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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198084 matches for " N. Frodyma "
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Production, characterization and operation of $^{76}$Ge enriched BEGe detectors in GERDA
M. Agostini,M. Allardt,E. Andreotti,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,D. Borowicz,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjas,A. Caldwel,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,V. D'Andrea,E. V. Demidova,A. Domula,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,C. Gotti,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,W. Hampel,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,L. Ioannucci,J. Janicsko Csathy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,V. Kazalov,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,M. Misiaszek,I. Nemchenok,S. Nisi,C. O'Shaughnessy,D. Palioselitis,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,G. Pessina,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,N. Rumyantseva,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,S. Sch?nert,E. Shevchik,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,H. Strecker,C. A. Ur,L. Vanhoefer,A. A. Vasenko,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,H. Wilsenach,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-3253-0
Abstract: The GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory (LNGS) searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay (0{\nu}{\beta}{\beta}) of $^{76}$Ge. Germanium detectors made of material with an enriched $^{76}$Ge fraction act simultaneously as sources and detectors for this decay. During Phase I of the experiment mainly refurbished semi-coaxial Ge detectors from former experiments were used. For the upcoming Phase II, 30 new $^{76}$Ge enriched detectors of broad energy germanium (BEGe)-type were produced. A subgroup of these detectors has already been deployed in GERDA during Phase I. The present paper reviews the complete production chain of these BEGe detectors including isotopic enrichment, purification, crystal growth and diode production. The efforts in optimizing the mass yield and in minimizing the exposure of the $^{76}$Ge enriched germanium to cosmic radiation during processing are described. Furthermore, characterization measurements in vacuum cryostats of the first subgroup of seven BEGe detectors and their long-term behavior in liquid argon are discussed. The detector performance fulfills the requirements needed for the physics goals of GERDA Phase~II.
Results on $ββ$ decay with emission of two neutrinos or Majorons in $^{76}$Ge from GERDA Phase I
M. Agostini,M. Allardt,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,D. Borowicz,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjá?,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,V. D'Andrea,E. V. Demidova,A. di Vacri,A. Domula,E. Doroshkevich,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,O. Fedorova,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,J. Janicskó Csáthy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,V. Kazalov,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,E. Medinaceli,M. Misiaszek,P. Moseev,I. Nemchenok,D. Palioselitis,K. Panas,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,N. Rumyantseva,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,S. Sch?nert,O. Selivanenko,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,M. Stepaniuk,C. A. Ur,L. Vanhoefer,A. A. Vasenko,A. Veresnikova,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,H. Wilsenach,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-015-3627-y
Abstract: A search for neutrinoless $\beta\beta$ decay processes accompanied with Majoron emission has been performed using data collected during Phase I of the GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso of INFN (Italy). Processes with spectral indices n = 1, 2, 3, 7 were searched for. No signals were found and lower limits of the order of 10$^{23}$ yr on their half-lives were derived, yielding substantially improved results compared to previous experiments with $^{76}$Ge. A new result for the half-life of the neutrino-accompanied $\beta\beta$ decay of $^{76}$Ge with significantly reduced uncertainties is also given, resulting in $T^{2\nu}_{1/2} = (1.926 \pm 0.095)\cdot10^{21}$ yr.
Improvement of the Energy Resolution via an Optimized Digital Signal Processing in GERDA Phase I
M. Agostini,M. Allardt,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,D. Borowicz,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjá?,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,V. D'Andrea,E. V. Demidova,A. di Vacri,A. Domula,E. Doroshkevich,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,O. Fedorova,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,J. Janicskó Csáthy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,V. Kazalov,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,E. Medinaceli,M. Misiaszek,P. Moseev,I. Nemchenok,D. Palioselitis,K. Panas,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,N. Rumyantseva,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,B. Schneider,S. Sch?nert,J. Schreiner,A. -K. Schütz,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,O. Selivanenko,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,M. Stepaniuk,C. A. Ur,L. Vanhoefer,A. A. Vasenko,A. Veresnikova,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,H. Wilsenach,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: An optimized digital shaping filter has been developed for the GERDA experiment which searches for neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge. The GERDA Phase I energy calibration data have been reprocessed and an average improvement of 0.3 keV in energy resolution (FWHM) at the 76Ge Q value for 0\nu\beta\beta decay is obtained. This is possible thanks to the enhanced low-frequency noise rejection of this Zero Area Cusp (ZAC) signal shaping fillter.
Pulse shape discrimination for GERDA Phase I data
M. Agostini,M. Allardt,E. Andreotti,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,M. Barnabe Heider,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjá?,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,F. Cossavella,E. V. Demidova,A. Domula,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,A. Ferella,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,C. Gotti,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,K. K. Guthikonda,W. Hampel,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,L. Ioannucci,J. Janicskó Csáthy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,X. Liu,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,A. A. Machado,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,M. Misiaszek,I. Nemchenok,S. Nisi,C. O'Shaughnessy,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,G. Pessina,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,N. Rumyantseva,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,S. Sch?nert,E. Shevchik,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,H. Strecker,M. Tarka,C. A. Ur,A. A. Vasenko,O. Volynets,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-013-2583-7
Abstract: The GERDA experiment located at the LNGS searches for neutrinoless double beta (0\nu\beta\beta) decay of ^{76}Ge using germanium diodes as source and detector. In Phase I of the experiment eight semi-coaxial and five BEGe type detectors have been deployed. The latter type is used in this field of research for the first time. All detectors are made from material with enriched ^{76}Ge fraction. The experimental sensitivity can be improved by analyzing the pulse shape of the detector signals with the aim to reject background events. This paper documents the algorithms developed before the data of Phase I were unblinded. The double escape peak (DEP) and Compton edge events of 2.615 MeV \gamma\ rays from ^{208}Tl decays as well as 2\nu\beta\beta\ decays of ^{76}Ge are used as proxies for 0\nu\beta\beta\ decay. For BEGe detectors the chosen selection is based on a single pulse shape parameter. It accepts 0.92$\pm$0.02 of signal-like events while about 80% of the background events at Q_{\beta\beta}=2039 keV are rejected. For semi-coaxial detectors three analyses are developed. The one based on an artificial neural network is used for the search of 0\nu\beta\beta\ decay. It retains 90% of DEP events and rejects about half of the events around Q_{\beta\beta}. The 2\nu\beta\beta\ events have an efficiency of 0.85\pm0.02 and the one for 0\nu\beta\beta\ decays is estimated to be 0.90^{+0.05}_{-0.09}. A second analysis uses a likelihood approach trained on Compton edge events. The third approach uses two pulse shape parameters. The latter two methods confirm the classification of the neural network since about 90% of the data events rejected by the neural network are also removed by both of them. In general, the selection efficiency extracted from DEP events agrees well with those determined from Compton edge events or from 2\nu\beta\beta\ decays.
Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge from GERDA Phase I
M. Agostini,M. Allardt,E. Andreotti,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,M. Barnabé Heider,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjá?,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,F. Cossavella,E. V. Demidova,A. Domula,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,A. Ferella,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,C. Gotti,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,K. K. Guthikonda,W. Hampel,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,L. Ioannucci,J. Janicskó Csáthy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,X. Liu,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,A. A. Machado,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,M. Misiaszek,I. Nemchenok,S. Nisi,C. O'Shaughnessy,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,G. Pessina,%F. Potenza,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,N. Rumyantseva,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,S. Sch?nert,E. Shevchik,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,H. Strecker,M. Tarka,C. A. Ur,A. A. Vasenko,O. Volynets,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.122503
Abstract: Neutrinoless double beta decay is a process that violates lepton number conservation. It is predicted to occur in extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics. This Letter reports the results from Phase I of the GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) experiment at the Gran Sasso Laboratory (Italy) searching for neutrinoless double beta decay of the isotope 76Ge. Data considered in the present analysis have been collected between November 2011 and May 2013 with a total exposure of 21.6 kgyr. A blind analysis is performed. The background index is about 1.10^{-2} cts/(keV kg yr) after pulse shape discrimination. No signal is observed and a lower limit is derived for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge, T_1/2 > 2.1 10^{25} yr (90% C.L.). The combination with the results from the previous experiments with 76Ge yields T_1/2 > 3.0 10^{25} yr (90% C.L.).
Measurement of the half-life of the two-neutrino double beta decay of Ge-76 with the Gerda experiment
GERDA Collaboration,M. Agostini,M. Allardt,E. Andreotti,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,M. Barnabe Heider,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjas,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,F. Cossavella,E. V. Demidova,A. Denisov,A. Domula,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,A. D. Ferella,K. Freund,F. Froborg,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,S. Gazzana,P. Grambayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,K. K. Guthikonda,W. Hampel,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,L. Ioannucci,J. Janicsko Csathy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,S. Kianovsky,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Knoepfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. Kusminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,X. Liu,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,A. A. Machado,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,I. Nemchenok,S. Nisi,C. O'Shaughnessy,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,L. Peraro,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,F. Ritter,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,S. Schoenert,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,E. Shevchik,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,H. Strecker,M. Tarka,C. A. Ur,A. A. Vasenko,O. Volynets,K. von Sturm,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/40/3/035110
Abstract: The primary goal of the GERmanium Detector Array (Gerda) experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso of INFN is the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76. High-purity germanium detectors made from material enriched in Ge-76 are operated directly immersed in liquid argon, allowing for a substantial reduction of the background with respect to predecessor experiments. The first 5.04 kg yr of data collected in Phase I of the experiment have been analyzed to measure the half-life of the neutrino-accompanied double beta decay of Ge-76. The observed spectrum in the energy range between 600 and 1800 keV is dominated by the double beta decay of Ge-76. The half-life extracted from Gerda data is T(1/2) = (1.84 +0.14 -0.10) 10^{21} yr.
The background in the neutrinoless double beta decay experiment GERDA
The GERDA collaboration,M. Agostini,M. Allardt,E. Andreotti,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,M. Barnabe Heider,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjas,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,F. Cossavella,E. V. Demidova,A. Domula,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,A. Ferella,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,C. Gotti,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,K. K. Guthikonda,W. Hampel,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,L. Ioannucci,J. Janicsko Csathy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Knoepfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,X. Liu,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,A. A. Machado,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,I. Nemchenok,S. Nisi,C. O'Shaughnessy,D. Palioselitis,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,G. Pessina,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,S. Schoenert,E. Shevchik,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,H. Strecker,M. Tarka,C. A. Ur,A. A. Vasenko,O. Volynets,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-2764-z
Abstract: The GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) experiment at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS) of INFN is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge. The signature of the signal is a monoenergetic peak at 2039 keV, the Q-value of the decay, Q_bb. To avoid bias in the signal search, the present analysis does not consider all those events, that fall in a 40 keV wide region centered around Q_bb. The main parameters needed for the neutrinoless double beta decay analysis are described. A background model was developed to describe the observed energy spectrum. The model contains several contributions, that are expected on the basis of material screening or that are established by the observation of characteristic structures in the energy spectrum. The model predicts a flat energy spectrum for the blinding window around Q_bb with a background index ranging from 17.6 to 23.8*10^{-3} counts/(keV kg yr). A part of the data not considered before has been used to test if the predictions of the background model are consistent. The observed number of events in this energy region is consistent with the background model. The background at Q-bb is dominated by close sources, mainly due to 42K, 214Bi, 228Th, 60Co and alpha emitting isotopes from the 226Ra decay chain. The individual fractions depend on the assumed locations of the contaminants. It is shown, that after removal of the known gamma peaks, the energy spectrum can be fitted in an energy range of 200 kev around Q_bb with a constant background. This gives a background index consistent with the full model and uncertainties of the same size.
$2νββ$ decay of $^{76}$Ge into excited states with GERDA Phase I
M. Agostini,M. Allardt,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,D. Borowicz,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjá?,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,V. D'Andrea,E. V. Demidova,A. di Vacri,A. Domula,E. Doroshkevich,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,O. Fedorova,K. Freund,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,C. Gooch,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,J. Janicskó Csáthy,J. Jochum,M. Junker,V. Kazalov,T. Kihm,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,V. V. Kuzminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,H. Y. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,G. Lutter,C. Macolino,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,E. Medinaceli,Y. Mi,M. Misiaszek,P. Moseev,I. Nemchenok,D. Palioselitis,K. Panas,L. Pandola,K. Pelczar,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,N. Rumyantseva,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,B. Schneider,J. Schreiner,O. Schulz,B. Schwingenheuer,S. Sch?nert,A-K. Schütz,O. Selivanenko,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,M. Stepaniuk,C. A. Ur,L. Vanhoefer,A. A. Vasenko,A. Veresnikova,K. von Sturm,V. Wagner,M. Walter,A. Wegmann,T. Wester,H. Wilsenach,M. Wojcik,E. Yanovich,P. Zavarise,I. Zhitnikov,S. V. Zhukov,D. Zinatulina,K. Zuber,G. Zuzel
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/42/11/115201
Abstract: Two neutrino double beta decay of $^{76}$Ge to excited states of $^{76}$Se has been studied using data from Phase I of the GERDA experiment. An array composed of up to 14 germanium detectors including detectors that have been isotopically enriched in $^{76}$Ge was deployed in liquid argon. The analysis of various possible transitions to excited final states is based on coincidence events between pairs of detectors where a de-excitation $\gamma$ ray is detected in one detector and the two electrons in the other. No signal has been observed and an event counting profile likelihood analysis has been used to determine Frequentist 90\,\% C.L. bounds for three transitions: ${0^+_{\rm g.s.}-2^+_1}$: $T^{2\nu}_{1/2}>$1.6$\cdot10^{23}$ yr, ${0^+_{\rm g.s.}-0^+_1}$: $T^{2\nu}_{1/2}>$3.7$\cdot10^{23}$ yr and ${0^+_{\rm g.s.}-2^+_2}$: $T^{2\nu}_{1/2}>$2.3$\cdot10^{23}$ yr. These bounds are more than two orders of magnitude larger than those reported previously. Bayesian 90\,\% credibility bounds were extracted and used to exclude several models for the ${0^+_{\rm g.s.}-0^+_1}$ transition.
The GERDA experiment for the search of 0νββ decay in ^{76}Ge
GERDA Collaboration,K. -H. Ackermann,M. Agostini,M. Allardt,M. Altmann,E. Andreotti,A. M. Bakalyarov,M. Balata,I. Barabanov,M. Barnabe Heider,N. Barros,L. Baudis,C. Bauer,N. Becerici-Schmidt,E. Bellotti,S. Belogurov,S. T. Belyaev,G. Benato,A. Bettini,L. Bezrukov,T. Bode,V. Brudanin,R. Brugnera,D. Budjas,A. Caldwell,C. Cattadori,A. Chernogorov,O. Chkvorets,F. Cossavella,A. D`Andragora,E. V. Demidova,A. Denisov,A. di Vacri,A. Domula,V. Egorov,R. Falkenstein,A. Ferella,K. Freund,F. Froborg,N. Frodyma,A. Gangapshev,A. Garfagnini,J. Gasparro,S. Gazzana,R. Gonzalez de Orduna,P. Grabmayr,V. Gurentsov,K. Gusev,K. K. Guthikonda,W. Hampel,A. Hegai,M. Heisel,S. Hemmer,G. Heusser,W. Hofmann,M. Hult,L. V. Inzhechik,L. Ioannucci,J. Janicsko Csalty,J. Jochum,M. Junker,R. Kankanyan,S. Kianovsky,T. Kihm,J. Kiko,I. V. Kirpichnikov,A. Kirsch,A. Klimenko,M. Knapp,K. T. Kn?pfle,O. Kochetov,V. N. Kornoukhov,K. Kr?ninger,V. Kusminov,M. Laubenstein,A. Lazzaro,V. I. Lebedev,B. Lehnert,D. Lenz,H. Liao,M. Lindner,I. Lippi,J. Liu,X. Liu,A. Lubashevskiy,B. Lubsandorzhiev,A. A. Machado,B. Majorovits,W. Maneschg,G. Marissens,S. Mayer,G. Meierhofer,I. Nemchenok,L. Niedermeier,S. Nisi,J. Oehm,C. O'Shaughnessy,L. Pandola,P. Peiffer,K. Pelczar,A. Pullia,S. Riboldi,F. Ritter,C. Rossi Alvarez,C. Sada,M. Salathe,C. Schmitt,S. Sch?nert,J. Schreiner,J. Schubert,O. Schulz,U. Schwan,B. Schwingenheuer,H. Seitz,E. Shevchik,M. Shirchenko,H. Simgen,A. Smolnikov,L. Stanco,F. Stelzer,H. Strecker,M. Tarka,U. Trunk,C. A. Ur
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-013-2330-0
Abstract: The GERDA collaboration is performing a search for neutrinoless double beta decay of ^{76}Ge with the eponymous detector. The experiment has been installed and commissioned at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso and has started operation in November 2011. The design, construction and first operational results are described, along with detailed information from the R&D phase.
Implementation of a Higher Quality dc Power Converter  [PDF]
N. N. Barsoum
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.22012
Abstract: Many single and three-phase converters are well developed, and covered up in most of electric markets. It is used in many applications in power systems and machine drives. However, an exact definite output signal from the dc side still not recognized. The waveforms of output voltage and current demonstrate an imperfect dc signal and constitute losses, harmonic distortion, low power factor, and observed some ripples. An approximately perfect rectifier bridge is the aim of this research. Perhaps it gives the ability to identify the parameters of the converter to obtain, as much as possible, a perfect dc signal with less ripple, high power factor and high efficiency. Design is implemented by simulation on Power Simulator PSIM, and practically, a series regulator LM723 is applied to provide regulating output voltage. Comparisons of both simulation and hardware results are made to observe differences and similarities.
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