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Delving into the Boardroom “Black Box”: A Research Model of “Board Learning Capability” (BLC)  [PDF]
Filipe Morais, Nada K. Kakabadse
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2013.13010
Abstract: This paper aims to shed light into boardroom processes by bringing together the literature on organization behaviour and that of boardroom process in order to form a model of boardroom learning capability. Board process is viewed as primarily a learning process whereby individual members with their knowledge, skills and external networks engage in a collective learning process that culminates in a “shared understanding” about the problems and respective solutions and increased “board social capital”. It can be argued that boards that do better at this “collective learning process” will display greater effectiveness and ultimately better firm performance. In learning organisation’s terms, one can speak of “board learning capability” (BLC). The chairman of the board has a pivotal role in facilitating and mastering the collective learning process in the boardroom. Central to our model are the interplay between the “chairman role and skill set” and the “board learning challenges”. Building on research literature that focuses on learning organisations and on boardroom processes, we propose a model of “board learning capability” (BLC), which could shed additional light on the boardroom process dynamics. In the future, an organisation could develop a “board’s learning capability” measure to complement “good governance” indices which rely heavily on structure and composition proxies, despite limited empirical evidence. Empirical testing of the model can be of value for boardroom development and for risk and reputational concern minimization by uncovering differences in “boardroom learning capability” in different governance domains.
The importance of education in the promotion of organ donation
Taise Ribeiro Morais,Maricelma Ribeiro Morais
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Transplantation and human organ donation are controversial issues that have generated much interest and discussion. The lack of clarification and the sensationalist news about organ trafficking contribute to raise questions and render the myths and prejudices permanent.The donation of organs and tissues is seen by society in general, as an act of solidarity and love from the family. However, it requires decision-making at a time of extreme pain and distress, caused by the impact of breaking news of death, the feeling of loss and the unexpected interruption of a life course(1).As the criteria of death are modified, the concept of brain death arises, along with the possibility of using donor organs and tissues. When there is not a good understanding of the organ donation process, the relatives of potential donors feel apprehensive, doubtful and undecided at the time of occurrence, because it is a subject about which there hasn’t been much clarification(1).Brazil has the largest public transplants program in the world, since the government finances 92% of procedures done in the country. However, when we consider the rate of post mortem transplant into the population, Brazil’s results are little expressive(2).Family refusal is a major obstacle to the realization of transplants, and is also identified as major cause for the shortage of organs and tissues for transplantation. Families who understand well the diagnosis of brain death are more favorable to organ donation, compared to families who believe that death only occurs after the heart stops. Therefore, the poor level of information, either by the quality of information concerning brain death, either by not having exceeded the barrier of stigmatized fear of organ trading, propagated by the media, drastically reduces the number of patients who are benefited from receiving an organ(3).Although all people are responsible for disseminating information, we must also educate health professionals, since they interfere directly in the likely donor’s family decision. Perhaps, they lack the study of Thanatology. These professionals deal directly with death but do not investigate death, mourning. The family situation at the time of mourning, hardened by the difficult decision of donating the organs of their beloved one, should form a strong synergistic relationship, as it comes into question the shock of death and the decision to save other people’s lives. It has also been disclosed that religion is considered one of the reasons to refuse the donation of organs and tissues for transplantation. It is, thus, necessary
A importancia da educa o na promo o da doa o de órg os
Taise Ribeiro Morais,Maricelma Ribeiro Morais
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: O transplante e a doa o de órg os humanos s o temas polêmicos que têm despertado interesse e discuss es. A falta de esclarecimento e o noticiário sensacionalista sobre tráfico de órg os contribuem para aumentar dúvidas e tornar permanentes os mitos e preconceitos.A doa o de órg os e tecidos é vista pela sociedade, em geral, como um ato de solidariedade e amor dos familiares. No entanto, ela exige a tomada de decis o num momento de extrema dor e angústia, motivado pelo impacto da notícia da morte, o sentimento de perda e pela interrup o inesperada de uma trajetória de vida(1).Com a modifica o dos critérios de morte, surgem o conceito de morte encefálica e a possibilidade de utiliza o de órg os e tecidos do doador. Quando n o há uma boa compreens o do processo da doa o de órg os, os familiares dos possíveis doadores se sentem apreensivos, em dúvida e indecisos no momento da ocorrência, por ser um assunto sobre o qual n o se tem muito esclarecimento(1).O Brasil disp e do maior programa público de transplantes do mundo, pois financia 92% dos procedimentos feitos no país. Todavia, quando observamos o índice de transplantes post mortem proporcional à popula o, o Brasil apresenta um resultado pouco expressivo(2).A recusa familiar representa um grande entrave à realiza o dos transplantes, sendo também apontada como um dos grandes fatores responsáveis pela escassez de órg os e tecidos para transplantes. As famílias que compreendem bem o diagnóstico de morte encefálica s o mais favoráveis à doa o de órg os, em compara o com as famílias que acreditam que a morte só ocorre após a parada cardíaca. Sendo assim, o nível deficiente de informa o, quer pela qualidade da informa o sobre morte encefálica, quer por n o ter ultrapassado a barreira do medo estigmatizado do mercantilismo de órg os propagado pelos meios de comunica o, reduz drasticamente o número de pacientes beneficiados pela recep o de um órg o(3).Apesar de todas as pessoas serem responsáveis pela divulga o das informa es, precisamos educar também os profissionais de saúde, uma vez que eles interferem diretamente na tomada de decis o da família do provável doador. Talvez tenha faltado aos profissionais de saúde o estudo de Tanatologia. Tais profissionais lidam diretamente com óbitos e n o estuda a morte, o luto. A situa o da família no momento do luto, aliada à difícil decis o de doar os órg os do seu ente querido, devem formar uma forte rela o de sinergismo, pois entra em quest o o choque da morte e a decis o de salvar a vida de outrem. Também foi desvelado que a religi o é considerada um do
O território e a (ir)racionalidade da decis?o
Mourato,Jo?o Morais;
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 2009,
Abstract: this paper constitutes a critical review of the dynamic relationship between knowledge creation processes and their usage in the ?information vs. validation of public policies? dichotomy. by focusing on the interaction between all types of agents involved in these processes, a holistic reflection is undertaken that seeks to inquire into the rationality behind these interactions and the way in which it influences the decision-making processes. the existence of a communicational bottleneck in the design and implementation of public policies is highlighted. in order both to tackle this problem and to catalyze a change in the way in which the relationship between knowledge and territory is perceived in portugal, a case is made for institutional communication amplifiers.
Snake antivenoms: adverse reactions and production technology
Morais, VM;Massaldi, H;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992009000100002
Abstract: antivenoms have been widely used for more than a century for treating snakebites and other accidents with poisonous animals. despite their efficacy, the use of heterologous antivenoms involves the possibility of adverse reactions due to activation of the immune system. in this paper, alternatives for antivenom production already in use were evaluated in light of their ability to minimize the occurrence of adverse reactions. these effects were classified according to their molecular mechanism as: anaphylactic reactions mediated by ige, anaphylactoid reactions caused by complement system activation, and pyrogenic reactions produced mainly by the presence of endotoxins in the final product. in the future, antivenoms may be replaced by humanized antibodies, specific neutralizing compounds or vaccination. meanwhile, improvements in antivenom quality will be focused on the obtainment of a more purified and specific product in compliance with good manufacturing practices and at an affordable cost.
Economic evaluation of snake antivenom production in the public system
Morais, V.;Massaldi, H.;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992006000300012
Abstract: snake antivenom, an expensive animal product, is presently the only effective treatment for the consequences of snakebite. in latin america, antivenoms are mainly produced by public institutions with frequent shortages of the necessary supply. here, we present an economical analysis of the factors affecting production cost, assuming a basic processing batch of 100 l hyperimmune plasma. three annual production volumes were considered for two typical production technologies. the components of cost were classified as fixed, variable and semi-variable. we found that in all stages of production, fixed cost represents the major contribution to total cost, and is given essentially by manpower cost, particularly for low production volumes. our estimation shows that antivenom cost can vary from us$ 2.4 to us$ 25 per 10 ml vial, depending on the production volume, the plasma processing technology used and the titer achieved during the immunization stage. we conclude that interested laboratories and authorities of countries with population at risk should consider the possibility of a joint production to improve the process efficiency, lower the product unitary cost and obtain the necessary supply for their own demand or that of other countries in need.
Vers?es do "progresso": a moderniza??o como tema e problema do fotógrafo Milit?o Augusto de Azevedo
Araújo, íris Morais;
Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-47142010000200005
Abstract: this article centers itself in the inheritance of milit?o augusto de azevedo (1837-1905) with the objective of investigate the different ways he represented the modernization process in the last decades of the 19th century in brazil and especially in the city of s?o paulo. the milit?o's documents analysis - photographs, letters and a índice das fotografias de antigos paulistas - configures a multiplicity of meanings about the transformations occurred in the s?o paulo city since 1860, and in the brazilian politics after the republic's proclamation. the character's comments about his changing world asseverate that, less than directly related to the "progress", the photographer's representations form an amalgam of mismatched temporalities, which imbricate and tension themselves.
Mestres de caixa e viola
Pessoa, Jadir de Morais;
Cadernos CEDES , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32622007000100005
Abstract: this text assumes that the greatest volume of writings on popular education derives from the effort of several researchers to analyze and reflect about the practices of individual and collective subjects, aiming mainly to make subordinate groups aware of the causes of their respective poverty and lack of assistance. such writings usually also seek to overcome this condition by sending adults and youths to school and promoting actions within the popular culture, political training and community mobilizations. that, in many ways, subjects and groups construct their own forms of social cohesion, which are essentially production of meaning and knowledge, has usually not been taken into account. this happens expressively in the dances, entertainments and collective manifestations of popular religiosity. an example proposed in this text is that of the folia de reis (folly of the kings), when the agents of the ritual communicate these meanings and knowledge, even from home to home, when they visit annually the devoted inhabitants.
Defining Issues Test-2: fidedignidade da vers?o brasileira e pondera??es acerca de seu uso em pesquisas sobre moralidade
Shimizu, Alessandra de Morais;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722004000100003
Abstract: this study aims to evaluate the reliability of a brazilian translation and adaptation of the defining issues test (dit) -2, as well as to make considerations concerning the use of this tool and of dit -1 in studies on morality. the dit -1 and dit -2 were administred to 621 brazilian youngsters, equally distributed according to the city of origin (floriano/pi, erechim/rs and marília/sp), the kind of school (public or private) and the school year attended (8th grade and 11th grade). regarding the reliability, it was noticed that although the values achieved were close to that one obtained in the translation and adaptation of dit -1, they revealed themselves much lower than the ones verified in the american original versions. when checking the scores achieved in the tests the existence of some tendencies within the investigated sample was observed. some considerations regarding the validity and interpretation of these tests are made.
Ler e escrever: habilidades de escravos e forros? Comarca do Rio das Mortes, Minas Gerais, 1731-1850
Morais, Christianni Cardoso;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-24782007000300008
Abstract: this article seeks to analyse the relations established between slaves and freed slaves and written knowledge, based on the period between 1731 and 1750 and on a quantitative survey of documents produced by the county of rio das mortes, minas gerais. the signatures on these documents were considered as valid data for evaluating the degree of literacy of those capable of signing their names. the autographic data were collected from criminal proceedings and wills, after the original signatures had been qualified with the help of a set of signatures. other sources were the publishing, in an eighteenth century periodical, of information on the sale or escape of slaves given that some of the news items informed whether or not the slaves were literate. throughout the period analysed, it became apparent that those who had specialized jobs, like tailors, masons and carpenters, were the ones who dominated the techniques of reading and writing.
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