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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 199418 matches for " N. Mann "
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First record of the western tubenose goby Proterorhinus semilunaris (Heckel, 1837) in France
S. Manné,N. Poulet
Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems , 2008,
Abstract: Western tubenose gobies were captured for the first time in France in the Rhine River in September 2007. This species, originating from the Ponto-Caspian basin and considered as invasive in many countries, has colonised the Rhine drainage using the Rhine-Main-Danube canal.
Polariton Evaporation: The Blackbody Radiation Nature of the Low-Frequency Radiation Emitted by Radiative Polaritons to the Surrounding Space  [PDF]
Yosyp Schwab, Harkirat S. Mann, Brian N. Lang, Giovanna Scarel
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2014.42009

Upon formation, radiative polaritons in thin oxide films or crystals emit radiation to the surrounding space. This radiation is confined in a small range of the microwave to far-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, independently of the oxide chemistry. This work shows that the low-frequency radiation is blackbody radiation associated with a temperature directly related to the boson character of the radiative polaritons and to their amount. The proximity of this temperature to absolute zero Kelvin explains the confinement of the frequency. This phenomenon is named polariton evaporation.

Spanish-Language Home Visitation to Disadvantaged Latino Preschoolers: A Means of Promoting Language Development and English School Readiness  [PDF]
Virginia Mann
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.56051

This study reports five years of a school readiness intervention called “HABLA” (Home Based Activities Building Language Acquisition), designed to increase and enrich speech and literacy activities in the homes of economically and educationally disadvantaged Latino families with children between the age of 2 and 4. A team of trained home visitors provided two years of a 23-week program of visitation in which they met with parent(s) and child twice weekly. Both years presented a Spanish language adaptation of the parent-child home program model; home visitors provide intensive modeling and coaching of non-directive Spanish language use, conversation, and literacy activities. Administration of the PLS-3 in Spanish at the onset and culmination of each year of the program indicates significant increases in receptive and expressive language for each year of visitation (7.8 standard points for the first year, 4.4 for the second) with effect-size r ranging from .24 to 42. Participants had significantly improved their levels of oral Spanish skill and scored much higher than a comparison group of non-treated. A subset of graduates of the two-year program was tested as kindergarteners; they showed a continued advantage over a comparison group of 18 peers who had not received the intervention. For the graduates, both their Spanish PLS-3 scores and English PLS-4 scores were significantly higher, and their parents reported a continued effort to provide literacy experiences at home. The HABLA participants also showed a clear advantage for an English language test of phonological awareness, one of the strongest predictors of school success.

Effective Thermoelectric Power Generation in an Insulated Compartment  [PDF]
Harkirat S. Mann, Yosyp Schwab, Brian N. Lang, Jarrett L. Lancaster, Ronald J. Parise, Giovanna Scarel
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2014.43020
The Seebeck coefficient S is a temperature- and material-dependent property, which linearly and causally relates the temperature difference T between the “hot” and “cold” junctions of a thermoelectric power generator (TEC-PG) to the voltage difference V. This phenomenon is the Seebeck effect (SE), and can be used to convert waste heat into usable energy. This work investigates the trends of the effective voltage output V(t) and effective Seebeck coefficient S'(t) versus several hours of activity of a solid state TEC-PG device. The effective Seebeck coefficient S'(t) here is related to a device, not just to a material’s performance. The observations are pursued in an insulated compartment in various geometrical and environmental configurations. The results indicate that the SE does not substantially depend on the geometrical and environmental configurations. However, the effective Seebeck coefficient S'(t) and the produced effective
Universality of Quantum Entropy for Extreme Black Holes
Robert B. Mann,Sergey N. Solodukhin
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00094-7
Abstract: We consider the extremal limit of a black hole geometry of the Reissner-Nordstrom type and compute the quantum corrections to its entropy. Universally, the limiting geometry is the direct product of two 2-dimensional spaces and is characterized by just a few parameters. We argue that the quantum corrections to the entropy of such extremal black holes due to a massless scalar field have a universal behavior. We obtain explicitly the form of the quantum entropy in this extremal limit as function of the parameters of the limiting geometry. We generalize these results to black holes with toroidal or higher genus horizon topologies. In general, the extreme quantum entropy is completely determined by the spectral geometry of the horizon and in the ultra-extreme case it is just a determinant of the 2-dimensional Laplacian. As a byproduct of our considerations we obtain expressions for the quantum entropy of black holes which are not of the Reissner-Nordstrom type: the extreme dilaton and extreme Kerr-Newman black holes. In both cases the classical Bekenstein-Hawking entropy is modified by logarithmic corrections.
Infinite Blueshift of Charged Null Particles
R. B. Mann,W. N. Sajko
Physics , 1994,
Abstract: We demonstrate that charged null particles can be infinitely blue\-shifted in a Kerr-Newman spacetime. The surface of infinite blueshift can be outside of the ergosphere in a Kerr-Newman spacetime, and outside of the outer event horizon for a Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime. Implications for extensions of the standard model which incorporate charged neutrinos are discussed.
Quantum scalar field on three-dimensional (BTZ) black hole instanton: heat kernel, effective action and thermodynamics
Robert B. Mann,Sergey N. Solodukhin
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.55.3622
Abstract: We consider the behaviour of a quantum scalar field on three-dimensional Euclidean backgrounds: Anti-de Sitter space, the regular BTZ black hole instanton and the BTZ instanton with a conical singularity at the horizon. The corresponding heat kernel and effective action are calculated explicitly for both rotating and non-rotating holes. The quantum entropy of the BTZ black hole is calculated by differentiating the effective action with respect to the angular deficit at the conical singularity. The renormalization of the UV-divergent terms in the action and entropy is considered. The structure of the UV-finite term in the quantum entropy is of particular interest. Being negligible for large outer horizon area $A_+$ it behaves logarithmically for small $A_+$. Such behaviour might be important at late stages of black hole evaporation.
Conical geometry and quantum entropy of a charged Kerr black hole
Robert B. Mann,Sergey N. Solodukhin
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.54.3932
Abstract: We apply the method of conical singularities to calculate the tree-level entropy and its one-loop quantum corrections for a charged Kerr black hole. The Euclidean geometry for the Kerr-Newman metric is considered. We show that for an arbitrary periodization in Euclidean space there exists a conical singularity at the horizon. Its $\delta$-function like curvatures are calculated and are shown to behave similar to the static case. The heat kernel expansion for a scalar field on this conical space background is derived and the (divergent) quantum correction to the entropy is obtained. It is argued that these divergences can be removed by renormalization of couplings in the tree-level gravitational action in a manner similar to that for a static black hole.
Relativistic Linear Restoring Force
D. Clark,J. Franklin,N. Mann
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0143-0807/33/5/1041
Abstract: We consider two different forms for a relativistic version of a linear restoring force. The pair comes from taking Hooke's law to be the force appearing on the right of the relativistic expressions: dp/dt or dp/dtau . Either formulation recovers Hooke's law in the non-relativistic limit. In addition to these two forces, we introduce a form of retardation appropriate for the description of a linear (in displacement) force arising from the interaction of a pair of particles with a relativistic field. The procedure is akin to replacing Coulomb's law in E&M with a retarded form (the first correction in the full relativistic case). This retardation leads to the expected oscillation, but with amplitude growth in both its relativistic and non-relativistic incarnations.
Entwined Pairs and Schroedinger 's Equation
G. N. Ord,R. B. Mann
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0003-4916(03)00148-9
Abstract: We show that a point particle moving in space-time on entwined-pair paths generates Schroedinger's equation in a static potential in the appropriate continuum linit. This provides a new realist context for the Schroedinger equation within the domain of classical stochastic processes. It also suggests that self-quantizing systems may provide considerable insight into conventional quantum mechanics.
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