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M LL G Rü ’TEN MUHAFAZAKAR DEMOKRAS YE: TüRK YE’DE 28 UBAT SüREC SONRASI SLAM EL TLER N D Nü üMü / FROM NATIONAL OUTLOOK TO CONSERVATIVE DEMOCRACY: THE TRANSFORMATION OF ISLAMIC ELITES IN TURKEY AFTER THE FEBRUARY 28 PROCESS
Mustafa BLüKBAI
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Bu makale “28 ubat sürecinden” sonra Türkiye’de post- slamc elitlerin ge irdi i d nü ümü incelemektedir.Temel tezimize g re AKP evresinde toplanan post- slamc elitler Kemalist düzenin reddi yerine makul bir ele tirisini benimseyerek tek ba na iktidar olabilecek bir kitle partisi olu turmu tur. “Adil düzen” hayalinden vazge en post- slamc lar ülkeyi küresel kapitalist sisteme entegre etmeyi tercih etmi tir. Küresel ve yerel dinamiklerin d nü ümünü iyi kavram ve s ylemlerini slami er eveden demokrasi ve insan haklar er evesine kayd rm t r. Bu noktada radikal Milli G rü cephesinden ayr arak “kabul edilebilir s n rlar” i inde yer alm ve b ylece kendilerine me ru bir siyaset zemini yaratm t r.This article examines the transformation of post-Islamic elites in Turkey after the “February 28 process”. According to our main thesis post-Islamic elites clustered around the JDP, have created a self-sustaining majority party through a moderate critique rather than an outright rejection of the Kemalist establishment. These post-Islamists, who have given up the dream of building a “just order”, have instead choosen to integrate Turkey into the global capitalist system. They have grasped well the transformation of global and local dynamics and shifted their rhetoric from a framework of Islam to democracy and human rights. At this point by dissociating from the radicalNational Outlook front they have remained within “acceptable limits” and thus have created a legitimate political ground.
Analysis of cancer registration data in Ege University: evaluation of 34134 cases
Ayfer HAYDARO?LU,Yasemin BLüKBAI,Zeynep ?ZSARAN
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2007,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Ege University Cancer data is being collected by Ege University Cancer Fight against Cancer, Practice and Research Center within the “ zmir Cancer Incidence and Data Collection Project” which initiated in 1991. Gender, tumor type, stage and their relationship with residence place were analyzed in 34134 cases that was diagnosed cancer and treated in our hospital between 1992-2004. METHODS: Of the patients, 56.6% were male and 43.4% were women. Stage distribution was as following: 31.6% local, 43% local advanced and 25.4% metastatic disease. RESULTS: It was observed that men compared to women (p=0.00), patients who live outside zmir compared to patients living in zmir (p=0.00) presented to the hospital with more advanced disease. When residence area, stage and gender were evaluated together, it was determined that women (p=0.011) and men (p=0.04) who were living in zmir have been diagnosed at early stage. According to tumor groups, while patients with larynx, prostate or breast cancer who were living in zmir has been diagnosed at early stage (p=0.05, p=0.008, p=0.000, respectively), no significant correlation could be detected among patients with lung, colorectal, cervix and endometrial cancer. CONCLUSION: People who live in cities benefit from proximity to developed diagnose and medical centers and the effects of screening and training programmes are observed over women. Cancer training programmes should be enlarged for men besides rural areas.
Effect of dietary thyme oil and vitamin E on growth, lipid oxidation, meat fatty acid composition
ŞC B lükbaşi, MK Erhan, A zkan
South African Journal of Animal Science , 2006,
Abstract: A trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin E (E) and thyme oil (TO) supplementation on the growth performance, lipid oxidation, fatty acid concentration of tissues and the serum lipoprotein levels of male broilers. Two-hundred day-old Ross PM3 chickens were assigned to one of five dietary groups (four replicates each). The control group received the basal diet. In addition to the basal diet, the four experimental diets included one of the following: 100 mg vitamin E/kg (E100); 200 mg vitamin E/kg (E200); 100 mg/kg thyme oil (TO100) or 200 mg/kg thyme oil (TO200). Birds that were fed the control, E200 and TO200 diets, exhibited the largest weight gain after a 42-day feeding period. The best feed conversion rate was found in birds that were fed the E200 diet. TBARS values of all of the dietary treatments, except the control, remained unaffected after a 42-day refrigeration period. The addition of thyme oil to the broiler feed led to a significant reduction in the saturated (SFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations of the leg and breast tissues. The monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) concentrations in these tissues increased. The thyme oil supplementation also led to increased plasma levels of triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol in broilers. Based on the results of this study, it could be advised to supplement broiler feed with 200 mg/kg of thyme oil as an antioxidant. South African Journal of Animal Science Vol. 36(3) 2006: 189-196
Effects Of Darbepoetin Alpha on Brain Tissue Oxidative Stress in Experimental Ethanol Administration
P?nar SEYMEN,Erman AYTA?,Feray BLüKBAI,Fatih DEM?R
Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Objectives: The hyperglycosylated erythropoietin analogue darbepoetin alpha (α) has longer half-life and higher in vivo activity. There is no data about the effects of darbepoetin-α on ethanol-induced oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated the effects of darbepoetin-α on brain tissue oxidant/antioxidant status and nitric oxide levels in experimental ethanol administration.Patients and Methods: Forty-four adult male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into groups: salinetreated group (S) (n=10), saline and darbepoetintreated group (D) (10 μg/kg) (n=10), experimental ethanol-administered [2.5 g/kg (2.6 ml/kg) twice at 2-hr intervals] group (E) (n=12), ethanol-administered and darbepoetin-treated group (ED) (n=12).desults: Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of ED group were significantly lower than E group (p<0.05). Glutathione (GSH) levels of ED group were significantly higher than E group (p<0.001). NO levels of ED group were significantly lower than E group (p<0.001Conclusion: We have observed that darbepoetin-α decreases oxidants and increases antioxidants against ethanol-induced oxidative stress. Darbepoetin-α is protective in ethanol-induced organism via its antioxidant activity.
LK RET M RENC LER N N TüRK E DERS NE Y NEL K TUTUMLARININ BA ARI-C NS YET-A LEN N E T M DüZEY BA LAMINDA DE ERLEND R LMES
Fatma BLüKBA
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to determine the attitudes of the elementary school students towards Turkish course, and investigate the effects of the success, gender, and the education level of their families on the students’ attitudes. The research had been performed on 719 students (369 of them are girls, and 350 of them are boys) who are attending to the elementary school in Izmir. The data of the research had been collected by an Attitude Scale toward Turkish Course and a Scale of Achievement Test of Turkish Course, which were developed by the researcher. The findings obtained had showed that the attitudes of the students to Turkish course are generally positive, the average of the attitudes to Turkish course is becoming significantly different in favor of the girls and the success and the attitude averages also increase as the education level of their parents’ increases. Bu ara t rman n amac , ilk retim rencilerinin Türk e dersine y nelik tutumlar n saptamak; ba ar , cinsiyet ve ailelerinin e itim düzeylerinin rencilerin tutumlar na etkilerini incelemektir. Ara t rma, zmir’de 719 (369 k z, 350 erkek) ilk retim 2. kademe rencisi üzerinde yap lm t r. Ara t rman n verileri, ara t rmac taraf ndan geli tirilen Türk e Dersine Y nelik Tutum l e i ve Türk e Dersi Ba ar Testi ile toplanm t r. Elde edilen bulgular, rencilerin Türk e dersine y nelik tutumlar n n genelde olumlu oldu unu; Türk e dersine y nelik tutum ortalamalar n n k z renciler lehine anlaml düzeyde farkl la t n ; rencilerin anne-babalar n n e itim düzeyleri artt k a, ba ar ve tutum ortalamalar n n yükseldi ini g stermektedir.
AN EVALUATION OF ARAB STUDENTS’ TURKISH WRITING SKILLS ARAP RENC LER N TüRK E YAZILI ANLATIM BECER LER N N DE ERLEND R LMES
Fatma BLüKBA
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: In this study, writing skills of Arab students learning Turkish as a foreign language is analysed with respect to error analysis approach. This study has been performed on 20 Arab students who have learned Turkish in Istanbul University. The data of the study are obtained by asking students to write 250-300-words compositions about “What did you think about Turkey before coming to this country?” Obtained data is classified as follows; grammatical errors, syntactic errors, lexical errors and spelling/punctuation errors. Then, these errors are evaluated according to error analysis approach as negative transfer errors and developmental errors. The result of evaluation put forward that 372 errors consists of 16,39 % grammatical error, 13,17% syntactic error, 15,59 % lexical error 54,58 % spelling/punctuation error. Besides, it is observed that students’ grammatical errors are mostly developmental error (52, 5%) and negative transfer is more significant in spelling/punctuation (62, 2%), syntactic (55, 1 %) and lexical (60, 3 %) errors. Bu al mada, yabanc dil olarak Türk e renen Arap rencilerin Türk e yaz l anlat m becerileri yanl zümlemesi yakla m na g re de erlendirilmi tir. Bu al ma, stanbul üniversitesinde yabanc dil olarak Türk e renen 20 Arap renci üzerinde yap lm t r. Ara t rman n verileri, rencilere “Türkiye’ye gelmeden nce Türkiye hakk nda neler dü ünüyordunuz?” konulu 250-300 s zcüklük birer kompozisyon yazd r larak toplanm t r. Elde edilen veriler, ilk nce u bi imde s n fland r lm t r: Dilbilgisi yanl lar , s zdizimsel yanl lar, s zcük se iminden kaynaklanan yanl lar, yaz m-noktalama yanl lar . Daha sonra bu yanl lar, yanl zümlemesi yakla m na g re olumsuz aktar m yanl lar ve dilsel geli im yanl lar olmak üzere grupland r larak de erlendirilmi tir. De erlendirme sonucunda, toplam 372 yanl n % 16,39’unun dilbilgisi, % 13,17’sisinin s zdizimi, % 15,59’unun s zcük se imi ve % 54,58’ünün ise yaz m ve noktalama yanl oldu u g rülmü tür. Ayr ca, rencilerin dilbilgisi konusunda daha ok geli imsel yanl yapt klar g rülürken (% 52,5), yaz m noktalama (% 62,2), s zcük se imi (% 60,3) ve s z dizimi (55,1) konusunda yapt klar yanl larda olumsuz aktar m n etkisinin daha fazla oldu u saptanm t r.
Traditional practices about child care of the mothers who owner 0-12 month baby
Nurgül Blükba
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This descriptive study was conducted to determine the traditional practices about child care of mothers who have child 0-12 month. The study included 203 mothers who participated as volunteers. The sample consisted of 203 women who attended the Birth and Infant Hospital between March 1, 2007 and April 15, 2007 and accepted to take port in this study. The data has been gathered in forms which were prepared by the researchers. Permission was obtained from the subjects verbally before the study started and the form was filled, with face to face interview technique.It was result of the research, it was determined that 34.5% of the mothers feed their children after half on hour from the birth, 27.1% of them after two hours from the birth. It was found out that 1.0% of the mothers gave their children sugary water and 88.7% breast milk as first food; that 66.0% made to do the their first bath after novels cord of infant fall down, that 53.2% of the mother wrapped the children swaddling clothes. That 88.2% of the mothers cut the children's nails three months after the birth who expected of complete forty after birth. The mother statement 33.0% breast milk face baby who beautiful. The mother determination 32.5% baby's mount thrush was gone doctor and 25.1% clear carbonate water. The mother was found 58.6% after navels cord of infant fall down and 42.4% to pray keeping evil eye of infant
THE FUNCTION OF TEXTS IN TRANSFERRING OF CULTURE IN TEACHING TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE YABANCI D L OLARAK TüRK E RET M NDE MET NLER N KüLTüR AKTARIMINDAK LEV
Fatma BLüKBA??,Funda KESK?N
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: In this study the place and the significance of written texts which are among cultural transferring instruments and at the same time which have been used in Turkish as a foreign language courses are questioned and various sample exercises on texts have been prepared. Language is not only a significant part of culture but also the transmitter of the culture. Therefore the transferring of the elements consisting of Turkish culture has positive effects on language learning process. With this point of view in mind, it is necessary to transfer Turkish culture in teaching Turkish as a foreign language. Bu al mada, dil retiminin kültürler aras kar la ma alan oldu u dü üncesinden yola k larak yabanc dil olarak Türk e derslerinde kullan lan, ayn zamanda kültür aktar m ara lar ndan olan metinlerin bu süre teki yeri ve nemi sorgulanarak s n f i i uygulama rneklerine yer verilmi tir. Dil, sadece kültürün nemli bir par as de il ayn zamanda kültürün aktar c s d r. Bu nedenle yabanc dil retiminde kültürel gelerin aktar lmas dil renme sürecini olumlu y nde etkiler. Bu g rü ten hareketle, yabanc dil olarak Türk e retiminde Türk kültürünü i eren gelerin ders ortam na aktar lmas gerekmektedir.
Comparative Response of CRL-11372 Cells to Surface Roughness and Crystalline Structure of the Surfaces Developed by Sandblasting, Etching, and TiO2 Coating on Commercially Pure Ti Discs  [PDF]
Sinem Yeniyol, Bahad?r Kepenek, Ayhan Bilir, Ali Fuat ?ak?r, Nilüfer Blükba??, Mefail Yeniyol, Tayfun ?zdemir
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.55029
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the adhesion of human fetal osteoblast cells (CRL-11372) in vitro at 24 h on commercially pure titanium (cp Ti) metal surfaces’ crystalline structure and surface roughnesses that are modified by polishing, sand blasting (with alumina (Al2O3)), sand blasting and coating (with titanium oxide (TiO2)), and sand blasting and etching (with oxalic acid). Modified surfaces were characterized quantitatively by a non-contacting optical profilometer in terms of their Rz and Ra values and surface profile diagrams were obtained. These surfaces were characterized qualitatively by scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs. The crystalline structures of the coatings were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). CRL-11372 cells were cultured for 24 h and evaluated for their mean total cell counts. Cell morphologies were examined by SEM micrographs. Data were compared by Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Post Hoc LSD test comparisons. SEM micrographs showed variations among the topographies of the surfaces and the morphologies of the cells adhered to these four different surfaces. Cell adhesion was affected by neither Ti chemical composition nor surface roughness within the Ra and Rz parameters used.

 

Effects of feeding diets supplemented with vitamin E and vitamin C on performance, egg quality and stereological and structural analysis of the liver of laying hens exposed to heat stress
Muhammet K. Ehran,Saziye C. Blükba??
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2011.e58
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the effects of vitamin E and vitamin C on performance, egg quality and histopathological effect on the liver tissue of laying hens exposed to heat stress. A total of 256 lohman LSL laying hens were randomly assigned to 16 treatment groups, four replicates of 4 birds each. The birds with a 2¥2¥4 factorial design kept at normal (20°C) or heat stress (30°C) and either received either two levels of vitamin C (0 and 100 mg/L of drinking water) or four levels of vitamin E (0, 45, 65 or 85 U/kg of diet) for 11 weeks, in which one week was allowed for an acclimation period. Heat stress caused significant (P<0.05) decrement in the average feed intake, egg yields, egg shell thickness and Haugh unit. Supplementation of vitamin E increased significantly (P<0.01) the feed efficiency, egg yield and Haugh unit. The heat stress condition caused an increases in density of necrotic cell, but the area of parenchyma significantly decreased by heat stress in liver. Addition of 45 and 65 U vitamin E/kg to feeds significantly decreased density of necrotic cells. In coclusion, although supplementation of 85 U vitamin E increased feed conversion, Haugh unit and egg production, resulting in the highest degree of liver damage.Therefore, we thought that a supplementation of 65 IU of vitamin E/kg in diets appeared to be the most efficacious dose.
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