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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7185 matches for " Muhammad Ayub Buzdar "
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Socio-economic Affects of Floods on Female Teachers in Jampur (Pakistan)
Muhammad Ayub Buzdar,Akhtar Ali
Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry , 2011,
Abstract: Women are major affected segment of society in any disaster in under developed countries. Floods of 2010, in Pakistan, affected more than 17 million people. Ultimately, it created several social, psychological and financial problems for affected females. The current paper aimed to study the socio-economic affects of floods on female teachers of private schools in tehsil headquarters Jampur. There were sixty two registered and non-registered private schools in the city in which five hundreds and seventy nine female teachers were working. Eight schools were selected as cluster to collect the data. Totally sample was comprised fifty eight female teachers. Semi structure interview and focus group discussion techniques were used to gather the data. Collected data were analyzed use thematic analysis approach. Findings indicated that female school teachers working in private school of city Jampur were badly affected in floods 2010. They had to face several social and financial problems. There was much space to improve relief and aid activities in the affected areas. Separate health facilities for women were also needed. The paper recommends better planning and its transparent and fair implementations in next rainy season.
Parents’ Attitude toward Daughters’ Education in Tribal Area of Dera Ghazi Khan (Pakistan)
Muhammad Ayub Buzdar,Akhtar Ali
Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry , 2011,
Abstract: The paper aimed to investigate the parents’ attitudes toward their daughters’ education in tribal areas of district Dera Ghazi Khan (Pakistan). To achieve the objectives four research questions were established. Focus of the questions was to examine the significance of girls’ education for tribal parents. Existing and expected role of tribal parents as well as contribution from government and community for girls’ education was also aimed to explore in research questions. Sample comprised thirty parents and five teachers/educational workers. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews and was analyzed using content analysis approach. The findings disclosed the parents’ positive perceptions toward their daughters’ education but at the same time severe scarcity of human and physical infrastructure for girls’ education was also presented in the area. The paper recommended several empirical steps to overcome these problems including provision of new school locations and ensuring the availability of school buildings, supporting infrastructure and teachers for already functioning schools in the area. Financial aid for poor students was also proposed in the study.
Educating Women’s Rights through Teacher Education in Pakistan: Reality or Paradox
Muhammad Ayub BUZDAR,Akhtar ALI,Muhammad NADEEM
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Major aim of the study was to check the role of teacher training institutions in disseminating awareness of women’s rights in Pakistan. Awareness and participation of future teachers in feminist activities was also questioned through the study. The preparedness of prospective teachers to join women’s rights movement in Pakistan was also examined. A close ended questionnaire was developed to search the answers of research questions. Viewing the time constraints, the study was delimited only to three public sector university campuses/departments in Punjab (Pakistan). Findings revealed unorganized awareness of women’s rights among prospective teachers. Commitment of the respondents and departmental efforts to promote their dedication with women’s rights movement were also weak. Inclusion of women’s rights as a separate subject in teacher education curricula was recommended in the study. Enhanced role of teacher training institutions and women’s rights activists to raise awareness and commitment of the future teachers was also suggested.
Teacher as Community Mobilizer: Case of Primary School Teachers in Punjab (Pakistan)
Muhammad Ayub Buzdar1,Akhtar Ali
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The study aims to investigate the role of Primary School Teachers (PSTs) for mobilizing community to achieve the target of Universal Primary Education (UPE). Objectives of the study were to investigate existing role of PSTs as community mobilizers to achieve UPE and to explore in-service trainings and arrangements to prepare PSTs for acting their role as community mobilizers. Recommendations for refining PST’s role for mobilizing community to achieve UPE were also aimed in the study. The study was delimited to only two districts of Southern Punjab; Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur and survey method was used to gather data. A questionnaire was developed and administered to 210 PSTs of all seven tehsils of the two districts. Findings of the study disclosed that there was no in-service training for PSTs which enabled them to mobilize community for achieving UPE targets. Roll of higher offices was, also, found ineffective in this regard. Special trainings for PSTs which can enable them to organize and mobilize community and parents to improve enrollment and reduce dropouts were recommended at the end of the study. Empowerment of PSTs and enhanced participation of higher offices of Education Department in UPE campaign were also suggested.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Objective: To know the prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV.Design: Observational cross sectional study. Setting: Blood Transfusion Center Tehsil Headquarter HospitalLiaquetpur. Subjects and Methods: The data of blood donors from 2001 to 2003. Results: Total blood donors studiedwere 1426. The prevalence for hepatitis B was 5.96% (CL 4.84%-7.32%) It was 0.07% (CL <0.01% - 0.44%) for HCVand zero for HIV. The prevalence of HBV in males was 6.03% (CL 4.87%-7.45%) while 5.05% (CL 1.91%-11.63%) infemales (p=0. 6917). The prevalence in 17-20 years age group was 6.4% (CL 3.92%-10.23%), 5.81% (CL 4.6%-7.33%)in 21-40 years age group and in 41-60 years age group it was 4.35% (CL 1.33%-28.19%) [p=0.9029]. Conclusion:Hepatitis B is common, hepatitis C is an uncommon health problem while HIV is not present in this area.
Delicate and robust dynamical recurrences of matter waves in driven optical crystals
Muhammad Ayub,Farhan Saif
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.85.023634
Abstract: We study dynamical recurrences of a Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical crystal subject to a periodic external driving force. The recurrence behavior of the condensate is analyzed as a function of time close to nonlinear resonances occurring in the classical counterpart. Our mathematical formalism for the recurrence time scales is presented as delicate recurrences, which take place, for instance, when the lattice is perturbed weakly and robust recurrences, which may manifest themselves for a sufficiently strong external driving force. The analysis not only is valid for a dilute condensate, but also is applicable for the strongly interacting homogeneous condensate provided; the external modulation causes no significant change in the density profile of the condensate. We explain the parametric dependence of the dynamical recurrence times, which can easily be realized in laboratory experiments. In addition, we find good agreement between the obtained analytical results and the numerical calculations.
Electron Beam Guns for High Energy Electron Accelerators: An Overview  [PDF]
Munawar Iqbal, Ghalib Ul Islam, Muhammad Ayub Faridi, Zusheng Zhou
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.411188

Thermionic electron beam is a fundamental part of all types of linear accelerators around the world in the field of Experimental High Energy Physics. Thermionic beam is very inexpensive and simple to produce. In this work, we give an overview of generation, design and applications of the electron beam with particular reference to e-beam generation at high energy linear accelerators. Experimental data are presented in tabular form for ready reference. We also make an evaluation of these high energy sources with our in-house designed e-beam gun. Finally, a comparison has been presented in terms of characteristic parameters of all these high performance sources.

Should I conduct research? Expressions of Pakistani research scholars
Muhammad Ayub Buzdara,Akhtar Alib
Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The paper aimed to explore the presence and intensity of under practice strategies to promote scholars’ engagement inresearch activities in Pakistani universities. Major Objective of the study was to examine the reasons of scholars’ fragileengagement in research practices. Preparation of recommendations to support and refine the research enriching strategies wasalso part of research objectives. The study was delimited to the opinions of PhD and MPhil Scholars of only two nationaluniversities. A 10 items questionnaire was developed and used to collect data from one hundred PhD and MPhil scholars. Datawas analyzed in term of percentage. Majority of the respondents disclosed the absence of research enriching activities in theinstitutions. There were no standardized criteria and set of principles to supervise the research students. The studyrecommends the provisions of different opportunities, without any gender disparity, to enhance scholars’ engagements inresearch activities. The study also recommends further research to develop code of role and responsibilities for scholars,research supervisors and institutions for this purpose.
A Note on Spherical Electromagnetic Wave Diffraction by a Perfectly Conducting Strip in a Homogeneous Bi-Isotropic Medium
Muhammad Ayub;Muhammad Ramzan;Amer Bilal Mann
PIER , 2008, DOI: 10.2528/PIER08071404
Abstract: We have studied the problem of diffraction of an electromagnetic spherical wave by a perfectly conducting finite strip in a homogeneous bi-isotropic medium and obtained some improved results. The problem was solved by using the Wiener-Hopf technique and Fourier transform. The scattered field in the far zone was determined by the method of steepest descent. The significance of the present analysis was that it recovered the results when a strip was widened into a half plane.
Fulminant invasive aspergillosis of the mediastinum in an immunocompetent host: a case report
Shakoor Muhammad,Ayub Samia,Ayub Zunaira,Mahmood Faisal
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-311
Abstract: Introduction Invasive aspergillosis is a serious complication in immunocompromised patients. It is an opportunistic disease, which predominantly occurs in the lungs, although dissemination to virtually any organ is possible. Invasive aspergillosis in an immunocompetent patient with extension to the mediastinum has rarely been reported. Here, we present the case of a patient with no apparent immunodeficiency state, who presented with Aspergillus endocarditis and fulminant invasive aspergillosis with extensive involvement of the mediastinal structures, which ultimately was responsible for her death. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the literature on fulminant invasive mediastinal aspergillosis with extension to the pulmonary vasculature and concomitant Aspergillus endocarditis in an apparently immunocompetent patient without pre-existing lung disease. Case presentation Our patient was a previously healthy 47-year-old Asian woman, who presented to our emergency room with severe progressive shortness of breath of one month’s duration, associated with orthopnea and unstable vital signs. Conclusion Invasive aspergillosis has been described in the presence of pulmonary disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, and one case has been reported in a patient without preexistent disease, but none of these have been fatal. Our case is therefore the first reported case of its kind. Our case shows that fulminant aspergillosis can occur in an immunocompetent host and can be fatal. We conclude that invasive aspergillosis should not be excluded from the differential diagnosis on the basis of immunocompetency.
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