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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 203017 matches for " Núria Verges Bosch "
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From exclusion to self-inclusion of women in ICT. Motivations, enablers and mechanisms of self-inclusion De la exclusión a la autoinclusión de las mujeres en las TIC. Motivaciones, posibilitadores y mecanismos de autoinclusión
Núria Verges Bosch
Athenea Digital , 2012,
Abstract: Research on the participation of women in ICT shows that the gender digital divide persists. Given that, most studies continue to focus on explaining the mechanisms of exclusion of women from ICT. In this article I propose a paradigm shift from exclusion to inclusion. I go beyond inclusion by conceptualizing and analysing the process of self-inclusion of women in ICT from a purposive sample of women artistic and computer technologists. The results are based on the qualitative analysis of interviews and focus groups, in which I aim to answer three main questions: What motivated their self-inclusion? What enablers did they encounter? What mechanisms did they follow and activate to self-include in ICT? The main results show, first, that the motivations for pleasure are predominant, but often complemented by other utilitarian motivations. Second, a set of enablers facilitate women’s self-inclusion in ICT, including gender policies. Finally, I discuss a number of mechanisms of self-inclusion that go beyond learning that include doing and undoing gender. La investigación sobre la participación de las mujeres en las TIC alerta de que la brecha digital de género persiste. Frente a ello, la mayoría de estudios se siguen concentrando en explicar los mecanismos de exclusión de las mujeres de las TIC. En este artículo propongo un giro del paradigma de la exclusión al paradigma de la inclusión para avanzar en esta cuestión. Voy más allá conceptualizando y analizando el proceso de autoinclusión de las mujeres en las TIC a partir de una muestra intencionada de tecnólogas artísticas e informáticas. Los resultados se basan en el análisis cualitativo de entrevistas y grupos de discusión y buscan responder a tres preguntas principales: Qué expresan que las ha motivado a autoincluirse en las TIC? Qué posibilitadores se alan que han ido encontrando? Qué mecanismos exponen que han ido siguiendo y activando para autoincluirse? Como principales resultados muestro, primeramente, que las motivaciones por placer se evidencian como predominantes, pero complementadas por motivaciones más utilitaristas. En segundo lugar, que un conjunto de posibilitadores han facilitado su autoinclusión, entre ellos las mismas políticas de género. Finalmente, expongo una serie de mecanismos de autoinclusión que van más allá del aprendizaje y que incluyen ir haciendo y deshaciendo género.
EL FINAN AMENT DELS GOVERNS SUBCENTRALS EN ELS PA SOS FEDERALS
Núria Bosch Roca
Revista d'Estudis Autonòmics i Federals , 2006,
Abstract: The purpose of the article is to describe the main characteristics of the financingof sub-central bodies in federal states. The article focuses chiefly onbodies of an intermediate level, that is, the states that form the federation.The analysis is based on the experience of Germany, Australia, Austria, Canada,Switzerland and the USA. At the same time, the article makes referencesthroughout to the financing of the [Spanish] Autonomous Communities todetermine whether this is in line with the sub-central financing of thosecountries analysed. Finally, it also highlights the manner in which the modelof financing in the new Catalan Statute of Autonomy brings us closer to thecharacteristics of a federal model. The article’s analysis proceeds through theassessment of a series of underlying issues: the degree of decentralizationin federal states, both with reference to expenses and income from taxation;expense functions by levels of government; income structure in governmentsof an intermediate level, highlighting the degree of financial dependence;the tributary power and assignation of taxes at a sub-central level; the subsidiesof taxation levelling, and finally the political-institutional mechanismsof coordination between the various levels of government.
Moving for What? International Mobility Strategies of Women in ICT Careers
Ana M. González Ramos,Núria Vergés Bosch
International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: A consideration of the role that international mobility plays in the careers of highly skilled women in ICT is becoming essential. Firstly, international mobility has an effect on the training phase and the subsequent development of women’s careers. Secondly, since globalisation shapes the international labour market, this posesnew challenges for highly skilled personnel. In fact, the general dynamism of the ICT sector is characterised by a strong internationalisation. Feminist research has explored the gender dimension of professional mobility. According to this research, the requirement for mobility could be a serious obstacle to the promotion of women if they lack family support. On the other hand, migration research shows that women are taking an increasingly active role in mobility strategies and that they increasingly lead mobility decisions even when the whole family is involved. In this paper, we focus on women working in the ICT sector with experiences of job related mobility. Using a life course approach, we discuss different aspects of women's mobility strategies. We highlight specific features of women’s motivation to move abroad, as well as the consequences of this mobility. We argue that this evidence suggests that it is necessary to review policy agendas related to mobility support for women and their families.
El finan ament - La financiación
Lluís M. Alonso,M. Dolores Arias,Núria Bosch,Maite Vilalta
Revista Catalana de Dret Públic , 2010,
Abstract: El finan ament de la Generalitat (Sentència 31/2010, de 28 de juny) (417-422) Lluís M. Alonso González Sobre la constitucionalitat de determinats preceptes de l’Estatut d’autonomia de Catalunya relatius al finan ament autonòmic i local (423-428) M. Dolores Arias Abellán Efectes de la Sentència del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el model de finan ament de la Generalitat de Catalunya (429-432) Núria Bosch i Roca i Maite Vilalta Ferrer Reflexions sobre la natura jurídica dels compromisos de despesa previstos a la disposició addicional tercera de l’Estatut arran de la Sentència 31/2010, de 28 de juny (433-436) José Antonio Fernández Amor El finan ament autonòmic a la Sentència 31/2010 del Tribunal Constitucional sobre l’Estatut català de 2006 (437-443) Joan Pagès i Galtés Inconstitucionalitat de les competències relatives a la possibilitat d’establir i regular tributs locals propis (444-448) Montserrat Peretó García El finan ament (449-453) Pere Sol i Ordis La financiación de la Generalitat (Sentencia 31/2010, de 28 de junio) (423-428) Lluís M. Alonso González Sobre la constitucionalidad de determinados preceptos del Estatuto de Autonomía de Catalu a relativos a la financiación autonómica y local (429-434) M. Dolores Arias Abellán Efectos de la Sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el modelo de financiación de la Generalitat de Catalu a (435-437) Núria Bosch i Roca y Maite Vilalta Ferrer Reflexiones sobre la naturaleza jurídica de los compromisos de gasto previstos en la disposición adicional tercera del Estatuto a raíz de la Sentencia 31/2010 de 28 de junio (438-441) José Antonio Fernández Amor La financiación autonómica en la Sentencia 31/2010 del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el Estatuto catalán de 2006 (442-448) Joan Pagès i Galtés Inconstitucionalidad de las competencias relativas a la posibilidad de establecer y regular tributos locales propios (449-454) Montserrat Peretó García La financiación (455-459) Pere Sol i Ordis
Determination of Stratigraphy—Soil Types—Using Cone Penetration Test in Sedimentary Deposits in North-East of Argentina  [PDF]
Dante René Bosch, Rubén Rafael Sotelo
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.36019
Abstract: One of the main uses of the cone penetration test (CPT) is to determinate the underground stratigraphy identifying the soils types present. Diverse researchers intended to identify the soils in function of results of CPT by means of the use of classification graphics based on empiric correlations. Also, they stand out the necessity to continue getting into these studies and they emphasize that local experiences could differ from the studies carried out. The experience in the NEA region of our country regarding the use of the CPT is recent; it was incorporated by the middle of the 90s. However, its continuous and systematic use in geotechnical studies makes that today it has a big database enough to verify the application of international correlations to the soils of the region. The objective of the work consists of verifying the application of the method of identification of soils to the sedimentary soils of the NEA, by means of the analysis of tests of CPT made in different points of the states of Chaco and Corrientes. The results of the study reveal that a good agreement exists among the stratigraphy obtained from CPT tests and those obtained by traditional methods. Although the analyzed universe of data is not of great magnitude and it should be enlarged, it is concluded in a preliminary way that for the soils of the region a good correlation exists between the classification chart with base in CPT and the traditional Unified Soil Classification System (USCS).
Human Papilloma Virus prevalence and type-specific relative contribution in invasive cervical cancer specimens from Italy
Luciano Mariani, Núria Monfulleda, Laia Alemany, Enrico Vizza, Ferdinando Marandino, Amina Vocaturo, Maria Benevolo, Beatriz Quirós, Belén Lloveras, Jo Klaustermeier, Wim Quint, Silvia de Sanjosé, F Xavier Bosch
BMC Cancer , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-259
Abstract: To describe the prevalence of HPV and the HPV type-specific distribution in ICC cases identified in Rome, Italy.140 paraffin embedded tissue blocks of primary ICC diagnosed between 2001 and 2006 were identified at the Regina Elena Cancer Institute in Rome (Italy). HPV was detected through amplification of HPV DNA using SPF-10 HPV broad-spectrum primers followed by DEIA and then genotyping by LiPA25 (version 1).134 cases were considered suitable for HPV DNA detection after histological evaluation; and overall, 90.3% (121/134) HPV prevalence was detected. 111 cases had a single HPV type, 4 cases had an uncharacterized type (HPVX) and 6 cases had multiple HPV infections. The five most common single HPV types among positive cases were: HPV16 (71/121; 58.7%), HPV18 (12/121; 9.9%), HPV31, HPV45 and HPV58 (5/121; 4.1% each). 2 (1.5%) of the single infections and 2 (1.5%) of the multiple infections contained low risk types. Statistically significant differences in the relative contribution of HPV18 were found when comparing squamous cell carcinomas with adenocarcinomas.HPV16 and HPV18 accounted for almost 70% of all the HPV positive ICC cases. The study provides baseline information for further evaluation on the impact of recently introduced HPV vaccines in Italy.Cervical cancer is a serious public health problem representing the 2nd most common cancer diagnosed among women worldwide. Around 493,000 new cases and 274,000 deaths from this disease were estimated in 2002 [1]. In this study we analyse and present data regarding Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in invasive cervical cancer (ICC) specimens from Italy, a country whose population consist of 25.94 million [2] women at risk of developing ICC (15 y.o. or older). The age-standardized incidence rate of cervical cancer in Italy has been estimated at 8.1 new cases per 100,000 women annually [1]. Current estimates indicate that 3,418 women are diagnosed with ICC every year and 1,186 die from the disease, ranking the 10th most fre
APOE Status Modulates the Changes in Network Connectivity Induced by Brain Stimulation in Non-Demented Elders
Cleofé Pe?a-Gomez, Cristina Solé-Padullés, Imma C. Clemente, Carme Junqué, Núria Bargalló, Beatriz Bosch, José Luis Molinuevo, Josep Valls-Solé, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, David Bartrés-Faz
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051833
Abstract: Behavioral consequences of a brain insult represent an interaction between the injury and the capacity of the rest of the brain to adapt to it. We provide experimental support for the notion that genetic factors play a critical role in such adaptation. We induced a controlled brain disruption using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and show that APOE status determines its impact on distributed brain networks as assessed by functional MRI (fMRI).Twenty non-demented elders exhibiting mild memory dysfunction underwent two fMRI studies during face-name encoding tasks (before and after rTMS). Baseline task performance was associated with activation of a network of brain regions in prefrontal, parietal, medial temporal and visual associative areas. APOE ε4 bearers exhibited this pattern in two separate independent components, whereas ε4-non carriers presented a single partially overlapping network. Following rTMS all subjects showed slight ameliorations in memory performance, regardless of APOE status. However, after rTMS APOE ε4-carriers showed significant changes in brain network activation, expressing strikingly similar spatial configuration as the one observed in the non-carrier group prior to stimulation. Similarly, activity in areas of the default-mode network (DMN) was found in a single component among the ε4-non bearers, whereas among carriers it appeared disaggregated in three distinct spatiotemporal components that changed to an integrated single component after rTMS. Our findings demonstrate that genetic background play a fundamental role in the brain responses to focal insults, conditioning expression of distinct brain networks to sustain similar cognitive performance.
Réaction à l'article de J.-M. Ramos
Verges, Pierre
Papers on Social Representations , 1994,
Abstract:
Preconcentration of Cadmium in Environmental Samples by Cloud Point Extraction and Determination by FAAS  [PDF]
C. Bosch Ojeda, F. Sánchez Rojas, J. M. Cano Pavón
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2010.13016
Abstract: Cloud point extraction (CPE) has been used for the preconcentration of cadmium, after the formation of a complex with 1, 5-bis(di-2-pyridylmethylene) thiocarbonohydrazide (DPTH), and further determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) using Triton X-114 as surfactant. The main factors affecting the CPE, such as concentration of Triton X-114 and DPTH, pH, equilibration temperature and incubation time, were optimized for the best extract efficiency. Under the optimum conditions i.e., pH 5.4, [DPTH] = 6x10-3%, [Triton X-114] = 0.25% (v/v), an enhancement factor of 10.5 fold was reached. The lower limit of detection (LOD) obtained under the optimal conditions was 0.95 μg L?1. The precision for 8 replicate deter- minations at 20 and 100 μgL?1 Cd were 2.4 % and 2 % relative standard deviation (R.S.D.). The calibration graph using the preconcentration method was linear with a correlation coefficient of 0,998 at levels close to the detection limit up to at least 200 μgL?1. The method was successfully applied to the determination of cadmium in water, environmental and food samples and in a BCR-176 standard reference material.
Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Biomorphic Ceramic Obtained from Cedar Wood Infiltrated with ZrO2  [PDF]
F. Sánchez Rojas, C. Bosch Ojeda, J. M. Cano Pavón
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.21007
Abstract: This work proposes the use of experimental design for optimization of microwave-assisted digestion of bio- morphic ZrO2-ceramic. Cedar wood is used as template and it was infiltrated with ZrO2 via sol-gel process. XPS, SEM and XRD have been used to verify the effectiveness of the synthesis. The effects of different combination of acids in the digestion of this sample have been optimized taking as response the concentra- tion of several metallic ions measured by ICP-MS.
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