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Micro-grid plays a vital role in fulfilling the increasing demand by using distributed renewable energy resources. Demand and response technique can be broadly classified under the setup DR deployed (e.g. ISO’s/RTO’s). Demand response program can be implemented to improve power system quality, reliability and increasing demand. In modern power industry, strategic player can take more benefit from more emphasized DR study in terms of social benefit (uninterrupted power supply to consumers) and economy. This paper proposes the distributed micro-grid control and implemented control setup implemented demand response algorithm, which provides better power system reliability. This paper presents contingencies control demand and response for micro-grid. The main advantage of implementation of demand and response algorithms in Micro-grids provides reliable power supplies to consumers. The proposed micro-grid TCP/IP setup provides a chance to respond the contingencies to recover the shed to active condition. Micro-grid controller implements demand and response algorithm reasonable for managing the demand of the load and intelligent load scheme in case of blackout.
Cloud computing is high technology, which fulfills needs of common as well as enterprise level to meet their information and communication technology requirements and so on. Cloud computing extends existing information technology capabilities and requirements. Many technologies are being merged with cloud computing, same as that orchestrations can boost cloud service provisioning process. The usage of orchestrations can play vital role to provision cloud services. Cloud service providers can create scalable cloud services at low cost by organizing cloud infrastructure by using cloud orchestrations. Dynamic orchestration flows can generate required cloud computing services to meet service level agreements and quality of services. There is a need to understand issues and barriers involved to integrate cloud orchestrations with cloud service provisioning process. There is also need to understand business related problems bordering cloud computing technology. There is much capacity to do targeted research work for cloud orchestrations and its integration with service level agreements as well as with SLI (service level integration) layer. In this article we have elaborated detailed analysis and identified a number of issues that will affect the cloud service users as well as cloud service providers and cloud service provisioning system. We are defining an approach to orchestrate cloud infrastructure by using orchestration flows, to generate cloud services in order to meet service level agreements and quality of standard.
An experiment was conducted in
pots under natural conditions in alkaline calcareous soil to determine wheat (Triticum aestivum L. c.v. Atta Habib)
yield and P uptake as influenced by Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF)
inoculation with compost prepared from fresh animal dung and rock phosphate.
Data indicated that wheat grain, shoot and roots yields increased significantly
(P ≤ 0.05) by inoculation of commercial mycorrhiza (AMF-II) and half dose of
compost. Grain yield increased by 43% and 37%, shoot by 43% and 39% and roots
yield by 51% and 45% over control of N and K fertilizers. Straw yield was
maximum as 5075 kg·ha-1 in the treatment of AMF-II inoculation with full dose of compost,
which was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) higher as 44% and 40% over control of N and
K fertilizers. Maximum and significantly (P ≤ 0.05) higher plant N and P uptake
by wheat were observed in the treatment inoculated by indigenous mycorrhiza
(AMF-I) with full dose of compost followed by the inoculation of AMF-II with
full dose of compost and SSP treatment. Maximum and significantly (P ≤ 0.05)
increased soil spores’ density of AMF by 26 spores per 20 g soil with maximum
roots infection intensity in wheat were observed by the inoculation of AMF-I
with full dose of compost. The AMF-II is slightly better than AMF-I regarding
grain, shoot and root yield, whereas AMF-I is better in N, P uptake, soil spore
density and their root infection intensity than AMF-II. Alone inoculation and
compost application increase the yield and nutrients uptake but the highest
improvement was observed with inoculation of AMF with compost. Results suggest
that inoculation of AMF with compost has potential to improve wheat yields and
plants’ P uptake under given soil conditions.