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Epigeal and Hypogeal Macroinvertebrate Diversity in Different Microhabitats of the Yusmarg Hill Resort (Kashmir, India)
Abroo Ali,G. A. Bhat,Mudasir Ali
Ecologia Balkanica , 2012,
Abstract: Soil macroinvertebrate communities are important within the soil system and contribute to a wide variety of soil processes. A soil study was conducted to assess the composition and diversity of soil macroinvertebrates in Yusmarg hill resort of Kashmir valley at four sites characterised by different types of vegetation and interferences like grazing or fencing, during the months of May, June, November and December 2010. During the study, it was observed that different sites exhibited variations in diversity of both epigeal as well as hypogeal soil macroinvertebrates. For epigeal macroinvertebrates, highest diversity was recorded in forest edge (2.089) and inner forest (2.058) and relatively low diversity in grazed (1.61) and fenced areas (1.09). For hypogeal macroinvertebrates, diversity was recorded highest for inner forest site (2.216) than forest edge (1.9) and relatively lower in fenced (1.22) and grazed (1.21) sites. The physical disturbance in the form of grazing and fencing probably reduce the diversity of the soil macro fauna as is inferred from the present study.
Physico-Chemical Characteristics of the Grassland Soils of Yusmarg Hill Resort (Kashmir, India)
Moieza Ashraf,G. A. Bhat,Idrees Yousuf Dar,Mudasir Ali
Ecologia Balkanica , 2012,
Abstract: Physico-chemical analysis was carried out on the grassland soils of Yusmarg Hill Resort, Kashmir during the months of May, June, November and December 2010, at four micro sites with some minor variations in the abiotic and biotic factors including anthropogenic pressures. The following soil characteristics were examined: temperature, texture, moisture, organic matter, pH, and conductivity, content of calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, total phosphorus, and organic carbon. Soil texture analysis revealed the soils at all the study sites with major proportion being comprised by the sand fraction and having a sandy silt character. The moisture content was found to be directly related to the herbaceous vegetation cover with the highest value at Site 3 (fenced meadow area). The moisture content showed low percentage at Site 2, which was more affected by grazing and thus resulted in less cover of grasses and probably more evaporation of soil moisture from the exposed site. The soils at all sites were from acidic to mildly acidic in character. The amount of organic matter was fairly good except at Site 2 (non-fenced grazing area) probably due to overgrazing during which much of herbage vegetation was picked up by the grazing animals like sheep and cattle. The values of important cations, such as Ca2+ and Mg2+, showed a gradual decrease from May to December except at Site 4 (transition between a coniferous forest and a meadow) which may be attributed to a good cover of vegetation and good amount of organic matter.
Impact of Modification Made in Re-UCP on Software Effort Estimation  [PDF]
Mudasir Manzoor Kirmani, Abdul Wahid
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2015.86028
Abstract: This research work evaluates the performance of Re-UCP model and compares the results with the UCP and e-UCP method of software effort estimation. In this research work, an attempt has been made to highlight the accuracy of results by using MRE (Magnitude of Relative Error), MMRE (Mean Magnitude Relative Error), MdMRE (Median of Magnitude Relative Error) tools to check the error rate and PRED (20) and PRED (10) method to find out the predictability of accuracy of Re-UCP software effort estimation method. The observations made from the results are based on the comparison of Re-UCP, e-UCP and UCP models of software effort estimation.
RNA Interference and its therapeutic applications
Srinivasa Rao T,Srinivasa Prasad Ch,Showkat Ahmed Shah1 and Mudasir Ali Rather
Veterinary World , 2011,
Abstract: RNAi is a potent method, requiring only a few molecules of dsRNA per cell to silence the expression. Long molecules of double stranded RNA (dsRNA) trigger the process. The dsRNA comes from virus and transposon activity in natural RNAi process, while it can be injected in the cells in experimental processes. The strand of the dsRNA that is identical in sequence to a region in target mRNA molecule is called the sense strand, and the other strand which is complimentary is termed the antisense strand. An enzyme complex called DICER thought to be similar to RNAase III then recognizes dsRNA, and cuts it into roughly 22- nucleotide long fragments. These fragments termed siRNAs for small interfering RNAs remain in double stranded duplexes with very short 3' overhangs. However, only one of the two strands, known as the guide strand or antisense strand binds the argonaute protein of RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) and target the complementary mRNA resulting gene silencing. The other anti-guide strand or passenger strand is degraded as a RISC substrate during the process of RISC activation. This form of RNAi is termed as post transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS); other forms are also thought to operate at the genomic or transcriptional level in some organisms. In mammals dsRNA longer than 30 base pairs induces a nonspecific antiviral response. This so-called interferon response results in a nonspecific arrest in translation and induction of apoptosis. This cascade induces a global non-specific suppression of translation, which in turn triggers apoptosis. Interestingly, dsRNAs less than 30 nt in length do not activate the antiviral response and specifically switched off genes in human cells without initiating the acute phase response. Thus these siRNAs are suitable for gene target validation and therapeutic applications in many species, including humans. [Vet. World 2011; 4(5.000): 225-229]
Preliminary Studies on Plants with Anthelmintic Properties in Kashmir—The North-West Temperate Himalayan Region of India  [PDF]
Khurshid A. Tariq, Mudasir A. Tantry
Chinese Medicine (CM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cm.2012.32017
Abstract: There is a growing interest in traditional uses of plants for health care among different communities especially in the developing countries. Kashmir valley is a temperate agro-climatic zone of north-west temperate Himalayan region of India and is blessed with a diverse variety of medicinal flora. The traditional uses of plants against parasitic infections in human beings and their live-stock is a common practice in the valley as most of the populations are rural and conventional veterinary drugs are very expensive and therefore unaffordable. This study is an ethno-botanical survey of those plant species traditionally used as anthelmintic that may warrant scientific validation for efficacy. The survey utilized well structured questionnaire and detailed discussions and recorded 44 plant species belonging to 37 genera and 26 families claimed as traditional anthelmintics in different preparations and forms. Out of these some plant species like Artemisia absinthium (tethwen) and Achillea millifolium (pahel-ghassa) were scientifically validated for their claimed anthelmintic action against gastrointestinal nematode infections in sheep. A few of other plants like Allium sativum (rohun), Myrsine africana have been scientifically validated for their claim by other people in various parts of the world. These plants together with other species reported in this study could be further scientifically evaluated for in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic activity against a diverse variety of parasitic groups in host and non host animals. That will lay a foundation and set a targeted platform for pharmacological studies and development of novel anthelmintic products to fill a gap in the anthelmintic drug industry, which is facing the crisis of anthelmintic resistance to conventional anthelmintic drugs.
Status and strategies in breeding for rust resistance in wheat  [PDF]
Mudasir Hafiz Khan, Asifa Bukhari, Zahoor Ahmad Dar, Syed Mudasir Rizvi
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.46042
Abstract:

Wheat along with rice and maize is fulfilling half of the calories demands of the world. Global Wheat production has increased tremendously since green revolution in 1960’s and helped in minimizing hunger and malnutrition. Developing countries, which consume 60% of the global wheat production, have shown a higher yield increase than the developed countries in the past [1]. It was driven by the hunger prevalence in these countries and was attributable to the introduction of high yielding and rusted resistant semi dwarf varieties developed under the collaborative efforts of International and National research systems during the last 50 years. Whereas, climate change and the emergence of new pests and diseases are threatening the food sustainability. The evolution of new races of disease pathogens like stem rust (Ug 99) is of serious concern. In order to feed the ever increasing population we have to increase wheat production at the rate 1.6% which can be achieved by developing high yielding varieties having a good tolerance level for biotic and abiotic stresses.

ASSESSMENT OF SHELF LIFE FOR THE ACECLOFENAC PATCH
Mudasir Mohamad,Roheena Jan
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: The matrix type Transdermal drug delivery system of aceclofenac was prepared by film casting technique employing mercury as the substrate. Stability studies for optimized formulations were carried out according to ICH guidelines. The optimized formulations were subjected to accelerated stability studies. Sufficient replicates of formulation were prepared, packed in aluminium foil and stored in petri dishes at temperature of 40± 0.5°C, 50± 0.5°C and 60± 0.5°C for 60 days. Samples were withdrawn at intervals of 15, 45 and 60 days and analyzed for drug content by HPLC method. The shelf life of formulations of aceclofenac were determined by accelerated stability studies on the basis of first order degradation kinetics and t0.9 (the time required to degrade 10 % of drug at 25°C). The shelf life was found to be 1.158yrs.
Breeding Strategies for Improving Rice Yield—A Review  [PDF]
Mudasir Hafiz Khan, Zahoor Ahmad Dar, Sher Ahmad Dar
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.65046
Abstract: An increase in productivity is always one of the main goals of any crop breeding program including rice. However, many goals can be identified for this crop varying in importance from region to region, country to country, and even within a given country. Increase in grain yield potential is the major goal of almost all rice breeders programs. The major impacts are related to the development of new strategies to increase the genetic grain yield potential of the varieties. Rice breeders have been very successful in improving the crop. Some milestones are the contribution to the green revolution with the semi-dwarf varieties, the new rice plant type and hybrid rice. The main breeding method used to improve rice is the pedigree, but development of hybrids and population improvement are added to the breeder’s portfolio. Breeders have been taking advantage of biotechnology tools to enhance their breeding capacity; however, many programs are still struggling on how to integrate them into the breeding programs and how to balance the allocation of resources between conventional and modern tools.
Facebook as a tool to Enhance Team Based Learning
Sami M. Alhomod,Mohd Mudasir Shafi
International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications , 2013,
Abstract: A growing number of educators are using social networking sites (SNS) to communicate with their students. Facebook is one such example which is widely used by students and educators. Facebook has been recently used by many educational institutions but most of these have been related to provide the information to the general audience. There has not been much study done to propose Facebook as an educational tool in a classroom scenario. The aim of this paper is to propose the idea of using Facebook in team based learning (TBL) scenario. The paper demonstrates the use of Facebook at each level of TBL The paper shows how Facebook can be used by students and teacher to communicate with each other in a TBL system. The paper also explains teacher – team and teacher –student communication via Facebook.
Twitter Assisted Team Based Learning: Providing a new way of communication in classroom
Sami M. Alhomod,Mohd Mudasir Shafi
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2013,
Abstract: This paper explores the use of twitter in a team based learning scenario. Twitter has been recently used by many educational institutions but most of these have been related to provide the information to the general audience. There has not been much study done to propose twitter as an educational in a classroom scenario. This paper tries to establish the use of twitter with a well establish mode of Team based learning. The paper also demonstrates the use of twitter in student teams as well as individually by the students. The paper also explains teacher - team and teacher - student communication via twitter
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