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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200013 matches for " N. Hari Babu "
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The spin anisotropy of the magnetic excitations in the normal and superconducting states of optimally doped YBa2Cu3O6.9 studied by polarized neutron spectroscopy
N. S. Headings,S. M. Hayden,J. Kulda,N. Hari Babu,D. A. Cardwell
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.104513
Abstract: We use inelastic neutron scattering with spin polarization analysis to study the magnetic excitations in the normal and superconducting states of YBa2Cu3O6.9. Polarization analysis allows us to determine the spin polarization of the magnetic excitations and to separate them from phonon scattering. In the normal state, we find unambiguous evidence of magnetic excitations over the 10-60meV range of the experiment with little polarization dependence to the excitations. In the superconducting state, the magnetic response is enhanced near the "resonance energy" and above. At lower energies, 10
Synthesis of compounds related to the anti-migraine drug eletriptan hydrobromide
Suri Babu Madasu,Nagaji Ambabhai Vekariya,M. N. V. D. Hari Kiran,Badarinadh Gupta
Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry , 2012, DOI: 10.3762/bjoc.8.162
Abstract: Eletriptan hydrobromide (1) is a selective serotonin (5-HT1) agonist, used for the acute treatment of the headache phase of migraine attacks. During the manufacture of eletriptan hydrobromide the formation of various impurities were observed and identified by LC–MS. To control the formation of these impurities during the preparation of active pharmaceutical ingredients, the structure of the impurities must be known. Major impurities of the eletriptan hydrobromide synthesis were prepared and characterized by using various spectroscopic techniques, i.e., mass spectroscopy, FTIR , 1H NMR, 13C NMR/DEPT, and further confirmed by co-injection in HPLC. The present study will be of great help in the synthesis of highly pure eletriptan hydrobromide related compounds.
Magneto-thermal phenomena in bulk high temperature superconductors subjected to applied AC magnetic fields
P Vanderbemden,P Laurent,J-F Fagnard,M Ausloos,N Hari Babu,D A Cardwell
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/23/7/075006
Abstract: In the present work we study, both theoretically and experimentally, the temperature increase in a bulk high-temperature superconductor subjected to applied AC magnetic fields of large amplitude. We calculate analytically the equilibrium temperatures of the bulk sample as a function of the experimental parameters using a simple critical-state model for an infinitely long type-II superconducting slab or cylinder. The results show the existence of a limit heat transfer coefficient (AUlim) separating two thermal regimes with different characteristics. The theoretical analysis predicts a "forbidden" temperature window within which the temperature of the superconductor can never stabilize when the heat transfer coefficient is small. In addition, we determine an analytical expression of two threshold fields Htr1 and Htr2 characterizing the importance of magneto-thermal effects and show that a thermal runaway always occurs when the field amplitude is larger than Htr2. The theoretical predictions of the temperature evolution of the bulk sample during a self-heating process agree well with the experimental data. The simple analytical study presented in this paper enables order of magnitude thermal effects to be estimated for simple superconductor geometries under applied AC magnetic fields and can be used to predict the influence of experimental parameters on the self-heating characteristics of bulk type-II superconductors.
Evidence for high inter-granular current flow in single-phase polycrystalline MgB2 superconductor
K. Kawano,J. S. Abell,M. Kambara,N Hari Babu,D. A. Cardwell
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1063/1.1405807
Abstract: The distribution of magnetic field in single-phase polycrystalline bulk MgB2 has been measured using a Magneto-Optical (MO) technique for an external magnetic field applied perpendicular to the sample surface. The MO studies indicate that an inter-granular current network is readily established in this material and the current is not limited by weak-linked grain boundaries. The grain boundaries are observed to resist preferential magnetic field penetration, with the inter-grain mechanism dominating the current flow in the sample at temperatures up to 30K. The results provide clear evidence that the intra-granular current flow is isotropic. A critical current density of ~10^4 Acm-2 was estimated at 30K in a field of 150mT from the MO measurements. These results provide further evidence of the considerable potential for MgB2 for engineering applications.
Evaluation of carbamate insecticides as chemotherapeutic agents for cancer
Mohd. Amanullah,Hari Babu
Indian Journal of Cancer , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Cancer chemotherapy has already been in practice by the use of toxins and some of the specific poisonous compounds of cyanide derivatives. Carbamate insecticides inhibit cellular metabolism including energy, protein, and nucleic acid metabolism, thereby, causing cell regression and death. Aim: Preliminary evaluation of three carbamate insecticides, namely, baygon, carbaryl, and carbofuran as chemotherapeutic agents for cancer is undertaken in the present study. Materials and Methods: The toxicity of carbamates on squamous cell carcinoma was assessed in-vitro using dye binding tests. Cells were grown in microtitration ELISA plates, as adherent cultures, for six hours, and then exposed to the drugs for 2, 4, 8, and 12 hours, and finally stained with neutral red, to assess the viable cell number, and with methylene blue for the determination of protein in the monolayer. Optical density was read in an ELISA reader. Statistical Analysis: The data obtained during the experiment was subjected to statistical analysis by using the student ′t′ test. Results: The results indicated that the percentage of the viable cell number reduced with an increase in the time of exposure of the drugs. Exposure of the tumor cells to the drugs for 12 hours detached them completely from the wells, and hence, all the cells were washed out. Exposure of the drugs prior to the establishment of the culture in-vitro resulted in the non-formation of the monolayer in the wells. Conclusions: Among the three drugs studied, the survival percent was least with carbaryl treatment followed by baygon, and with carbofuran treatment it was almost near to control group.
An AC susceptometer for the characterization of large, bulk superconducting samples
P Laurent,J F Fagnard,B Vanderheyden,N Hari Babu,D A Cardwell,M Ausloos,P Vanderbemden
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/19/8/085705
Abstract: The main purpose of this work was to design, develop and construct a simple, low-cost AC susceptometer to measure large, bulk superconducting samples (up to 32 mm in diameter) in the temperature range 78-120 K. The design incorporates a double heating system that enables a high heating rate (25 K/hour) while maintaining a small temperature gradient (< 0.2 K) across the sample. The apparatus can be calibrated precisely using a copper coil connected in series with the primary coil. The system has been used successfully to measure the temperature dependence of the AC magnetic properties of entire RE-Ba-Cu-O [(RE)BCO] bulk superconducting domains. A typical AC susceptibility measurement run from 78 K to 95 K takes about 2 hours, with excellent temperature resolution (temperature step ~ 4 mK) around the critical temperature, in particular.
Neutron Irradiation of MgB2 Bulk Superconductors
M. Eisterer,M. Zehetmayer,S. Toenies,H. W. Weber,M. Kambara,N. Hari Babu,D. A. Cardwell,L. R. Greenwood
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/15/2/101
Abstract: Sintered samples of MgB2 were irradiated in a fission reactor. Defects in the bulk microstructure are produced during this process mainly by the 10B(n,a)7Li reaction while collisions of fast neutrons with the lattice atoms induce much less damage. Self-shielding effects turn out to be very important and lead to a highly inhomogeneous defect distribution in the irradiated samples. The resulting disorder enhances the normal state resistivity and the upper critical field. The irreversibility line shifts to higher fields at low temperatures and the measured critical current densities increase following irradiation.
Dislocation Driven Chromium Precipitation in Fe-9Cr Binary Alloy: A Positron Lifetime Study
S. Hari Babu,R. Rajaraman,G. Amarendra,R. Govindaraj,N. P. Lalla,Arup Dasgupta,Gopal Bhalerao,C. S. Sundar
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The influence of initial heat treatment on anomalous Cr precipitation within high temperature solubility region in Fe-9Cr alloy has been investigated using positron lifetime studies. Air-quenched samples with pre-existing dislocations exhibited a distinct annealing stage in positron lifetime between 800 and 1100 K corresponding to Cr-precipitation. During this stage, Transmission Electron Microscopy showed fine precipitates of average size 4 nm, dispersed throughout the sample and from EDS analysis they are found to be Cr-enriched. The existence of dislocations is found to be responsible for Cr precipitation.
Remagnetization of bulk high-temperature superconductors subjected to crossed and rotating magnetic fields
P Vanderbemden,Z Hong,T A Coombs,M Ausloos,N Hari Babu,D A Cardwell,A M Campbell
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/20/9/S10
Abstract: Bulk melt-processed Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) has significant potential for a variety of high field permanent magnet-like applications, such as the rotor of a brushless motor. When used in rotating devices of this kind, however, the YBCO can be subjected to both transient and alternating magnetic fields that are not parallel to the direction of magnetization and which have a detrimental effect on the trapped field. These effects may lead to a long-term decay of the magnetization of the bulk sample. In the present work, we analyze both experimentally and numerically the remagnetization process of a melt-processed YBCO single domain that has been partially demagnetized by a magnetic field applied orthogonal to the initial direction of trapped flux. Magnetic torque measurements are used as a tool to probe changes in the remanent magnetization during various sequences of applied field. The application of a small magnetic field between the transverse cycles parallel to the direction of original magnetization results in partial remagnetization of the sample. Rotating the applied field, however, is found to be much more efficient at remagnetizing the bulk material than applying a magnetizing field pulse of the same amplitude. The principal features of the experimental data can be reproduced qualitatively using a two-dimensional finite-element numerical model based on an E-J power law. Finally, the remagnetization process is shown to result from the complex modification of current distribution within the cross-section of the bulk sample.
Behavior of bulk high-temperature superconductors of finite thickness subjected to crossed magnetic fields
Ph. Vanderbemden,Z. Hong,T. A. Coombs,S. Denis,M. Ausloos,J. Schwartz,I. B. Rutel,N. Hari Babu,D. A. Cardwell,A. M. Campbell
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.174515
Abstract: Crossed magnetic field effects on bulk high-temperature superconductors have been studied both experimentally and numerically. The sample geometry investigated involves finite-size effects along both (crossed) magnetic field directions. The experiments were carried out on bulk melt-processed Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) single domains that had been pre-magnetized with the applied field parallel to their shortest direction (i.e. the c-axis) and then subjected to several cycles of the application of a transverse magnetic field parallel to the sample ab plane. The magnetic properties were measured using orthogonal pick-up coils, a Hall probe placed against the sample surface and Magneto-Optical Imaging (MOI). We show that all principal features of the experimental data can be reproduced qualitatively using a two-dimensional finite-element numerical model based on an E-J power law and in which the current density flows perpendicularly to the plane within which the two components of magnetic field are varied. The results of this study suggest that the suppression of the magnetic moment under the action of a transverse field can be predicted successfully by ignoring the existence of flux-free configurations or flux-cutting effects. These investigations show that the observed decay in magnetization results from the intricate modification of current distribution within the sample cross-section. It is also shown that the model does not predict any saturation of the magnetic induction, even after a large number (~ 100) of transverse field cycles. These features are shown to be consistent with the experimental data.
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