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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7420 matches for " Muhammad Bilal "
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Numerical Solution of Blasius Equation through Neural Networks Algorithm  [PDF]
Iftikhar Ahmad, Muhammad Bilal
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2014.43019
Abstract:

In this paper mathematical techniques have been used for the solution of Blasius differential equation. The method uses optimized artificial neural networks approximation with Sequential Quadratic Programming algorithm and hybrid AST-INP techniques. Numerical treatment of this problem reported in the literature is based on Shooting and Finite Differences Method, while our mathematical approach is very simple. Numerical testing showed that solutions obtained by using the proposed methods are better in accuracy than those reported in literature. Statistical analysis provided the convergence of the proposed model.

Therapeutic Effectiveness of Hijama in Sciatica Pain  [PDF]
Muhammad Bilal, Rafeeq Alam Khan
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2016.78040
Abstract:
Hijama is an alternative mode of treatment also known as cupping therapy. It involves removal of subcutaneous stagnant blood through suction cups after making superficial incisions at particular area of the body. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hijama in sciatica pain at Aligarh Shifa hospital. 92 patients with the history of sciatica were selected randomly between 18 - 75 years of age and hijama cups were applied generally at C7, T2 and L5/S1 vertebrae, while two cups were also applied bilaterally on L4/L5 vertebrae, four cups were additionally applied on hip joint, back of thigh, knee and calf muscle, all cups were applied thrice at an interval of 15 days between each session. The decrease in sciatic pain was assessed after three sessions of Hijama by numeric pain rating scale there was overall significant reduction in pain with 67 percent patients showing relief in pain up to varying degree. Present study suggests that hijama has been found to be effective in relieving pain and improving quality of life in majority of the patient’s, hence may be used as effective alternative tool to alleviate pain.
Fixed Advance Priority based Bandwidth Utilization in TDM EPON
Muhammad Bilal
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: PON technology can be used to avoid the placement of electronics in the field by using passive optical filters (splitters) to distribute optical circuits to individual customers. They reduced the amount of fiber and local exchange and field equipment. With the development of services offered by the Internet, the last mile bottleneck problems persist to increase step by step. Many algorithms were developed for making TDM EPON efficient similar to Scheduling, Priority swapping etc. These all algorithms have problems like starvation, QoS, latency and channel under- utilization. We focused the efficient bandwidth utilization in TDM EPON by managing time slots within ONUs and reducing latency and increasing quality of service. Our Fixed Advance Priority based Bandwidth Algorithm is an intra-ONU bandwidth allocation algorithm, which is used to enhance the network performance by evaluating the parameters like channel underutilization, delay and Quality of Service. The issues which are lacking in the already made algorithms are being resolved with our proposed solution. The main problem time slots management issue solved in FAPB algorithm.
Rahul Fixed Priority Enhance Classes Bandwidth Exploitation in TDM EPON
Muhammad Bilal
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: A Passive Optical Network (PON) is a single, collective optical fiber that used low-cost optical splitters to divide the single fiber into split strands feed individual subscribers. PONS are called passive because, other than at the CO (Central Office) and subscriber endpoints, there are no active electronics inside the access network. With the development of services offered by the Internet, the "last mile" restricted access problems keep it up to increase step by step. Many algorithms were developed for making TDM EPON efficient similar to Scheduling (No class Solution) and Priority Swapping, IPACT etr. These all algorithms have problems like delay, QoS and channel under- utilization. We focused the well-organized bandwidth utilization in TDM EPON by managing time slots within ONUs and reducing latency and increasing quality of service. Our Rahul Fixed Priority Enhance Classes Bandwidth (RFPECB) algorithm is an intra-ONU bandwidth allocation algorithm, which is used to enhance the network performance by evaluating the parameters like channel underutilization, delay and Quality of Service. The issues which are lacking in the already made algorithms are being resolved with our RFPECB Algorithm. The main problem time slots management issue solved in RFPECB algorithm.
Executive Enhance Business Value of BAL Information System
Muhammad Bilal,Muhammad Awais
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2012,
Abstract: It has become gradually more complex to give more attention to the importance of business value of information system in the early hours of time. Above the past few days researchers have high lightened the requirement of information system in business field. Almost every organization and industry like electronics, textile, computer, health, education etc is investing appreciably in information system. It is generally observed that IS savings facilitate firms to achieve competitive benefit and enhance central part competencies to improve their performance and increase further wages. As a result Executive Enhance Business Value of BAL Information System (EEBVBIS) is at the heart of our deliberation in this research paper. This paper seeks to address the following questions. What is the role of business value in information system? How can we analyze business value of information system (IS)? What is the consequence of information system in new e-commerce era? It has been generally observed that with the passage of time as the quick changes are taking place in information system the above questions are gaining importance in the field of business. The deliberation in proper selection of technology and its proper utilization to improve the performance of a business in Hospital System provide help to achieve the business value. We also covered some aspects of Hospital System using statistical study. We focus the Information System which plays an important role in Hospital System (Private and Public Hospital System).
Modeling Barley Production in Punjab
Muhammad Bilal,Muhammad Qaiser Shahbaz
Pakistan Journal of Statistics and Operation Research , 2008, DOI: 10.1234/pjsor.v4i1.58
Abstract: Barley has been an important commodity of the country. In this paper Forecast model for production of Barley in Punjab has been fitted. Methodologies for fitting of the model has been used these include ARIMA model. Diagnostic test has been carried out to see the adequacy of fitted models. Forecasted production has been obtained for coming five years.
HERNIOPLASTY
MUHAMMAD FAISAL BILAL LODHI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Incisional hernia is a common complication of abdominal surgery and an important source of morbidity. It may be repaired using open suture, open mesh or laparoscopic mesh techniques. Objectives: To examine the results of open mesh repair using “sublay technique” of hernioplasty. Setting: Surgical Unit-I, Department of Surgery at Allied Hospital, a tertiary care teaching hospital affiliated with Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad. Patient & Methods: Sixty patients (male:16, female:44) were operated for incisional hernia. Open mesh repair was done. Polypropylene mesh was placed over closed posterior rectus sheath layer and over the rectus abdominis, were available. Anterior rectus sheath was closed in front of the implanted mesh. All the patients received injectable third generation cephalosporin for 48hrs postoperatively. Postoperative recovery in terms of seroma formation, wound infection, intraabdominal adhesions leading to intestinal obstruction, enterocutaneous fistula formation and recurrence were the main factors noted and analyzed statistically. Results: Mean postoperative hospital stay was 03 days. Only one patient developed wound infection. None of the patients developed seroma formation, intestinal obstruction or enterocutaneous fistula. Maximum follow up till this study is 14 months. No recurrence has been reported so far. Conclusions: Open mesh repair using “sublay technique” does not carry risk of enterocutaneous fistula, carries low risk of seroma formation and wound infection. Proper technique is not associated with recurrence.
Thermodynamics of accelerating and rotating black holes
Muhammad Bilal,K. Saifullah
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s10509-012-1245-9
Abstract: Thermodynamics of a large family of black holes from electrovacuum solutions of Einstein's equations is studied. This family includes rotating and non-accelerating black holes with NUT charge, and rotating and accelerating black holes. The surface gravity, Hawking temperature and the area laws for these black holes are presented. The first law of thermodynamics is also given. An interesting outcome of our analysis is the restriction obtained on the magnitude of acceleration for these black holes.
Evaluation of Ordinary Least Square(OLS) and Geographically Weighted Regression(GWR) for Water Quality Monitoring:A Case Study for the Estimation of Salinity Evaluation of Ordinary Least Square(OLS) and Geographically Weighted Regression(GWR) for Water Quality Monitoring:A Case Study for the Estimation of Salinity
NAZEER Majid,BILAL Muhammad
- , 2018,
Abstract: Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper(TM) dataset have been used to estimate salinity in the coastal area of Hong Kong. Four adjacent Landsat TM images were used in this study, which was atmospherically corrected using the Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum(6S) radiative transfer code. The atmospherically corrected images were further used to develop models for salinity using Ordinary Least Square(OLS) regression and Geographically Weighted Regression(GWR) based on in situ data of October 2009. Results show that the coefficient of determination(R~2) of 0.42 between the OLS estimated and in situ measured salinity is much lower than that of the GWR model, which is two times higher(R~2 = 0.86). It indicates that the GWR model has more ability than the OLS regression model to predict salinity and show its spatial heterogeneity better. It was observed that the salinity was high in Deep Bay(north-western part of Hong Kong) which might be due to the industrial waste disposal, whereas the salinity was estimated to be constant(32 practical salinity units) towards the open sea
Remote Sensing Data Application to Monitor Snow Cover Variation and Hydrological Regime in a Poorly Gauged River Catchment—Northern Pakistan  [PDF]
Samreen Abdul Hakeem, Muhammad Bilal, Arshid Pervez, Adnan Ahmad Tahir
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.51005
Abstract:

Snow- and glacier-nourished river basins located in the Himalaya-Karakoram-Hindukush (HKH) ranges supply a significant amount of discharge in River Indus upstream Tarbela Dam. It is, hence, important to comprehend the cryosphere variation and its relationship to the stream flow in these high-altitude river catchments. The MODIS remotely sensed database of snow products was chosen to examine the average annual snow and glacier cover (cryosphere) variations in the Shigar River basin (poorly gauged mountainous sub-catchment of the Indus River). Hydrological regime in the area was investigated through monthly database of observed stream fluxes and climate variables (precipitation and mean temperature) for the Shigar River catchment. Analysis indicated the usefulness of remote sensing techniques for estimation of the snow cover variation in the poorly or un-gauged high-elevation catchments of the HKH zone. Results also showed that Shigar River discharge was influenced mainly by the seasonal and annual snow cover area (SCA) variation and the temperature seasonality. Moreover, it is important to uncover such inter-relationship of stream flow, climate variables and snow cover in the poorly gauged high-altitude catchments of Karakoram region for better water resource management and accurate flood hazards predictions at Tarbela.

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