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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461652 matches for " Nafis A; "
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Al-Hijamah (Cupping): The Natural Holistic Healing Art- A Review
Md. Nafis Iqbal,Anis A. Ansari
International Journal of Advanced Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy , 2013,
Abstract: In Unani system of medicine, various types of treatments are employed such as Regimenal therapy, Dietotherapy and Pharmacotherapy etc. Among them, the regimental therapy has very remarkable status; therefore, it is being adopted globally. Al- Hijamah (cupping) is one such tadabeer (regimen), which causes intervention through restoration of humoural balance by diverting or evacuating the morbid materials and it is practiced for many disease conditions since time immemorial. Hippocrates describes both dry and wet cupping in his Guide to Clinical Treatment. He recommended it for the treatment of angina, menstrual and other disorders. Later, Galen was a practitioner of the procedure. Al-Hijamah acts to draw inflammation and pressure away from the deep organs (especially the heart, brain, lungs, liver and kidneys) towards the skin. This facilitates the healing process. Practitioners of Al-Hijamah contend that this process strengthens the immune system, so encouraging the optimum functioning of the body. In other words, it assists the actions of Physis. In doing so, it diverts toxins and other harmful impurities from these vital organs towards the less-vital skin, before expulsion. Al-Hijamah technique is very useful, safe and can easily be applied and incorporated in family health practices.
Structural and Dielectric Properties of (Bi2O3Fe2O3)0.4(Nb2O5)0.6 for Different Sintering Temperature  [PDF]
Sadia Tasnim Mowri, M. A. Gafur, Quazi Delwar Hossain, Aninda Nafis Ahmed, Muhammad Shahriar Bashar
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2016.78038
Abstract: In this research work, (Bi2O3Fe2O3)0.4(Nb2O5)0.6 was made by the solid state reaction method. Samples were sintered at four different temperatures (850°C, 925°C, 1000°C and 1150°C) to study the effect of sintering temperature on the various properties of the samples. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed that single phase Bi1.721δ0.089Fe1.056Nb1.134O7 was found when sintering temperature increased. At the same time, larger grain size was found when sintering temperature increased. From variation of dielectric loss with respect to frequency, a small peak was found when sample was sintered at higher temperature (1150°C). Dielectric constant of the sample decreases with the increase of frequency for all the samples. With the variation of temperature, DC resistivity of the samples showed that resistivity decreases with the increase of measuring temperature which indicates semiconducting nature.
Morphometric Changes in Talus of Club Foot A Gross Observation in Human Foetuses
Fazal-ur-Rehman,; Faruqi,Nafis A;
International Journal of Morphology , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022012000100039
Abstract: both the feet of six human foetuses of different age groups having unilateral club feet, were dissected for morphological study. six morphometric parameters considered for comparing gross anatomical changes in normal and deformed feet, were 1-maximum length of the talus, 2-longitudinal dimension of head of talus, 3-anterior trochlear breadth, 4-maximum medial talar height, 5-talar neck and calcaneal angle, 6-talocalcaneal angle. all the foetuses with congenital club feet have almost similar deformity of foot skeleton. the gross anomalies observed were the smaller size of club foot talus and increased medial and planter deviation of a stunted, misshapen head and neck region. a medial plantar subluxation of the navicular bone with a consequent deformity of the articular facets of the talar head was also observed. uniformity and consistency of anatomical abnormalities were striking features in present study.
Morphometric Analysis of Lumbosacral Canal in Human Foetuses
Sumayya,; Faruqi,Nafis A; Ansari,Mohd Salahuddin; Ghaus,Farah;
International Journal of Morphology , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022011000300034
Abstract: lumbosacral part of the spinal canal requires special attention because this is the site commonly involved in spina bifida, tethered cord syndrome and some other pathologies like fatty tumours in the spine, cysts and syrinxes. the diagnosis as well as the treatment of neural tube defects mandates an accurate knowledge of morphometry of lumbosacral vertebral canal. there are various reports on radiological morphometric measurements in human foetuses by various authors but these possess inherent variability due to imaging techniques, patient positioning, observer's measuring techniques and normal and pathological variations. to overcome all these limitations, direct measurements by vernier calliper were preferred. 30 formalin preserved human foetuses, of all age groups and both sexes, free of congenital craniovertebral anomalies, were obtained from the museum of dept. of anatomy, j.n. medical college amu aligarh for the present study. foetuses were divided into five groups (i-v) based on their gestational ages. group i foetuses were of less than 17 weeks, ii of 17-20 weeks, iii of 21-25 weeks, iv of 26-30 weeks and v of more than 30 weeks. each group contained 6 foetuses having both male and female, 3 each. morphometric parameters taken into account were length of lumbar canal, maximum transverse diameters of lumbar vertebral canal at different vertebral levels, heights of the posterior surfaces of bodies of all lumbar vertebrae and length of sacral canal. readings of adjacent groups were compared and results were analyzed by using student's 't' test. lumbar canal starts growing in length significantly in group iii foetuses onward. there was consistency in the growth of lumbar canal diameters with gestational age at all levels. heights of vertebral bodies of ist two lumbar vertebrae showed variability in some adjacent groups. the same in the next three grew constantly with the growth of foetuses. sacral canal showed variable growth in lengths in different groups. stea
Morphometric Changes in Talus of Club Foot A Gross Observation in Human Foetuses Cambios Morfométricos en Talus del Pie Zambo, una Observación Macroscópica en Fetos Humanos
Fazal-ur-Rehman,Nafis A Faruqi
International Journal of Morphology , 2012,
Abstract: Both the feet of six human foetuses of different age groups having unilateral club feet, were dissected for morphological study. Six morphometric parameters considered for comparing gross anatomical changes in normal and deformed feet, were 1-Maximum length of the talus, 2-Longitudinal dimension of head of talus, 3-Anterior trochlear breadth, 4-Maximum medial talar height, 5-Talar neck and calcaneal angle, 6-Talocalcaneal angle. All the foetuses with congenital club feet have almost similar deformity of foot skeleton. The gross anomalies observed were the smaller size of club foot talus and increased medial and planter deviation of a stunted, misshapen head and neck region. A medial plantar subluxation of the navicular bone with a consequent deformity of the articular facets of the talar head was also observed. Uniformity and consistency of anatomical abnormalities were striking features in present study. Para su estudio morfológico fueron disecados ambos pies de seis fetos humanos de distintas edades, uno de los pies era zambo. Seis parámetros morfométricos fueron considerados para la comparación de graves alteraciones anatómicas en los pies normales y deformes; estos fueron: 1. Longitud máxima del talus, 2. Dimensión longitudinal de la cabeza del talus, 3. Ancho troclear anterior, 4. Altura medial máxima del talus, 5. Cuello talar y ángulo calcáneo, 6. ángulo talocalcáneo. Todos los fetos con pie zambo congénito tienen una deformidad similar del esqueleto del pie. Las anomalías graves observadas fueron el menor tama o del talus del pie zambo, aumento de la desviación media y retraso en el crecimiento plantar, deformación de la cabeza y región del cuello talar. También se observó una subluxación medial plantar del hueso navicular, con un consecuente deformidad de las facetas articulares de la cabeza del talus. La uniformidad y consistencia de las anomalías anatómicas fueron los rasgos más llamativos en este estudio.
Morphometric Analysis of Lumbosacral Canal in Human Foetuses Análisis Morfométrico del Canal Lumbosacro en Fetos Humanos
Sumayya,Nafis A Faruqi,Mohd Salahuddin Ansari,Farah Ghaus
International Journal of Morphology , 2011,
Abstract: Lumbosacral part of the spinal canal requires special attention because this is the site commonly involved in spina bifida, tethered cord syndrome and some other pathologies like fatty tumours in the spine, cysts and syrinxes. The diagnosis as well as the treatment of neural tube defects mandates an accurate knowledge of morphometry of lumbosacral vertebral canal. There are various reports on radiological morphometric measurements in human foetuses by various authors but these possess inherent variability due to imaging techniques, patient positioning, observer's measuring techniques and normal and pathological variations. To overcome all these limitations, direct measurements by vernier calliper were preferred. 30 Formalin preserved human foetuses, of all age groups and both sexes, free of congenital craniovertebral anomalies, were obtained from the museum of Dept. of Anatomy, J.N. Medical College AMU Aligarh for the present study. Foetuses were divided into five groups (I-V) based on their gestational ages. Group I foetuses were of less than 17 weeks, II of 17-20 weeks, III of 21-25 weeks, IV of 26-30 weeks and V of more than 30 weeks. Each group contained 6 foetuses having both male and female, 3 each. Morphometric parameters taken into account were length of lumbar canal, maximum transverse diameters of lumbar vertebral canal at different vertebral levels, heights of the posterior surfaces of bodies of all lumbar vertebrae and length of sacral canal. Readings of adjacent groups were compared and results were analyzed by using Student's 't' test. Lumbar canal starts growing in length significantly in group III foetuses onward. There was consistency in the growth of lumbar canal diameters with gestational age at all levels. Heights of vertebral bodies of Ist two lumbar vertebrae showed variability in some adjacent groups. The same in the next three grew constantly with the growth of foetuses. Sacral canal showed variable growth in lengths in different groups. Steady growth in the length and diameter of the lumbar canal may be used for approximate age of foetuses for medicolegal reasons. La porción lumbosacra del canal espinal requiere una atención especial; es un sitio frecuentemente implicado en la espina bífida, el síndrome de médula anclada y algunas otras patologías como tumores de grasa en la columna vertebral, quistes y siringomelia. El diagnóstico y el tratamiento de los defectos del tubo neural requieren de un conocimiento preciso de la morfometría del canal vertebral lumbosacro. Existen diversos informes radiológicos sobre mediciones morfométr
Forced migration and HIV/AIDS in Asia: some observations
Nafis Sadik
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: Although most of Asia has not suffered from a generalised HIV epidemic, there is reason to be concerned about how forced migration and economic crisis-related migration may increase the risks.
The Impact of Regulatory and Supervisory Structures on Bank Risk and Efficiency: Evidence from Dual Banking System
Nafis Alam
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/ajfa.v4i1.1507
Abstract: James Madison once said “If men were angels, no government would be necessary”. Madison’s view has direct implications for efficient bank supervisory and strong regulatory strategies. On the onset of 2007-08 subprime crisis banking system across the globe were left exposed to financial tsunami due to over-expansion and excessive risk concentrations. This incident should provide regulators wake up call to further develop and strengthen the regulatory system with new and strict monitoring mechanism. In the given context, this paper will investigates the linkages between bank regulatory and supervisory structures associated with Basel III’s pillars and various aspects of banks’ efficiency and risk. The analysis will be focussed on dual banking system over the period 2006-2010. Our results suggest that regulations and strict monitoring of banking operation, and higher supervisory power of the authorities, increase the technical efficiency for Islamic banks but decreases convention banks efficiency. We observe the opposite effect in the case of restrictions on bank activities, with higher restrictions having a reduction in risk taking of Islamic banks while increasing the risk taking of conventional banks. Results also indicate that Islamic banks are better prepared towards the implementation of Basel III guidelines compared to their conventional counterparts.
Mathematical Simulation of Eccentricity in Spark Plug and its Effects on Combustion Parameters in Spark Ignition Engine
A.Y. Bokhary,Abdullah Turki,Nafis Ahmad,A.H. Jefri
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Spark plug location on cylinder head of a spark ignition engine plays an important role on combustion characteristics. In this paper an attempt has been made to simulate the effect of eccentricity of spark plug on various combustion parameters such as the maximum temperature of the burned and unburned gas, maximum cylinder pressure and normalized flame front area and normalized flame front volume for different values of clearance height, spark advance and crank angle with the help of a two zone combustion model. The simulated results have been compared for a given value of eccentricity with Blizard and Keck [3] turbulent entrainment model and it shows reasonably good agreement.
An Application of Pareto Analysis and Cause-and-Effect Diagram (CED) for Minimizing Rejection of Raw Materials in Lamp Production Process
Mohiuddin Ahmed,Nafis Ahmad
Management Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20110503.320
Abstract: Flange tube, Glass shell, Lead in Wire (LIW), Filament (Coil) and Cap are the most important raw materials in case of Lamp Production Process. Manufacturing processes tend to produce operational wastages due to various reasons, which can be reduced by identifying and eliminating those reasons. It has been a very challenging engineering problem particularly in a multistage manufacturing, where maximum number of processes and activities are performed. With the help of Pareto diagrams, which are mostly used to identify critical areas, the manufacturing process defects in the each stage of the production belt have been prioritized by arranging them in decreasing order of importance. Then cause and effect diagram is being applied to explore possible causes/factors of defects and to determine the causes/factors, which has the greatest effect. Key words: Lamp production process; Multistage manufacturing; Pareto diagrams; Production belt; Cause and effect diagram
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