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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 101 matches for " Muharrem ?ztel "
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Tanzimat Devri ve Sonras nda Osmanl Piyasalar nda htikar Sorunu/// htikar Problem in the Ottoman Markets During and After the Tanzimat Period
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9737/historys_633
Abstract: This article examines the ihtikar problem in the Ottoman Empire during and after the tanzimat period. In the documents examined for this article, the concept of “ihtikar” covers practices such as black marketing, hoarding, profiteering, and monopoly. Any illicit gains from a good in the market were considered as “ihtikar”. During the period examined, any good used in commercial transaction can be subjected to “ihtikar”. However “ihtikar” usually was considered as an illicit gain from highly demanded necessary common goods, such as wood, coal, meat, salt, wheat, and grain. While traders are the main group that used “ihtikar”, some directors, officers, and manufacturers committed “ihtikar” as well. The main purpose of “muhtekir” or the committer of “ihtikar” is to obtaining more money easily. The main methods used by muhtekirs were hoarding, jobbing, and carrying the goods to a market with high prices. With these methods muhtekirs can gain high profits from goods the prices of which were increased spuriously. Drought, scarcity, war, and social and political problems usually offered unique opportunities to muhtekirs.
The responsibility of the translator by the intercultural transference of information
Muharrem Tosun
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: If we look at the translator as a expert who transfers only to the source-linguistic text information in the target text, our definition is not enough to understand this complicated process. The translator transfers the texts of a culture of a language in another culture of another language. The translator should exactly know the culture of the target language, and produce his translation purpose-oriented after the expectations of this culture. The text types offer the translator the possibility in which way he can understand the sourcetext and translate into the targettext. Without knowing with which purposes and which receiver's circle he translates, every discussion is vain and not translation-scientific. A translation hangs together always with the connection of a text. Without text there is no translation.The subject of our article is a discussion in Turkey about a translation. It is about a translation in the Turkish. It is about a source-linguistic text which tells about the remedial customer of Sebastian Kneipp. This book was violently criticized in Turkey as a translation. It is maintained that this translation manipulates the original text, and wrong transfers. But there is no translator and no translation.
Muharrem DAYAN?
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Ahmet Midhat Efendi is one of the most prominent intellectuals of Tanzimat Period who could not only cut his connection to the past but also could not avert his face from the new just before the entrance to the circle of a different civilisation. In addition to the lots of contemporary literary and cultural events, Ahmet Midhat sympathized trends of thought. In his book called üss-i nk lap Ahmet Midhat wrote an introduction named as “Mukaddime-i Ula” and declared a proclamation about the thought of Ottomanism which had passed from the approval of Abdulhamit II. Therefore the book üss-i nk lap is one of the most important sources of that period in the context of history of Turkish thought and ideology of Ottomanism Ahmet Midhat Efendi, farkl bir medeniyet dairesine giri in ncesinde eskiden kopamayan, fakat yeniden de yüz eviremeyen Tanzimat d nemi ayd nlar n n nde gelenlerindendir. D neminde bir ok edeb ve kültürel hadisenin yan nda dü ünce ak mlar na da ilgi duyan Ahmet Midhat, üss-i nk lap adl kitab n n “Mukaddime-i Ula” adl giri b lümünde Osmanl c l k dü üncesinin II. Abdülhamit’in onay ndan ge mi beyannamesini yapar. Dolay s yla bu y nüyle üss-i nk lap, Türk dü ünce tarihi ve zellikle Osmanl c l k ideolojisi ba lam nda d nemin en nemli kaynak eserlerindendir.
Pediatric Spinal Trauma
Muharrem YAZICI
Türkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi , 2008,
Abstract: Pediatric spinal injuries, although rare, constitute an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Mechanisms of injury, clinical and radiological presentation as well as treatment methods may differ from adults in the growing spine. Examination should be repeated in a child who has severe trauma even though no clinical and radiological abnormalities are detected at the first examination. Conservative approaches are generally preferred. Surgical treatment options should be considered for patients who have spinal cord compression associated with a neurologic deficit, and/or significant deformity associated with end-plate damage. Secondary deformities may develop during the follow-up period if end-plates are injured.Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2008; 54 Suppl 2: 55-8.
In Terms of Theoretical Construction and Paradigmatic Orientation, The Draft Law of Higher Education
Muharrem KILI?
Yüksek??retim ve Bilim Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: Turkish higher education, a 30-year political era and an outstanding heritage with historical background, which is regulated by Law No. 2547. Th e law, which will replace the political conditions that accompany the law-making process can be converted to an opportunity. It can be obtained only by draft ing a new higher education law, which based on a constructive wisdom. Text/draft , from its theoretical fiction to its linguistic structure must be designed with an architecture so unique and perfect. Original amendment has been necessitated to construct a new system of paradigmatic framework. Unable to provide a systematic transformation of the draft, the change in the law as a whole will not be necessary.
Turkey's Increasing Role in Afghanistan
Muharrem Eksi
Journal of Global Analysis , 2010,
Abstract: This paper is briefly dealing with the current situation in Afghanistan within the context of Turkey’s increasing role in Afghanistan. Turkish-Afghani relations are examined in terms of politics and economy while Turkish foreign policies towards Afghanistan and the Turkish-Pakistani-Afghani triple summit attempts are analyzed. Additionally, Turkey’s security and socio-economic contributions in Afghanistan are emphasized. Turkey’s unwillingness to send troops to Afghanistanfor operational purposes that is frequently debated in national and international circles has been evaluated by stating the advantages and disadvantages of such decision. Turkey’s quiet approach between 2001 and 2004 towards Afghanistan, which have been energizing since 2005 and Foreign Minister Ahmet Davuto lu’s visit to Afghanistan on June 2009 have been dealt as well. By considering Davutoglu’s policies, aiming to introduce Turkey as a global actor and as the term President of the UNSC (the UN Security Council), it seems that Turkey is preparing to play a more active role in Afghanistan.
Thoughts on The Period of National Literature, Nationalistic Literature and Concept of National Literature
Muharrem DAYAN?
Eski?ehir Osmangazi üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: “The Period of National Literature” is generally accepted as the name of a literary process beginning with the publication of the Journal Gen Kalemler in 1911 to 1923 in which Turkish Literature During the Republican Era emerged. The outstanding representatives of this movement are Mehmed Emin Yurdakul, mer Seyfettin, Ali Canip Y ntem and Ziya G kalp. Apart from this periodic perception there are two different concepts called “Nationalist/Turkic Literature” and “The Concept of National Literature”. All these concepts are intertwined and sometimes confused each other. In this article we will try to evaluate those concepts in respect to basic characteristics and nature of meaning.
Kurumsal Sürdürülebilirlik Performans n n l ümü in ok Kriterli Bir er eve: Henkel rne i
Ahmet ?ztel,Mehmet Said K?se,?hsan Aytekin
Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Ara?t?rmalar? Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: zetKurumsal sürdürülebilirlik performans l ümü, kurumsal sürdürülebilirli in evresel, sosyal ve ekonomik y nlerini ele almay ama lamaktad r. Bu ü boyutun tek bir boyuta indirgenmesinde sorunlar ortaya kmaktad r. ok kriterli karar verme y ntemleri, bu de i kenlerin birlikte de erlendirilmesi i in kullan l bir er eve sunmaktad r. Bu al mada, ok kriterli karar verme y ntemlerinden uzla k programlama (compromise programing) er evesi kullan larak Henkel firmas n n kurumsal sürdürülebilirlik performans n n de erlendirilmesi ama lanmaktad r. Uygulamal olan bu al mada veriler Henkel firmas n n y ll k raporlar ndan temin edilmi tir. Ele al nan irketin kurumsal y netim performans evresel ve sosyal boyutlar yla y llara g re kar la t r lm ve sonu ta uzla k programlama y nteminin bu tür al malarda kullan lmas nerilmi tir. AbstractMeasurement of corporate sustainability performance is focused on environmental, social and economic aspects of corporate sustainability. Therefore, it can be argued that it is not easy to reduce all dimensions of corporate sustainability in a unit. Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods provide a useful framework for the evaluation of these variables together. Using “compromise programing (CP)”, one of the MCDM methods, this study aimed to assess the corporate sustainability performance. Data were acquired from Henkel Company’s annual reports. Environmental and social aspects of Henkel’s corporate sustainability are compared by years, and in conclusion, using CP model to evaluate corporate sustainability is proposed.
Postoperative Analgesic Effects of Carprofen Following Osteotomy and Laparotomy in Dogs
Muharrem Erol,Celal Izci
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.922.927
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of postoperative pain following soft and hard tissue operations in dogs on Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH) levels, dopamine levels, haemocoel values and blood gases. It also evaluated the results of the applied treatments. The study was carried out in 4 groups each comprising 6 dogs. Dogs in the 1st and 3rd groups underwent laparotomy and those in the 2nd and 4th groups underwent osteotomy. Carprofen (4.4 mg kg-1) (Rimadyl, Pfizer) was administered subcutaneously as an analgesic to the dogs in the 1st and 2nd groups following the operation. Venous blood samples were collected from the animals before the operation and in the subsequent hours to determine the ACTH and dopamine levels. In the postoperative period, ACTH and dopamine levels were significantly higher in the groups that underwent osteotomy than in the groups that underwent laparotomy (p<0.05). Statistically significant decreases were observed in the groups that received analgesia after the 2nd h (p<0.05). In this study, effective postoperative analgesia is required after both soft and hard tissue operations. Furthermore, effective and rapid implementation of the process is important for postoperative animal welfare and rapid return to normal physiological functions.
Muharrem U?AR
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2005,
Abstract: While objective parameters like sufficiency of the resources and the number of people benefiting from services are considered to evaluate the health services, the attitudes and behaviors which patients meet during taking this health service and ethical issues like patient rights are considered as second importance. But ethical parameters are more important for patients. Military health organizations have much responsibility about ethical issues; because they are usually the only institutions for the personnel who they serve to took health service, requested health service are usually indispensable and the patient couldn?t select the physician because of the structure of the organization and military conditions. It is necessary to educate personnel in military health organizations as well as in all of the health institutions about gaining communication skills and patient rights in order to reach the desired level in ethical issues.
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