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THE IMPORTANCE OF GROUP THERAPY USED IN THE TREATMENT OF STUTTERING
Darinka SHOSTER,Nada DOBROTA DAVIDOVIК?,Silvana FILIPOVA,Biljana LOZANOVSKA
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Stuttering is not a problem of individuals, but it’s a problem in the verbal communication with others. Individual and group treatment is equally important to use while working with people who stutter.Purpose: Group treatment is used to allow the patient adequate adjustment in all problematic situations (situations increasing stuttering) in the environment and to gradually inhibit negative emotions.Material and methods: Objective speech tool is used in this testing (evaluation of speech status under Fiedler, PA Standop, R.Stotern-Schwarzenberg, Munchen, 1978) to determine the degree and type of speech disorder. The anxiety feeling is also evaluated, where the subjective assessment of patients' anxiety is expressed in units SUD (subjective units of disturbance or distress - subjective assessment of suffering).Results and Conclusion: The results showed that group stationary treatment has a huge significance in reducing the anxiety of patients who stutter.
SUBJECTIVE DISTRESS CAUSED BY CO-SPEAKERS’ REACTIONS – REDUCTION DURING STATIONARY GROUP TREATMENT
Jelena TADIKJ,Darinka SHOSTER,Nada DOBROTA DAVIDOVIKJ,Nadica JOVANOVIKJ SIMIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2010,
Abstract: Stuttering is a disorder that represents multifunctional problem. It probably exists since the beginning of mankind. Its’ frequency and severity are influenced by different factors. Among the most significant ones are the complexity of statement, speaking speed, and speakers’ emotional reaction to the whole speech situation and other co-speakers. Goal: To present the results of two-weeks intensive group stationary treatment of adults who stutter, especially stuttering severity and level of subjective distress caused by co-speakers’ reactions in the beginning and at the end of the treatment. Subjects: A group of 25 adults who stutter. Methodology: At the beginning and at the end of the group stationary treatment speech status was taken, consisting of counting, enumerating, repeating the sentences, reading a 100-word tale, retelling the read text, and conversation on a free subject. In the same time, subjective distress caused by 13 different co-speakers reactions was estimated. Results show that very positive results are achieved in the reduction of speech disfluences, as well as moderate reduction of subjective distress caused by co-speakers’ reactions. In the paper the results are shown in more details, and, subsequently, implications for further research and treatment.
Research on the influence of manganese content of physical and chemical characteristics iron-based sintered products
Ionici C.,Dobrota D.
Science of Sintering , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/sos1301021i
Abstract: In this paper are presented results obtained from the elaboration of different types of sintered steels alloyed with manganese content of manganese featuring up to 5% (Fe-0Mn, 1Mn Fe, Fe-2Mn, Fe-3Mn, Fe-4Mn, Fe-5Mn). The main physico-chemical characteristics determined for sintered steels alloyed with manganese in the paper refer to the apparent density and fluidity mixtures, but also the dimensional changes, respectively the mass variation in sintering. Also in this paper it is presented the microstructure of sintered steels Fe-Mn, with contents of 1÷5% Mn.
New Optics in Analysis and Work Estimation of Abroad Romanian Citizens
Nita Dobrota,Mirela Ionela Aceleanu
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2006,
Abstract: Management of the active population employment became more and more complex in each country in a knowledge based society and a new economy, which are in a high connection with globalization and integration processes. From this point of view, the departures to work abroad, legal or illegal of the Romanian citizens for a better payment have already generated social-economic effects which have to concern more our public authorities. In this study we try to show the necessity of a national strategy for a full and efficient employment of whole Romanian labour potential, lay emphasis on the active population. In the same time through the indicators based on theoretical-methodological analyses and empiric estimated, we suggest some possible coordinates of this strategy.
Analysis of the Tax Burden in Romania based on the Laffer Curve in the Period 1991-2009
Gabriela DOBROTA,Maria Felicia CHIRCULESCU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2012,
Abstract: The fiscal pressure requires certain limits of affordability for taxpayers. These limits are imposed by the reactions of taxpayers who can resist to compulsory levies increase, reacting with evasion, fraud, reduce productive activity or even riots. If by a certain time, the tax pay is made voluntarily by the honest taxpayer, at a time when taxes exceed certain limits of endurance events occur that bring serious damages to state's desire to collect these revenues. Taxpayer behavior becomes abnormal in any way always trying to avoid paying tax, hoping for a reduction in tax burden. The phenomenon to increase or decrease the size of the tax burden is the result of economic and social role of the state. Analysis of state intervention in the economy led to a new liberal economic thinking, thinking that was approached it by the American economist Arthur Laffer. The aim of this paper consists in the empirical analysis of the correlation betwen the tax pressure rate and the tax incomes for Romania in the period 1991 – 2009 using the methodology creating by the Laffer curve.
THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS CONCERNING THE PROPOSED MODEL FOR THE DISC-TYPED ROTARY ULTRASONIC MOTOR
Oana CHIVU,Dan DOBROTA,Gabriel CHIRCULESCU
Revista Fiabilitate si Durabilitate , 2010,
Abstract: In this work the proposed model for type-disk, ultrasonic motor rotating, elliptic movement to surface beam. A sinusoidal vibration of the vertical displacement in the z-direction, Assume that the vertical displacement of the neutral plane, equals the product of the slope of the neutral plane and half of the beam height, the tangential velocity vs at the upper surface is given.
The Behavior Of Asymmetric Frontal Couplings With Permanent Magnets In Magnetic Powder And High Temperature Environments
Ion VONCILA,Nicolae BADEA,Ion DOBROTA
Annals of Dunarea de Jos , 2002,
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is the comparative analysis of the behavior of frontal couplings with Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets in difficult environments, specific to metallurgy – such as environments with magnetic powders and high temperature – in two constructive variants: symmetric couplings and asymmetric couplings (with divided poles). The results show the superior performance of asymmetric couplings under the given conditions
Why carotid endarterectomy is method of choice in treatment of carotid stenosis
Radak ?or?e,Davidovi? Lazar
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0804181r
Abstract: Procedures used in treatment of carotid stenosis are endarterectomy, PTA with stent implantation, resection with graft interposition and by-pass procedure. Segmental lesions are found more often and treated by the first two mentioned procedures. In case of longer lesions and extension to the greater part of the common carotid artery, the other two procedures are performed. For the past few years, the main dilemma has been whether to perform carotid endarterectomy or PTA with stent implantation. Both early and long-term results speak in favour of carotid endarterectomy, regardless of an increased number of PTA and carotid stenting. At the same time, PTA and carotid stenting are more expensive procedures. Both methods have their defined and important roles in treatment of segmental occlusive carotid lesions. Severe cardiac, pulmonary and renal conditions, which increase the risk of general anaesthesia, are not an absolute indication for PTA and stenting, since endarterectomy can be done in regional anaesthesia. Main indications for PTA with stent implantation are: surgically inaccessible lesions (at or above C2; or subclavian); radiation- induced carotid stenosis; prior ipsilateral radical neck dissection; prior carotid endarterectomy (restenosis).
Application of some graph invariants to the analysis of multiprocessor interconnection networks
Cvetkovi? Drago?,Davidovi? Tatjana
Yugoslav Journal of Operations Research , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/yjor0802173c
Abstract: Let G be a graph with diameter D, maximum vertex degree Δ, the largest eigenvalue λ1 and m distinct eigenvalues. The products mΔ and (D+1) λ1 are called the tightness of G of the first and second type, respectively. In the recent literature it was suggested that graphs with a small tightness of the first type are good models for the multiprocessor interconnection networks. We study these and some other types of tightness and some related graph invariants and demonstrate their usefulness in the analysis of multiprocessor interconnection networks. Tightness values for graphs of some standard interconnection networks are determined. We also present some facts showing that the tightness of the second type is a relevant graph invariant. We prove that the number of connected graphs with a bounded tightness is finite.
Noncommutativity in weakly curved background by canonical methods
Lj. Davidovi,B. Sazdovi?
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.066014
Abstract: Using canonical method we investigate $Dp-$brane world-volume noncommutativity in weakly curved background. The term weakly curved means that in the leading order, the source of non-flatness is infinitesimally small Kalb-Ramond field $B_{\mu\nu}$ linear in coordinate, while the Ricci tensor does not contribute being the infinitesimal of the second order. On the solution of boundary conditions, we find simple expression for the space-time coordinates in terms of the effective coordinates and momenta. This basic relation helped us to prove that noncommutativity appears only on the world-sheet boundary. The noncommutativity parameter has a standard form but with infinitesimally small and coordinate dependent antisymmetric tensor $B_{\mu\nu}$. This result coincides with that obtained on the group manifolds in the limit of the large level $n$ of current algebra. After quantization the algebra of functions on Dp-brane world-volume is represented with the Kontsevich star product instead of the Moyal one in the flat background.
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