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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3153 matches for " Muslihah Hasbullah @ Abdullah "
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Historical Developments of Financial Rights after Divorce in the Malaysian Islamic Family Law
Muslihah Hasbullah @ Abdullah,Najibah Mohd Zin
Asian Culture and History , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ach.v1n2p148
Abstract: Islamic family law plays a significant role in minimizing the unpleasant effects of the family break up faced by the divorced women and their children by protecting their rights to financial support after divorce. This study undertakes to discuss the historical development of the financial rights after divorce applicable among the Muslims in the pre and post colonial periods, particularly with reference to the iddah maintenance, mut’ah, arrears of maintenance, and child maintenance. The study indicates that despite the provisions were inconformity with the Islamic principles, the applications were restricted and influenced by the Shafi’i madhhab. However, the amount of iddah maintenance and mut’ah were substantial taking into account the standard of living of the Malay society in the 15th and 16th century. This means that the welfare of the divorced women was taken care of since the codification of the Islamic law and its implementation in the Malay society.
Cigarette Smoking in Indonesia: Examination of a Myopic Model of Addictive Behaviour
Budi Hidayat,Hasbullah Thabrany
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph7062473
Abstract: Using aggregated panel data taken from three waves of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (1993–2000), this article tests the myopic addiction behaviour of cigarette demand. Sensitivity analysis is done by examining a rational addiction behavior of cigarette demand. The results provide support for myopic addiction. The short- and long-run price elasticities of cigarette demand are estimated at ?0.28 and ?0.73 respectively. Excise taxes are more likely to act as an effective tobacco control in the long-run rather than a major source of government revenue.
Are smokers rational addicts? Empirical evidence from the Indonesian Family Life Survey
Budi Hidayat, Hasbullah Thabrany
Harm Reduction Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7517-8-6
Abstract: Four estimators (OLS, 2SLS, GMM, and System-GMM) were explored to test the RA hypothesis. The author adopted several diagnostics tests to select the best estimator to overcome econometric problems faced in presence of the past and future cigarette consumption (suspected endogenous variables). A short-run and long-run price elasticities of cigarettes demand was then calculated. The model was applied to individuals pooled data derived from three-waves a panel of the Indonesian Family Life Survey spanning the period 1993-2000.The past cigarette consumption coefficients turned out to be a positive with a p-value < 1%, implying that cigarettes indeed an addictive goods. The rational addiction hypothesis was rejected in favour of myopic ones. The short-run cigarette price elasticity for male and female was estimated to be-0.38 and -0.57, respectively, and the long-run one was -0.4 and -3.85, respectively.Health policymakers should redesign current public health campaign against cigarette smoking in the country. Given the demand for cigarettes to be more prices sensitive for the long run (and female) than the short run (and male), an increase in the price of cigarettes could lead to a significant fall in cigarette consumption in the long run rather than as a constant source of government revenue.The World Health Organization has developed the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control [1]. This framework is an evidence-based agreement that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of health, and represents a paradigm shift in developing a regulatory strategy to address addictive substances. The key tobacco control policies as reflected in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control are based on supply and demand reduction strategies. The demand reduction provisions include two main approaches: price and tax measures and non-price measures.Increasing cigarette prices via excise taxes has been recognized as one of several strategies to curb tobacco consu
Phylogenetic Study of Acacia Species Using the Molecular Marker  [PDF]
Abdullah Alaklabi
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.619305
Abstract: Acacia species are found at various arid and semiarid regions. Among the tree genera of family, Fabaceae, Acacia contains the highest number of species. We have collected different species of Acacia from various places of Saudi Arabia and reconstructed phylogeny for evaluation of genetic relationship among them. Internal transcribed spacer sequence of nrDNA (nrDNA-ITS) locus was used for the reconstruction of phylogeny among these species. Based on phylogenetic tree, Acacia etbaica and A. johnwoodii were close to each other. Similarly, A. ehrenbergiana and A. tortilis were close to each other. Thus, this gene locus was helpful in evaluating the genetic relationship among these species.
Numerical Study of Conjugate Heat Transfer for Cooling the Circuit Board  [PDF]
Abdullah Alrashidi
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control (JECTC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jectc.2016.63011
Abstract: In this paper, a 3D model of a flat circuit board with a heat generating electronic chip mounted on it has been studied numerically. The conjugate heat transfer including the conduction in the chip and convection with the surrounding fluid has been investigated numerically. Computational fluid dynamics using the finite volume method has been used for modeling the conjugate heat transfer through the chip and the circuit board. Conjugate heat transfer has broad applications in engineering and industrial applications in design of cooling off electronic components. Effects of various inlet velocities have been studied on the heat transfer variation and temperature of the circuit board. Numerical results show that the temperature of the chip reduces as the velocity of the inlet fluid flow increases.
The Relationship between Size and Performance of Palestinian Water Service Providers  [PDF]
Abdullah Murrar
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2017.95035
Abstract: Studies investigating the relationship between size and performance of water service providers are abundant. Yet, this relationship has not been fully addressed in Palestinian water sector, particularly, after the issuance of water law 2014 which calls for merging water providers into large regional utilities. This research evaluates the significant effect of the size of Palestinian water service providers on non-revenue water, staff productivity, collection efficiency, average consumption, average price, operating and maintenance cost, working ratio, and gross profit. The multivariate analysis shows that there are significant differences in working ratio, non-revenue water, staff productivity, average price, and gross profit based on the size. On the other side, no significant differences have been found in average daily consumption, operating and maintenance cost per unit, and collection efficiency based on those providers’ size. The small service providers perform better in non-revenue water, staff productivity, and collection efficiency; wherein, large service providers are more profitable than small service providers. Implications of these findings by conducting further studies will add the value for better merging of the Palestinian water providers and the reforming process.
A Way Too Far: Analyzing the Dilemma of Turkey to Joining the European Union  [PDF]
Abdullah Yuhannan
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.57011
Abstract: Turkey has made significant progress step towards EU integration. However, reaching for a full member remains unsuccessful, due to many self-limited dimensions and various arguments against Turkey. The purposes of this study were as follows: 1) to analyze the dilemma of Turkey’s EU accession process; and 2) to develop an understanding of the arguments against Turkey member-ship. This study focuses on various empirical studies and use of both the qualitative and quantitative methods. The result showed that various arguments surrounding Turkey’s projected accession revolve around a series of issues, ranging from the current debates in Turkey’s politics and democratic breakdowns, human rights abuses, Turkey’s demographic structure, economic dilemma and also, historical and cultural issues. These reasons are all the significant causes that have still been problematic issues for Turkey, to be a complete candidate in EU in nowadays.
A Voice Priority Queue (VPQ) Fair Scheduler for the VoIP over WLANs
Kashif Nisar,Abas Md Said,,Halabi Hasbullah
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2011,
Abstract: Transmission of VoIP over packet switching networks is one of the rapidly emerging real-time Internet Protocol. The real-time application of the Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is growing rapidly for it is more flexible than the traditional Public Switched Telephone Networks systems (PSTN). Meanwhile, the VoIP deployment on Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs), which is based on IEEE 802.11 standards, is increasing. Currently, many schedulers have been introduced such as Weighted Fair Queueing (WFQ), Strict Priority (SP) General processor sharing (GPS), Deficit Round Robin (DRR), andContention-Aware Temporally fair Scheduling (CATS). Unfortunately, the current scheduling techniques have some drawbacks on real-time applications and therefore will not be able to handle the VoIP packetsin a proper way. The objective of this research is to propose a new scheduler system model for the VoIP application named Voice Priority Queue (VPQ) scheduler. The scheduler system model is to ensureefficiency by producing a higher throughput and fairness for VoIP packets. In this paper, only the First Stage of the VPQ packet scheduler and its algorithm are presented. Simulation topologies for VoIP traffic were implemented and analyzed using the Network Simulator (NS-2). The results show that this method can achieve a better and more accurate VoIP quality throughput and fairness index.
Sleep/wake scheduling scheme for minimizing end-to-end delay in multi-hop wireless sensor networks
Nazir Babar,Hasbullah Halabi,Madani Sajjad
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2011,
Abstract: We present a sleep/wake schedule protocol for minimizing end-to-end delay for event driven multi-hop wireless sensor networks. In contrast to generic sleep/wake scheduling schemes, our proposed algorithm performs scheduling that is dependent on traffic loads. Nodes adapt their sleep/wake schedule based on traffic loads in response to three important factors, (a) the distance of the node from the sink node, (b) the importance of the node's location from connectivity's perspective, and (c) if the node is in the proximity where an event occurs. Using these heuristics, the proposed scheme reduces end-to-end delay and maximizes the throughput by minimizing the congestion at nodes having heavy traffic load. Simulations are carried out to evaluate the performance of the proposed protocol, by comparing its performance with S-MAC and Anycast protocols. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed protocol has significantly reduced the end-to-end delay, as well as has improved the other QoS parameters, like average energy per packet, average delay, packet loss ratio, throughput, and coverage lifetime.
Kalman Filter-Based Hybrid Indoor Position Estimation Technique in Bluetooth Networks
Fazli Subhan,Halabi Hasbullah,Khalid Ashraf
International Journal of Navigation and Observation , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/570964
Abstract: This paper presents an extended Kalman filter-based hybrid indoor position estimation technique which is based on integration of fingerprinting and trilateration approach. In this paper, Euclidian distance formula is used for the first time instead of radio propagation model to convert the received signal to distance estimates. This technique combines the features of fingerprinting and trilateration approach in a more simple and robust way. The proposed hybrid technique works in two stages. In the first stage, it uses an online phase of fingerprinting and calculates nearest neighbors (NN) of the target node, while in the second stage it uses trilateration approach to estimate the coordinate without the use of radio propagation model. The distance between calculated NN and detective access points (AP) is estimated using Euclidian distance formula. Thus, distance between NN and APs provides radii for trilateration approach. Therefore, the position estimation accuracy compared to the lateration approach is better. Kalman filter is used to further enhance the accuracy of the estimated position. Simulation and experimental results validate the performance of proposed hybrid technique and improve the accuracy up to 53.64% and 25.58% compared to lateration and fingerprinting approaches, respectively. 1. Introduction Position estimation is the process which calculates object position with reference to some coordinate system. The position of object can be specified as absolute coordinates consisting of (latitude, longitude) and (x, y) coordinates or in a symbolic form such as room number 1 of the 2nd floor or specific location represented by name. Global positioning system (GPS) is the world first position estimation system which was originally developed by the US Department of Defense for military purpose in order to track the movement of enemies [1]. GPS was originally designed for navigation purpose to track the movement of objects from satellites. However, this technology is used for outdoor applications. The signals transmitted from GPS satellites do not penetrate inside the buildings; hence, it is not applicable for indoor environment [2]. In order to provide an alternate solution for indoor environment, the research community is focusing on low-cost and highly accurate indoor position estimation techniques which can be used for indoor environment [3]. The applications of indoor position estimation systems are different from GPS and not limited to navigation or object tracking. Also apart from this, GPS provides an accuracy from 5 to 10 meters, which is
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