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Effect of Exercise Program on the Rehabilitation of Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy  [PDF]
N. Sundaramurthy Senthil Kumar, Niyatee Lal, Dharmarajan Rajalakshmi
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2012.31008
Abstract: Study Design: A clinical trial of 30 consecutive patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Objectives: To evaluate the effect of directed physical exercise in patients with CSM and to measure severity of myelopathy before and after an exercise program. Setting: Christian Medical College and Hospital, India. Participants: Thirty patients with CSM (mean age-54.1 years) with Nuricks Grade 2 and 3. Background: Myelopathy of the spinal cord can be caused by degenerative process of the cervical vertebrae and it is the most common type of dysfunction of the spinal cord in adult population. CSM usually develops insidiously and the natural history is not well understood, there is debate over the indication for operative Vs non operative management. Method: Patients participated in a 6-week exercise program, consisting of active exercises to upper and lower extremities, scapulothoracic muscles, and gentle stretches, sub maximal isometric exercises of the deep neck flexors, relaxation and immobilization with a cervical collar. Main Outcome Measures: The mJOA (modified Japanese orthopaedic association score) and ASIA motor and sensory scoring. The results were processed by using Wilcoxon sign rank test. Results: After comparing the values at the beginning and end of the program a satisfactory neurological result (sensorimotor/motor and sensory) was obtained in all thirty patients. Conclusion: The exercise program had a positive impact for most of the variables of the study. Exercise intervention with neck immobilization may be a treatment of choice in early stages of CSM. Future randomized controlled studies would provide insight into the effectiveness and clinical relevance of this intervention.
Strengthening Transversus Abdominis in Pregnancy Related Pelvic Pain: The Pressure Biofeedback Stabilization Training
N Sundaramurthy Senthil Kumar,Dharmarajan Rajalakshmi
Global Journal of Health Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v4n4p55
Abstract: Pregnancy related pelvic pain (PRPP) refers to musculoskeletal type of persistent posterior pelvic pain during and after pregnancy with feature of reduced endurance capacity for standing, walking and sitting which leads to severe discomfort and considerable impairment of daily activities. Objective: To test the effect of pressure biofeedback stabilizer training, on the pain and dysfunction of a thirty year old subject who presented with PRPP. Study design: Single case design. Outcome variables: Oswestry pain and disability index, TrA efficacy. Methodology: An initial assessment was followed by treatment sessions which consist of 2 phases (Phase A & Phase B). The baseline phase (A) consists of conventional therapeutic exercises while the intervention phase (B) consists of pressure biofeedback training in conjunction with the conventional therapeutic exercises. Result: The study data demonstrated that the subject showed minimal improvement in pain, disability and TrA efficacy during the baseline phase and shown a steady improvement in all these variables during the intervention phase. Conclusion: Core muscle performance (TrA) can be retrained with pressure biofeedback stabilization training program in subject with PRPP thereby reducing pain and disability.
Continuous supply chain collaboration: Road to achieve operational excellence
N. Senthil Kumar,P. Subburethina Bharathi
Management Science Letters , 2011,
Abstract: Supply chain management (SCM) is becoming critical as firms recognize that competition is shifting from company versus company to supply chain versus supply chain. In the present competitive scenario, the fierce competition has driven most companies to seek for means of enhancing performance beyond their four wall boundaries. The firm’s ability in collaborating with its upstream and downstream partners determines its success in attaining better performance with supply chain collaboration; a firm is able to serve fragmented markets in which end customers require more product varieties and availability with shorter product life cycle and, at the same time, lower supply chain costs. This paper introduces the framework of continuous supply chain collaboration (CSCC), which extends the traditional frame of reference in strategic sourcing from a supplier centric to a supply-chain-scope as continuous improvement efforts to enhance the customer satisfaction. CSCC practices are rather exceptional, yet CSCC is believed to be the single most comprehensive framework for attaining operational excellence.
Proposed Technique for Accurate Detection/Segmentation of Lung Nodules using Spline Wavelet Techniques
T. K. Senthil Kumar,E. N. Ganesh
International Journal of Biomedical Science , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper we are going to discuss and analyze the different methods which are developed to detect the Lung nodules which cause the lung cancer. At the end of analyzing different methods, the new methodology of detecting the lung nodules using Spline Wavelet technique has been proposed in this paper. Continuous modeling of data often required in medical imaging, Polynomial Splines are especially useful to consider image data as continuum rather than discrete array of pixels. The multi resolution property of Splines makes them prime candidates for constructing wavelet bases. Wavelet tool also let us to compress the original CT image to greater factor without any sacrifice in accuracy of nodule detection. Different Algorithms for segmentation/ detection of lung nodules from CT image is discussed in this paper
Image Processing for Synthesizing Lung Nodules: A Experimental Study
N.S. Raghava,G. Senthil Kumar
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: The aim of this experiment is to study how effectively image processing utilises in CT scan. So a software application is developed using MATLAB software to experiment computer tomography (CT) image, using this application we identify the real nodule and create a 3d mesh Gaussian structure. A Certain parameters of this 3D mesh are taken to create a synthetic lung nodule. This synthetic nodule is inserted into the CT image. The real and synthetic nodules are evaluated from its appearance and shape in the CT image and 3D mesh plot. Based on this, more number of synthetic nodules can be created using various parameters; the characteristics of nodules are stored in to single database, which might be useful to the radiologist for further references of analysing the Lung nodules.
Damping Improvement by Facts Devices: A Comparison Between STATCOM, SSSC and UPFC
N. Senthil Kumar,R. Srinivasan,M. Abdullah Khan
International Journal of Electrical and Power Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: This study discusses and compares different control techniques for damping undesirable electromechancial oscillations in power systems by using Series /Shunt FACTS controllers. Static Compensators (STATCOM) Static Synchronous Series Compensators and Unified Power Flow Controllers (UPFC). The following disturbances are simulated on a Single Machine Infinite Bus System and the rotor angle/rotor speed deviation response is studied with and without the effect of FACTS controllers: Step change in turbine input and a three-phase fault on the line. The dynamic model of the FACTS controllers has been derived from the circuit theory fundamentals and the simulation results provide useful information on the transient rating of the converter based FACTS controllers. MATLAB/SIMULINK is used for running the dynamic simulations.
Outbreak of Bacterial Haemorrhagic Septicaemia in Fresh Water Carps in Thanjavur Region of Tamil Nadu
Basheer Ahamad. D,Punniamurthy. N,Senthil Kumar. V,Malmarugan. S
Advanced Biotech , 2013,
Abstract: In a private fresh water pond of one acre size, 3900 numbers of carps consisting of Catla (Catla catla), Rohu (Labeo rohita), Grass carps (Ctenopharyngodon idella), Mrigal (Cirrhinus mriqala)) and Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were cultured at Orathanadu, Thanjavur, the aquaculture belt of Tamilnadu. The bacterial haemorrhagic septicaemia disease outbreak due to Aeromonas hydrophila in a fresh water carps pond was investigated in the year 2011. The clinical signs included anorexia, slow movement in water surface, chronic rubbing of body due to irritation, 16% mortality and 100% morbidity. Bacteriological examination of moribund fish and traditional biochemical methods were used for identification of A. hydrophila. The gross and hisopathological changes were studied. The vascular changes such as congestion and hemorrhage in the outside surface of the affected fish were the main gross lesion. Petechial and ecchymotic haemorrhages, erosions and ulcers were found in the skin. The vascular changes such as congestion and haemorrhages were recorded in the mouths, eyes, opercula and the base of fins and around the anus. The blood tinched serous fluid was recorded in the abdomen. The vital organs showed generalized congestion and enlargement with petechial and ecchymotic haemorrhages. The histopathological changes are characterized by generalised haemosiderine pigment deposition in all vital organs. In addition, vacuolar degeneration and necrosis in the dermis and subcutis, congestion and haemohhages with serous exudation in gill-lamellae, acute haemorrhagic myocarditis, cloudy swelling to hydropic degeneration with multifocal necrosis of liver, acute haemorrhagic enteritis and acute haemorrhagic nephritis were observed.The moribund fishes in the farm was treated with tetracycline and Curcumin longa.
Effect of Rearing Systems on Reproductive Performance of Turkey
M AnnaAnandh,P N RichardJagatheesan,P Senthil Kumar,A Paramasivam
Veterinary World , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of rearing systems on reproductive performance of turkey (Meleagris gallopavo). A total of 180 Beltsville Small White and Board Breasted Bronze turkeys were taken for the study and reared under three different rearing system viz. intensive system (full confinement), semi-intensive system (partial confinement and partial day scavenging) and free range system (all-day scavenging). Average egg weight (g), percentage of infertile eggs, embryonic mortalities, total egg hatchability, fertile egg hatchability, fertility and poults survivability values were significantly (P>0.01) higher in turkeys reared under intensive system of management followed by semi intensive system and free range system of management. The highest percentage of dead in shell was found in intensive system and was did not differ significantly from semi intensive and free range system. Hatched weight of poults (g) between semi intensive and intensive system did not differ significantly between them, but both groups found statistically significant (P>0.01) from free range system. From the study, it is concluded that higher reproductive performance was obtained in intensive system of management followed by semi intensive and free range system of management. [Vet. World 2012; 5(4.000): 226-229]
A Comparative Study of SPKI/SDSI and K-SPKI/SDSI Systems
V. Vasudevan,N. Sivaraman,S. Senthil Kumar,R. Muthuraj
Information Technology Journal , 2007,
Abstract: SPKI/SDSI is a popular trust-management system which defines a formal language for expressing authorization and access-control policies and relies on an algorithm to determine when a specific request can be granted. It also provides support for delegation of authority. K-SPKI/SDSI is a trust management system in which SPKI/SDSI is used in conjunction with Kerberos. This study focuses on differences between the two systems. SPKI/SDSI has seen limited deployment because of the fact that it is PKI-based, i.e., every principal is required to have a public-private key pair. K-SPKI/SDSI overcomes this disadvantage by using Kerberos for local authentication. We also compare the performance of the two systems based on various parameters such as Time taken to authenticate, Number of key pairs required and Number of certificates generated.
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATIONS OF DICHROSTACHYS CINEREA
Swetha Vennapoosa,Devareddy Sandeep,K. Sumathi,N. Senthil Kumar
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2013,
Abstract: In underdeveloped countries, traditional and herbal medicines including folk medicinal practice scatters to nearly 70% of the population because of accessibility, affordability and the time tested dependability. They still depend on herbal medicine because of the side effect of most of the modern drugs. The medicinal activities are due to the presence of active principle in them. We have chosen the plant Dichrostachys cinerea (L) belonging to the family Mimosaceae for preliminary phyto chemical screening and to study the antimicrobial activity. Dichrostachys cinerea are traditionally used for antimicrobial, anticonvulsant. astringent (root); antihelminthic, purgative, laxative and diuretic (bark). In medicine, bark is used to alleviate headache, toothache, dysentery, elephantiasis and root infusions are consumed to treat leprosy, syphilis coughs, as an anthelmintic, purgative and strong diuretic. The leaves are particularly useful and can be taken to treat epilepsy and can also be taken as a diuretic and laxative, and its powder can be used in the massage of fractures. Based on the ethano pharmacological information’s, the present study is focused to evaluate Preliminary phytochemical and antimicrobial activity.
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