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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7371 matches for " Muhammad Akram "
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On -Fuzzy Ideals in Nearrings
Muhammad Akram
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/73514
Abstract: We introduce the notion of fuzzy ideals in nearrings with respect to a t-norm T and investigate some of their properties. Using T-fuzzy ideals, characterizations of Artinian and Noetherian nearrings are established. Some properties of T-fuzzy ideals of the quotient nearrings are also considered.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Objectives: To compare the quality of postoperative analgesia with singledose Bupivacaine and that of Tramadol in caudal epidural block for circumcision in children. Study design:Interventional experimental study. Settings: This study was carried out in the department of anaesthesia and painmanagement at Combined Military Hospital Peshawar. Duration: Jun 30, 2004 to Mar 2005 & then from Dec 2006 toFeb 2007. Subjects and Methods: Sixty (60) children between the ages of 2-6 year were included in study. They weredivided into two groups by convenience non-probability technique and each group had 30 children. Group A (n=30)was given 1.25mg/kg Bupivacaine, 0.25% solution, whereas Group B (n=30) received 2mg/kg of Tramadol. The volumeof drug in each group was 0.5ml/kg. Standard monitoring was done perioperatively. The analgesic effects wereevaluated by using Hannallah pain score scale6, which had maximum score of 10 and minimum of 0 (zero). The scoreof 3 or <3 was considered as adequate analgesia. Sedation was assessed by using 5-point sedation test. 0 - Awake,1 - mild sedation, 2 - feeling sleepy, 3-sleepy but able to wake, 4 - Deep sleep difficult to wake. Results: Both thegroups were comparable with respect to age, sex and duration of surgery. Insufficient pain control was observed in 4patient’s in-group B (Tramadol group), 13% and 7 patient’s in-group A (Bupivacaine group), 23%, 30 minutes aftercaudal administration of drug. Adequate postoperative analgesia was maintained in all other patients for 12 hrs. Only6 patients in Tramadol group had light sedation (p=0.0l2). Weakness of lower limbs was found in 4 patient's in-groupA. there was no difference in vital signs and there was no complication related to technique in both groups.Conclusion: Caudal administration of Tramadol in the dose of 2mg/kg when compared with 0.25% Bupivacaine inchildren under going circumcision provided similar quality of analgesia for 12 hours with out any requirement of rescueanalgesic.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the frequency of bleeding, surgical site infection and common bile duct injury after laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in patients with co-morbidity. Study design: Descriptive study. (Case series). Setting: Department of Allied & D.H.Q hospital Faisalabad. Period: July 2006 to December 2007. Patients and Methods: It comprised of 30 consecutive patients of cholelithiasis with co-morbidity presenting in surgical department. Patients having uncontrolled hypertension, chronic obstructive airway disease and malignancy were excluded. Detailed history and physical examination was carried out as per protocol. It was followed up by relevant investigations. All the cases underwent laparoscopic cholecstectomy. Results: The age of the patients ranged from 23-68 y, with mean age of 40-56 y. Among these 14 cases were having D.M (46.66 %), 06 patients were cirrhotic (20%), 06 patients had acute cholecystitis (20%), 02 patients were having H.T.N (6.6%), and 02 patients were >70 years (6.6%). All the patients were females. Out of diabetic patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, SSI was noted in 02 ( 6.66%) patients. While mild postoperative bleeding was noted in 01 (16.6%) of cirrhotic patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No untoward event was noted in patients with H.T.N ac. Cholecystitis & advanced age. Conclusion: In high risk patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, very few complications were noted. Postoperatively. Morbidity following above procedure was quite low as compared to conventional one. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy should be the preferred option in high risk patients for better outcome.
Characterizing T-Semigroups by Intuitionistic Fuzzy Points
Muhammad Akram
ARPN Journal of Systems and Software , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper, we consider the intuitionistic fuzzy sets in a T-semigroup and the corresponding sets of intuitionistic fuzzy points. We analyze some relations between the intuitionistic fuzzy T-ideals and the sets of intuitionistic fuzzy points of these T-ideals of a T-semigroup S.
Assessment of Rock Mass Quality and Deformation Modulus by Empirical Methods along Kandiah River, KPK, Pakistan  [PDF]
Mian Sohail Akram, Kamran Mirza, Muhammad Zeeshan, Muhammad Asad Jabbar
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2018.810057
Abstract: The pivotal aim of this study is to evaluate the rock mass characterization and deformation modulus. It is vital for rock mass classification to investigate important parameters of discontinuities. Therefore, Rock Mass Rating (RMR) and Tunneling quality index (Q) classification systems are applied to analyze 22 segments along proposed tunnel routes for hydropower in Kandiah valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RMR revealed the range of fair to good quality rocks, whereas Q yielded poor to fair quality rocks for investigated segments of the rock mass. Besides, Em values were acquired by empirical equations and computer-aided program RocLab, and both methods presented almost similar variation trend of their results. Hence, the correlations of Em with Q and RMR were carried out with higher values of the regression coefficient. This study has scientific significance to initially understand the rock mass conditions of Kandiah valley.
Muhammad Akram,Mamuna Ghani
Academic Research International , 2013,
Abstract: Motivation is an important factor in learning a foreign language. Gender is also an important element in learning as the females tend to demonstrate a more positive attitude and motivation towards learning a language. The present study highlights the importance of gender and motivation in language learning. The data have been collected from intermediate level students and analysed with statistical measures. The results have revealed interesting findings.
Soil Fertility Problems in Cetnral Rechna Doab
Muhammad Arshad,Abida Akram
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1999,
Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the fertility status of soil in the central Rechna Doab area. Fertility of the whole Central Rechna Doab area was low, Phosphorus in particular was low in all soils, and some soil samples were Potassium deficient while few were low in nitrogen. The situation can be brought to medium fertility level by using proper amount of NPK on the basis of soil test evaluation. However, a high fertility level can only be achieved by all round efforts on scientific basis.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Objectives: (1) To audit experience of cystectomy andureterosigmoidostomy as treatment of carcinoma bladder. (2) To assess the complications ofureterosigmoidostomy. (3) To assess the quality of life after the procedure. Design: Prospective. Setting:Department of Urology Allied Hospital Faisalabad. Period: December 2000 to January 2004. Material& Methods: Twenty two cases were included in the study. All patients had muscle invasive transitionalcell carcinoma, demonstrated histopathologically by TUR biopsies. CT abdomen & pelvis and sphincterassessment was performed besides other routine investigations. All patents were treated by cystectomyand ureterosigmoidostomy Prophylactic alkalinization of urine was done by Na citrate tablets. Results:All patients presented with total painless haematuria. 19 patients were male and 03 females. Age rangedfrom 38-75 years. 18 (82%) had T2 and 04 (18%) had T3, transitional cell carcinoma. Two patients hadrectal injury. One repaired Primarily and 2 patient was nd managed by colostomy and delayed repair.Immediate post-operative complications were urine leak wound (13.6%), wound infections in 8 patients(36%), pyelonephritis in 04 patients (18%). No patients suffered metabolic acidosis. 03(13%) patientsexpired. Conclusion: We consider that cystectomy & ureterosigmoidostomy is the right option forpatients with localized carcinoma urinary bladder.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2002,
Abstract: Atherosclerotic vascular diseases are the biggest threat to the life and health of adult people. Hyperlipidemia, especially Ahypercholesterolemia is the strongest risk factor for atherosclerosis. Different types of dietary lipids have been shown to affectthe serum lipid profile differently. So dietary modification is a useful measure to treat hyperlipidemia. In this study, effectsof PUFA fat (corn oil) and MUFA fat (Olive oil) on serum lipid profile were compared. We used albino rats asexperimental animals. Thirty six albino rats of age 8 weeks were divided into three groups of 12 each. They were fed dietscontaining different types of fat for 12 weeks. Serum lipid profile at 0 week and 12 weeks were compared. It was seen thatboth PUFA diet and MUFA diet decreased all the serum lipid fractions; PUFA diet was rather more potent in thisregard. The only difference was in HDL-C fraction. HDL-C was significantly decreased in case of PUFA diet while itwas significantly increased in case of MUFA diet. So MUFA diet is more advantageous for patients of atheroscleroticvascular diseases.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Objectives: (1) To document various clinical presentation of disease. (2) To assess family members.(3) To audit our experience of management of this disease. Study Design: Prospective study. Period: 01-01-2001to 31-12-2004. Material & Methods: All patients presented with ADPKD were included in the study. Detailed history,clinical examination was performed in each case. Pain was managed by NSAIDS and USG was done in each case.Urinary tract infection was treated with antibiotics according to culture sensitivity. Blood pressure was managed by ACEinhibitors. Stones were treated with URS, ±DJ stents and ESWL. Patients with ESRD were offered renal replacementtherapy in the form of haemodialysis and renal transplant. Results: Total number of patients was 19. Male 10 and 9Female. Age ranges from 32-65 years. Pain abdomen and flank was main presenting complaint in 95% patients. Fever& renal stones were present in 10(53%) and 08(42%) of patients respectively. Extra renal manifestations were presentin 02(11%) of patients. 06 patients progressed to ESRD. 03 patients died due to ESRD. Parents of 04 patients hadADPKD. Majority 10(52%) could not be evaluated. 06 Patients (21%) had their sisters and brothers involved withADPKD. DJ Stenting and ESWL was the only surgical management done. Conclusion: ADPKD is hereditary disorder.No cure is possible. Management of this disease by medication and surgery only slows the progress of renal failure.Counseling should be done to avoid cousin marriage in affected families. Chromosome analysis facilities should beavailable to affected families free of cost for early detection of disease.
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