ring and the phenyl subsitituent at position 4 form a dihedral angle of 67.11 (4)°. Intermolecular C—H...π interactions stabilize the crystal packing.

Abstract:
In this article, by comparing the characteristic functions, we prove that for any $\nu$-valued algebroid function $w(z)$ defined in the unit disk with $\limsup_{r\to1-}T(r,w)/\log\frac{1}{1-r}=\infty$ and the hyper order $\rho_2(w)=0$, the distribution of the Borel radius of $w(z)$ and $w'(z)$ is the same. This is the extension of G. Valiron's conjecture for the meromorphic functions defined in $\widehat{\mathbb{C}}$.

Abstract:
This paper is devoted to investigate the singular directions of mero- morphic functions in some angular domains. We will confirm the existence of Hayman T directions in some angular domains. This is a continuous work of Yang [Yang L., Borel directions of meromorphic functions in an angular domain, Science in China, Math. Series(I)(1979), 149-163.] and Zheng [Zheng, J.H., Value Distribution of Meromorphic Functions, preprint.].

Abstract:
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have been regarded as standard candles at very high redshift for cosmology research. We have proposed a new method to calibrate GRB distance indicators with Type Ia supernova (SNe Ia) data in a completely cosmology-independent way to avoid the circularity problem that had limited the direct use of GRBs to probe cosmology [N. Liang, W. K. Xiao, Y. Liu, and S. N. Zhang, Astrophys. J. 685, 354 (2008).]. In this paper, a simple method is provided to combine GRB data into the joint observational data analysis to constrain cosmological models; in this method those SNe Ia data points used for calibrating the GRB data are not used to avoid any correlation between them. We find that the $\Lambda$CDM model is consistent with the joint data in the 1-$\sigma$ confidence region, using the GRB data at high redshift calibrated with the interpolating method, the Constitution set of SNe Ia, the cosmic microwave background radiation from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe five year observation, the baryonic acoustic oscillation from the spectroscopic Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 galaxy sample, the x-ray baryon mass fraction in clusters of galaxies, and the observational Hubble parameter versus redshift data. Comparing to the joint constraints with GRBs and without GRBs, we find that the contribution of GRBs to the joint cosmological constraints is a slight shift in the confidence regions of cosmological parameters to better enclose the $\Lambda$CDM model. Finally, we reconstruct the acceleration history of the Universe up to $z>6$ with the distance moduli of SNe Ia and GRBs and find some features that deviate from the $\Lambda$CDM model and seem to favor oscillatory cosmology models; however further investigations are needed to better understand the situation.

Abstract:
After introducing the principle of float car data (FCD), this paper gives the primary flow of pre-handing and map- matching of the FCD. After analyzing the percentage of coverage of FCD on the road network, large quantity of heritage database of routing status is used to estimate the routing velocity when lack of FCD on parts road segments. Multi liner regression model is then put forwarded by considering the spatial correlativity among the road network, and some model parameters are deduced when time series is classified in day and week. Besides, error of velocity probability and error of status probability are achieved based on the result from field testing while the feasibility and reliability of the velocity estimation model is obtained as well. Finally, as a case study in Shanghai center area, the whole routing velocity in the road network is estimated and published in real time.

We consider
that inflammatory substances play an important role in the carcinogenesis
process. In the process, cytokines and growth factor secreted by cells can
actively recruit immune cells in the carcinogenesis microenvironment, further, promote
carcinogenesis progression. The carcinogenesis microenvironment even subverted
the immune system, moreover, enhanced the carcinogenesis through immune suppressive
mechanisms within the carcinogenesis microenvironment.

Abstract:
The dynamics of interacting dark energy model in loop quantum cosmology (LQC) is studied in this paper. The dark energy has a constant equation of state $w_x$ and interacts with dark matter through a form $3cH(\rho_x+\rho_m)$. We find for quintessence model ($w_x>-1$) the cosmological evolution in LQC is the same as that in classical Einstein cosmology; whereas for phantom dark energy ($w_x<-1$), although there are the same critical points in LQC and classical Einstein cosmology, loop quantum effect reduces significantly the parameter spacetime ($c, w_x$) required by stability. If parameters $c$ and $w_x$ satisfy the conditions that the critical points are existent and stable, the universe will enter an era dominated by dark energy and dark matter with a constant energy ratio between them, and accelerate forever; otherwise it will enter an oscillatory regime. Comparing our results with the observations we find at $1\sigma$ confidence level the universe will accelerate forever.