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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 462034 matches for " Nahid A Aza "
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Safety and predictors of adherence of a new rehabilitation program for older women with congestive heart failure

Nahid A Aza,Kathy Bouchar,Alain Mayhew,Maureen Carter,Frank J Molnar,

老年心脏病学杂志(英文版) , 2012,
Abstract: Objectives To assess the safety of a cardiac rehabilitation program for older women with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) and determine if certain factors influence adherence. Methods Women over the age of 65 with CHF attended an exercise program supervised by a physiotherapist. Quality of life was measured by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) and severity of disease by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class. Subjects were classified into those who attended 90% or more of the sessions and those who attended less than 90% of the sessions. Results Fifty-one subjects were studied. Eight subjects did not attend any sessions. Of the 43 attendees, the average percentage of sessions attended was 87%. There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, MLHFQ or NYHA Class. There was only one adverse event out of 280 participant attendances. Conclusions The program had a high level of adherence in this population. Age, MLHFQ or NYHA Class did not impact on session attendance. Our data suggests this program is safe for this population. Further research is needed to determine other predictors of attendance and the examination of safety issues and long-term adherence to exercise in this population.
Multi-TBaud Optical Coding Based on Superluminal Space-to-Time Mapping in Long Period Gratings  [PDF]
Reza Ashrafi, Ming Li, José Azaa
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B031
Abstract:

A novel time-domain ultra-fast pulse shaping approach for multi-TBaud serial optical communication signal (e.g. QPSK and 16-QAM) generation based on the first-order Born approximation in feasible all-fiber long-period gratings is proposed and numerically demonstrated.

Ciempozuelos (1937).
Manuel Azaa
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 1998,
Abstract: Sin resumen.
Time-Frequency (Wigner) Analysis of Linear and Nonlinear Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers
José Azaa
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2005, DOI: 10.1155/asp.2005.1554
Abstract: Time-frequency analysis, and, in particular, Wigner analysis, is applied to the study of picosecond pulse propagation through optical fibers in both the linear and nonlinear regimes. The effects of first- and second-order group velocity dispersion (GVD) and self-phase modulation (SPM) are first analyzed separately. The phenomena resulting from the interplay between GVD and SPM in fibers (e.g., soliton formation or optical wave breaking) are also investigated in detail. Wigner analysis is demonstrated to be an extremely powerful tool for investigating pulse propagation dynamics in nonlinear dispersive systems (e.g., optical fibers), providing a clearer and deeper insight into the physical phenomena that determine the behavior of these systems.
Aging: Thromboembolic Disease, Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Alzheimer’s Disease  [PDF]
Joaquín Lasierra-Cirujeda, María José Aza Pascual-Salcedo, Alicia Lasierra-Iba?ez, Carmen Lasala Aza, María Mercedes Aza Pascual-Salcedo
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2016.45001
Abstract: Aging can be interpreted as an unavoidable process whose end point is the death. Aging entails, in the hemostasis field, some changes that favour blood hypercoagulability. Both the plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), specific inhibitor of the tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), accompanied by the oxidative stress and the marked decrease of the main antioxidant—glutathione are fundamental in the bases of elderly pathologies which can cause death. There is some scientific evidence of the relationship between aging, neuro-degenerative diseases, an excessive production of reactive oxygen species and the decrease of proteolysis in brain. The cerebral plasminogen/plasmin system represents the essential proteolytic mechanism that degrades amyloid peptides (β-amyloidosis) for action of plasmin with effectiveness. This physiologic process is being considered as a preventive neurodegenerative mechanism. At the same time, the decrease of glutathione levels in aging entails a decrease of cerebral plasmin activity and a progressive descent of t-PA activity due to a descent in t-PA expression and an increase in PAI production. All of them entail an increment of amyloid beta peptides (Aβ) production and a lower level of their clearance. Both mechanisms, oxidative stress, direct consequence of the oxygenate metabolism of aerobics cells, and changes in the systemic fibrinolysis and cerebral b-amyloidolytic activity, play a very important role in thromboembolic disease, metabolic syndrome—obesity, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia—, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Alzheimer’s disease, clinical processes that accompany the aging. In this revision we show the importance of the interaction between glutathione, proteolytic t-PA/plasminogen/plasmin system, and the inhibitor PAI-1 in aging physiopathology, whose results suggest the hypothesis of the importance of a therapeutic strategy using the inhibition of PAI-1 as a goal, because it is increased in the different aging pathologic processes.
Sulodexide and Alzheimer’s Disease: A Preliminary Prospective Study  [PDF]
Joaquín Lasierra-Cirujeda, María José Aza Pascual-Salcedo, María Mercedes Aza Pascual-Salcedo
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2016.62007
Abstract: The purpose of this prospective study is to determine the relative incidence of Alzheimer’s disease in patients treated for at least three years, with sulodexide (n = 46, 76.48 ± 7.02 years old) or acenocoumarol (n = 47, 78.21 ± 6.66 years old) in order to prevent primary and secondary venous thromboembolism and atherothrombotic disease. In the sulodexide group, there was an apparent prevention of cognitive and behavioural impairment (relative incidence: 2.02) compared with acenocoumarol group (relative incidence: 4.86). The favourable results in sulodexide group may be related to their pharmacodynamic actions of inhibition of PAI-1, which may interfere with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, and to the role of glutathione and PAI-1 in the β-amyloid system in the brain.
Crystalline Bioceramic Materials
de Aza, P. N.,de Aza, A. H.,de Aza, S.
Boletín de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Cerámica y Vidrio , 2005,
Abstract: A strong interest in the use of ceramics for biomedical engineering applications developed in the late 1960′s. Used initially as alternatives to metallic materials in order to increase the biocompatibility of implants, bioceramics have become a diverse class of biomaterials, presently including three basic types: relatively bioinert ceramics; bioactive or surface reactive bioceramics and bioresorbable ceramics. This review will only refer to bioceramics “sensus stricto”, it is to say, those ceramic materials constituted for nonmetallic inorganic compounds, crystallines and consolidated by thermal treatments of powders to high temperatures. Leaving bioglasses, glass-ceramics and biocements apart, since, although all of them are obtained by thermal treatments to high temperatures, the first are amorphous, the second are obtained by desvitrification of a glass and in them vitreous phase normally prevails on the crystalline phases and the third are consolidated by means of a hydraulic or chemical reaction to room temperature. A review of the composition, physiochemical properties and biological behaviour of the principal types of crystalline bioceramics is given, based on the literature data and on the own experience of the authors. A finales de los a os sesenta se despertó un gran interés por el uso de los materiales cerámicos para aplicaciones biomédicas. Inicialmente utilizados como una alternativa a los materiales metálicos, con el propósito de incrementar la biocompatibilidad de los implantes, las biocerámicas se han convertido en una clase diversa de biomateriales, incluyendo actualmente tres tipos: cerámicas cuasi inertes; cerámicas bioactivas o reactivas superficialmente y cerámicas reabsorbibles o biodegradables. En la presente revisión se hace referencia a las biocerámicas en sentido estricto, es decir, a aquellos materiales constitutitos por compuestos inorgánicos no metálicos, cristalinos y consolidados mediante tratamientos térmicos a altas temperaturas. Dejando aparte los biovidrios, los vitrocerámicos y los biocementos, puesto que, si bien todos ellos son obtenidos por tratamiento térmicos a altas temperaturas, los primeros son amorfos, los segundos son obtenidos por desvitrificación de un vidrio, prevaleciendo normalmente la fase vítrea sobre las fases cristalinas, y los terceros son consolidados mediante una reacción química o hidráulica a temperatura ambiente. Así pues, teniendo en cuenta la abundante bibliografía sobre el tema y la experiencia propia de los autores, se presenta una revisión de la composición, propiedades fisicoquímicas, a
Bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics
de Aza, P. N.,de Aza, A. H.,Pena, P.,de Aza, S.
Boletín de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Cerámica y Vidrio , 2007,
Abstract: Since the late 1960′s, a great interest in the use of bioceramic materials for biomedical applications has been developed. In a previous paper, the authors reviewed crystalline bioceramic materials “sensus stricto”, it is to say, those ceramic materials, constituted for non-metallic inorganic compounds, crystallines and consolidates by thermal treatment of powders at high temperature. In the present review, the authors deal with those called bioactive glasses and glassceramics. Although all of them are also obtained by thermal treatment at high temperature, the first are amorphous and the second are obtained by devitrification of a glass, although the vitreous phase normally prevails on the crystalline phases. After an introduction to the concept of bioactive materials, a short historical review of the bioactive glasses development is made. Its preparation, reactivity in physiological media, mechanism of bonding to living tissues and mechanical strength of the bone-implant interface is also reported. Next, the concept of glass-ceramic and the way of its preparation are exposed. The composition, physicochemical properties and biological behaviour of the principal types of bioactive glasses and glass-ceramic materials: Bioglass , Ceravital , Cerabone , Ilmaplant and Bioverit are also reviewed. Finally, a short review on the bioactive-glass coatings and bioactive-composites and most common uses of bioactive-glasses and glass-ceramics are carried out too. Desde finales de los a os sesenta, se ha despertado un gran interés por el uso de los materiales biocerámicos para aplicaciones biomédicas. En un trabajo previo, los autores hicieron una revisión de los denominados materiales biocerámicos cristalinos en sentido estricto, es decir, de aquellos materiales, constituidos por compuestos inorgánicos no metálicos, cristalinos y consolidados mediante tratamientos térmicos a altas temperaturas. En el presente trabajo, los autores revisan el desarrollo de los vidrios bioactivos (biovidrios) y de las vitrocerámicas bioactivas. Si bien todos ellos son obtenidos también por tratamiento térmico a altas temperaturas, los primeros son amorfos y los segundos son obtenidos por desvitrificación de un vidrio, si bien la fase vítrea normalmente predomina sobre las fases cristalinas. Después de una introducción al concepto de material bioactivo, se expone una breve revisión histórica del desarrollo de los vidrios bioactivos. A continuación se describe su obtención, reactividad en suero fisiológico artificial, mecanismo de unión al tejido vivo y resistencia mecánica de la inte
Enregistrements sedimentaires et controle tectonique dans la genese des archives morphosedimentaires quaternaires de la coupe d'alhnayn (Vallee Meridienne Du N'fis, Maroc)
Nahid, A.,Benzakour, M.
Estudios Geologicos , 2002, DOI: 10.3989/egeol.02585-6119
Abstract: To show the response of fluvial and torrential morphodynamics to climatic variations and neotectonics in the semi-arid mountains, the authors present a preliminary geomorphological study of the main geosystem of the Alyhnayn area. This level is located in the upstream part of the intramountainous valley of N'fis river belonging to the northern side of High-Atlas. Its geomorphological analysis, based on the distribution of alluvial deposits and their characterization, reveals an alluvial-fans/terrace system. The latter is formed by a surface modeled on glacis and lacerated by more or less deep ravines. It is arbitrarily attributed to the middle Quatemary age. The geometric and the morpholithostratigraphic analysis of its deposits show a local control of a sedimentation of fluvialtorrential and gravitational types. A complex slop deposit is embedded within the fluvial sequences. It can be explained by a drop of the base level related to neotectonics. The sedimentation process is caused by the reactivation of a preexisting fault in relation with the High-Atlas elevation. The evolution of the Quatemary morphogenesis of the Alhnayn area has been influenced by uplift and climatic changes. Neotectonics controls fluvial and torrential dynamics by the local morphostructural framework. The fluvial and afluvial fans environments responded differently to recorder impacts. Nous présentons la réponse des paléoenvironnements ayant régi le géosysteme principal d7Alhanayn correspondant 2 un cycle morphoclimatique élémentaire, inscrit dans un domaine intramontagneux en cours de surrection, aux rythmes de l'érosion et de la sédimentation en caractérisant la part aux controles climatique et tectonique. Ce niveau se localise dans un segment amont de la vallée méridienne nord-atlasique drainée par l'oued N'fis. Son analyse géomorphologique met en évidence qu'il s'agit d'un systeme de cones-terrase modelé en sa surface en glacis lacéré par des ravins plus ou moins profonds. 11 est attribué arbitrairement au Quaternaire moyen. L'analyse géométrique et morpholithostratigraphique de ses dép6ts mettent en évidence un controle local de la sédimentation de type fluvio-torrentiel et gravitaire lié 2 la réactivation d'une faille préexistante en relation avec la surrection haut-atlasique.
Revisión de la técnica de doble torsión y del método experimental en materiales cerámicos
de Aza, A. H.,Chevalier, J.
Boletín de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Cerámica y Vidrio , 2001,
Abstract: The double torsion test configuration has many advantages for the evaluation of subcritical crack growth parameters and fracture toughness. These advantages are: crack-length independence, four-point loading, simple specimen geometry and ease of precraking. However , a number of unresolved questions need to be answered about the double torsion specimen and experimental techniques involved in its use before this testing can be adopted as a standard. In this paper these questions are addressed, the analyses of the compliance and KI for the double torsion configuration are revised, and the load relaxation test in double torsion is examined in order to define the conditions under which de data are valid. La técnica de doble torsión tiene numerosas ventajas a la hora de evaluar el crecimiento subcritico de grieta en un material cerámico. Estas ventajas, entre otras, son: independencia del factor de intensidad de tensiones, KI, con respecto a la longitud de grieta, configuración de carga en cuatro puntos y facilidad de prefisuracion. Sin embargo, aun hoy en día, algunas preguntas sobre esta técnica quedan sin respuesta. En el presente trabajo se hace referencia a estas cuestiones, se revisan las expresiones analíticas de la flexibilidad y el factor de intensidad de tensiones, KI, propuestas en la literatura científica para la configuración particular de la doble torsión, y se examina el método de trabajo experimental, ensayo de relajación de carga, tratando de definir las condiciones en las cuales los datos obtenidos son validos.
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