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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 837 matches for " Murata LS "
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Effect of oils sources on blood lipid parameters of commercial laying hens
Murata, LS;Ariki, J;Machado, CR;Silva, L da PG da;Rezende, MJM;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2003000300008
Abstract: the experiment was carried out to verify if total cholesterol, hdl-cholesterol and triacylglicerol plasma levels are affected when laying hens are fed rations containing different dietary oil sources. one hundred sixty 50 week-old hens, assigned to four treatments with five replicates using 8 hens per replicate were used. the experimental period was of 84 days divided in 3 cycles of 28 days each. in the last day of each cycle, blood samples of 2 hens per replicate were randomly choose and blood samples were collected. on the other hand, blood was also collected at 7 am, 11 am and 3 pm aiming to study the daily changes of these lipids. blood lipid parameters were not affected by different dietary oil sources (p > 0.05); however, hdl-cholesterol did change during the day, giving evidence that this lipid is indeed involved in the egg yolk formation.
A??o Isolada ou Combinada de ácidos Organicos e Promotor de Crescimento em Ra??es de Frangos de Corte
Garcia, RG;Ariki, J;Moraes, VMB;Kronka, SN;Borges, SA;Murata, LS;Campos, VA;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2000000200004
Abstract: a trial was carried out to study isolated or combined effect of apramicin (10ppm) and formic + propionic acids (0.0; 0.1 and 0.2%) supplementation in broilers diets. acids mixtures were blended in a 1:1 ratio. a completely randomized design was utilized in a 2 x 3 x 2 factorial scheme (apramicim x organic acids x sex) with 4 replicates of 45 birds per experimental unit, with 2160-day-old cobb chicks. birds were fed "ad libitum". in the initial phase, the supplementation of apramicin and organic acids (0.1%) alone, increased (p<0,05) body weight gain. combined supplementation did not promote an accumulative effect. however, apramicin in the presence of organic acids supplementation decreased feed efficiency. in the final and total phases, broilers performance parameters were not affected by treatment. combined supplementation of apramicin and organic acids (0,1%) decreased carcass yield.
Effect of oils sources on blood lipid parameters of commercial laying hens
Murata LS,Ariki J,Machado CR,Silva L da PG da
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2003,
Abstract: The experiment was carried out to verify if total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triacylglicerol plasma levels are affected when laying hens are fed rations containing different dietary oil sources. One hundred sixty 50 week-old hens, assigned to four treatments with five replicates using 8 hens per replicate were used. The experimental period was of 84 days divided in 3 cycles of 28 days each. In the last day of each cycle, blood samples of 2 hens per replicate were randomly choose and blood samples were collected. On the other hand, blood was also collected at 7 am, 11 am and 3 pm aiming to study the daily changes of these lipids. Blood lipid parameters were not affected by different dietary oil sources (p > 0.05); however, HDL-cholesterol did change during the day, giving evidence that this lipid is indeed involved in the egg yolk formation.
Insensitivity to Unethical Behavior in Dictator Game When Indirectly Intermediated-Implications of Indirect Blindness for Safety Management  [PDF]
Atsuo Murata
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2016.65020
Abstract: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that indirect mediation in behaviors leads to insensitivity to unethical behavior through a dictator game and to give some implications for safety management. The indirect involvement in the unethical behavior such as the violation of regulation is believed to lessen the responsibility and the criticism from others for the unethical behavior as compared to the direct involvement in it. The instruction condition for the evaluator of behavior in a dictator game was taken up as an experimental variable. Instruction condition 1 was to pay attention to the behavior of only a dictator. In instruction condition 2, the participant (evaluator) was required to review all players’ behavior and evaluate a dictator. It has been investigated whether allowing indirect actions (mediations) leads to reduced punishment as a function of the instruction condition. While the punishment to the indirectness did not get smaller for instruction condition 2, the punishment to the indirectness tended to get smaller only for instruction condition 1.
Cultural Difference and Cognitive Biases as a Trigger of Critical Crashes or Disasters
—Evidence from Case Studies of Human Factors Analysis
 [PDF]

Atsuo Murata
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2017.79029
Abstract: On the basis of the analysis of past case studies of crashes or disasters, it has been clarified how cultural difference and cognitive biases become a trigger of serious crashes or disasters. Heuristic-based biases such as confirmation bias, groupthink, and social loafing surely appeared in the process of crash or disaster breakout. Overconfidence-bases biases such as illusion of control, fallacy of plan, and optimistic bias are also ubiquitous in the route to a critical crash or disaster. Moreover, framing biases contribute to the distorted decision making, and eventually turn into the main cause of critical crash or disaster. In this way, as well as human factors or ergonomics approaches for designing man-machine systems, the prevention and the deletion of cognitive biases are indispensable for the preventing serious crashes or disasters from occurring. Until now, the distortion of decision making has not been discussed from the cultural differences of way of thinking. As well as a variety of cognitive biases, cultural difference in behavior is expected to be important for understanding the root causes of critical crash or disaster. We found that cultural difference distorted judgment through case studies of critical crashes or disasters. It was also demonstrated that considering cultural difference, as well as cognitive biases, is important to prevent irrational and biased decision making from occurring in safety management.
Effect of Intention on Outcome Bias in Decision Making—Implications for Safety Management  [PDF]
Atsuo Murata, Tomoko Nakamura
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.513053
Abstract: The evidence of outcome bias was explored in a two-player (Player 1: allocator and Player 2: evaluator) economic game experiment where the reward allocation was made between two players. The experimental factors were the intention of an allocator (Player 1), the type of chosen dice (selfish, fair, and generous), and the outcome (selfish, fair, and generous). The outcome bias occurred when the type of dice chosen by the allocator (Player 1) was not only a selfish one but also a generous one. The comparison between the two conditions (intentional and no-intentional conditions) definitely showed that Player 2 punished Player 1 to a larger extent when the outcome was disadvantageous for Player 2 (selfish outcome) and Player 2 rewarded Player 1 when the outcome was advantageous (generous outcome) irrespective of whether the die was chosen out of the three types intentionally or not. Moreover, the outcome bias was not observed when the outcome was fair. Thus, we could verify the hypothesis that we are readily got trapped in the outcome bias. Some implications were given for safety management that put more emphasis on the process than on the outcome.
Sleep Quality for Patients Receiving Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation and Nasal High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in an ICU: Two Case Studies  [PDF]
Hiroaki Murata, Yoko Yamaguchi
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.89045
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this case study was to examine the sleep quality of patients receiving noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) or nasal high-flow oxygen therapy (NHF) in an intensive care unit and to investigate what types of nursing support are offered to such patients. Methods: We examined one patient each for NPPV and NHF. Polysomnography (PSG), review of the patient charts, and semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data for analysis. Results: Patients treated with NPPV or NHF demonstrated a noticeable reduction in deep sleep, with most of their sleep being shallow. Their sleep patterns varied greatly from those of healthy individuals. These results suggest that, in addition to experiencing extremely fragmented sleep, sleep in these patients was more likely to be interrupted by nursing interventions, such as during auscultation of breath sounds. Furthermore, it was revealed that “anxiety or discomfort that accompanies the mask or air pressure” in patients treated with NPPV and “discomfort that accompanies the nasal cannula or NHF circuit” in patients treated with NHF may be primary causes of disrupted sleep. Our results suggest a need for nursing care aimed at improving sleep quality in patients treated with NPPV or NHF.
Pathological and rhizospherical studies on root-rot disease of squash in Saudi Arabia and its control
LS Nawar
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2007,
Abstract: Isolations from diseased squash roots revealed the presence of Alternaria tenuis, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, F. solani and Rhizoctonia solani. The last two fungi were more frequent than any of the other fungi. Pathogenicity tests proved that squash plants were highly vulnerable to attack by Fusarium solani and Rhizoctonia solani in descending order, during the pre- and post-emergence stages. Isolates No.1 of F. solani and No.2 of R. solani were the most virulence pathogen and significantly retard the morphogenesis of survived squash plants. The in-vitro antagonistic effect of Trichoderma harzianum on root-rot pathogens revealed the presence of clear antagonistic action between them. The highest mean inhibition values were 78.86 and 41.94% RI against F. solani and R. solani, respectively. T. harzianum also exhibited a mycoparazitation associated with high level of growth reduction by its filtrate on the two pathogens. In vitro, benlate fungicide was found to be very toxic to the root-rot pathogens. Untreated squash seeds grown in the infested soil (positive control) with F. solani and R. solani showed higher percentage of infection. The plants grown under this treatment were significantly shorter with lesser weight than the corresponding figures of the other treatments. Soil or seed coated with T. harzianum and benlate had a significant lower percentage of infection (pre, post, dead plants and developed plants), significantly longer in height and better plant growth parameters. T. harzianum applied as soil or seed treatments enhancing the total microbial flora of squash rhizosphere at the first 30 days of plant growth and greatly increased the total fungal counts comparing with the corresponding figures of negative and positive controls. As the density of T. harzianum reached 99.3% and 100.0% in cultivated plants soil infested with F. solani and R. solani respectively, the other genera or species of fungi become greatly reduced or disappeared.
Book Review: SAVIOURS and SURVIVORS: Darfur, Politics and the War on Terror
LS Lushaba
African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie , 2010,
Abstract: SAVIOURS and SURVIVORS: Darfur, Politics and the War on Terror Mahmood Mamdani Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2009. Pp.vii +398, ISBN: 978-0-7969-2252-6. Paperback.
Postcolonial theory as a hermeneutical tool for Biblical reading
LS Rakundwa
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2008,
Abstract: In this article, postcolonial theory is presented as a tool for Biblical interpretation, in an attempt to find colonial intentions (be they political, cultural or economic) that informed and influenced the writer's context. Although criticism has been levelled at the church and other religious institutions for having, consciously or unconsciously, facilitated colonial conquests and imperial establishment all over the world, postcolonial theory calls them to a constructive reading that enables readers to see the concerns of the universal mission of justice. Postcolonial theory, as a tool for Biblical interpretation, deals with the Bible as a “cultural product” in time and space. However, as part of socio-scientific method, postcolonial theory encounters some crucial translation problems such as ethnocentrism and anachronism. Nevertheless, whatever hermeneutical tool the reader uses, it must yield two important things from Scripture reading: discovering life and discovering faith. HTS Theological Studies Vol. 64 (1) 2008: pp. 339-351
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