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my present study, I elaborate different types of management, management staffs,
types of managers and leaders along with their capacities of work and their
roles in any organization or institute to achieve the
desired goal with the help of employees. A study found that most of the CEOs of
the 62 major US-based companies spent at least 10 percent of their time in quality
enhancement efforts. The critical importance of employees’ involvement in the
quality process of an organization is based on the belief that the best process
innovation ideas come from the people actually doing the job. Employee
involvement in quality efforts can only come about when the employees know that
the organization cares for them. Best companies do not just confine education
and training to their shop floor employees and managers. Top executives are
actively involved in the learning process themselves. Training is the key
element of management system. For the smooth run of any organization we always
need proper training for all employees including leadership authority.
Certain difficulties are inherent in the implementation of the improvement of the quality of service, particularly in the Design Management Department. There is often a difference on the issue of translating vision between senior management and Design Department for service improvement into effective, operational QI programs. Middle managers have a key role to play, but often they are overlooked which leads to undermining their efforts to improve the quality programs offered by senior management. This paper describes the first phase of a PhD research project to determine and develop the role of middle management in successful implementation of quality management programs. A framework for quality improvement implementation, including key issues of importance to middle managers regarding their proactive involvement in QI, is suggested. Finally, the initial implementation of the model in a company is discussed.
Conversion of potato from conventional methods to wide bed planting systems may increase water and nitrogen use efficiency in commercial potato production system by reducing the amount of irrigation water and water applied nitrogen fertilizer bypassing the potato root zone. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) cv. Desiree was tested against different planting system for yield and yield components at Kaghan, a high mountainous Himalayan region ofPakistan. The experiment was carried out at Himalayan Agricultural Research Station (HARS), Kaghan during the summer season of 2005. The results showed that maximum tuber growth (88.7%), number of stems per plant (3.5), plant expansion (45.5 cm), average number of tubers per plant (10.1) and yield per hectare (12.4 t/ha) were significantly different and higher when potatoes were planted on wide bed and covered with soil from one side. Tallest plants (53.4 cm) were observed when potatoes were sown on the ridges. Maximum number of green potatoes (12.5) and injured potatoes (5.3%) were observed when the tubers were planted following local farmers’ method. Keeping in view the soil type, land slopping, we recommend sowing potatoes on relatively plain wide beds and covering it with soil from one side, for potato cultivation in the area.