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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 125 matches for " Mrvi? Verica "
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Study of dentate gyrus granule cells of female rats neonatally treated with sex hormones
Dreki? Dmitar M.,MrviVerica,Lozan?e Olivera,Kerkez M.
Acta Veterinaria , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/avb0506403d
Abstract: This study was designed to determine whether adult neurogenesis occurs in the dentate gyrus of rats, and to explore the possibility that this process is regulated by the activation of sex hormones. The proliferation of hippocampal dentate gyrus granule cells was investigated using 80 nC; 3H thymidine incorporation in the first group andin the second grouph 80 μCi3H - thymidine and 1mg estrogene dipropionae. We proved the existence of a stronger proliferation of granule cells in SGZ GD in female rats. The third group of newborn female Wistar rats was treated at 4 and 8 a days of ageold with a single dose of 2 mg of testosterone propionate. We proved the existence of minor damages of granule cells in SGZ GD. In the fourth group treated at 15 days of age, a single dose of 4 mg testosterone propionate and sacrificed when 60 days old, we proved the existence of minor damages of granular cells in SGZ GD. Our results suggest a differential effect of sex hormones on dentate gyrus granule cells proliferation through early life in rats.
Arterial vascularization of the brain of the small green monkey, Cercopithecus aethiops sabeus
Blagojevi? Zdenka M.,Nikoli? Zora ?.,?eli? Dijana J.,MrviVerica
Acta Veterinaria , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/avb0404319b
Abstract: Cell cultures from the small green monkey are used for the cultivation of poliovirus in the manufacture of vaccines against poliomyelitis. In addition kidney cultures from the same monkey serve for detection of the virus in biological material. This was the main reason that prompted us to undertake a study of one part of the monkey’s cardiosvascular system and thus contribute to a better understanding of the structure of its body.
Corrective surgery of external sexual organs in female pseudo hermaphrodite dog
Proki? Branislav,Milijevi? Du?an,MrviVerica,Proki? Bogomir B.
Veterinarski Glasnik , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/vetgl1106443p
Abstract: Hermaphroditism is a congenital anomaly characterized by the presentation of sexual characteristics of both sexes in one individual. Hermaphrodites can occur in every mammal species. Real and pseudo hermaphrodites can be distinguished. Both ovaries and testes (ovotestes) are presented in real hermaphrodites, while the conformation of the individual does not correspond to any sex in particular. Pseudo hermaphrodites are more frequent. Male pseudo hermaphrodites have testes and female external genital characteristics, while female pseudo hermaphrodites have ovaries and rudimentary external genitals reassembling to masculine ones. Corrective surgical removal of a rudimental penis in a female pseudo hermaphrodite dog is presented in the paper.
The subclavian artery and its branches in the ground squirrel, Citellus citellus
Nikoli? Zora ?.,?eli? Dijana J.,Blagojevi? Zdenka M.,Mrvi?-Jovi?i? Verica M.
Acta Veterinaria , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/avb0403227n
Abstract: The subclavian artery (a. subclavia) is the intrathoracic portion of the parent vessel to each thoracic limb in the ground squirrel. It arises on the left side from the arch of the aorta (a. subclavia sinistra) and on the right side subclavia dextra) as a terminal branch of the innominate artery (a. anonyma) not far from the thoracic inlet. Before they leave the thoracic cavity and continue as the axillary arteries (a. axillaris) each subclavian artery forms the following branches: The internal thoracic artery (a. thoracica interna) with its branches (a. musculophrenica, a. epigastrica cranialis, ramus intercostalis and ramus sternalis) supplies the diaphragm the last eight intercostal muscles, the abdominal and intercostal muscles and the thoracic mammary gland with blood. The supreme intercostal artery (a. intercostalis suprema) with its branches (a. intercostalis I, II, III and IV and truncus bronchoesophagicus of the right supreme intercostal artery) supplies the first four intercostal muscles, esophagus, lung and mediastinum. The vertebral artery (a. vertebralis) is the main vessel which supplies the brain. Its branches (rami spinales, a basilaris, a. ethmoidea interna, a. cerebelli nasalis, a. cerebri profunda, a. cerebri media and a. corporis callosi) supply the spinal cord, medulla oblongata, pons, cerebellum, caudal colliculi, mucous membrane of the nasal cavity, mesencephalon, diencephalon cerebral hemispheres and corpus callosum and hemisphere. The omocervical trunk (truncus omocervicalis) is a strong vessel, which with its branches (ramus descendens, a. cervicalis ascendens, a. transversa scapulae and cervicalis superficialis) supplies the deep ventral cervical muscles with associated brown fat tissue and lymphonodes as well as the subscapular and supraspinatus muscles. The transverse colli artery (a. transversa colli) branches into the extrinsic muscle of the shoulder. The deep cervical artery (a. cervicalis profunda) conveys blood to the dorsal cervical muscles. The axillary artery (a. axillaris) is a continuation of the subclavian artery. Its branches (a. thoracoacromialis, a. thoracica externa, a. profunda brachii) supply the lateral and medial shoulder muscles and dorsal antebrachium muscles. The brachial artery (a. brachialis) is a continuation of the axillary artery. Its branches (rami musculares, a. bicipitalis, a. collateralis ulnaris, a. nutritia humeri, a. collateralis radialis proximalis and a. collateralis radialis distalis) conveys blood to the triceps and biceps muscles, humerus and flexor muscle of the antebrachium. The media
Influence of LHRH on sex hormone receptors in the amygdala of the male rat
Dreki? Dmitar M.,Mrvi?-Jovi?i? Verica M.,Zori? Zoran D.,?eli? Dijana J.
Acta Veterinaria , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/avb0406347d
Abstract: Autoradiography was used to localize estrogen-accumulating cells in the amygdala (AMY), of male rats. with LHRH hormones of seven adult male rats (86 days old). Seven mail rats were each treated with an injection of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH, 25 μg) at 83 days old and 3 days later with 250 μCi 3H-estradiol (E2). A control group of male rats was also treated with 250 μCi 3H-E2, two hours before sacrifice. Both groups were sacrificed at 86 days old. In the control group of male rats, the nuclei of the AMY with the highest density of estrogen binding (receptors) were nucleus medialis (NM), nucleus corticalis (NCO), nucleus centralis (NCE) and massa intercalata (MI) of pars corticomedialis of AMY. These nuclei belong to the phylogenetically older corticomedial part of the AMY. Light to moderate labeling was present in the phylogenetically younger nucleus basomedialis (NBM) and nucleus basolateralis (NBL). Weak labeling was present in nucleus lateralis anterior (NLA) and nucleus lateralis posterior (NLP) both from the phylogenetically younger basolateral part of the adult male rat AMY. This distribution of estrogen receptors could be related to the biologically more significant influence of estrogen on the regions of response divergence than on regions of sensory convergence of AMY. In the male rats treated with LHRH 3H-E2, we noticed different a distribution of estrogen receptors, in the different types nuclei of neurons (nucleus of AMY). We observed a smaller number of estrogen receptors in the nucleus of pyramidal neurons, while in fusiform and stellate neurons, a similar number of receptors was present as in the control group for NM, NCO, and NCE. In massa intercalata we found a large numberof receptors in the nuclei of neurons, in the older pars AMY. In younger pars AMY, NBL and NLP, we noticed a significant decrease of receptors for estradiol in the nuclei of pyramidal and fusiform neurons.
National Sovereignity and the Principle of Primacy in EU Law and Their Importance for the Member States  [PDF]
Verica Trstenjak
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.42009
Abstract: The principle of primacy of the EU law has been in force for almost 50 years and belongs to the fundamental principles of EU law. It signifies that in case of a conflict between EU law and the law of the Member States, the EU law prevails. Its fundamental goal is to assure a unified and effective application of EU law in all Member States. The principle of primacy has been established by the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. This article discusses the principle of primacy, as developed by the Court of Justice of the European Union, and focuses on its importance for the Member States. The legal theory divides Member States into three groups with regard to what their position on the primacy of EU law in relation to the national constitution is: Member States that acknowledge full primacy, Member States that acknowledge limited primacy of EU law in relation to the national constitution, and Member States that principally assume primacy of the national constitution over EU law. Within the context of the European hierarchy, the constitutional courts of the Member States are left with the central role and power of review of constitutionality, but it remains to be seen whether in future more constitutional courts will enter a dialogue with the Court of Justice of the European Union in the form of a preliminary ruling procedure.
Collective Actions in the European Union—American or European Model?  [PDF]
Verica Trstenjak, Petra Weingerl
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.53015
Abstract: Collective redress is a procedural mechanism that allows for reasons of procedural economy and efficiency of enforcement many similar legal claims to be combined into a single court action. Consumers and investors encounter problems with the enforcement of their rights through the individual redress, especially in times of the financial crisis. If a substantial number of harmed individuals decide not to pursue their, usually low, claims, the unduly gained profits of the opposite party can be extremely high. Thus, collective redress mechanisms can represent better option for consumers and investors, as their claims tend to be much less burdensome in case of the collective action. However, such mechanisms can trigger the abuse of the procedures, with the most commonly quoted threat being the example of American regulation of class actions. Negative characteristics of American model are the reasons that EU decided to shape its own concept of collective redress mechanisms. The binding act in this field in the EU is directive on injunctions for the protection of consumers’ interests; however, there is no binding act yet regarding compensatory actions. In June 2013, the European Commission published the Recommendation on common principles for injunctive and compensatory collective redress mechanisms in the Member States concerning violations of rights granted under Union Law. It is not binding on Member States, however, it can serve as a guideline to improve their existing legislations, especially the regulation of collective compensatory actions. In so doing, consumers and investors might be given the possibility to use more efficient mechanism to compensate the harm suffered.
Media reporting and respect of human rights in criminal procedure
Mrvi?-Petrovi? Nata?a
Temida , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/tem0504023m
Abstract: In this paper the cases from the practice of criminal courts in Serbia during 2004 are analyzed. On the basis of findings from monitoring of trials the author argues that incorrect media reporting has negative consequences on the right to fair trial political manipulation of media and biased and sensationalistic reporting are stressed. As a possible solution the author suggests education and restricted access to information during pre-trial procedure.
Trafficking in human beings as a specific form of women's migration
Mrvi?-Petrovi? Nata?a
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0201013m
Abstract: The author is analyzing trafficking in human beings as a specific form of women's (illegal) migration. The author is presenting detailed analysis of the international standards and recent activities of different international organizations (UN, Council of Europe, European Community, OSCE), concerning prevention of trafficking in human beings, regulation of foreign migrants' status and protection of victims of trafficking. Starting from the analysis of international documents and national legislations dealing with migration and prostitution, the author is proposing changes of existing domestic laws concerning movement and residence of foreigners. The aim of such changes is to harmonize our legislation with international standards and obligations accepted by signing the Palermo Convention.
Position of persons with mental disorders in penal law
Mrvi?-Petrovi? Nata?a
Temida , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/tem0703039m
Abstract: In penal law, persons with mental disorders most often receive attention as potential perpetrators of criminal acts. Persons who commit unlawful act provided under law as a criminal offence in the state of mental incompetence are subjected to a primary sanction - security measure of compulsory psychiatric treatment and confinement in a medical institution. This measure, as well as the security measure of compulsory psychiatric treatment at liberty may be also ordered to a person who committed a criminal offence in a state of substantially impaired mental capacity. In the new Serbian Penal Code 2005 few changes has been done respecting the conditions for imposing the security measures of compulsory psychiatric treatment and confinement in a medical institution and compulsory treatment at liberty, even though these provisions needed to be brought into accord with the changed concept of guilt. Especially, these changes are not properly expressed in the new Code of Criminal Procedure (special procedure for application of security measures). It is therefore even more distinct the contradictory position of a mentally incompetent person accused of a crime. One way of solving this issue, supported by the author, includes a separate legislation on protection of persons with mental disorders (including those persons who, in the state of mental incompetence, commit unlawful acts provided under law as criminal offences). The position of persons in the state of substantially impaired mental capacity does not need necessarily to be changed, since their guilt is not excluded. The entire complexity of protection of these persons’ human rights is additionally pointed out in the section referring to execution of security measure of compulsory treatment and confinement in a medical institution, which naturally includes deprivation of liberty and compulsory psychiatric treatment.
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