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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3170 matches for " Mylène Lachance-Grzela "
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Mattering Moderates the Link between Gender Ideology and Perceived Fairness of the Division of Household Labor
Mylène Lachance-Grzela
Interpersona : An International Journal on Personal Relationships , 2012,
Abstract: This study examines the moderational role played by the feeling of mattering to the partner in the relationship between gender ideology and perceived fairness using a sample of 141 Canadian mothers with at least one child between the ages of two to five years old. Results support the moderator model and suggest that the emotional rewards mothers receive from their romantic partner influence the way they use gender ideology to evaluate the fairness of the division of family labor in their household. The results show that egalitarian gender ideology is associated with a greater sense of unfairness only when women feel that their partner demonstrates a low level of appreciation toward them. The findings are discussed in terms of the distributive justice theory.
L’indécence autobiographique chez Nelly Arcan et Marie-Sissi Labrèche ou comment ravir l’attention (la tension) du lecteur
Mylène Tremblay
Voix Plurielles , 2010,
Abstract: Dans cet article, je ne souhaite pas limiter l’indécence à la question sexuelle, mais je la rattacherai à la question de l’obscène, telle que l’a développée le psychanalyste Willy Apollon du GIFRIC (Groupe interdisciplinaire freudien de recherche et d’intervention cliniques) à Québec : selon le chercheur, la culture délimite les figures de l’obscène où la jouissance accomplit son travail de mort, qu’elle oppose au croyable qui conditionne la coexistence et la vie commune . L’obscène se constitue donc de ce qui est exclu de la scène sociale, de ce à quoi une société n’adhère pas à un moment donné, un hors-scène.
Marie Uguay et Saint-Denys Garneau, au bord du vide
Mylène Durand
Conserveries Mémorielles : Revue Transdisciplinaire de Jeunes Chercheurs , 2010,
Abstract: Marie Uguay et Saint-Denys Garneau : au bord du vide est un texte qui rapproche les oeuvres de ces deux poètes, qui ont plusieurs points en commun. Toutes les deux dénotent une conscience de la mort, une vision lucide de celle-ci. Leurs oeuvres poétiques montrent que leurs sujets lyriques se situent dans une espèce d’entre-deux, d’excroissance du temps, un seuil qu’ils cherchent à nommer. Est-ce l’Outre-vie d’Uguay ? La faction de Saint-Denys Garneau ? Les sujets explorent un espace-temps particulier, un lieu qui rappelle les limbes, la mort et la vie tout à la fois. Un monde onirique, de rêves ou de cauchemars. Les sujets se situent au bord de limites apparemment infranchissables, mais au-delà desquelles semble se trouver la vie. Prisonniers de ces espaces intérimaires, ils sont seuls, blessés, comme d’un c té d’une fenêtre fermée, donnant à voir sur un monde inaccessible. Pourtant, ils désirent traverser tous ces seuils, physiques et métaphoriques, pour aller vers la vie. Traverser ces limites sanglantes , comme l’écrit Marie Uguay. En effet, les sujets sont blessés, fragmentés, et malgré tout ils cherchent leurs chemins, avancent pour combattre l’enfermement, l’immobilité. L’espoir advient par l’écriture, la poésie plus particulièrement, qui permet tout, qui trace un chemin, des ponts; ouvre des voies vers la lumière, la vie. This is a comparative analysis of the works of two Quebecois poets, Saint-Denys Garneau and Marie Uguay who have many common points. Both express a conscience and a lucid vision of death. Their poetic works show that their lyric subjects are situated in a sort of “in-between”, an excrescence of time, a threshold they are trying to name. Is it what Marie Uguay calls “Outre-vie” or the “faction” of Saint-Denys? The subjects explore a particular space-time, a place that is reminiscent of limbo, life and death at the same time. The subjects are on the border of seemingly insuperable limits on the other side of which life seems to dwell. As prisoners of these in-between spaces, they are alone, hurt, as if on one side of a closed window, opening toward an inaccessible world. Nevertheless, they want to cross all these thresholds, physical or metaphorical, and embrace life: crossing these “ bloodshed limits” as Marie Uguay writes. Indeed, the subjects are wounded, fragmented, but against all odds, they search for a path, to go on in order to fight imprisonment, immobility. Hope comes from writing, specifically poetry that makes everything possible and draws a line and bridges; opens a pathway toward light and life.
Innovations pénales et justice réparatrice
Mylène Jaccoud
Champ Pénal , 2007, DOI: 10.4000/champpenal.1269
Abstract: Cette contribution cherche à bousculer le postulat transformateur véhiculé à l’unisson par les adeptes du modèle réparateur, sans toutefois, comme nous le verrons, le rejeter. L’unité du modèle réparateur consacrée dans les textes fondateurs étant aujourd’hui dénoncée de manière quasi unanime, il est nécessaire de retracer et qualifier les principales ramifications du mouvement réparateur afin d’être mieux en mesure d’en interroger le caractère innovant dans le champ sociopénal. La conclusion à laquelle nous parvenons est la suivante : la justice réparatrice est une innovation mais son effet innovant sur le système pénal est relatif et variable. Cet effet dépend d’abord de la manière de concevoir la justice réparatrice, ensuite de la place et la fonction de celle-ci par rapport au pénal. Nous distinguons deux types d’innovations : les innovations complémentaires et les innovations de substitution. Seules les innovations de substitution parviennent à générer un changement. This paper seeks to question the postulate of change unanimously claimed by the partisans of the restorative justice model, yet without rejecting it. The initial founding unity of the restorative justice model is now strongly criticised. It is therefore important to go back and analyze the main branches of the restorative movement in order to question its innovative potential in the sociopenal field. We suggest as a conclusion that restorative justice is an innovative enterprise, but its effect on the criminal justice system is relative and shifting. This effect first depends on the way one conceptualizes restorative justice, and then its place and function in regards to the criminal justice system. We unveil two types of initiatives: the complementary and substitutive ones. Only do substitutive initiatives generate change.
Large deviations for the largest eigenvalue of rank one deformations of Gaussian ensembles
Mylène Ma?da
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: We establish a large deviation principle for the largest eigenvalue of a rank one deformation of a matrix from the GUE or GOE. As a corollary, we get another proof of the phenomenon, well-known in learning theory and finance, that the largest eigenvalue separates from the bulk if the perturbation is large enough. A large part of the paper is devoted to an auxiliary result on the continuity of spherical integrals, in the case when one of the matrix is of rank one, as studied in a previous work.
Weak convergence of Metropolis algorithms for non-i.i.d. target distributions
Mylène Bédard
Mathematics , 2007, DOI: 10.1214/105051607000000096
Abstract: In this paper, we shall optimize the efficiency of Metropolis algorithms for multidimensional target distributions with scaling terms possibly depending on the dimension. We propose a method for determining the appropriate form for the scaling of the proposal distribution as a function of the dimension, which leads to the proof of an asymptotic diffusion theorem. We show that when there does not exist any component with a scaling term significantly smaller than the others, the asymptotically optimal acceptance rate is the well-known 0.234.
Sexual Behaviors in Women with Primary and Secondary Provoked Vestibulodynia: A Controlled Study  [PDF]
Bernard Lambert, Mylène Desrosiers, Miguel Chagnon, Yves Lepage
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2013.33010
Abstract: Introduction: Provoked vestibulodynia affects 12% of the general female population and more specifically, 21% of women aged less than 30 years. Primary and secondary vestibulodynia are hypothesized to represent the endpoints of different etiologic pathways, although there is still little research addressing potential distinctions between these two groups, particularly with regard to sexuality. Aims: To compare sexual activity and behavior of women with provoked primary vestibulodynia (PVD1) and secondary vestibulodynia (PVD2) against age-matched controls. Methods: Fifty-seven participants (N = 57), mean age 25.72 (18-41) recruited from a gynecology clinic underwent a gynaecological examination and completed a self-report questionnaire: 20 (N = 20) were diagnosed with primary provoked vestibulodynia (PVD1), 19 (N = 19) with secondary provoked vestibulodynia (PVD2), and 18 (N = 18) were medically confirmed as no-pain controls. Main outcome: To verify any differences in the sexual behavior between primary, secondary vestibulodynias and controls. Results: Mean pain duration differed significantly in participants with PVD1 at 73.8 months against those with PVD2 at 37.4 months (p = 0.003). Frequency of sexual activity also differed significantly between the three groups (p = 0.012): the controls were at 27.8% against 0% in primary and secondary vestibulodynias for once or more a day. No significant difference was observed for the sexual arousal time and masturbation frequency. Vaginal penetration was overrepresented in controls (p < 0.001) contrary to fellatio frequency (p = 0.016). Pain digital test was significantly different between the three groups in one finger (3.85 vs 0.08), two fingers (4.39 vs 0.06) or three fingers (5.39 vs 0.56) (PVD1 against controls), lubricated inserted fingers for pain verification (p <
Central limit theorem for the heat kernel measure on the unitary group
Thierry Lévy,Mylène Ma?da
Mathematics , 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.jfa.2010.08.005
Abstract: We prove that for a finite collection of real-valued functions $f_{1},...,f_{n}$ on the group of complex numbers of modulus 1 which are derivable with Lipschitz continuous derivative, the distribution of $(\tr f_{1},...,\tr f_{n})$ under the properly scaled heat kernel measure at a given time on the unitary group $\U(N)$ has Gaussian fluctuations as $N$ tends to infinity, with a covariance for which we give a formula and which is of order $N^{-1}$. In the limit where the time tends to infinity, we prove that this covariance converges to that obtained by P. Diaconis and S. Evans in a previous work on uniformly distributed unitary matrices. Finally, we discuss some combinatorial aspects of our results.
Dietary Plant Extracts Combined with Vitamin E Limit the Discoloration in Stored n-3 PUFA Rich Meat  [PDF]
Mylène Delosière, Emilie Parafita, Mihaela Habeanu, Dominique Gruffat, Denys Durand
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/as.2018.91003
Abstract: In finishing cull-cows given n-3 PUFA-rich diets (for 101 ± 3 days preceding slaughter), the ability of vitamin E (2.8 g/animal/day) or vitamin E associated with plant extracts rich in polyphenols (PERP) (126 g/animal/day) to limit discoloration was evaluated on color attributes of Longissimus thoracis (LT) and Semitendinosus (ST) processed meat. Color attributes were determined after muscles ageing and retail display in different packaging systems consisting in 14 d. under vacuum (V), 4 d. aerobic (A) or 7 d. under modified atmosphere (70:30, O2/CO2) (MA). Vit. E associated with PERP were able to limit color deterioration by decreasing metmyoglobin% in ST and LT for all tested packaging systems. The antioxidant association increased the L* coordinate and the oxygenation index as compared with vit. E alone. We show the possibility to limit color deterioration of processed beef by an original dietary antioxidant strategy during the finishing period.
Comparing alternative approaches to measuring the geographical accessibility of urban health services: Distance types and aggregation-error issues
Philippe Apparicio, Mohamed Abdelmajid, Mylène Riva, Richard Shearmur
International Journal of Health Geographics , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1476-072x-7-7
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to compare discrepancies in results for geographical accessibility of selected health care services for residential areas (i.e. census tracts) computed using different distance types and aggregation methods.First, the comparison of distance types demonstrates that Cartesian distances (Euclidean and Manhattan distances) are strongly correlated with more accurate network distances (shortest network and shortest network time distances) across the metropolitan area (Pearson correlation greater than 0.95). However, important local variations in correlation between Cartesian and network distances were observed notably in suburban areas where Cartesian distances were less precise.Second, the choice of the aggregation method is also important: in comparison to the most accurate aggregation method (population-weighted mean of the accessibility measure for census blocks within census tracts), accessibility measures computed from census tract centroids, though not inaccurate, yield important measurement errors for 5% to 10% of census tracts.Although errors associated to the choice of distance types and aggregation method are only important for about 10% of census tracts located mainly in suburban areas, we should not avoid using the best estimation method possible for evaluating geographical accessibility. This is especially so if these measures are to be included as a dimension of the built environment in studies investigating residential area effects on health. If these measures are not sufficiently precise, this could lead to errors or lack of precision in the estimation of residential area effects on health.In recent urban health studies, an increased focus has been directed to evaluating the accessibility of urban resources, either for individuals or for populations living in residential areas. Although the concept of "accessibility" is multidimensional (accessibility may be defined in terms of affordability, acceptability, availability and spatia
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