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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7267 matches for " Muhammad Adib Samsudin "
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Fiqh of Priorities in the Light of the Purposes of Sharee ah
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Amir Husin Muhammad Nor,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Anwar Fakhri Omar Hayatullah Laluddin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Muhammad Nazir Alias
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.821.826
Abstract: This research tries to answer the question that reads: What is meant by the Fiqh of Priorities? What is the relationship between it and the other religious basic principles? How can we make benefit of it in confronting our contemporary problems? What is meant by the Fiqh of Priorities and what is its relationship with the other usool (religious basic principles)? Fiqh of Priorities means the most appropriate way of understanding the rulings that are in conformity with the objectives of the religion through achieving the most important and beneficial benefits, warding off the evils or the lesser harm of them, as well as observing the results that may be caused by these rulings. It is a kind of understanding which is followed by the Fiqh of Reality in its different aspects and the Fiqh of Text through knowing its aims and objectives so that the jurisprudence scholars may choose the most appropriate in time and result. Therefore, this kind of Fiqh is related to three other matters that should be understood so that the meaning of the Fiqh of Priorities may be clear for us, the thing that will make us care about it and apply it in the real life of our nation. The first is the objectives of the Sharee ah (Revealed laws of Islam). The second is removing difficulty and hardship. The third is elimination of means that may lead to unfavorable results. In this brief research, researchers will touch upon them according to the same earlier mentioned order.
Functions of the State in Light of the Purposes of Sharee ah
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Hayatullah Laluddin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Muhammad Nazir Alias
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.812.816
Abstract: The Islamic state has always been the center of the political analysis even some see that it is the essence of studies on politics. At this age, political studies neglected this subject. The research at hand aims at developing a study on the Islamic state. Any study about the Islamic state must touch on state functions as the state with its history and different models seek to achieve certain functions. Researchers used in this study the inductive approach through extrapolating the jobs of the Islamic state throughout the history of Islam in the past and present times. Also, the researchers relied on the analytical approach through analyzing the historical facts of the functions of the Islamic state, especially in the modern age. Researchers concluded at the end of the research a number of scientific results, most notably: The responsibilities of the Islamic state, regardless of its contents are determined by some beliefs and political ideologies. These responsibilities differ from a country to another depending on the difference of faiths and ideologies. It can be said that there are collective doctrinal rules that set the content and ideological dimensions of these functions and control its inside and outside activities. Scholars of political thought in Islam in its early centuries stated that Sharee ah is a methodology for administering worldly life or behavior and handling the conditions and turnings of life. Sharee ah should be the scale and reference of all matters of worship and worldly behavior. Based on that, the functions of Islamic state centralize on the establishment of Islamic Sharee ah and the application of its rulings in the Muslim community.
Woman s Rights from the Perspective of the Purposes of Sharee ah
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Hayatullah Laluddin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Muhammad Nazir Alias
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.807.811
Abstract: This research touches upon the rights of woman according to the perspective of Islamic Sharee ah (revealed laws). Researcher have divided these rights into three categories: Firstly, rights with which woman is distinguished away from man such as giving her a warm welcome at her birth and making Aqeeqah (slaughtering done for a new born) for her, giving her a beautiful name, taking care about her in her childhood, not preferring male child to her, honoring and protecting her when she becomes a wife, entitling her to have a specific obligatory share in inheritance. Secondly, rights in which woman is equal to man. They are the right of learning, her competence regarding bearing the responsibility of the religious obligations like man, respecting her will, the right of her independent financial liability and the right of work. Thirdly, the political rights of woman. They are her right in assuming the high posts (i.e., the political activities) such as the ministry, parliament, her right in assuming the great leadership of Muslims (president of the state), her right in assuming the judiciary posts. Also, researcher have explain these rights in detail according to the objectives of the Islamic Sharee ah and according to the requirements and necessities of the modern age and according to observing the matter of benefits and interests.
Purposes of Sharee ah and its Relationship with the Financial Field
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Hayatullah Laluddin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Muhammad Nazir Alias
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.817.820
Abstract: What is meant by the objectives of Sharee ah (Islamic revealed laws) is the results, effects and fruits that the religion aim to achieve and reach through the application of the rulings. Maqaasid is linguistically derived from the Arabic root qasd and maqsad and both of them are derived from the Arabic verb qasada whcih means adopting the straight, fair and moderate way. According to the technical meaning, Maqaasid Ash-Sharee ah refers to the meanings and rulings that Lawgiver aims to achieve through His legislations and rulings which the mujtahid scholars derive from the religious texts. Objectives of Sharee ah has a close relationship with the field of funds. Considering the objectives of Sharee ah in the financial field in Islam does not differ from its status and ruling in all the other chapters of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Also, juristic reasoning applies to both of them. The objectives that will be discussed in this research and its relationship with the field of funds are the objectives of the wise Lawgiver in the funds, i.e., what Allaah The Almighty wanted to be achieved from His words and rulings in the financial filed in Islam. This research is talking about the objectives of Sharee ah, its divisions, its close relationship with the field of funds as well as discussing the Islamic institutions represented in the Islamic banks and the extent of their achievement of the objectives of the Islamic Sharee ah.
The Relationship Between the Purposes of the Law and Legal Reasoning
Hayatullah Laluddin,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi el-Seoudi,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Muhammad Nazir Alias
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.223.227
Abstract: It is argued that since qiyas presents a mechanism for the derivation of rulings from the textual sources of the law in the light of its purposes, the existence of a relation between qiyas and the purposes of the law can be visualized. For, it is in the light of the consideration of the purposes that the rational of a given text is extended to the cases that do not come under its preview. This study therefore, attempts to highlight and analyze the relation between the purposes of the law and qiyas. It also investigates the literal and technical meanings of qiyas and purposes of the law and evaluates their relation in the light of latter providing justification for the former in respect of extension and restriction of legal rulings. The researchers, using descriptive and analytical approach, conclude that the purposes of the law by virtue of their potential role in qiyas (legal reasoning) equip the jurist with the ability and insight in how to apply the rulings strictly and when to mitigate them, a fact underscoring the existence of a strong relation between the two.
Relationship of Maqasid Al-Shariah with Qisas and Diyah: Analytical View
Ahmad Bin Muhammad Husni,Amir Husin Bin Mohd Nor,Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Hayatullah Laluddin,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Muhammad Nazir Alias
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.725.730
Abstract: Qisas is considered in the Islamic law, the largest and the most important factors for the stability of justice in the society and the feeling of secure in the hearts of people and it also preserving the human dignity and freedom. It is a purification for the murdered and the life of the humankind and the healed for the oppressed and justice between the murderer and the murdered. It is equality between punishment and crime. It is from the law of Allah Glory which His law that far above other that prescribed by the corrupted minds suggestion and opinions of the misguided oppressive. The punishment in Islam tends to justice and the protection of virtue and morality. Thereby, it tends to be equal to the crime and its effects. Without qisas, people attacked each other violently; qisas is prevention to the evil consequences of the blood violation by crime. This wise legislation preserves the life of people and their organs. Qisas is aimed to achieve the equality between crime and punishment so that the penalty shall be equal to the crime committed as qisas is similar deterrent punishment waiting for the criminal who deters the victim and his guardian and the community who he lives in with this dreadful crime. In addition to these meanings, qisas heals the rage of the victim and the rage of his heirs. In this study, the inductive and analytical approach to gather the views of jurists, researchers, their evidences and arguments on the subject and texts related to it trying to perform fundamental and judicial analysis to suit the contemporary reality and the intent of the Sharia and to the practical approach which study of the subject in the field and applied study. The Islamic Sharia developed wise legislation to keep the souls of the people and limbs from being assaulted. They made the punishment of killing intentionally in the highest degree of penalty it is death and made it to the guardian of the murdered the right of amnesty for free or a replacement of money and set for the mistaken murder some penalties which makes him sensitive human in his actions and wise deeds and more alert and rises above all indulgence and lack of caution. In which does not lead the neglecters to destroy the life or organs and this wise legislation preserves the life of people and their organs.
The Relationship Between Islamic Human Rights and the Maqasidic Approach
Hayatullah Laluddin,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Abdul Basir Bin Mohamad
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.111.116
Abstract: Undeniably, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Charter adopted by the United Nation in December, 1948 is a great step forward in the history of United Nation in respect of human rights issue. However, the rights enumerated therein characterized by deficiencies in conceptualization, flaws in formulation and injustices in application. Being subject to political agendas, economic pressure and culturally biased view points, they often serve the interests of certain organizations and powerful special interest groups. As such they, carry the residues of colonialism and imperialism. Thus, it could be said that this is a clear plan from the ongoing suppression and atrocities inflicted on poor and weak nations without any effective measures being taken by these organizations for their defense and protection. Double standard is applied when it comes to the violation of human rights. Weak states are vigorously pursued and hunted whereas powerful countries are blatantly exempted from prosecution. Islam as a divine and universal guidance lies a comprehensive framework of values that embodies universal human rights which is free of bias and deals with the abusers of the human rights equally regardless their races, religions and also color factors hence provides a universal criterion for human rights. Therefore, this study attempts to analyze the issue of human rights from an Islamic perspective in the light of the maqasidic (higher purposes) of shariah and delineates the mechanism for protection of human rights. Using both descriptive and analytical methods, the research concludes that Islam provides a comprehensive and practical mechanism for protection of human rights which are appropriate for all nations and human beings.
Some Methods of Preponderance in Resolving Issues of Modern Biotechnology
Abdul Basir Mohamad,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Shofian Ahmad,Amir Husin Mohd Noor,Zaini Nasohah,Zuliza Mohd Kusrin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Hayatullah Laluddin,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi,Mohd Al-Adib Samuri,Salmy Edawati Yaacob,Mat Noor Mat Zain,Zamzuri Zakaria,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Md Yazid Ahmad,Mohd Zamro Muda,Mohd Nasran Mohamad,Siti Fairuz Binti Sujak
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2012.4086.4093
Abstract: The development of modern biotechnological plants through genetic engineering techniques is a method to improve the quality of crops in terms of quality and quantity. However, the debate among scientists and Muslim scholars in regarding with public interest and public corruption as to plant products that produced by modern biotechnology which is well-known now a days as Genetically Modified (GM) food is never stop. Thus, in the Islamic law there are a few methods of preponderance or predominance which could be used in order to find out the best way out of confusion in certain cases for legal rulings, especially in the cases relating to GM food. The objectives of this study are to examine the considerations of maslahah and mafsadah in purposes of Islamic law in relating to issues of modern biotechnology and to elucidate the methods of preponderance as well. It is important to understand here is everything that existed on this earth whether it occurs naturally or is present through the efforts of research and human expertise, all have benefits or advantages and risks or disadvantages. In the view of Islamic law if a biotechnological product is produced by hybrid efforts of using unlawful genes it is certainly clear can be categorized as illegal to be consumed then it becomes forbidden. But however, there are many products that are produced through biotechnological processes are unclearly able to decide easily whether they are lawful or unlawful for consumption by consumers. As such, a few methods laid down in this study are the first attempt to give a way out of difficulties for easily making legal rulings in this issue. So, it is hoped that the substance of this study will give an initial guidance for Muslim scholars to make legal judgment if they are facing the issues of GM food.
Lower Hemi-Continuity, Open Sections, and Convexity: Counter Examples in Infinite Dimensional Spaces  [PDF]
Adib Bagh
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.22022
Abstract: A lower hemi-continuous correspondence with open and convex values in Rn must have open lower sections. This well- known fact has been used to establish the existence of continuous selections, maximal elements, and fixed points of correspondences in various economic applications. Since there is an increasing number of economic models that use correspondences in an infinite-dimensional setting, it is important to know whether or not the above fact remains valid in such applications. The aim of this paper is to show that the above fact no longer holds when Rn is replaced with an infinite-dimensional space. This is accomplished by using the standard orthonormal base in a Hilbert space H to construct two correspondences with values in H equipped with the weak topology. The first correspondence is lower hemi-continuous with open and convex values but does not have open lower sections. The second is a lower hemi-continuous correspondence that fails to have an open graph despite having open and convex upper and lower sections. These counter-examples demonstrate that in an infinite-dimensional setting, it is no longer possible to rely on the geometric properties of a lower hemi-continuous map (the convexity of its sections) to establish the topological properties (open lower sections, open graph) needed in many economic applications.
Reading on the Computer Screen: Does Font Type has Effects on Web Text Readability?
Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali,Rahani Wahid,Khairulanuar Samsudin,Muhammad Zaffwan Idris
International Education Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v6n3p26
Abstract: Reading on the World Wide Web has become a daily habit nowadays. This can be seen from the perspective of changes on readers’ tendency to be more interested in materials from the internet, than the printed media. Taking these developments into account, it is important for web-based instructional designers to choose the appropriate font, especially for long blocks of text, in order to enhance the level of students’ readability. Accordingly, this study aims to evaluate the effects of serif and san serif font in the category of screen fonts and print fonts, in terms of Malay text readability on websites. For this purpose, four fonts were selected, namely Georgia (serif) and Verdana (san serif) for the first respondents and Times New Roman (serif) and Arial (san serif) for the second respondents. Georgia and Verdana were designed for computer screens display. Meanwhile, Times New Roman and Arial were originally designed for print media. Readability test on a computer screen was conducted on 48 undergraduates. Overall, the results showed that there was no significant difference between the redability of serif and san serif font of both screen display category and print display category. Accordingly, the research findings and the literature overview, suggest that Verdana and followed by Georgia as the better choice in displaying long text on websites. Likewise, as anticipated, Times New Roman and Arial fonts provide good readability for print media, which reinfoces their status as the printing font category. However, with the current computer screen capability, it can still be an alternative option for instructional web developers.
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