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An Analysis of War Weaponry Trauma Victims from a Medical College Setting in Kashmir Valley  [PDF]
Mumtazdin Wani, Mushtaq Chalkoo, Peer Hilal Ahmad Makhdoomi, Ankush Banotra, Awhad Mueed, Yassar Arafat, Syed Shakeeb
Surgical Science (SS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2017.81002
Abstract: Background: Kashmir valley, being a known conflict zone keeps on receiving war victims due to scuffles between civilians and the government forces. Such upsurges have been noted in the recent past in 2008 and 2010; however, a new face of upheaval took place in the month of July 2016. Herein, we present an analysis of 500 abdominal trauma victims reported to our department at Government Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir, India. Methods: Government Medical College Srinagar Kashmir is a tertiary care teaching hospital situated in the heart of Kashmir valley. Being one of the referral hospitals, for trauma, we received a total figure of 6149 trauma victims out of which 500 were purely of abdominal in nature managed by the department of surgery. The study conducted was a short analysis of these abdominal trauma patients that reported from 8th July to 8th November 2016. Results: The result of analysis of 500 abdominal trauma patients is reported herein. The male female ratio of patients was 19.8:1 (male = 95.2%, female = 4.8%). The age range was from 5 years to 65 years with majority reported in the age range of 15 - 30 years. The number of bullet injuries was =85 and the pellet injuries were =349. The commonest organs involved were small intestines, spleen, large bowel and liver in descending order. Penetrating injuries were seen in =60.4%, non-penetrating were seen in =39.6%. The patients were grouped into conservative, non operative and operative group. The commonest morbidity observed was wound sepsis and a total mortality reached to a figure of 2%. Conclusion: This short study of analysis of trauma victims has explored the newer horizons of trauma management and we believe and conclude that specialized trauma hospitals with skilled manpower and modern gadgets of handling trauma is need of an hour especially in developing countries like ours.
REE Characteristics and REE Mixing Modeling of the Proterozoic Quartzites and Sandstones  [PDF]
H. Wani
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.81002
Abstract: Rare earth elements (REE) in sedimentary rocks are most suitable for source rock characterization. Rare earth element data of the sandstones of the unmetamorphosed Meso-Neoproterozoic Chhattisgarh and Indravati basins and the metamorphosed Paleoproterozoic Sakoli and Saucer basins of the Bastar craton have been studied for source rock characterization. The quartzites have higher ∑R EE mean value (145 ppm) compared to the sandstones (34 ppm). The REE patterns of all the three formations of the Chandarpur Group of the Chhattisgarh basin and the Tiratgarh Formation of the Indravati basin are uniform and there are no systematic differences in REE patterns among different formations of the Chandarpur Group and the Tiratgarh Formation. The REE patterns of the quartzites are similar to the REE patterns of the sandstones. Chondrite-normalized REE patterns with LREE enrichment and a strong negative Eu anomaly of the sandstones and quartzites gives a broad hint about felsic source rocks. The source rocks are identified as Archean granite and gneiss of the Bastar craton. The REE mixing modeling of the sandstones and quartzites suggest that the exposed the Proterozoic upper crust of the Bastar craton during the sedimentation of the Paleoproterozoic Sakoli and saucerand the Meso-Neoproterozoic Chhattisgarh and Indravati basins of the Bastar craton was largely consisted of gneissic rocks (70%), with a little contribution (20%) from Late Archean (2.5 Ga) granites. The present study does not suggest any significant change in the upper crustal composition during Proterozoic in the Bastar craton.
Evaluating the Importance of Apoptotic Index, Mitotic Index and Turnover Index in Premalignant and Malignant Lesions of Cervix  [PDF]
Subhash Bhardwaj, Farooq Ahmed Wani
Open Journal of Pathology (OJPathology) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpathology.2015.52005
Abstract: Aim: To evaluate the premalignant and malignant lesions of the uterine cervix on light microscopy for apoptosis. To calculate and correlate the apoptotic index (AI), mitotic index (MI) and turnover index of the lesions. Materials and methods: A 2-year retrospective (November 2007 to October 2009) and 1-year prospective study (November 2009 to October 2010). A total of 95 cases of premalignant and malignant lesions of cervix were studied. The hematoxylin-eosin stained slides were screened for apoptosis under oil immersion lens. Apoptotic index (AI) was calculated as the number of Apoptotic cells and Apoptotic bodies, expressed as percentage of total no. of tumour cells counted in each case. Mitotic index (MI) was calculated by counting mitosis among 1000 tumour cells. Turnover index (TOI) was obtained by adding MI and AI, i.e., (TOI = MI + AI). After calculating, all these indices were correlated with different grades of the cervical lesions. Results: Premalignant lesions were divided into four subgroups. On statistical analysis, it was found that the difference in the apoptotic indices and turnover indices in all the four subgroups was not statistically significant. However for mitotic indices, significant statistical difference was found in Subgroup II (mild dysplasia vs. moderate dysplasia) with a p value of 0.03 and in subgroup IV (squamous metaplasia vs. moderate/severe dysplasia) with a p value of 0.0005. Within the malignant group, we compared well differentiated with less well differentiated subgroup. Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference in TOI between the two subgroups of malignant tumours (p = 0.04). Statistical comparison between premalignant and malignant group of lesions showed a highly significant difference between the AI, MI and TOI with p value of 0.0001. Conclusion: We conclude that proliferative and apoptotic indices are useful in distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions of the cervix. Proliferative activity of a lesion is a reliable indicator of its malignant potential and together with apoptotic count gives an idea about the net growth of a tumour.
Primary hydatid of psoas muscle
Wani Imtiaz,Wani Rauf,Wani Khusrheed
Urology Annals , 2010,
Imtiaz Wani
Marmara Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The author reports a case of rectus sheath hematoma after Lower Segment caesarean section (LSCS).The hematoma extended to the pelvic wall. The aberrant course of vessels or injudicious dissection may contribute to this catastrophe. Clinical suspicion, Carnett’s test and ultrasonography were used to confirm the diagnosis. The management was conservative.
Effect of the ectomycorrizal fungi Pisolithus tinctorius and Laccaria laccata on the growth of blue pine seedlings
Indian Phytopathology , 2012,
Estimates of genetic variability in mutated populations and the scope of selection for yield attributes in Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek
MR Wani, S khan
Egyptian Journal of Biology , 2006,
Abstract: A significant increase in mean values of the fertile branches per plant, pods per plant and seed yield per plant was noticed in mutants of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) – a selffertilized crop. Estimates of genetic parameters (genotypic coefficient of variation, heritability and genetic advance) for the yield and its components were higher than the control in two generations. The increased genetic variability for these traits provides great scope for further selection.
A Capsule Account of Art between Modernism and Postmodernism: from Artist’s Studio
ThirdFront : Journal of Humanities and Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: More than an academic professional (one who teaches art) I prefer to interact as an artist – be it a classroom or writing in a journal. I believe I can make more sense by being random, spontaneous and perhaps incongruous and like an artist narrate my story in an extempore spasmodic flash. My present article would not have been possible without this faith. A word that has often come to my rescue, and will perhaps justify the plot (content/ form) of my article is “contingency”. It means the turning from past to future, the acceptance of risk, the omnipresence of change, the malleability of time and space – something contrary to a predictable linear organized whole. Considering the length of subject and the brevity of space my article will, more or less, adopt a cinematic strategy: take a number of images (events) and connect them to form a sequence and keep cutting and connecting until a number of (decentralized) view points or angles are created. The time-frames, viewed through a question mark, go as far as Leonardo, Michelangelo, Mannerists, Bernini, Caravagio, Turner, Goya, each appearing with an anticipation to be justified as the first true artist. The frames appear out of focus as they move, as if unawares, from locating the first true artist to the first true modern artist. And then (as Giles Deleuze, the great philosopher of cinema has taught that cinema is at its most cinematic when it frees us from the idea of time as a connected order or sequence) the disruption of a linear sequence between modern art and post modern art leads to a host of montages, jump cuts, irrational cuts and multiple view points.
Trends in Information Management , 2006,
Abstract: The paper is an insight into public library system of Jammu & Kashmir from ancient to present times. It lists different initiatives undertaken and reports submitted to the Government from time to time. The study mainly assesses 34 public libraries for their operations, services, staff strength and infrastructure. KEYWORDS : Public Library System; Public Libraries — Jammu & Kashmir;
Preserving Archives. (By) Helen Forde. London: Facet Publishing. xiv, 320p. (Reprint, 2008) ISBN: 1-85604-577-3 (Hb)
Zahid Ashraf Wani
Trends in Information Management , 2009,
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